Antichrist followers’ deadly violence prompts fears for upcoming elections

Sadrists’ deadly violence prompts fears for upcoming elections

The government’s failure to confront violent militias is stoking fears of delaying parliamentary elections, a major demand of the 2019 uprising

Hopes for peaceful preparations ahead of parliamentary elections in Iraq next year were dealt a worrying blow over the weekend as supporters of Muqtada al-Sadr confronted anti-government protesters, with deadly results.

Tens of thousands of the influential Shia cleric’s supporters hit the streets of Baghdad and the southern city of Nasiriyah over the weekend in a show of force as preparations ramp up for June parliamentary elections.

Nasiriyah was a hub for the 2019 anti-government protests and was also the site of one of the bloodiest incidents of the uprising last November, when more than three dozen people died in protest-related violence, prompting the government to resign.

‘Some parties want to benefit from the chaos to advance their interests in the next elections’ 

– Abbas al-Jubouri, Iraqi political analyst

On Friday, witnesses told Middle East Eye that Sadr followers broke into Nasiriyah’s Haboubi square and torched protesters’ tents, assaulting them with live ammunition, batons and knives while chasing unarmed protesters in side streets.

The violence led to the death of five by gunfire, while 77 have been wounded, including five members of the police, medical sources told MEE.

“The clash took place because protesters refused to allow Sadrists to perform the Friday prayers in Haboubi Square. Sadrists performed the prayer away from the square, but then they came back with arms,” Nasiriyah based journalist Yousif al-Hashimi told MEE.

What Sadrists want is what their leader wants, and no one knows what Muqtada al-Sadr wants,” he said. 

A view of Haboubi square in Nasiriyah a day after torching protesters’ tents by armed Sadr supporters, on 28 November 2020 (MEE/Asaad Mohammed)

The May 2018 elections had given Sadr’s supporters the biggest single bloc in parliament, with 54 out of 329 seats, but they are now seeking a majority.

Earlier on Friday, thousands of Sadrists gathered in Baghdad’s Tahrir Square and the southern cities of Basra and Nasiriyah carrying Sadr’s pictures in a show of support to the Shia leader ahead of the election. 

“Today, you gave me hope that the next elections are in good hands and Iraq will be taken out of the hands of corrupt people from outside and inside [Iraq],” the leader now based in the Iranian city of Qom, said in a statement posted on Twitter.

Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi sacked the Nasiriyah police chief on Sunday in a bid to calm the unrest. He also ordered the formation of a crisis-management team to “protect peaceful protesters, government buildings and private properties in order to cut the road for those who want to stir up sedition,” according to a government statement.

‘What Sadrists want is what their leader wants, and no one knows what Muqtada al-Sadr wants’

-Yousif al-Hashimi, Iraqi journalist 

Meanwhile, EU and US officials have urged calm and called for accountability for those responsible for the violence.

“New attacks against protesters recall last year’s attempts by armed elements to smother emerging political voices on the streets of Iraq,” the EU Ambassador to Iraq Martin Huth wrote on Twitter.

“As Iraq prepares for elections, it should be stressed: freedom of expression is not reserved to any one party, but equally held by all Iraqis.”

The US has also denounced the attacks. 

“The United States joins the international community in calling for those responsible to be held accountable, and for the government to provide protection for protestors and others engaged in the legitimate exercise of free speech,” a statement by the US embassy in Baghdad said.

Anti-government uprising

Nationwide protests erupted in Iraq in October 2019 demanding economic and political reforms as well as early elections. Nasiriyah was among the main hubs of the uprising. 

In March 2020, the protests were suspended for fear of spreading the coronavirus pandemic. 

The protests led to the resignation of Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi, who was succeeded by Kadhimi.

Since 2019, more than 550 protesters have been killed and tens of thousands wounded as security forces and armed groups used lethal force against them in the Iraqi capital Baghdad and other southern provinces, including Nasiriyah.

Power and protest: Who ordered the killing of Basra’s activists?

Initially, Sadr had declared himself a supporter of the protests and the demands for early elections, but he later rescinded his backing in the midst of accusations by protesters that he is part of the corrupt elite.

