USGS Evidence Shows Power of the Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

New Evidence Shows Power of East Coast Earthquakes
Virginia Earthquake Triggered Landslides at Great Distances
Released: 11/6/2012 8:30:00 AM USGS.govEarthquake shaking in the eastern United States can travel much farther and cause damage over larger areas than previously thought.U.S. Geological Survey scientists found that last year’s magnitude 5.8 earthquake in Virginia triggered landslides at distances four times farther—and over an area 20 times larger—than previous research has shown.“We used landslides as an example and direct physical evidence to see how far-reaching shaking from east coast earthquakes could be,” said Randall Jibson, USGS scientist and lead author of this study. “Not every earthquake will trigger landslides, but we can use landslide distributions to estimate characteristics of earthquake energy and how far regional ground shaking could occur.”“Scientists are confirming with empirical data what more than 50 million people in the eastern U.S. experienced firsthand: this was one powerful earthquake,” said USGS Director Marcia McNutt. “Calibrating the distance over which landslides occur may also help us reach back into the geologic record to look for evidence of past history of major earthquakes from the Virginia seismic zone.”This study will help inform earthquake hazard and risk assessments as well as emergency preparedness, whether for landslides or other earthquake effects.This study also supports existing research showing that although earthquakes  are less frequent in the East, their damaging effects can extend over a much larger area as compared to the western United States.The research is being presented today at the Geological Society of America conference, and will be published in the December 2012 issue of the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.The USGS found that the farthest landslide from the 2011 Virginia earthquake was 245 km (150 miles) from the epicenter. This is by far the greatest landslide distance recorded from any other earthquake of similar magnitude. Previous studies of worldwide earthquakes indicated that landslides occurred no farther than 60 km (36 miles) from the epicenter of a magnitude 5.8 earthquake.“What makes this new study so unique is that it provides direct observational evidence from the largest earthquake to occur in more than 100 years in the eastern U.S,” said Jibson. “Now that we know more about the power of East Coast earthquakes, equations that predict ground shaking might need to be revised.”It is estimated that approximately one-third of the U.S. population could have felt last year’s earthquake in Virginia, more than any earthquake in U.S. history. About 148,000 people reported their ground-shaking experiences caused by the earthquake on the USGS “Did You Feel It?” website. Shaking reports came from southeastern Canada to Florida and as far west as Texas.In addition to the great landslide distances recorded, the landslides from the 2011 Virginia earthquake occurred in an area 20 times larger than expected from studies of worldwide earthquakes. Scientists plotted the landslide locations that were farthest out and then calculated the area enclosed by those landslides. The observed landslides from last year’s Virginia earthquake enclose an area of about 33,400 km2, while previous studies indicated an expected area of about 1,500 km2from an earthquake of similar magnitude.“The landslide distances from last year’s Virginia earthquake are remarkable compared to historical landslides across the world and represent the largest distance limit ever recorded,” said Edwin Harp, USGS scientist and co-author of this study. “There are limitations to our research, but the bottom line is that we now have a better understanding of the power of East Coast earthquakes and potential damage scenarios.”The difference between seismic shaking in the East versus the West is due in part to the geologic structure and rock properties that allow seismic waves to travel farther without weakening.Learn more about the 2011 central Virginia earthquake.

The Russian and America’s Nuclear Arsenal Continue to Grow: Daniel 7

Both Russia and the U.S. are estimated to have had around 50 more nuclear warheads in operational deployment at the beginning of 2021 than a year earlier.Sergei Bobylev / TASS

Russia, U.S. Boosted Nuclear Arsenals in 2020 Amid Global Decrease – Think Tank

Russia and the United States grew their nuclear arsenals in 2020, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) think tank said in a new report Monday.

The world’s two largest nuclear powers boosted their stockpiles even as the overall number of nuclear warheads decreased globally last year, (the Swedish based) SIPRI said. NEWSPutin, Biden Should Aim for More Arms Curbs – GorbachevREAD MORE

Both are estimated to have had around 50 more nuclear warheads in operational deployment at the beginning of 2021 than a year earlier, SIPRI said, despite both countries reducing their overall inventories by dismantling retired warheads in 2020.

Russia also increased its overall military nuclear stockpile by around 180 warheads, the think tank said, linking the increase to deployment of more multi-warhead land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and sea-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs).

