The History of Earthquakes In New YorkBy Meteorologist Michael Gouldrick New York State PUBLISHED 6:30 AM ET Sep. 09, 2020 PUBLISHED 6:30 AM EDT Sep. 09, 2020New York State has a long history of earthquakes. Since the early to mid 1700s there have been over 550 recorded earthquakes that have been centered within the state’s boundary. New York has also been shaken by strong earthquakes that occurred in southeast Canada and the Mid-Atlantic states.
Earthquakes in the northeast U.S. and southeast Canada are not as intense as those found in other parts of the world but can be felt over a much larger area. The reason for this is the makeup of the ground. In our part of the world, the ground is like a jigsaw puzzle that has been put together. If one piece shakes, the whole puzzle shakes.In the Western U.S., the ground is more like a puzzle that hasn’t been fully put together yet. One piece can shake violently, but only the the pieces next to it are affected while the rest of the puzzle doesn’t move.In Rochester, New York, the most recent earthquake was reported on March 29th, 2020. It was a 2.6 magnitude shake centered under Lake Ontario. While most did not feel it, there were 54 reports of the ground shaking.So next time you are wondering why the dishes rattled, or you thought you felt the ground move, it certainly could have been an earthquake in New York.Here is a website from the USGS (United Sates Geologic Society) of current earthquakes greater than 2.5 during the past day around the world. As you can see, the Earth is a geologically active planet!Another great website of earthquakes that have occurred locally can be found here.To learn more about the science behind earthquakes, check out this website from the USGS.
The Sadrists hope to do away with Iraq’s power-sharing system and rule alone. That has given Maliki’s camp new hope the former prime minister can grow in influence
Iraq’s October elections have sharply redrawn the Shia forces’ map of influence, and heated up the rivalry between Muqtada al-Sadr, the polls’ clear winner, and Nouri al-Maliki, the former prime minister.
Sadr, a Shia cleric with millions of followers and a large armed group, emerged from the elections head and shoulders above his rivals. Sadr’s Sairoon Alliance won 74 seats, with Maliki’s State of Law list coming in second with 35.
The cleric’s opponents in the Iran-backed armed factions cobbled together around only 20 seats overall. And they have not taken it well.
Since the results became clear, supporters of the Iran-backed factions have staged sit-ins outside Baghdad’s fortified Green Zone, rejected the tallies and demanded votes be manually recounted. Hundreds of complaints have been lodged with the electoral commission.
‘All of them, including Maliki, are afraid that Muqtada will swallow them up and swallow up the state, so they are looking for a way to restore things to their former status in one way or another’
– Senior Shia political leader close to Iran
But manual recounts will not be forthcoming except for a handful of polling stations, and the results are not expected to change significantly, Iraqi officials and politicians told MEE.
Sairoon is now the largest bloc in parliament. It has the exclusive right to nominate the next prime minister and form a government.
Naturally Sadr appears delighted, and has ignored the complaints of the bruised Iran-backed factions to plough on with government-formation negotiations, leaving those groups fearing the cleric seeks total dominance and their marginalisation.
Enter Nouri al-Maliki. The former prime minister has seized on these fears and is using them as leverage to give him a position of strength, officials, commanders of armed factions, politicians and observers told Middle East Eye.
“Everyone knows that recounting the votes manually is useless and the results will not change,” a senior Shia political leader close to Iran told MEE. He described the Iran-backed factions as being in an “unenviable position”. Once they were in control of the country and the extra-governmental powers, “but they have lost both now”.
“All of them, including Maliki, are afraid that Muqtada will swallow them up and swallow up the state, so they are looking for a way to restore things to their former status in one way or another.”
According to the political leader, the bruised armed factions are gathering around Maliki hoping he can act as a counterweight to Sadr, “but the scene is too complicated for things to be that simple”.
“The very large differences between the parties [in the Shia arena] that emerged from the recent elections make it very difficult to accept the traditional solutions that have prevailed over the past years.”
Sadr’s frightening project
Since 2006, Iraq has been governed using a power-sharing system that divvies up positions proportionally among the greatest winners in elections.
Though each of the last four elections has produced a standout winner, various parties have been folded into recent governments.
It is a system “that produced consensual governments from which everyone would benefit, but no one is responsible for their failure”, as a senior Sadrist leader described it to MEE.
“Sadr wants this to end, even if it costs him his life,” he said.
On Sunday, the cleric made his position official. “I believe that the first thing that should be done in the future for the homeland is [forming] a national majority government, so that we will have in parliament two parties: loyalists … and opposition,” he said in a statement.
“Our project revolves around forming a government that we fully adopt and will take full responsibility for in case of success or failure. We are the ones who will choose the prime minister, form this government, and we will supervise its work,” the senior Sadrist leader said.
