Earthquake activity in the New York City area

WikipediaAlthough the eastern United States is not as seismically active as regions near plate boundaries, large and damaging earthquakes do occur there. Furthermore, when these rare eastern U.S. earthquakes occur, the areas affected by them are much larger than for western U.S. earthquakes of the same magnitude. Thus, earthquakes represent at least a moderate hazard to East Coast cities, including New York City and adjacent areas of very high population density.Seismicity in the vicinity of New York City. Data are from the U.S. Geological Survey (Top, USGS) and the National Earthquake Information Center (Bottom, NEIC). In the top figure, closed red circles indicate 1924-2006 epicenters and open black circles indicate locations of the larger earthquakes that occurred in 1737, 1783 and 1884. Green lines indicate the trace of the Ramapo fault.As can be seen in the maps of earthquake activity in this region(shown in the figure), seismicity is scattered throughout most of the New York City area, with some hint of a concentration of earthquakes in the area surrounding Manhattan Island.The largest known earthquake in this region occurred in 1884 and had a magnitude of approximately 5.For this earthquake, observations of fallen bricks and cracked plaster were reported from eastern Pennsylvania to central Connecticut, and the maximum intensity reported was at two sites in western Long Island (Jamaica, New York and Amityville, New York). Two other earthquakes of approximately magnitude 5 occurred in this region in 1737 and 1783.The figure on the right shows maps of the distribution of earthquakes of magnitude 3 and greater that occurred in this region from 1924 to 2010, along with locations of the larger earthquakes that occurred in 1737, 1783 and 1884.


The NYC area is part of the geologically complex structure of the Northern Appalachian Mountains. This complex structure was formed during the past half billion years when the Earth’s crust underlying the Northern Appalachians was the site of two major geological episodes, each of which has left its imprint on the NYC area bedrock. Between about 450 million years ago and about 250 million years ago, the Northern Appalachian region was affected by a continental collision, in which the ancient African continent collided with the ancient North American continent to form the supercontinent Pangaea. Beginning about 200 million years ago, the present-day Atlantic ocean began to form as plate tectonic forces began to rift apart the continent of Pangaea. The last major episode of geological activity to affect the bedrock in the New York area occurred about 100 million years ago, during the Mesozoic era, when continental rifting that led to the opening of the present-day Atlantic ocean formed the Hartford and Newark Mesozoic rift basins.Earthquake rates in the northeastern United States are about 50 to 200 times lower than in California, but the earthquakes that do occur in the northeastern U.S. are typically felt over a much broader region than earthquakes of the same magnitude in the western U.S.This means the area of damage from an earthquake in the northeastern U.S. could be larger than the area of damage caused by an earthquake of the same magnitude in the western U.S.The cooler rocks in the northeastern U.S. contribute to the seismic energy propagating as much as ten times further than in the warmer rocks of California. A magnitude 4.0 eastern U.S. earthquake typically can be felt as far as 100 km (60 mi) from its epicenter, but it infrequently causes damage near its source. A magnitude 5.5 eastern U.S. earthquake, although uncommon, can be felt as far as 500 km (300 mi) from its epicenter, and can cause damage as far away as 40 km (25 mi) from its epicenter. Earthquakes stronger than about magnitude 5.0 generate ground motions that are strong enough to be damaging in the epicentral area.At well-studied plate boundaries like the San Andreas fault system in California, scientists can often make observations that allow them to identify the specific fault on which an earthquake took place. In contrast, east of the Rocky Mountains this is rarely the case.  The NYC area is far from the boundaries of the North American plate, which are in the center of the Atlantic Ocean, in the Caribbean Sea, and along the west coast of North America. The seismicity of the northeastern U.S. is generally considered to be due to ancient zones of weakness that are being reactivated in the present-day stress field. In this model, pre-existing faults that were formed during ancient geological episodes persist in the intraplate crust, and the earthquakes occur when the present-day stress is released along these zones of weakness. The stress that causes the earthquakes is generally considered to be derived from present-day rifting at the Mid-Atlantic ridge.

