Near New York City, New York
1884 08 10 19:07 UTC
This severe earthquake affected an area roughly extending along the Atlantic Coast from southern Maine to central Virginia and westward to Cleveland, Ohio. Chimneys were knocked down and walls were cracked in several States, including Connecticut, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. Many towns from Hartford, Connecticut, to West Chester,Pennsylvania.
Property damage was severe at Amityville and Jamaica, New York, where several chimneys were “overturned” and large cracks formed in walls. Two chimneys were thrown down and bricks were shaken from other chimneys at Stratford (Fairfield County), Conn.; water in the Housatonic River was agitated violently. At Bloomfield, N.J., and Chester, Pa., several chimneys were downed and crockery was broken. Chimneys also were damaged at Mount Vernon, N.Y., and Allentown, Easton, and Philadelphia, Pa. Three shocks occurred, the second of which was most violent. This earthquake also was reported felt in Vermont, Virginia, and Washington, D.C. Several slight aftershocks were reported on August 11.
By Jackie Salo
November 8, 2020
A 3.6-magnitude earthquake shook Bliss Corner, Massachusetts, on Sunday morning, officials said — startling residents across the Northeast who expressed shock about the rare tremors.
The quake struck the area about five miles southwest of the community in Buzzards Bay just after 9 a.m. — marking the strongest one in the area since a magnitude 3.5 temblor in March 1976, the US Geological Survey said.
With a depth of 9.3 miles, the impact was felt across Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and into Connecticut and Long Island, New York.
“This is the strongest earthquake that we’ve recorded in that area — Southern New England,” USGS geophysicist Paul Caruso told The Providence Journal.
But the quake was still considered “light” on the magnitude scale, meaning that it was felt but didn’t cause significant damage.
The quake, however, was unusual for the region — which has only experienced 26 larger than a magnitude 2.5 since 1973, Caruso said.
Around 14,000 people went onto the USGS site to report the shaking — with some logging tremors as far as Easthampton, Massachusetts, and Hartford, Connecticut, both about 100 miles away.
“It’s common for them to be felt very far away because the rock here is old and continuous and transmits the energy a long way,” Caruso said.
Journalist Katie Couric was among those on Long Island to be roused by the Sunday-morning rumblings.
“Did anyone on the east coast experience an earthquake of sorts?” Couric wrote on Twitter.
“We are on Long Island and the attic and walls rattled.”
Closer to the epicenter, residents estimated they felt the impact for 10 to 15 seconds.
“In that moment, it feels like it’s going on forever,” said Ali Kenner Brodsky, who lives in Dartmouth, Massachusetts.
Bahraini official hopes Biden ‘will bring the good to the world, region and Bahrain’
A top Bahraini official said Monday that he hopes presumptive President-elect Joe Biden will continue the Trump administration’s tough policy on Iran, maintaining its strict sanctions on Tehran.
“We hope that the next president will put an end to Iranian interference in several Arab capitals, and he must secure the Arab Gulf and continue to impose sanctions on Iran until it returns to international legitimacy, and gives up nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction,” head of Bahrain’s Foreign Affairs, Defense and National Security Committee in the Bahraini Council of Representatives, Mohammed al-Sisi, told The Media Line.
“Over the past 50 years, many presidents have taken office in the United States, and the relationship with Bahrain has continued to grow,” Sisi stipulated.
“We hope in the coming period that relations with President-[elect] Biden will bring the good to the world, region and Bahrain, through dialogue, understanding, strengthening bilateral, historical relations, and partnership based on understanding between the two countries,” Sisi said.
With Democrat Biden presumably the next US Commander-in-Chief, his foreign policy relating to the Middle East remains under question.
On Sunday, a top aide to Biden said the new administration will likely rejoin the Iranian nuclear deal with world powers soon after taking office on January 20.
The Gulf states, as well as Israel, will keep a watchful eye over US-Iran developments as the Shiite-majority country is perhaps the major force behind regional instability.
Joe Biden speaks at his election party. REUTERS
As Joe Biden was elected as the 46th president of the United States, the world capitals including Islamabad have begun assessing to figure out what to expect from Washington under the new president on the foreign policy front.
Authorities in Pakistan are already doing their homework to deal with the possible changes with the arrival of 78-year-old Biden, who is a foreign policy veteran. Although Pakistan’s relationship remained stable after initial hiccups during President Donald Trump’s four-year term, officials told The Express Tribune that Biden’s election would bring more predictability.