“This time, Sadr will not allow under any circumstances a return to playing in the grey zone. The government will be our government, and Sadr himself will follow up on all the details on a daily basis.”
Iraq elections 2021: Iran-backed groups rally in Baghdad against early resultsRead More »
The Sadrists, he claimed, will not blame others for any failures of the next government or prime minister. “Whoever wants to join us on this basis, is welcome.”
The demand for full control of the new government has been seen by Sadr’s rivals such as Maliki, Ammar al-Hakim, leader of al-Hikma Movement, and former premier Haider al-Abadi as a “blatant breach” of the political norm that has preserved the supremacy of various political and armed forces since 2003.
Regardless of their electoral success, many political heavyweights in Iraq have been able to retain influence through the unofficial power-sharing system. But now Sadr is tearing up the rulebook, rivals and former partners alike are now denouncing his plans as a “coup” against them.
“They [Sadr’s opponents] believe that accepting what the elections produced means an inevitable loss in the medium term, and therefore they must confront it now in an attempt to ensure their continuity and protection,” a senior commander of an Iran-backed armed faction told MEE.
“They cannot confront Muqtada directly, neither politically because of the small number of their seats, nor militarily because this means the outbreak of inter-Shia fighting, so they resorted to Maliki,” he added.
“On the other hand, he [Maliki] also needs them to confront Muqtada, and to re-market himself as the saviour of the armed factions and Shia.”
Return to the top
Maliki, who rose to the premiership as a compromise candidate in 2006, grew in strength over his eight years in office, until the corruption, nepotism and sectarianism that flourished under his watch paved the way for the rise of Islamic State and the collapse of Iraq’s military in 2014.
That proved the end for Maliki’s premiership. But in opposition he used his know-how, contacts and prestige to gather Sadr’s opponents around him in an attempt to “erase his defeat and restore his lost throne, by forming an alliance equal to or greater than Sadr’s alliance,” a Shia politician said.
Though some have accused Sadr’s opponents of trying to cancel the elections and create a security crisis, one of Maliki’s advisors told MEE that the former premier instead is trying to develop the idea of “politically correcting the current situation”.
“He does not seek the premiership. What he wants is to control the pace of the armed factions,” the advisor said.
‘Maliki believes that he is the only one who is capable of containing the armed factions, so it is the time to present himself as a godfather and guide to the political process’
– Senior political leader close to Maliki
“These [armed factions] were subjected to an unexpected shock and are currently lost. They cannot go with Muqtada because they do not trust him, and they are not inclined to pursue the option of admitting their defeat and withdrawing,” he added.
“Political correction of the situation is the solution. A political agreement that preserves everyone’s influence and provides them with the required protection can end the problem and satisfy all parties.”
The political correction that al-Maliki proposes, according to a senior commander of powerful Shia armed faction Asaib Ahl al-Haq, is to return to consensus and form a government of “national participation”, meaning Sadr and Maliki’s camps come together. “So everyone returns to their homes, without problems,” the commander told MEE.
According to a senior political leader close to Maliki, he has weighed up his and Sadr’s strengths and weaknesses, and calculated the best way to approach the results is “to present himself as a saviour and protector for the losers”.
“The political process is rapidly heading towards obstruction. He wants to tell the international and domestic players that he still has a lot to do and the solutions to what has become of things must be through him,” he said.
“He believes that he is the only one who is capable of containing the armed factions, so it is the time to present himself as a godfather and guide to the political process, not as a prime minister, as some promote.
“Will he succeed in any of his endeavours? This is another issue.”
Israel on Sunday launched a large-scale simulation of war in preparation for a confrontation against Iran or its Lebanese terrorist proxy, Hezbollah.
The military joined forces with the Defense Ministry’s National Emergency Management Authority for the weeklong drill, which is part of Israel’s National Home Front Week.https://platform.twitter.com/embed/Tweet
The exercise will implement lessons learned from past rounds of conflict including the 2006 Second Lebanon War, as well as the 11-day war in May between Israel and the Gaza-ruling Hamas terror group.
“We will test what we learned and experienced at levels I didn’t anticipate in terms of the domestic front,” said Brig. Gen. Itzik Bar, chief of staff of the Israeli army Home Front Command, according to a translation of his remarks by The Times of Israel.
The exercise will be a “great opportunity for all government ministries to understand the implications,” Bar added, “starting with disruptions in the energy sector… and other such aspects in terms of continual functioning.” The drill will also test a new alert system in northern Israel, as well as Hezbollah’s capabilities in attacking specific targets near the northern border.
On Wednesday, rocket sirens will trigger a simulated evacuation across the country to test how quickly civilians are able to gain cover in bomb shelters and other protected areas.
A B-1B Lancer, which can be adapted to deliver the “bunker buster” bombs necessary to strike Iranian nuclear facilities, was escorted by Israeli F-15s at the end of military exercises in which the British RAF and other Nato allies also took part.
