New York Earthquake: City of the Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

New York earthquake: City at risk of ‚dangerous shaking from far away‘
Joshua Nevett
Published 30th April 2018
SOME of New York City’s tallest skyscrapers are at risk of being shaken by seismic waves triggered by powerful earthquakes from miles outside the city, a natural disaster expert has warned.
Researchers believe that a powerful earthquake, magnitude 5 or greater, could cause significant damage to large swathes of NYC, a densely populated area dominated by tall buildings.
A series of large fault lines that run underneath NYC’s five boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, The Bronx and Staten Island, are capable of triggering large earthquakes.
Some experts have suggested that NYC is susceptible to at least a magnitude 5 earthquake once every 100 years.
The last major earthquake measuring over magnitude 5.0 struck NYC in 1884 – meaning another one of equal size is “overdue” by 34 years, according their prediction model.
Natural disaster researcher Simon Day, of University College London, agrees with the conclusion that NYC may be more at risk from earthquakes than is usually thought.
EARTHQUAKE RISK: New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from far-away tremors
But the idea of NYC being “overdue” for an earthquake is “invalid”, not least because the “very large number of faults” in the city have individually low rates of activity, he said.
The model that predicts strong earthquakes based on timescale and stress build-up on a given fault has been “discredited”, he said.
What scientists should be focusing on, he said, is the threat of large and potentially destructive earthquakes from “much greater distances”.
The dangerous effects of powerful earthquakes from further away should be an “important feature” of any seismic risk assessment of NYC, Dr Day said.

GETTY
THE BIG APPLE: An aerial view of Lower Manhattan at dusk in New York City

USGS
RISK: A seismic hazard map of New York produced by USGS
“New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from earthquakes at much greater distances” Dr Simon Day, natural disaster researcher
This is because the bedrock underneath parts of NYC, including Long Island and Staten Island, cannot effectively absorb the seismic waves produced by earthquakes.
“An important feature of the central and eastern United States is, because the crust there is old and cold, and contains few recent fractures that can absorb seismic waves, the rate of seismic reduction is low.
Central regions of NYC, including Manhattan, are built upon solid granite bedrock; therefore the amplification of seismic waves that can shake buildings is low.
But more peripheral areas, such as Staten Island and Long Island, are formed by weak sediments, meaning seismic hazard in these areas is “very likely to be higher”, Dr Day said.
“Thus, like other cities in the eastern US, New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from earthquakes at much greater distances than is the case for cities on plate boundaries such as Tokyo or San Francisco, where the crustal rocks are more fractured and absorb seismic waves more efficiently over long distances,” Dr Day said.
In the event of a large earthquake, dozens of skyscrapers, including Chrysler Building, the Woolworth Building and 40 Wall Street, could be at risk of shaking.
“The felt shaking in New York from the Virginia earthquake in 2011 is one example,” Dr Day said.
On that occasion, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered 340 miles south of New York sent thousands of people running out of swaying office buildings.

USGS
FISSURES: Fault lines in New York City have low rates of activity, Dr Day said
NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg said the city was “lucky to avoid any major harm” as a result of the quake, whose epicenter was near Louisa, Virginia, about 40 miles from Richmond.
“But an even more impressive one is the felt shaking from the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes in the central Mississippi valley, which was felt in many places across a region, including cities as far apart as Detroit, Washington DC and New Orleans, and in a few places even further afield including,” Dr Day added.
“So, if one was to attempt to do a proper seismic hazard assessment for NYC, one would have to include potential earthquake sources over a wide region, including at least the Appalachian mountains to the southwest and the St Lawrence valley to the north and east.”

The Chinese Nuclear Horn is Resisting Babylon the Great

U.S. says China is resisting nuclear arms talks


Emma FargeMay 18, 20218:06 AM MDT
Chinese and U.S. flags flutter outside a company building in Shanghai, China April 14, 2021. REUTERS/Aly Song
China is resisting bilateral talks with the United States on nuclear weapons, the U.S. disarmament ambassador told a U.N. conference on Tuesday, as Washington seeks to advance efforts to reduce nuclear arms stockpiles.

“Despite the PRC’s dramatic build-up of its nuclear arsenal, unfortunately it continues to resist discussing nuclear risk reduction bilaterally with the United States,” said Robert Wood, referring to the People’s Republic of China.

“To date Beijing has not been willing to engage meaningfully or establish expert discussions similar to those we have with Russia. We sincerely hope that will change,” he added.