Earthquakes and geologically mapped faults in the Northeastern U.S.

The northeastern U.S. has many known faults, but virtually all of the known faults have not been active for perhaps 90 million years or more. Also, the locations of the known faults are not well determined at earthquake depths. Accordingly, few (if any) earthquakes in the region can be unambiguously linked to known faults. Given the current geological and seismological data, it is difficult to determine if a known fault in this region is still active today and could produce a modern earthquake.As in most other areas east of the Rocky Mountains, the best guide to earthquake hazard in the northeastern U.S. is probably the locations of the past earthquakes themselves.

The Ramapo fault and other New York City area faults

The Ramapo Fault, which marks the western boundary of the Newark rift basin, has been argued to be a major seismically active feature of this region,but it is difficult to discern the extent to which the Ramapo fault (or any other specific mapped fault in the area) might be any more of a source of future earthquakes than any other parts of the region.The Ramapo Fault zone spans more than 185 miles (300 kilometers) in New YorkNew Jersey, and Pennsylvania. It is a system of faults between the northern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont areas to the east. This fault is perhaps the best known fault zone in the Mid-Atlantic region, and some small earthquakes have been known to occur in its vicinity. Recently, public knowledge about the fault has increased – especially after the 1970s, when the fault’s proximity to the Indian Point nuclear plant in New York was noticed.There is insufficient evidence to unequivocally demonstrate any strong correlation of earthquakes in the New York City area with specific faults or other geologic structures in this region. The damaging earthquake affecting New York City in 1884 was probably not associated with the Ramapo fault because the strongest shaking from that earthquake occurred on Long Island (quite far from the trace of the Ramapo fault). The relationship between faults and earthquakes in the New York City area is currently understood to be more complex than any simple association of a specific earthquake with a specific mapped fault.A 2008 study argued that a magnitude 6 or 7 earthquake might originate from the Ramapo fault zone,which would almost definitely spawn hundreds or even thousands of fatalities and billions of dollars in damage. Studying around 400 earthquakes over the past 300 years, the study also argued that there was an additional fault zone extending from the Ramapo Fault zone into southwestern Connecticut. As can be seen in the above figure of seismicity, earthquakes are scattered throughout this region, with no particular concentration of activity along the Ramapo fault, or along the hypothesized fault zone extending into southwestern Connecticut.Just off the northern terminus of the Ramapo fault is the Indian Point Nuclear Power Plant, built between 1956 and 1960 by Consolidated Edison Company. The plant began operating in 1963, and it has been the subject of a controversy over concerns that an earthquake from the Ramapo fault will affect the power plant. Whether or not the Ramapo fault actually does pose a threat to this nuclear power plant remains an open question.

Iran makes a realistic nuclear threat: Daniel 8:4

Pompeo Claps Back at Iran’s Khamenei Over Nuclear Threat

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo departs a meeting with members of the UN Security Council, in New York, Aug. 20, 2020. Photo: Reuters / Mike Segar / Pool.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo clapped back at Iranian Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on Wednesday after the Islamic Republic’s supreme leader asserted it could not be kept from obtaining nuclear weapons.

“Iran claims it doesn’t want a nuclear weapon, then threatens the world with its nuclear program,” Pompeo tweeted. “All nations must reject the regime’s extortion.”

“The US will never allow the world’s leading state sponsor of terror to have the world’s deadliest weapon — and yes, we can prevent it and will,” he vowed.

Israel injures more children outside the temple walls: Revelation 11

Israeli policy of bombing crowded areas in Gaza takes fresh toll: head injuries in two children and damage to homes

15 October 2020

The Israeli military has reported that over three weeks, from 6 to 31 August 2020, it attacked more than 100 targets in the Gaza Strip using tanks and airplanes. During that time, Palestinians fired rockets at Israel and sent incendiary and explosive balloons into its territory. The UN listed one Israeli and five Palestinians – four minors and a woman – injured in these incidents. The Israeli attacks also lightly damaged a school and six houses in Gaza.