Both countries’ deployed strategic nuclear forces remained within the limits set by the New START, SIPRI said, adding that the treaty does not limit total nuclear warhead inventories.

The pact is seen as a rare opportunity for compromise between Russia and the U.S., whose ties have dramatically deteriorated in recent years. 

Nuclear arms control will be one of a slew of issues on the table at U.S. President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin’s summit this week in Geneva. 

But while the last-minute New START extension came as a “relief,” prospects for further bilateral nuclear arms control efforts between the two powers “remain poor,” said Hans M. Kristensen, an associate senior fellow with SIPRI’s Nuclear Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Program.

“Both Russia and the U.S. appear to be increasing the importance they attribute to nuclear weapons in their national security strategies,” Kristensen added.

Both countries have also exited the Open Skies Treaty, an international pact that allows surveillance flights over fellow members’ military facilities, in recent months after accusing each other of violations.

The Chinese Nuclear Horn Adds 30 More Nukes: Daniel 7

SIPRI: Beijing adds 30 more warheads to its nuclear arsenal

by Emanuele Scimia

The increase covers the 2020-2021 period. The number of nuclear weapons in the world is down. The US and Russia have made cuts under the New Start Treaty. For a Russian academic, the Chinese will stop expansion only if the Americans and the Russian accept nuclear parity.

Rome (AsiaNews) – China has 350 nuclear warheads in its arsenal, 30 more than last year, this according to the latest report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), released today.

The Swedish-based institute noted that between 2019 and 2020 China’s warheads went from 290 to 320. However, China’s growth comes as the total nuclear weapons fell from 13,400 to 13,080 between January 2020 and January 2021.

In addition to China, several countries have increased their nuclear arsenals: the United Kingdom (+10 bombs), India (+6), Pakistan (+5) and North Korea. Pyongyang’s number is estimated to be between 40 and 50 warheads, up from 30-40 in 2020.

The drop in nuclear warheads is due to cuts made by the United States and Russia under the New START Treaty, which was renewed for five years in February.

Still, Washington and Moscow have increased the number of warheads deployed with operational forces. If French and British warheads are included, they rose from 3,720 in 2020 to 3,825 this year.

According to several observers, the New START Treaty creates a certain asymmetry in non-proliferation efforts. To renew the deal, former US President Donald Trump demanded Beijing’s membership. China refused to join unless Moscow and Washington accept nuclear parity.

Alexander Savelyev, chief research fellow at the Moscow-based Primakov Institute for World Economy and International Relations, sees no serious problems in China’s nuclear build-up. “For years, China many times said that it would join the nuclear arms control network only after its nuclear arsenal is equal to those of the United States and Russia,” he told AsiaNews.

Under the New START, the US and Russia can keep up to 1,550 deployed strategic nuclear warheads each (a long-range bomber is worth a warhead). However, the numbers go up considerably if tactical atomic weapons are also counted.

Speaking at the UN Disarmament Conference on Friday, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi called on the US and Russia to further reduce their nuclear forces.

Savelyev, who participated as an adviser in the START-1 negotiations between the US and the Soviet Union from 1989 to 1991, wonders whether Washington and the Kremlin are ready to treat China as an equal partner. “If ‘yes’, they should be ready to become equal in all the senses of the word”.

To break the deadlock, the Russian scholar proposes that Russia and the United States strike a new agreement for further, deeper cuts in their nuclear arsenal, both strategic and tactical. At the same time, Moscow and Washington should ask Beijing to make a voluntary commitment not to increase its nuclear arsenal beyond 400 warheads.

On 22 January, the UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons came into force, but it remains pie in the sky since the major nuclear powers are not signatories. For Savelyev, it is important that Russia and the US do not use the expansion of China’s nuclear forces “as an excuse for doing nothing” towards the nuclear disarmament process.

The Trampling Will Resume Outside the Temple Walls: Revelation 11

As Israel gears up for Jerusalem march, Hamas signals it may fire rockets again

Terror group threatens to respond to planned flag parade ‘the same way’ it did on May 10, when rockets it launched at capital set off 11-day military conflict

By TOI staff14 Jun 2021, 1:18 pm

Israeli security officials are gearing up for a possible outbreak of violence tied to a contentious march by Jewish right-wing nationalists scheduled to be held through parts of Jerusalem’s Old City Tuesday, amid threats that the parade could send the region spiraling back toward war for the second time in as many months.