In an apparent rebuttal, China’s envoy later told the same virtual U.N. meeting that Beijing was prepared for dialogue.

“We stand ready to carry out positive dialogue and exchange with all parties to jointly explore effective measures to reduce nuclear risk and to contribute to global strategic security,” Ji Zhaoyu said.

The exchange came at a discussion on the Prevention of Nuclear War at the 65-member U.N. Conference on Disarmament based in Geneva. The body, which makes decisions by consensus, has not reached a major agreement in decades but is often the theatre for tense rhetorical exchanges between superpowers.

Earlier this year, Russia and the United States agreed to extend the New START arms control treaty for five years, preserving the last treaty limiting deployments of the world’s two largest strategic nuclear arsenals.

Russia’s President Vladimir Putin and U.S. President Joe Biden are set to discuss arms control and security issues at a meeting and strategic nuclear stability will be on the agenda. read more Wood said on Tuesday he hoped that such bilateral discussions may lay the groundwork for nuclear disarmament and future arms control treaties.

Proliferation of the Chinese Nuclear Horn: Daniel 7

Report on Chinese Nuclear and Missile Proliferation


May 18, 2021 1:36 PM
The following is the Congressional Research Service May 17, 2021 In Focus report, Chinese Nuclear and Missile Proliferation

From the report

The U.S. government has continued to express concerns about China’s record concerning the proliferation of nuclear- and missile-related technologies to other countries, with more recent focus on the threat of Chinese acquisition of U.S.-origin nuclear technology. Official U.S. government reports indicate that the Chinese government has apparently ended its direct involvement in the transfer of nuclear- and missile-related items, but Chinese-based companies and individuals continue to export goods relevant to those items, particularly to Iran and North Korea. U.S. officials have also raised concerns about entities operating in China that provide other forms of support for proliferation-sensitive activities, such as illicit finance and money laundering.

Background

China did not oppose new states’ acquisition of nuclear weapons during the 1960s and 1970s, the Department of State wrote in a declassified January 1998 report to Congress. According to a 1983 National Intelligence Estimate (NIE), China had exported “nuclear materials since 1981” that were not subject to International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards. Beijing did so “mainly to earn hard currency,” the estimate assesses, explaining that the

Chinese became aware in 1979 that they had insufficient resources for their initially grandiose modernization program and that they needed to generate more revenue through expanded foreign trade. Accordingly, the State Council directed its subordinate ministries in late 1979 to begin selling surpluses.

Consequently, according to the NIE, Beijing ended its “abstention from commercial trade in conventional arms and nuclear materials.” During the 1980s and 1990s, China transferred nuclear and missile technology to other countries’ weapons programs. China provided assistance to Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program and engaged in nuclear cooperation with Iran. Beijing exported missiles to Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and Iran.

According to U.S. government reports and official statements, China also significantly curtailed its nuclear- and missile-related transfers during the 1990s; Beijing also committed to improving its export controls. For example, the 1998 State Department report cited above noted China’s 1996 pledge to refrain from assisting unsafeguarded nuclear facilities and 1997 changes to Chinese nuclear export policy, as well as other Chinese nonproliferation efforts.

US tiptoes through sanctions minefield toward Iran nuclear war

US tiptoes through sanctions minefield toward Iran nuclear deal
ReutersMay 18, 2021
12:35 pm
As the United States searches for a path back to the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, it is tiptoeing through a minefield laid by former US President Donald Trump.

The mines are Iran-related sanctions Trump imposed on more than 700 entities and people, according to a Reuters tally of US Treasury actions, after he abandoned the nuclear deal and restored all the sanctions it had removed.

Among these, Trump blacklisted about two dozen institutions vital to Iran’s economy, including its central bank and national oil company, using US laws designed to punish foreign actors for supporting terrorism or weapons proliferation.

Removing many of those sanctions is inevitable if Iran is to export its oil, the biggest benefit it would receive for complying with the nuclear agreement and reining in its atomic program.

But dropping them leaves Democratic President Joe Biden open to accusations that he is soft on terrorism, a political punch that may be unavoidable if the deal is to be revived.

The possibility has already drawn fierce Republican criticism.

“It is immoral,” Trump’s former Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said last month as he promoted legislation to make it harder for Biden to lift the sanctions on Iran.

John Smith, director of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) from 2015 to 2018, described Trump’s wave of Iran sanctions as “unprecedented in scope in modern American history.”

Targeting Iranian institutions for supporting terrorism or for links to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) has made reviving the deal much harder, said Smith, now a partner at law firm Morrison & Foerster.