This continuation of Israel’s policy of airstrikes in the Gaza Strip, which includes bombing densely-populated areas, demonstrates yet again that the use of so-called warning missiles fails to achieve its professed goal. It also demonstrates how unreasonable it is to expect civilians to grasp within minutes, in the dead of night, amid panic and confusion, what they must do to in order to save their families, including young children, while forced to leave their property behind knowing that destruction awaits.

The August round of fighting ended with five Palestinians injured and seven structures damaged in the Gaza Strip. B’Tselem reiterates that Israel’s policy of airstrikes in Gaza, which has caused thousands of casualties, has a black flag flying over it. It is unlawful and immoral.

On Friday, 14 August 2020, shortly after 10:30 P.M., the Israeli military fired two “warning missiles” at a seven-house compound belonging to the Hussein family in the eastern part of al-Bureij Refugee Camp. The compound is home to 38 people. These “warning missiles,” as the military refers to them, are relatively small missiles allegedly fired to warn civilians of an impending strike and give them time to get away. The two small missiles, fired within five to ten minutes of each other, landed about 15 meters away from the compound. Ten minutes later, an assault missile landed in the same location. Four of the houses in the compound were damaged and two children injured: Rafif Hussein, (3) in the head and leg and Baraa Hussein (11) in the head. The children were taken to Shuhada al-Aqsa Hospital in Deir al-Balah and discharged several hours later. The damage to the homes, some of which are made of bricks and some of tin, included shattered windows, cracked walls and destroyed belongings.

That night, Asmaa (27) and Ahmad (34) Hussein, the parents of Rafif (3) and Khaled (2), were getting ready to turn in for the night in their home, which is made of tin sheets, when Asmaa suddenly heard two “warning missiles” land nearby.

In a testimony she gave B’Tselem field researcher Olfat al-Kurd on 16 August 2020, she said:

Rafif Hussein (3). Photo by Olfat al-Kurd, B’Tselem, 16 August 2020

Suddenly, I heard two warning missiles. My husband Ahmad went outside and stood by the front door, and Rafif ran after him. Then a missile hit some farmland behind our house. I started screaming and crying. I was afraid for Khaled, who is two years old. I picked him up and started looking for my husband and for Rafif. I found my husband at the entrance, holding Rafif. She had a gash in her right cheek and her mouth was full of blood. She was also injured in the right leg.

Rafif fainted immediately. We wet her face and she came to. I went out in my prayer clothes and we walked away from the house. When Rafif came to, she said: “Mama, the ground’s moving.” We went to ambulances that arrived after the strike and were parked near the house. We all got into one ambulance and went to Shuhada al-Aqsa Hospital. When we got there, they X-rayed Rafif’s head and did a blood test because they were worried she was hemorrhaging. Thank God there were no fractures or hemorrhaging. Rafif stayed in hospital overnight for observation, and we stayed with her.

In the morning we went to my family’s home in Deir al-Balah, rested there for a few hours and then went home. I was shocked when I saw the extent of damage to our house. The roof was broken and the house and yard were full of stones and sand. The walls were cracked. The house and all of our clothes smelled like sulfur because of the missiles that landed next to it. I cleaned the house and got rid of the sand and stones.

Since the attack, Rafif has been emotionally unwell. She’s in shock. Her cheek is still swollen and she cries all day. I can feel that she’s terribly anxious. I stay by her side all day and can’t leave her for a moment. She also started bedwetting at night. We can’t sleep at home and go to my family or my husband’s family at night. I feel anxious and unstable all the time, and I’m exhausted. Every time there’s an escalation, I get terribly anxious. I want to live somewhere safer, but my husband is unemployed and we can’t buy a different house and leave the refugee camp. Every time there’s an escalation, the army fires at our area. Until now, we’ve been very lucky we haven’t been hurt. Our family’s homes haven’t been damaged either. I can’t go on like this, with all the fear and anxiety. Every time there’s a strike, I feel I’m going to lose someone from the family.