Sadr’s hardcore followers, partly provoked by anti-Sadr slogans from demonstrators and conflicting messages from the cleric, have repeatedly attacked protest camps across Iraq over the last year.

Both the US and Iraqi activists have frequently blamed Iran and its proxies in the country for the crackdown on demonstrators.

Though Sadr had previously positioned himself as opposed to Tehran’s influence in Iraq, many have accused him of pivoting to the Islamic Republic since the assassination of Iranian military commander Qassem Suleimani and Iraqi militia leader Abu Mahdi al-Muhandes by the US in early January.

“There are many political blocs that have lost their supporters in the street and want to stir up strife to stop reforms and change the country into a better place,” Abbas al-Jubouri, a political analyst from Baghdad, said.

“Iraq is going from bad to worse,” he told Middle East Eye. “There are no real long-term strategies to run the state. We have a collapsed economy and politicians are unable to manage the country. Therefore, I think the next elections will not be held on its scheduled date in 2021, but rather in 2022.”

Demonstrators removing the debris of their torched tents in Nasiriyah’s Haboubi square, on 28 November 2020 (MEE/Asaad Mohammed)

According to Hashimi, Prime Minister Kadhimi is not willing to confront the militias, and the people of Nasiriyah have lost their trust in security services due to their failure of preventing massacres and the kidnapping of activists. 

Muqtada al-Sadr’s supporters accused of ‘massacres’ in Iraq’s south

“People in Nasiriyah have no trust in the security forces to rule the city and contain armed gangs whether they were Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq, Sadrists or whoever,” he said.

Iraq is facing its most dire fiscal crisis in decades following a collapse in oil prices earlier this year and the economic impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, with the government unable to pay public sector salaries on time.

“What happened in Nasiriyah was very painful… Some parties want to benefit from the chaos to advance their interests in the next elections,” Jubouri, the political analyst, said.

 “Kadhimi is facing many obstacles and many political opponents stand against him, and this seems to be complicating his mission to deal with the country’s pressing problems.” 

The impending nuclear war: Revelation 16

Nuclear war between US & Russia more likely as Americans ‘share’ bombs with European NATO members – Deputy FM Ryabkov

1 Dec, 2020

Russia has called for the US to halt the deployment of nuclear weapons on the territory of NATO’s European members, arguing it both violates the terms of existing treaties and makes a devastating conflict more likely to happen.

Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov told a meeting sponsored by energy companies Chevron and Transneft on Monday that Moscow “hopes that the United States will stop ‘sharing’ nuclear weapons with its allies, and stop deploying nuclear weapons in countries that do not possess such weapons… Obviously, this leads to destabilization, in addition, new risks appear,” he added, “and this is a violation of Articles 1 and 2 of the Non-Proliferation Treaty.”

He went on to say that Russia is concerned about new moves by the US to deploy so-called ‘low-yield’ warheads. While these are less powerful in absolute terms, international organizations have warned they could be used to justify their use in less extreme circumstances. Ryabkov claimed that “this lowers the threshold. And we are seeing the return of the concept of limited nuclear war. US military doctrine revealed itself 50 years ago, when it believed that it could be acceptable to use nuclear weapons as part of a conventional war.”

However, he was optimistic about the potential to bring the world back from the brink, and emphasized that “a nuclear war cannot be won… Russia is ready to co-operate in reversing this state of affairs.”

In 2019, the Americans formally withdrew from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, which had banned a number of weapons with the potential to strike other nations from afar. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo claimed that Russia had violated the terms of the deal, which Moscow strongly denies. At the time, Defense Secretary Mark Esper said the US should return to developing these missiles “not just for [Europe] but for the theater we’re deploying to as well, because of… how important an intermediate-range weapon would be to the [US Pacific Command].”

The presumptive winner of the disputed US election, former Vice President Joe Biden has been critical of the White House’s decisions to withdraw from arms control pacts. Biden has been widely seen as a supporter of nuclear de-escalation, saying during his first Senate campaign that “endless warfare, reliance on false obligations of global power, [and] overt and covert manipulation of foreign regimes” were not American values.