“By adding global terrorism, IRGC or human rights abuses to any listing you make it incredibly difficult politically … to remove those names from the list,” he said. “You can do it, but you face much more potential blowback if you do.”

A US official said Reuters’ tally of sanctions imposed by Trump was close to the Biden administration’s count, though judgment calls about what to include can yield slightly different totals.

LEGITIMATE OR CONTRIVED?

The restoration of US sanctions has blighted the Iranian economy, which shrank by six percent in 2018 and by 6.8 percent in 2019, according to International Monetary Fund data.

Trump, a Republican, withdrew from the deal in 2018, arguing it gave Iran excessive sanctions relief for inadequate nuclear curbs, and he imposed a “maximum pressure” campaign in a failed attempt to force Tehran to accept more stringent nuclear limits.

He also said the agreement had failed to curtail Iran’s support for terrorism, backing for regional proxies in Syria, Iraq and Lebanon, and pursuit of ballistic missiles.

Biden wants to restore the pact’s nuclear limits and, if possible, extend them while pushing back against what he has called Iran’s other destabilizing activities.

US and Iranian officials have begun indirect talks in Vienna seeking a way to resume compliance with the agreement, which Iran, after waiting about a year following Trump’s withdrawal, in 2019 began violating in retaliation.

Under the accord, Tehran limited its nuclear program to make it less capable of developing an atomic bomb – an ambition Iran denies – in return for relief from economic sanctions imposed by the United States, European Union and United Nations.

European diplomats are shuttling between the US and Iranian delegations because Tehran rejects direct talks. Officials are trying to strike a deal by May 21 but major obstacles remain. read more

Among these is what to do about sanctions on the Central Bank of Iran (CBI), which was sanctioned in 2012 to block its assets under US jurisdiction. Those sanctions were removed under the nuclear deal and resumed when Trump withdrew.

In September 2019, Trump went further by blacklisting the CBI, accusing it of giving financial support to terrorist groups, effectively barring foreigners from dealing with it.

He also targeted other parts of Iran’s oil infrastructure for alleged support for terrorism, including the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), the National Iranian Tanker Company, and the National Petrochemical Company.

If Iran is to sell its oil abroad, sanctions lawyers say these companies must get sanctions relief, otherwise they will remain radioactive to foreign firms. US firms are already barred from dealing with them under different sanctions.

Presaging a likely Republican line of attack, Elliott Abrams, the Trump administration’s last special envoy for Iran, argued that the sanctions were imposed on legitimate grounds.

“Those were legally and morally sufficient and justifiable designations,” he said. “They were not pulled out of thin air.”

FOCUS ON CENTRAL BANK

A senior US State Department official said the Biden administration does not plan to challenge the “evidentiary basis” on which the Trump administration imposed the sanctions.

In effect, that means it will not argue that these entities did not provide support for terrorism.

Rather, he said, the Biden administration has concluded it is in the US national security interest to return to the nuclear deal, formally called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), justifying the sanctions’ removal.

Trump’s April 2019 decision to blacklist the IRGC, and its Quds Force foreign paramilitary and espionage arm, as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) has also complicated matters.

The action marked the first time the United States had formally labeled another nation’s military a terrorist group.

In September 2019, OFAC used counterterrorism authorities to target Iran’s central bank, which it accused of having provided billions of dollars to the IRGC, the Quds Force and Lebanon’s Hezbollah, which Washington has long deemed a terrorist group.

“What I would find particularly objectionable is any move that would change the sanctioning of the IRGC for terrorist activities because the IRGC engages in terrorist activities. It is a clear case,” said Abrams.

The Biden administration, however, does not need to strip the FTO designation from the IRGC in order to remove the related sanctions on the central bank.

The Treasury secretary can reverse any sanctions placed on the central bank under US executive orders, which give the president the ability to impose, or rescind, them at will, former US officials said.

The State Department has said only that if Tehran were to resume compliance with the deal it would remove those sanctions “inconsistent with the JCPOA” without giving details.

“The political heat is going to be, frankly, quite intense,” said Iran analyst Henry Rome of Eurasia Group. “Anything involving the ‘T’ word in this case is going to be a ready-made talking point to those who oppose a return” to the nuclear deal, he said, referring to ‘terrorism’.

“The political challenge here is to say, ‘The designations may have been legitimate, but we have other foreign policy interests that dictate nevertheless removing them.’ That’s a tough needle to thread but it’s one that they’ll have to.”