Ousamah Hussein (47), a married father of five and an office worker for the Hamas government, was at home with his family when he heard observation planes in the area. Immediately after that, he heard a “warning missile” strike farmland behind his house, and the house was hit by shrapnel. Ousamah and his family left the house and waited outside, next to it. After a second “warning missile” struck and he heard fighter planes in the area, Ousamah started warning his siblings and their families to leave the area. Then an assault missile struck a patch of land nearby.

Ousamah Hussein holding a piece of the missile that landed near his home. Photo by Khaled al-‘Azayzeh, B’Tselem, 16 August 2020

In a testimony he gave B’Tselem researcher Khaled al-‘Azayzeh on 16 August 2020, Ousamah said:

Suddenly, there was a huge blast in the plot and it shook the whole area. A big cloud of black smoke covered everything. I couldn’t see a thing. I heard shrapnel and clots of mud landing around us, among the houses. The women and children started screaming in panic. I thought my house had been destroyed by the force of the missile. After a few minutes, we started checking on each other.

Then I saw one of my nephews, Baraa (11), emerge from among the houses shouting, with his hand on his head. I grabbed him and checked him, but didn’t see any bleeding. I asked, “What happened to you?” He said he’d been hit in the head by a rock. We washed his head and calmed him down.

After about an hour, Baraa felt dizzy and nauseous and said his stomach hurt. We called an ambulance that took him to Shuhada al-Aqsa Hospital in Deir al-Balah.

During the strike, the power was off, and the dark made the fear and panic worse. The power came on again around 11:30 or midnight, and I started checking the houses. I found cracks in the walls of my house and shattered windows, mostly on the east side, close to where the missile landed. I climbed up to the roof and found parts of the wall around it broken and the water tank’s solar panels destroyed. I checked the house of my brother Samir (39), right next to mine. There were cracks in the walls and some of the tin roof was ruined, as well as the fridge, the kitchen windows and the bathroom doors.

Baraa’s mother Jacqueline (35), a married mother of five, described the damage to her home and the difficulties Baraa is still suffering in the wake of the attack in a testimony she gave B’Tselem field researcher Olfat al-Kurd on 7 September 2020:

Baraa Hussein (11). Photo by Khaled al-‘Azayzeh, B’Tselem, 16 August 2020

When I got home, I found a disaster. The strike shattered the windows and created cracks in the kitchen and the floor all over the house. It destroyed all the water tanks on the roof. The house was filled with bits of the missile and with parts of blocks and sand. My husband is a simple clerk with the Palestinian Authority and makes 1,500 NIS (approx. 445 USD) a month. He worked very hard to build our house, and we don’t have money to repair what the bombing destroyed. Winter is coming in a few months. I really hope we manage to fix the house.

After the attack, Baraa stayed home and didn’t go to school. He was dizzy and exhausted. He’s still suffering from anxiety and fatigue. He gets scared when he hears airplanes in the sky, and doesn’t like to be reminded of what happened that day. For about two weeks, Baraa lost control of his bladder because he was so anxious. It got so bad that I had to sleep next to him and hold him the whole night. His father and I would take him on walks outside the house to make him feel safe and help him get back to the way he was before – before the bombing.

Sometimes, in the evening, he refuses to leave home. Even when I send him to get a few things from the store nearby, he refuses and says he’s scared. I thank God he’s okay and hope he gets back to his former self . My children keep saying they want to leave this house and move somewhere safer, far away from the bombs.

Why Pakistan must prepare for nuclear war: Revelation 8

Why US-India ‘BECA’ Pact Can Douse Border Fire With China But Engulf Pakistan In Flames?

EurAsian Times DeskOctober 15, 2020

India has played the masterstroke with the US to aptly respond to the ‘joint-threat’ of China and Pakistan, which had found a renewed-aggression after India’s PM Narendra Modi ended Article 370 from Jammu and Kashmir.

The abrogation of contentious Article 370 made both China and Pakistan straddle together against India, especially after June 15, 2020, when India lost 20 of its soldiers to China, there has only been a ‘bittering-of-ties’ between China and India, with Pakistan playing a second fiddle in the conflict.