The winds of God‘s wrath is still not over: Jeremiah 23

Record-breaking 2020 Atlantic hurricane season officially over … but could still break more records

By Mark Puleo, AccuWeather staff write

Published Nov. 30, 2020 8:00 AM

The number of storms was literally off the charts this year, with more named cyclones than any other year in history – but in one aspect, the relentless season didn’t even crack the top 10.

Generating storms at a rapid-fire pace and filled with enough plot twists to rival an M. Night Shyamalan movie, the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season started early and ended with a trio of storms in late October through mid-November. And, as AccuWeather Chief Broadcast Meteorologist Bernie Rayno remarked, “it never stopped” in between.

AccuWeather’s team of tropical weather forecasters, led by veteran meteorologist Dan Kottlowski, saw many of the plot twists coming way back in March when they called for a ”hyperactive” Atlantic basin season to ensue, and the 2020 hurricane season indeed provided steadfast suspense with what seemed like daily new tropical developments and all manner of unique storm tracks.

Along with giving multiple pages of the hurricane record book some new ink, the 2020 season also challenged conventional logic for some long-held assumptions about hurricane season, such as the pace at which a storm intensifies and the areas where certain storms may hit.

Plus, the 2020 season also demonstrated how the official June 1 beginning and Nov. 30 end of hurricane season are flexible dates in the eyes of Mother Nature.

For just the second time in the modern hurricane-naming era, the Atlantic season exhausted its pre-determined list of designated storm names for the season. After burning through the 21 names from the English alphabet by mid-September, the season began moving through the Greek alphabet for the first time since 2005.

With 30 named storms this year, the 2020 season shattered the record previously held by the infamous 2005 season for most named systems in a single season. Of those 30, 13 became hurricanes and six of those became major hurricanes – Category 3 or stronger. And just because the Atlantic basin hurricane season ends on Nov. 30, that doesn’t mean more tropical cyclone activity won’t happen this year — more on that below.

Like a well-rounded prizefighter, the season packed speed, strength and stamina into its six-month marathon. Here are some of the biggest takeaways that will be remembered when looking back on the 2020 season:

Speed

Right out of the gates, even before hurricane season was officially underway, a flurry of storms developed and broke many records in the process. The season’s first named system, Tropical Storm Arthur, formed on May 14 and was quickly followed by Tropical Storm Bertha 10 days later. The pair of May storms marked the first Atlantic basin hurricane season since 2012 that featured two “pre-season” storms, as both formed before June 1, the official beginning of the Atlantic basin hurricane season.

That quick pace set the tone for the season, in which dozens of records were broken. After Bertha, Tropical Storm Cristobal became the fastest forming C-letter storm on record, and while Tropical Storm Dolly didn’t get the record for earliest-forming D-letter storm, every following storm from Tropical Storm Edouard to Hurricane Iota broke the respective earliest-forming records.

The speed of intensification was also remarkable with a number of the tropical cyclones this season. According to Sam Lillo, a meteorologist with the University of Oklahoma, 10 of the season’s 13 hurricanes underwent rapid intensification, matching a record set by the 1995 season.

Rapid intensification is defined as a storm undergoing a maximum wind increase of at least 29 mph within a 24-hour period. Lillo added that six of those storms were Greek-letter storms.

One of those rapidly intensifying storms, Zeta, also packed notable forward speed during its trek across the Gulf of Mexico. Barreling toward Louisiana, the hurricane moved at a breakneck pace of 22 mph and quickly jumped from Category 1 to Category 2 strength just before coming ashore.

At the spot of landfall, AccuWeather National Reporter Jonathan Petramala captured the moments Zeta bolted onshore and tore homes apart.

Strength

Although the storms of 2020 will certainly be remembered for their quantity and rapid succession, the cumulative strength of the season, recognized by the Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) Index, paints a different picture.

While this year’s season packed the highest number of total named storms of any season on record, the ACE index suggests that the season may have been more mild than extreme.