Afghanistan has remained at the centre of Pakistan-US ties. It was Pakistan’s role in brokering the US-Taliban deal that helped the Trump administration to lower the rhetoric against Islamabad. The unconventional style of Trump’s presidency helped Pakistan establish a direct link with the White House.
People like Senator Lindsay Graham, considered a close aide of Trump, played a major role in arranging Prime Minister Imran Khan’s White House visit and his subsequent meetings with Trump.
That luxury will not be available as President-elect Biden would return to the traditional style of governance, relying more on the State Department and Pentagon. But Pakistani decision makers see certain positives that Biden would bring as the US president.
“Under Biden, the US will not hasten the troop withdrawal from Afghanistan,” said a Pakistani official while requesting anonymity. This, the official added, is what Pakistan has been advocating for long.
Any hasty withdrawal will only compound the problems and potentially throw Afghanistan into anothercycle of civil war, the official pointed out. The US and Afghan Taliban signed a landmark deal on February 29 in Doha after several months of painstaking negotiations.
The deal envisages a road- map for the US troops withdrawal from Afghanistan in return for the Taliban agreeing not to allow its soil to be used again by terrorist groups.
Biden also favours the US troops pullout but in a gradual and orderly man- ner. He supports the idea of maintaining certain number of troops for counter terrorism. Pakistan as well as other regional players and immediate neighbours of Afghanistan are supportive of this approach. Biden has not yet announced his team but some observers feel that he may retain Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad as special representative for Afghanistan.
“Overall Biden is a better bet than maverick and unpredictable Trump,” commented another official while reacting to Biden’s victory.
There is a sense in Islamabad that Biden, unlike Trump, would be vocal on the human rights situation in the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region.
“Traditionally, Democrats have always laid more emphasis on human rights, so we expect that the new president will not ignore the situation in Kashmir,” the official hoped. Observers, however, feel Biden’s criticism against India will not cross certain lines as the US needs India to contain China.
“He (Biden) has a tilt towards India. There will not be change in terms of US policy towards India,” remarked Abdul Basit, former ambassador to India. He recalled that Biden as the Senate Foreign Relations Committee chair-man was instrumental in the Indo-US nuclear deal.
But officials reminded that Biden also sought a long term relationship with Pakistan.
They referred to the Kerry-Lugar Bill which was coauthored by Biden. TheKerry-Lugar initiative tripled non-military aid to Pakistan. Nevertheless, there is a consensus among analysts and retired diplomats that the nature of the relationship between Pakistan and the US would depend on how Islamabad presents itself to the world.
Pakistan needs to create avenues other than Afghanistan that encourage the US to view ties beyond the security prism, they stressed.
Umair IrfanNovember 10, 2020 12:30 pm
Subtropical Storm Theta, as seen by satellite on November 10, 2020.
2020 has broken yet another extreme weather record: the most named tropical storms ever in an Atlantic hurricane season.
Early Tuesday morning, Subtropical Storm Theta formed in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, according to the National Hurricane Center, making it the 29th named storm — a weather system strong enough to warrant an official designation — of the season. This beats the previous benchmark of 28 storms set in 2005. And before 2005, the most active hurricane season was in 1933, with 20 named storms.
Theta is currently projected to move eastward, away from the United States. But a prior storm, Eta, is still churning in the Gulf of Mexico and may hit Florida this week as a tropical storm.
These recent storms highlight just how busy the Atlantic has been this year. Of the 29 storm systems, 12 reached hurricane strength and five reached Category 3 strength or higher, with winds topping 111 mph. In the United States, 12 storms made landfall and six did so at hurricane strength. There were so many storms this year that meteorologists ran through their entire list of official names and are now naming storms after letters of the Greek alphabet.
The record-breaking storm season comes amid a year of searing heat and unprecedented wildfires, with its damage toll worsened by human factors like building in harm’s way and climate change.
Unusual weather, oceanic cycles, and climate change contributed to 2020’s record-setting Atlantic hurricane season
There were some early warning signs that 2020 would be a standout year. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration anticipated back in May that the Atlantic hurricane season would be above average. But in August, they had to upgrade their forecast from between 13 and 19 named storms to between 19 and 25, and that forecast still fell short.
One key factor this year was that the Atlantic Ocean was particularly warm. Surface water needs to be at least 26°C, or 79°F, to form a hurricane, so hotter water led forecasters to conclude that more energy would be available to form storms.
Air temperatures were also warmer this year, and 2020 is currently on track to be the warmest year on record. Air can hold on to about 7 percent more water for every degree Celsius it warms up, so warmer air means more moisture is available to fuel storms.