Ironically, while India looked-up to the US for rescue, President Donald Trump, offered only mediation!

This, he did twice, informed OutlookIndia.Com on May 27, 2020, and on September 5, 2020, and all the while when India looked for more help, Trump again ridiculed India with his third-time mediation offer.

China is said to have illegally occupied 38,000 sq km of Indian land in Ladakh, as acknowledged by India’s defence minister Rajnath Singh in parliament on September 17, 2020, and has also started to put up its designs on Arunachal Pradesh which China calls as its South Tibet as well as in Himachal Pradesh.

The US did not act and let India slide into misery. The US always wanted India to counter China in the first place, but India considered Pakistan as its primary-foe, and New Delhi in all over these years, from much before August 5, 2019, despite its disastrous 1962 war with China, did not entertain the US for an all-out show against China.

It wasn’t that long enough when PM Modi announced, much to the displeasure of US, his rejection to American proposal to join Indo-Pacific front against China:

“India does not see the Indo-Pacific region as a strategy or as a club of limited members. Nor as a grouping that seeks to dominate. And by no means do we consider it as directed against any country,” said Modi.

These statement by Indian PM disappointed both the US and Japan despite Modi enjoying a personal rapport with both Trump and Abe. But now India is in-togetherness with Japan, US and Australia as a part of QUAD against China, to challenge Beijing in the South China Sea.

The last straw which hinged for the US support to India was also lost on September 30, 2020, while US President Trump and Biden debated in the run-up to November 2020 polls. Trump lumped India with its nemesis Russia and China!

Trump made India stand in line with Russia and China to have hidden the figures of the number of deaths in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic! It was here when India let loose and supposedly succumbed to the ultimate US manoeuvring and was forced to become the US frontline ally against China.

The backend forces which were at work will take for some investigative writer, a La Bob Woodward, to unravel, but finally US-made India to comply to become a lullaby customer to its weapon industry.

The US, on October 2, 2020, reveals LiveMint, came out officially in support of India to declare Arunachal Pradesh as part of India.

‘Arunachal Pradesh is Indian territory and the United States strongly opposes unilateral attempts (by China) to advance territorial claims by incursions, be it military or civilian, across the Line of Actual Control (LAC), a US State Department official said.

Giving an update on the India-US bilateral relations, the senior official said, “At a time when India is facing substantial security challenges, the growth in our defence partnership is exceptionally important.

This partnership includes defence sales, particularly our offers of advanced US weapon systems, as a demonstration of our commitment to India’s security and sovereignty.’ The US job was done. It got India sufficiently bashed-up to finally force India to become its face to China’s opposition.

The US initiative with India after its official stand on Arunachal Pradesh was riveted with a follow-up plan soon, as on October 5, 2020  HindustanTimes informed that US and India were to tie-a knot in Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) for geo-spatial cooperation.

‘BECA is an important precursor to India acquiring armed drones such as the MQ-9B from the US as the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) uses spatial data for pinpointed strikes on enemy targets’.

This enemy is the duo China and Pakistan. So much so, US had been ‘hit in the eye ’ by its shameless withdrawal from Afghanistan after 19 years of fighting Afghan-Taliban, where it was forced to sit across the table with the same people, that it has decided to ‘teach a lesson’.

Trump is so foregone with his conclusive victory that barely a week before his November 3, 2020 elections Trump wants BECA to be sealed!  US deputy secretary of state Stephen Beigun is already in India (October 15, 2020)  to chalk out nuances, and finally, US defence secretary Mark Esper and India’s defence minister Rajnath Singh will ink the pact on October 26-27, 2020.

The immediate fallout of this BECA will find Pakistan in very hard waters, as the US, for all the last many decades had been with Pakistan and knows all the loopholes, which would enable India to chose a target to bring Pakistan to its senses.

India, with the help of US reconnaissance devices, will know everything from inside Pakistan, in its real-time through US satellites;  Pakistan’s troop deployment, its nuclear sites and it’s air-force/naval, army or drone movements.