Iran Calls on Muslim Countries to Trample outside the Temple Walls: Revelation 11

Iran Calls on Muslim Countries to Confront Israeli ‘Aggression’
Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has called on Islamic countries to counter what he calls Israel’s “aggression” against the Palestinian people using all available resources.

“[Countries] must use all available resources, including the capacity of international institutions such as the United Nations and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, to confront the aggression and crimes of the Zionist regime,” Rouhani said in a telephone conversation with his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan on May 16, according to the Iranian president’s official website.

Rouhani said that the two countries, as influential states, along with other Islamic countries need to join forces to confront Israel’s “crimes”, and stressed the need for Tehran and Ankara to share ideas and strengthen their cooperation to resolve regional crises in Syria and Yemen.

For his part, Recep Tayyip Erdogan described the conflict in Gaza as worrying and unfortunate, and said that the international community must teach Israel a “strong and deterrent lesson” due to its “attacks in Palestine”.

Tension has been mounting in East Jerusalem since May 7, when 205 Palestinians were injured in clashes that erupted after Israeli forces stormed al-Aqsa mosque following the night prayers held there on the last Friday of the holy month of Ramadan.

Hamas and other Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip have fired around 3,100 rockets targeting Israel in the past week, according to the Israeli military. The Israeli interception system Iron Dome which can detect approaching projectiles in seconds and calculate their trajectory and target, intercepted over 1,000 of the fired rockets, while 450 fell within the Gaza Strip.

Eight Israelis have been killed in some of the 3,100 rocket attacks launched from Gaza, including a 5-year-old boy and a soldier, according to the Associated Press. Since Israel started launching airstrikes on Gaza earlier last week, 192 Palestinians have been killed, including 58 children, while 1,235 others were wounded. Some 263 Palestinians entered Egypt through the Rafah border crossing to receive medical treatment.

Iranian top officials have expressed their support for the Palestinian people and condemned the Israeli forces for the attacks. Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh said on May 17 that “Iran, along with Muslim nations and all freedom-seeking nations of the world that are committed to the defense of the oppressed, stands with the heroic people of Palestine and asks states and relevant international organizations to end their unacceptable neutrality in the face of the aggressor.”

In a telephone conversation with Ismail Haniya, the chief of the political bureau of Islamic resistance movement Hamas on May 16, the commander of the Quds Force of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC), Esmail Qaani, reaffirmed Iran’s support for the Palestinian nation in the fight against Israel, praising the resistance forces’ military confrontation.

On the same day, Haniya conveyed his gratitude to Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei for Iran’s support in a phone conversation with Khamenei’s aide Ali Akbar Velayati.

Speaking about the Iranian leader’s “all-out support” for the Palestinians, Velayati emphasized that Iran has never hesitated over this position and consistently expressed its support to the Palestinians. Velayati also said he hopes that “soon, after victory”, Haniya will meet Khamenei in person in Iran.

On May 9, Haniya sent a letter to Khamenei at the beginning of the flare-up of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, urging Iran to express its “strong position” on the Al-Aqsa Mosque developments.

In recent years, Iran has reportedly provided military and financial assistance to Palestinian groups such as Hamas and Islamic Jihad, which have fought against Israel. Nathan Sales, a counterterrorism expert at the US State Department, said in November 2018 that Tehran funds Hamas and other Palestinian militant groups to the tune of $100 million a year.

Israel stages new round of heavy airstrikes outside the Temple Walls: Revelation 11

Israel stages new round of heavy airstrikes on Gaza City
Hatem Moussa May 16, 2021 Updated May 16, 2021

The building housing the offices of The Associated Press and other media in Gaza City collapses after it was hit by an Israeli airstrike Saturday, May 15, 2021. The attack came roughly an hour after the Israeli military warned people to evacuate the building, which also housed Al-Jazeera and a number of offices and apartments. There was no immediate explanation for why the building was targeted. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

Israel air strikes kill 42 Palestinians outside the Temple Walls: Revelation 11

Israel air strikes kill 42 Palestinians, rockets fired from Gaza
May 17, 202111:28 AM MDT
An Israeli air strike in Gaza destroyed several homes on Sunday, killing 42 Palestinians, including 10 children, health officials said, as militants fired rockets at Israel with no end in sight to seven days of fighting.

The Israeli military said the civilian casualties were unintentional. It said its jets attacked a tunnel system used by militants, which collapsed, bringing the homes down.

Hamas, the militant group that controls Gaza, called it “pre-meditated killing”.