It then flew over other Middle East flashpoints — the Strait of Hormuz at the entrance to the Gulf, and the Bab al-Mandab, at the foot of the Red Sea, which is being fought over by Iran-backed Houthi rebels and the internationally recognised Yemen government.
The Lancer was accompanied by Israeli, Egyptian, Saudi and Bahraini jets
Iraqi Shia powerful leader Muqtada Al-Sadr today called for the formation of a “national majority” government which also includes the opposition.
“I see that the first thing that should be done in the future for the homeland is the formation of a national majority government,” Al-Sadr said on Twitter, stressing on the need for parliament to have “two loyalist parties”, one that forms the government and undertakes reforms at all levels as well as “an opposition” within the foundations of “democracy” in order to achieve “political reform”.
According to the preliminary results of the parliamentary elections held on 10 October, the Sadrist bloc won the largest share of seats in the 329-seat parliament, followed by the Taqaddoum bloc. No party has won an overall majority and so a coalition government will have to be formed.
Continued moves by Iran to advance its nuclear programme while refusing to cooperate fully with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) could “jeopardize” ongoing efforts to revive the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, the leaders of the US, UK, France, Germany warned on 30 October.
The two most significant steps — the production of highly enriched uranium and enriched uranium — are “important to nuclear weapons programs” and have “no credible civilian” use, they said.
“These steps have only been made more alarming by Iran’s simultaneously decreased cooperation and transparency with the IAEA. We agreed that continued Iranian nuclear advances and obstacles to the IAEA’s work will jeopardize the possibility of a return” to the nuclear deal.
The Vienna talks, which had begun in April under the stewardship of Raisi’s predecessor Hassan Rohani, had been aimed at securing an agreement from both Iran and the US to return to full compliance with the 2015 deal, known formally as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
Iran began gradually ramping up its nuclear activities beyond the limits allowed under the JCPOA in 2019, in response to then US president Donald Trump’s decision to exit the deal in May 2018 and reimpose economic sanctions which at one point removed close to 2mn b/d of Iran’s crude and condensate from the market.
Iranian foreign minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian said last week that Tehran remains keen on a full and mutual return to the deal by all parties but stressed the need for assurances that it will get all the benefits promised to it under the original agreement. Tehran feels that although many US and European sanctions were lifted in 2016, after the original JCPOA was implemented, the US and European signatories fell well short of delivering on their pledges.
The 30 October statement appeared to take note of that particular concern, and underline Biden’s readiness to return to the agreement on a ‘full-compliance’ for ‘full-compliance’ basis.
“The current situation underscores the importance of a negotiated solution that provides for the return of Iran and the US to full compliance with the JCPOA and provides the basis for continued diplomatic engagement to resolve remaining points of contention,” the leaders said. “In this spirit, we welcome President Biden’s clearly demonstrated commitment to return the US to full compliance…and to stay in full compliance, so long as Iran does the same.”
The leaders called on the Iranian president to “seize this opportunity and return to a good faith effort to conclude our negotiations as a matter of urgency.”
The minor tremors have all been located around the Monticello reservoir near Jenkinsville in Fairfield County.
JENKINSVILLE, S.C. — Another minor earthquake has struck near the Monticello reservoir in Fairfield County, the seventh such tremor there in the last week.
The latest took place at 10:59 a.m. Monday underwater at the reservoir, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The quake was a 2.0 magnitude and occurred at a depth of just under 0.86 miles beneath the ground surface.
At that strength, it’s unlikely anyone felt it, since quakes usually have to be greater than 2.5 for them to be perceived by humans.
There was a quake just a day earlier not far from that location, and over the last week, there were five others. While it’s not unusual to see quakes at this location in Fairfield County, it is unusual for there to be so many in a short amount of time. However, the South Carolina Emergency Management Division said seismologists believe these are normal background activity and are not indicators of larger earthquakes to come.
Why are there so many earthquakes in Fairfield County?
Dr. Steve Jaume told News19’s Tai Wonglast Friday that the reservoir itself may actually be partially to blame due to the added pressure they place on the ground below them
Jaume is with the Department of Geology and Environmental Geosciences at the College of Charleston.
“Most reservoirs don’t do this, but there are a select few around the planet — and the Monticello Reservoir is one of them — that experience these swarms around the reservoir,” he said.
He said that the water also seeps into cracks under the lake over time adding that “some of the cracks are going to be faults.”
That, in turn, makes them move more easily. At this point, it’s unclear how long the small earthquakes will last, with the first of the latest six being felt last Monday and the rest happening almost daily along the east side of the lake since then.
Where do earthquakes in South Carolina typically happen?
Most earthquakes in the state happen near the coast. Approximately 70 percent of earthquakes are in the coastal plain, with most happening in the Lowcountry.