The march, rescheduled after the original event on Jerusalem Day, May 10, was stopped short by Hamas rocket fire at Jerusalem, is expected to be the first major test faced by Israel’s new government, which was sworn in on Sunday.

Hamas officials have warned both the previous Israeli administration and the new one that allowing the march to go ahead could spark a regional war, the Lebanese al-Akhbar daily reported Monday.

It said the warnings were passed via Egyptian and international mediators, including Cairo spy chief Abbas Kamel, who played a key role in brokering an agreement that ended the fighting last month.

According to the report, Kamel was told that the situation would “explode” if the march went ahead and Hamas would respond “the same way” it did on May 10, when it fired missiles at Jerusalem, sending parade-goers and the rest of the city scrambling for cover.

The May 10 attack, which came amid already rising tensions over planned East Jerusalem home evictions and police actions against Muslim rioters on the Temple Mount, set off 11 days of intense fighting between Israel and Hamas-led fighters in the Gaza Strip, as well as a rash of lower-level clashes in the West Bank and mob violence between Arabs and Jews inside Israel.

Al-Akhbar, seen as closely linked to Lebanese terror group Hezbollah, did not attribute the information to a source.

Since the fighting ended, Hamas has repeatedly warned it could reopen hostilities over developments in Jerusalem and has responded with increased belligerence to plans for the march, an annual event held to mark Israel’s 1967 capture of East Jerusalem during which thousands of nationalist youths parade through the Muslim Quarter of the Old City toward the Western Wall.

In an interview published Monday with Hamas mouthpiece Shehab, top Hamas official Mahmoud al-Zahar warned that the group would respond to any perceived Israeli crime, but also indicated that it would not shoot from the hip.

“We have passed the stage of understanding their crimes against our people or being silent about them,” he said, but added that “our steps must also be disciplined and governed by the public interest, and we must preserve our weapons so that we can fully utilize them” in future fighting.

A source quoted by al-Akhbar dismissed Israeli claims of preparations for battle as saber-rattling, and also denied that Hamas would limit its response to incendiary balloons or rockets confined to areas near Israel’s Gaza border, as Israeli officials have reportedly assessed it would do.

On Sunday, senior Hamas official Moussa Abu Marzouk said that “striking all of Israel’s cities” is still an option, the Kan public broadcaster reported.

Hamas’s warnings appear to hinge on whether or not the march passes through the Damascus Gate, which brings people into the heart of the Muslim Quarter of the Old City.

While the route of the march usually does pass through the Damascus Gate, police have ordered that the route be changed so that marchers enter the Old City through the Jaffa Gate instead, passing the outside of the Damascus Gate on their way there.

Police are expected to make a final decision Monday on whether to allow the parade to go ahead, following a meeting between new Public Security Minister Omer Barlev and Israel Police Chief Kobi Shabtai on preparations for the march.

“According to regulations, it is the responsibility of the police to determine if and how to do the march. I trust the chief of police. I have no doubt that in light of the experience of the recent period, they learned the lessons,” Barlev told Kan news Sunday.

If Barlev doesn’t approve the march, the matter will be brought before the security cabinet.

On Saturday Kan reported that security officials assessed Hamas would not respond to the repeat march with rocket fire, but may try launching incendiary balloons from Gaza or initiate terror attacks in the West Bank.

A security source quoted by Walla news said that the IDF would bolster forces at potential conflict areas along the security barrier around Jerusalem and in the West Bank, fearing terror attacks and lower-level violence, such as stone-throwing attacks.

“At the same time, air defense readiness will be upped given Hamas’s threats to respond to the Jerusalem march,” the source was quoted saying.

The rescheduled event was initially planned for last Thursday, but was postponed to this Tuesday when police had refused to authorize it as it was set to follow a path through the Old City’s Damascus Gate entrance and Muslim Quarter.

On Thursday, clashes broke out between East Jerusalem protesters and Israel Police, as far-right lawmaker Itamar Ben Gvir marched to Damascus Gate. Ben Gvir waved an Israeli flag at the site, in what he said was a personal protest after police banned him from parading through the Muslim Quarter to reach the Temple Mount. Ben Gvir had tried to organize his parade as a protest to the postponement of the flag march to this week.

After Ben Gvir’s visit, and amid the rioting that followed, the Hamas military wing issued a statement saying that it was watching developments closely.