Another variable was the phase of El Niño/Southern Oscillation, or ENSO, a periodic warming and cooling pattern in the Pacific Ocean. The ENSO pattern this year led to calmer air over the Atlantic, which allowed tropical storms to more easily form. The Atlantic Ocean also goes through a multi-decade warming and cooling pattern. The ocean is currently in its warm phase, which is linked to higher hurricane activity.
A satellite view of Subtropical Storm Theta spooling up in the Atlantic Ocean.
Over the long term, humans are increasing the risks from these storms. There continues to be a lot of development in coastal areas vulnerable to tropical storms, increasing the damage tolls from the flooding and winds caused by the storms that occur.
Humanity is also changing the climate. There is a lot of variability in hurricane patterns, making it tough to figure out which factors are the most significant in shaping trends. But scientists say that as average temperatures rise, the raw ingredients for tropical storms and hurricanes amplify. Warmer water, warmer air, and higher sea levels exacerbate the damage from tropical storms, though they may not necessarily affect the frequency of these events.
“As the climate warms, we expect that the upper bound of how intense a hurricane can get … goes up at a certain rate with warming, and that’s been known for 33 years,” Kerry Emanuel, a professor of atmospheric science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, told Vox in August. “More recently it’s also been understood that there is a cap on the rate of intensification, and that goes up faster.”
Emanuel noted that other human factors, like a reduction in sulfur air pollution since the 1980s, is also affecting the formation of tropical storms in the Atlantic.
Together, these factors aligned to create a record-breaking year. And more storms may still lie ahead this season, which officially ends on November 30.
The Israeli Navy shot and injured two Palestinian fishermen, on Saturday, off the northern coast of the besieged Gaza Strip, the Palestinian Information Center reported.
Local fishermen committee said an Israeli navy ship opened fire with rubber-coated steel rounds at the fishing boat, injuring Mohamed al-Sultan, 26, and his 12 year old brother.
The two were sailing off the coast of Beit Lahia in the northern occupied Gaza Strip.
The Jerusalem Press described the wounds as mild, no further details were available.
The Israeli occupation state imposed a land, air, and sea blockade upon the coastal enclave in 2007, causing high rates of unemployment and poverty, resulting in the current humanitarian crisis.
Israeli navy ships regularly harass and open fire at Palestinian fishermen, sailing within the stipulated boundaries.
By Marie Fazio
Published Nov. 8, 2020Updated Nov. 9, 2020, 5:38 a.m. ET
A minor earthquake rumbled through parts of Connecticut, Massachusetts and Rhode Island on Sunday morning, according to the United States Geological Survey.
The earthquake had a preliminary magnitude of 3.6, the Geological Survey said, though it had initially been measured above 4.0.The quake, which was centered at Buzzards Bay, Mass., was felt in Connecticut.United States Geological Survey
The earthquake, which happened around 9:10 a.m., had its epicenter at Buzzards Bay, Mass., which is about 50 miles east of Providence, R.I.
There were no immediate reports of damage or injuries.
Preliminary reports to the Geological Survey suggested it was felt as far away as the Long Island Sound, said Paul Caruso, a geophysicist at the agency.
“We wouldn’t expect there to be significant damage from this earthquake,” Mr. Caruso said. “Earthquakes in this area are commonly felt very far away because the rocks in this area are very contiguous, very old, so they transmit the energy very well from earthquakes.”
There have been 26 earthquakes in Southern New England since 1963, Mr. Caruso said, but this was one of the largest.
Janice Warr, who lives in East Freetown, Mass., said she felt the earth shaking for about 20 seconds. The noise reminded her of the sound of an overfilled washing machine.
“The noise got louder and the whole house — windows, pictures on walls were actually shaking,” she said.
Dylan Gomes, of Dartmouth, Mass., said he was awakened by what sounded like a large plane flying outside his window. Then his house began to shake. After about 10 seconds, it stopped, he said.
Mr. Gomes and his neighbors gathered in the street to determine what had happened. Mr. Gomes’s father, who lives with him, thought their boiler was exploding. His brother, who lives about a mile away, initially thought a large truck had crashed into his house.
Emily Ross, of Mattapoisett, Mass., said she had never experienced an earthquake in the state.
“My neighbors were walking on the beach and saw the bay ripple,” she said. “And another friend, whose husband works at a hospital in New Bedford, said it felt like a train hit it. So, all in all, unnerving but glad that there seems to be no damage.”
Marie Fazio is a general assignment reporter on the Express desk and a member of the 2020-2021 New York Times Fellowship class. @mariecfazio