“The Accumulated Cyclone Energy Index characterizes the intensity and longevity of all storms in a year,” AccuWeather Broadcast Meteorologist Geoff Cornish said. “While the Atlantic produced more storms than any other year on record, the ACE generated by the 30 storms was disproportionately low.”

Cornish explained that as the season draws to a close, “2020 lands in 13th place for ACE generated in a year.” Records on ACE have been kept going back to 1851. “In other words,” Cornish noted, “12 other years produced more ACE in the Atlantic than the 2020 season.”

For perspective, Cornish, citing data from Colorado State University, pointed to the years 1933, 2005, 1893 and 1926 as Atlantic basin hurricane seasons that ranked substantially higher on the ACE Index despite having fewer storms.

“This indicates there were several weak storms during the season,” Dan Kottlowski, AccuWeather’s chief hurricane expert, said, adding, “2005 had more intense hurricanes with five Category 5 hurricanes.” Kottlowksi pointed out that 2020 produced only one Category 5 storm, Iota, the last hurricane of the season (so far).

“For much of this year, the ACE generated per storm has been half of the long-term, historical average,” Cornish pointed out. “In other words, we’ve had a swarm of weaker, short-lived storms. However, there have been a few great exceptions like Teddy [the year’s top ACE producer with 27.8 units], Eta, Paulette, the storm that wouldn’t go away, Delta, Epsilon, Laura and Iota.” All of those storms produced 10 or more units of ACE.

While Teddy, a Category 4 hurricane in September, produced the highest ACE, history is more likely to remember the devastating landfalls of hurricanes such as Laura in Louisiana and the combo of Eta and Iota in Central America.

Laura struck the Bayou State with landfalling winds not seen since pre-Civil War America, causing about $25 to $30 billion of damage, according to AccuWeather estimates. Louisiana was further damaged by Hurricane Delta and Hurricane Zeta en route to a record-breaking season for the state.

However, despite the cornucopia of previous storms, no 2020 storm packed as much punch as the final named storm of the season, Hurricane Iota.

Iota reached Category 5 strength on Nov. 16, becoming the first hurricane on record ever to reach that strength so late in a season. At its peak intensity, sustained winds hit 160 mph and the storm’s central barometric pressure reached a minimum of 27.08 inches of mercury, or 917 millibars, as its center made a close pass by the Colombian islands of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina. Low barometric pressure is a telltale sign of a storm’s powerful intensity.

Iota would go on to slam Central America in nearly the same exact spot that Hurricane Eta had wrought devastation less than two weeks before. Eta, which made landfall in Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua, struck with Category 4 strength and claimed dozens of lives and left hundreds more missing.

Just two weeks later, Iota came ashore less than 15 miles from Puerto Cabezas and dealt another tragic blow to the region, triggering a humanitarian crisis with millions of residents being trapped in what AccuWeather Founder and CEO Dr. Joel N. Myers called “one of the worst floods in some of these areas in a thousand years or more.”

Kottlowksi suggested that one reason that the 2020 season produced so many named storms could have something to do with meteorologists’ enhanced ability to spot lesser tropical cyclones as technology has advanced over the years. He said that “newer technology enables forecasters to better analyze the smaller, less-detectable storms, and we had a few very short-lived storms, which might not have been detected more than 20 years ago.”

Stamina

“It started early – and it never stopped,” AccuWeather Chief Broadcast Meteorologist Bernie Rayno said of the 2020 Atlantic basin hurricane season.

What the 2020 season may be most remembered for is just how long it lasted and its exhausting pace. “Typically, we get the mid-season doldrums in mid-July to mid-August,” Rayno said. “That didn’t happen this year.”

In fact, the season never had a period of two consecutive weeks without at least one storm in circulation. The longest stretch without an active storm was between the end of Tropical Storm Cristobal and the start of Tropical Storm Dolly, which was 13 days.

It was common throughout the season to have multiple named storms occupying attention at once, particularly during September. At one point during the month, five different named storms – Paulette, Rene, Sally, Teddy and Vicky – were spinning at once.

The overabundance of storms also set a new record for the most landfalling named storms on U.S. soil in a single year — 12 storms came ashore on the U.S. coastline, shattering the record of nine that had stood since 1916. Another record was set in Louisiana for most landfalling storms in the state for a single season.