Trauma and mental health outside the Temple Walls: Revelation 11

Trauma and mental health in Gaza

Israeli occupation, bombs and oppression inflict not only physical but also psychological damage on Palestinians.

The May 20 ceasefire between the Israeli government and Hamas brought the latest round of conflict in the region to an end and led to a collective sigh of relief from the beleaguered Palestinians of the Gaza Strip.

But the deep wounds the violence opened remain fresh.

Eleven days of Israeli bombardment on the besieged enclave left 256 Palestinians, including 66 children, dead. Nearly 2,000 have been injured. Homes, offices and hospitals have been destroyed.

As the fragile ceasefire appears to hold, those who survived the conflict are once again trying to rebuild their lives. But the damage inflicted during those 11 days was not only physical and material. The mental health of Palestinians in Gaza was also bombarded during those dark days.

Living in fear of the next air attack, the spectre of death looming. Losing loved ones and homes. It is hard to imagine how utterly traumatising their reality has been.

Residents of Gaza have been enduring layer upon layer of trauma for decades. The deadly Israeli onslaughts are the most damaging – four in the last 14 years – but they occur against the background of chronic trauma imposed by the occupation.

Atrocities like the seizure and demolition of homes, oppressive policing, unlawful killings, detention without trial and torture all inflict profound psychological damage. Such perpetual subjugation can destroy self-esteem and leave victims in a state of “learned helplessness” – resigned to their fate and vulnerable to depression.

Israel’s illegal blockade on Gaza also amounts to a psychological stranglehold. The resulting economic deprivation has caused widespread unemployment and poverty – well-recognised risk factors for mental illness – and left health services underfunded, underdeveloped and unable to meet the demand. Each war on Gaza decimates them further – at least six hospitals, two clinics, a health centre and a Palestine Red Crescent Society facility sustained damage this time.

For most other countries, COVID-19 is currently the primary public and mental health concern. In Palestine, it is almost an afterthought, superseded by more dangerous assailants – air attacks and oppression. Nonetheless, more than 110,000 people in Gaza have been infected with the virus thus far, with more than 1,000 deaths. There are only enough doses available to vaccinate 60,200 people in a population of more than 2 million. So pandemic anxiety is also rampant in Gaza, adding to the mental burden.

All this turmoil translates to actual mental illness. In Gaza, rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) which features disrupted sleep, feeling permanently on edge and easily startled, flashbacks and nightmares of the trauma and emotional numbing – are incredibly high. A 2017 study found 37 percent of the adults living on the Strip qualify for the diagnosis.

In my work as a psychiatrist, I have treated refugees with PTSD from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. It can be severe, complex and protracted. It would be almost impossible to start the healing while the root causes persist. The head of mental health services in Palestine once said her people do not suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder because their trauma is ongoing. Present-traumatic stress disorder may be a more fitting description of their experience.

As is often the case in these situations, children suffer the most in Palestine. A study conducted in 2020, before the latest conflict, found that 53.5 per cent of children in Gaza were suffering from PTSD. Nearly 90 percent had experienced personal trauma. The Norwegian Refugee Council reported the devastating news that 11 of the children killed by the recent Israeli air attacks were participating in its trauma programme. No wonder UN Secretary-General António Guterres described Gaza as “hell on earth” for children.

Of course, Israelis have suffered too. Twelve were killed by Hamas rockets in May, two of them children – a tragic loss of human life. But for the Israelis, the Iron Dome defence system and bomb shelters provide a vital safety net and sense of security that Palestinians live without. Their highly developed healthcare services are far better equipped to deal with both physical injuries and the psychological impact of rocket fire. They are not living through the mental anguish of occupation either. All this is reflected in their lower PTSD rates, ranging from 0.5 to 9 percent of the population.

Back in 2008, I went on a trip to post-conflict Somaliland to teach psychiatry to medical students. The civil war affecting the area ended in 1991 but its effects on the mental health of the population and health infrastructure were still evident some 17 years later. They still continue to this day. It will take time to rebuild the fragmented minds and health services in Gaza, but there is little hope for them until Israel ends its illegal occupation, settlement expansion and blockade on Gaza.

The oppression of Palestinians has led Human Rights Watch to the conclusion that Israel is committing the crime of apartheid. Perhaps viewing this situation through the prism of human rights violations and their grave impact on mental health might prompt the international community to pressure Israel to act. Palestinians and Israelis both deserve security and protection from trauma. The best way to achieve this is by affording Palestinians their basic human rights.