As the U.N. Security Council convened to discuss the worst Israeli-Palestinian violence in years, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel’s campaign in Gaza was continuing at “full force”.

Netanyahu also defended an Israeli air strike on Saturday that destroyed a 12-storey building where the Associated Press and the Al Jazeera TV network had offices. He said the structure also housed a militant group’s intelligence office and was thus a legitimate target.

“We are acting now, (and) for as long as necessary, to restore calm and quiet to you, Israel’s citizens. It will take time,” Netanyahu said in a televised address after meeting with his security cabinet.

The death toll in Gaza jumped to 192, including 58 children, its health ministry said, amid an intensive Israeli air and artillery barrage since the fighting erupted last Monday.

Ten people have been killed in Israel, including two children, Israeli authorities say.

RESCUE EFFORTS

At the homes destroyed during the Israeli attack in a Gaza neighbourhood early on Sunday, Palestinians worked to clear rubble from one of the wrecked buildings, recovering the bodies of a woman and man.

“These are moments of horror that no one can describe. Like an earthquake hit the area,” said Mahmoud Hmaid, a father of seven who was helping with the rescue efforts.

The Israeli military said its aircraft had targeted at a Hamas tunnel system that ran beneath a road in Gaza City.

“The underground military facility collapsed, causing the foundation of the civilian houses above them to collapse as well, leading to unintended casualties,” it said in a statement.

The military said it tried to avoid civilian casualties, but said Hamas bore responsibility “for intentionally locating its military infrastructure under civilian houses, thus exposing civilians to danger”.

In Gaza, Hamas spokesman Hazem Qassem said: “As usual, Israel is trying to mislead the public opinion through these lies in an attempt to justify the crime and escape responsibility.”

Another Hamas official, Sami Abu Zuhri, told Reuters: “What happened this morning was a pre-meditated killing.”

Speaking by phone from Istanbul he said: “The images of what happened and from the scene prove that the buildings were targeted directly, which caused them to collapse.”

1/18
People walk past debris in a street at the site of Israeli air strikes, in Gaza City May 16, 2021. REUTERS/Mohammed Salem

‘UTTERLY APPALLING’

In New York, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres told the Security Council that hostilities in Israel and Gaza were “utterly appalling” and called for an immediate end to fighting.

He said the United Nations was “actively engaging all sides toward an immediate ceasefire” and urged them “to allow mediation efforts to intensify and succeed.”

The United States told the Security Council it has made clear to Israel, the Palestinians and others that it is ready to offer support “should the parties seek a ceasefire”.

In his address in Israel, Netanyahu said he wanted to “exact a price from the aggressor” and restore deterrence to prevent future conflict.

Hamas began its rocket assault on Monday after weeks of tensions over a court case to evict several Palestinian families in East Jerusalem, and in retaliation for Israeli police clashes with Palestinians near the city’s Al-Aqsa Mosque, Islam’s third holiest site, during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.

The Israeli military said that Hamas, an Islamist group regarded by Israel, the United States and the European Union as a terrorist movement, and other armed factions have fired more than 2,800 rockets from Gaza over the past week.

This was more than half the number fired during 51 days in a 2014 war between Hamas and Israel, the military said, and more intensive even than Hezbollah’s bombardment from Lebanon during the 2006 war between Israel and the Iran-backed Shi’ite group.

Many of the rockets have been intercepted by an Israeli anti-missile system while some have fallen short of the border.

NETANYAHU DEFENDS TOWER STRIKE

On U.S. network CBS’s “Face the Nation” programme, Netanyahu said Israel had passed information to U.S. authorities about Saturday’s attack on the al-Jala building. Israel had given advance warning to occupants of the building to leave.

The Associated Press has condemned the strike and asked Israel to put forward its evidence that Hamas was in the building.

There was “an intelligence office for the Palestinian terrorist organization housed in that building that plots and organizes terror attacks against Israeli civilians, so it’s a perfectly legitimate target,” Netanyahu said.

U.S. President Joe Biden’s envoy, Hady Amr, arrived in Israel on Friday for talks.

An official with first-hand knowledge of Amr’s meetings in Israel said: “He voiced what the administration has been saying openly about Israel having full U.S. support for defending itself.

“He made clear that no one expects Israel to do otherwise, and that this is clearly not something that can be wrapped up in 24 hours,” said the official, who asked not to be identified.

Any mediation is complicated by the fact that the United States and most Western powers do not talk to Hamas as a matter of policy.

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