The battered Bayou State sustained hits from five landfalling named storms this year, four of which were hurricanes. Spread out over 20 weeks, from Cristobal to Zeta, Louisiana residents never got a reprieve this season.

In terms of longevity, no 2020 storm lived longer than Paulette, which hung around for a whopping 15 days before dissipating near Portugal after impacting Bermuda a full week prior.

A look at Paulette’s long history in the Atlantic Ocean. (AccuWeather)

Another notably long-lasting track was the one charted by Eta, which took a unique zig-zagging route from its initial landfalls as a hurricane in Central America, before making landfalls in Cuba and the Florida Keys as a tropical storm. Eta then made a final landfall along the west coast of Florida, near Tampa, a region that very rarely absorbs a direct hit from a tropical system.

Hurricane Eta’s winding journey featured significant impacts dealt to both Central America and the United States, with a stop in Cuba in between. (AccuWeather)

In early August, Hurricane Isaias left a memorable mark on the season by ravaging the East Coast, particularly the Northeast. In Philadelphia and New York City, lives were claimed by the widespread flooding and falling trees as a result of the storm’s intense winds and numerous tornadoes it spawned.

Widespread power outages also remained in the Northeast for multiple days, marking a wide-ranging spread of impacts after the storm’s initial landfall in the Bahamas. The storm restrengthened into a hurricane in time to strike North Carolina following several days when it was parallel along the coasts of Florida and Georgia.

From there, Isaias pummeled the mid-Atlantic and Northeast, leaving long-lasting memories for a region not accustomed to such storms, a sentiment Kottlowski echoed when recounting his most memorable storms of the year.

“Isaias caused considerable wind damage up the East Coast of the U.S.,” Kottlowski said. “I was impressed on how the storm maintained a very intense wind field for more than two days after moving inland.”

Have we seen the end of the 2020 season?

While Nov. 30 may mark the official end to the Atlantic basin hurricane season, Mother Nature has always played by her own rules and 2020 could prove to be no different. Forecasters were closely monitoring a system that was beginning to take shape southeast of the Azores in the eastern Atlantic on Monday, warning that it could become Subtropical Storm Kappa at any moment. Subtropical storms are hybrid systems that acquire both tropical and non-tropical characteristics.

So should we have any confidence that the 2020 season will follow the rules and end before December?

“It is very unlikely that we’d see anything hitting the United States because the westerlies – the steering flow of winds out of the west – are so strong that any storm that would try to develop would likely be steered east of the U.S.,” Rayno said of the potential for tropical activity beyond Nov. 30. But, he said, considering the entirety of the Atlantic basin, “I’m not going to rule it out.”

As Kottlowski pointed out, some conditions are still in place to support development. “There is considerable warm water in place over parts of the Atlantic Basin that could support late-season development even during the month of December,” he said. Indeed, during the waning days of the 2020 hurricane season, water temperatures were still above 80 degrees Fahrenheit in some parts of the Gulf of Mexico. And even in some places where temperatures were below 80, they were still above average for this time of year.

“I can see another storm [developing] that would take us to 31,” Rayno said, noting that an eye should be kept on the area around Bermuda. But, he added, for the U.S., “I think essentially we’re done.”

Final tally

Depending on where people live, the 2020 season could be remembered for a plethora of different reasons.

“The big story of this season is the number of landfalls and the rapid intensification of some of these storms,” Rayno said. The two hot spots this season that really caught Rayno’s attention were the areas of the Gulf of Mexico and the Yucatan Peninsula, which resulted in the Louisiana coast taking a beating as well as the Nicaragua coast, which Rayno dubbed “the Louisiana of Central America,” being hard hit.

Kottlowski echoed that point. “Two major hurricane hits on Nicaragua and Honduras in nearly the same areas,” he marveled. “Another highly unusual situation causing significant damage and suffering.”

In Central America, the one-two punch of Eta and Iota could leave scars for decades, much like how the powerful effects of Hurricane Mitch from 1998 are still remembered.