The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera’s editorial stance.

The Horns Continue to Grow Before the First Nuclear War: Revelation 8

China, India, Pakistan expanding nuclear arsenal, says Swedish think tank

China is in the middle of a significant modernisation and expansion of its nuclear weapon inventory, and India and Pakistan also appear to be expanding their nuclear arsenals, according to Swedish think tank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Year Book 2021 released on Monday.

‘The overall number of warheads in global military stockpiles now appears to be increasing, a worrisome sign that the declining trend that has characterized global nuclear arsenals since the end of the cold war has stalled,” said Hans M. Kristensen, Associate Senior Fellow with SIPRI’s Nuclear Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme.

According to the year book, India possessed an estimated 156 nuclear warheads at the start of 2021 compared to 150 at the start of last year, while Pakistan had 165 warheads, up from 160 in 2020. China’s nuclear arsenal consisted of 350 warheads up from 320 at the start of 2020.

The nine nuclear armed states – the U.S., Russia, the U.K., France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea – together possessed an estimated 13,080 nuclear weapons at the start of 2021. Russia and the U.S. together possessed over 90% of global nuclear weapons and have extensive and expensive modernisation programmes under way, SIPRI said.

IISS report

A report by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), London, in May titled ‘Nuclear Deterrence and Stability in South Asia: Perceptions and Realities’ said that chance played an important ameliorative role in the India-Pakistan crisis of February 2019 and the two countries “risk stumbling into using their nuclear weapons through miscalculation or misinterpretation in a future crisis.”

“India and Pakistan are seeking new technologies and capabilities that dangerously undermine each other’s defence under the nuclear threshold. Whatever they learn from past crises, the uncharted territory they are now exploring requires enlightened judgement about their doctrines, their nuclear and conventional capabilities, and their unpredictable implications in future crises,” said the report by Antoine Levesques, Research Fellow at the IISS as the lead author.

It stated that China’s evolving profile as a nuclear-weapons state was compounding India’s security challenges. “Yet control over the drivers of the India–Pakistan nuclear-deterrence and stability equation remains almost entirely in the hands of leaders in New Delhi and Islamabad,” it noted.

Listing several Confidence Building Measures and other practical steps in this direction, it concluded that a robust, trusted, reliable, deniable back channel between the leaderships is the most promising means by which India and Pakistan could achieve greater strategic and nuclear deterrence stability.

Iran is Nuked Up Says Rouhani: Daniel 8

Iran enriching uranium to 63%, says Rouhani

TEHRAN — President Hassan Rouhani said on Monday that Iran has mastered a level of knowledge that it is enriching uranium up to 63%, and that it can enrich uranium at any percentage it desires.

Rouhani made the remarks while speaking at an inauguration ceremony unveiling the Defense Ministry plans. 

The president reiterated Tehran’s long held position that Iran’s nuclear program is purely for civilian purposes, saying production of nuclear weapons is unacceptable.

“In the issue of defense in our country, we neither need weapons of mass destruction, nor we seek to acquire this weapon, nor do we consider it permissible; this is an explicit fatwa of the Supreme Leader.”

Rouhani said Iran is developing new technologies for domestic use.

He added, “Our nuclear power is not for developing nuclear weapons. The United States and Europe should know this and understand that Iran’s nuclear activity is completely peaceful and our enrichment is for the needs of the country in medical and energy sectors.”

The International Atomic Energy Agency announced on May 13 that based on the samples taken from the Natanz nuclear site, Iran has enriched uranium up to 63%. 

Iran decided to enrich uranium to 60 percent purity after Mossad operated an act of sabotage at the Natanz nuclear site.

Abbas Araghchi, the Iranian deputy foreign minister who is leading the Iranian negotiating team in Vienna, announced on April 13 that Iran has sent a letter to the IAEA declaring that the Islamic Republic intends to start enriching uranium up to 60% purity.

On April 14, President Rouhani stated that the 60% enrichment is a response to mischiefs against Iran. “The fact that we have stated that we will operate IR-6 centrifuges in Natanz or we will increase enrichment to 60 percent, this is the answer to your malice. You cannot conspire against the Iranian nation and commit crimes in Natanz. When you commit a crime, we cut your hand.”

SA/PA