In the Southeast, the barrage of Louisiana storms worked their way through inland areas and will leave plenty of dark memories following the widespread power outages that blanketed states such as Georgia.

However, for all weather enthusiasts, the memories of 2020 will be memorialized by the broken records and the nonstop twists and turns. Amid a wacky year that has left the globe upended by the coronavirus pandemic, an unprecedented and never-ending hurricane season may have been perfectly fitting. Or for some, maybe too fitting.

Israel kills another Iranian

Air strike kills IRGC commander at Iraq-Syria border – Iraqi officials

BAGHDAD (Reuters) – An air strike killed a commander of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards at the Iraq-Syria border sometime between Saturday and Sunday, Iraqi security and local militia officials said on Monday.

They could not confirm the identity of the commander, who they said was killed alongside three other men travelling in a vehicle with him.

The vehicle was carrying weapons across the Iraqi border and was hit after it had entered Syrian territory, two Iraqi security officials separately said.

Iran-backed Iraqi paramilitary groups helped retrieve the bodies, the two officials said, without elaborating or giving the exact time of the incident.

Local military and militia sources confirmed the account, although Reuters was unable to verify independently that an Iranian commander had been killed.

The incident came just days after Iranian nuclear scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh was assassinated in Tehran in a killing that Iran has blamed on Israel.

Israel launched air raids against what it called a wide range of Syrian and Iranian targets in Syria last week, signalling that it will pursue its policy of striking Iranian targets in the region as U.S. President Donald Trump prepares to leave office.

Iraqi officials fear a conflagration ahead of President-elect Joe Biden taking office because he is viewed as less confrontational with Iran than the Trump administration.

Iran-backed Iraqi militias are still reeling from the U.S. assassination of Iranian military mastermind Qassem Soleimani in January and their Iraqi leader Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis and have vowed revenge against the United States.

Reporting by Ahmed Rasheed, John Davison and Kamal Ayash in Falluja; Editing by Tom Brown

Iran votes in favour of building up her nuclear horn: Daniel 8

Iran votes in favour of increasing uranium enrichment

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani seen at an exhibition of Iranian nuclear technologies, standing next to model centrifuges used to refine uranium and other nuclear materials, on April 9, 2019 [president.ir]

November 30, 2020 at 11:01 am

The Iranian Parliament yesterday voted in favour of a law requiring the government to boost annual enrichment of uranium to 20 per cent and stop international inspections of the country’s nuclear facilities.

The vote came following the assassination of the country’s top scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh on Friday.

The law, known as the Strategic Act to Revoke Sanctions, forces the Atomic Energy Organisation of Iran (AEOI) to produce and store at least 120 kilogrammes of enriched uranium with 20 per cent purity at the Fordow nuclear facility every year, and to fulfil the country’s peaceful industrial demands with uranium enriched above 20 per cent.

The law has yet to be approved by the country’s Guardian Council.

While no one has officially claimed responsibility for the scientist’s assassination, on Friday, the New York Times quoted a US official and intelligence officers as saying that Israel “is responsible for the attack on the scientist”, noting that the late scientist has been a target of the Israeli Mossad for years.

Israel strikes Hamas sites outside the Temple Walls: Revelation 11

Missile fire is seen from Damascus, Syria May 10, 2018. REUTERS/Omar Sanadiki TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY

Israel strikes Hamas sites in Gaza Strip

By The Hindu

Israeli aircraft on Sunday struck multiple sites in the Gaza Strip in response to a rocket fired earlier from the Palestinian territory, Israel’s military said. There were no immediate reports of injuries.

While several militant groups operate out of the Palestinian enclave, Israel holds Gaza’s Hamas rulers responsible for all rocket fire out of the territory and usually strikes Hamas targets in response.

The Israeli military said in a statement that fighter jets and attack helicopters hit two rocket ammunition manufacturing sites, underground infrastructure and a Hamas naval forces training compound.

Late Saturday, Palestinian militants in Gaza fired a rocket toward Israel, setting off air-raid sirens in the Israeli city of Ashkelon, the Israeli military said.