China is too big to be tapped, but for sure, Pakistan, will be made to have a ‘taste of its pudding’ as US ignominy in Afghanistan has happened due to Pakistan. US, China and to an extent India are giants and Pakistan is what seems to have been sandwiched between the three!

The writer is a former State Information Commissioner, India. He is a media analyst and writes on international politics. 

Two IDF soldiers injured during overnight operation outside the Temple Walls: Revelation 11

Two IDF soldiers injured during overnight operation in West Bank

An IDF (Israel Defense Forces) statement released Wednesday morning revealed that two soldiers were injured during overnight operation carried out in the West Bank city of Nablus. 

The soldiers were evacuated from the scene after sustaining moderate and light injuries, respectively, while searching for a suspected terrorist in the Balata refugee camp.  

The soldiers were injured by shrapnel thrown at them during the raid. They are currently being treated at a nearby Israeli hospital and are expected to make a full recovery. 

Meanwhile, Hebrew-language broadcaster N12 reported Wednesday that IDF special forces carried out a clandestine mission in Syria last week and destroyed two outposts belonging to the Syrian army. 

The reported operation took place in a demilitarized zone between Israel and Syria in the Golan Heights after the IDF said that Damascus was repeatedly violating a 1974 disengagement agreement between the two enemy states. 

The IDF claimed that Syrian forces had established military infrastructure inside the buffer zone that is specifically designated for UN peacekeeping units called the Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF), according to The Jerusalem Post.

The operation was carried out by combat soldiers from the Nachal Brigade and commando units from Yahalom, a special unit that specializes in combat engineering, the Post added.

During a joint operation last month, Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and Shin Bet (Israel Security Agency) agents carried out a string of arrests targeting Hamas operatives in the West Bank.

The IDF spokesperson confirmed that 21 Hamas affiliates were apprehended and transferred to Shin Bet for interrogation.

The Iranian Nuclear Secrets: Daniel 8

Atomic energy watchdog seeks details on secret Iranian nuclear site

Officials of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have asked the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) to provide details of their claims that Iran maintains a secret nuclear site hidden from the world. (Reuters/File Photo)

Iran’s plans for building a nuclear weapon have been checked by a UN-mandated embargo that was imposed in July 2007

Updated 15 October 2020


October 15, 2020 22:17

CHICAGO: Officials of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have asked the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) to provide details of their claims that Iran maintains a secret nuclear site hidden from the world as a UN-mandated nuclear arms embargo on Iran expires this week.

Lifting the UN arms embargo against Iran will allow Tehran to purchase and sell military arms with neighboring countries like Syria, Iraq and Yemen, a panel of experts hosted by the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington (AGSIW) said Thursday. They said Iran will be able to purchase weapons from China and Russia, including hi-tech fighter jets, sophisticated missiles and other weapons, and they agreed that it would allow Iran to pursue its nuclear agenda.

Iranian Parliament-in-Exile member Ali Safavi told the Arab News-sponsored Detroit radio program “The Ray Hanania Show” on Wednesday that the NCRI has evidence that Iran has been operating a secret nuclear facility. During the radio interview, Safavi said the NCRI will disclose the information publicly at a press conference that is scheduled for Friday.

Iran’s plans for building a nuclear weapon have been checked by a UN-mandated embargo that was imposed in July 2007 under the terms of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The JCPOA expires on Oct. 18. US President Donald Trump said he will impose an embargo on Tehran, but experts said they expect European countries to sell weapons and equipment to Iran once the UN embargo expires.

Those weapons could include “armored combat vehicles, large-caliber artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters, warships and more significantly cruise missiles and launchers,” said panel host Hussein Ibish, AGSIW resident scholar.

All of this has become possible precisely because the US effort to use the JCPOA grievance mechanism didn’t work and nobody wanted to go along with the extension,” he added.

Thursday’s discussion titled “After the Embargo: Iran’s Weapons Agenda and its Regional Impact” also included AGSIW Senior Fellow Ali Alfoneh, AGSIW Non-Resident Fellow David Des Roches, and National Defense University Associate Professor Kirsten Fontenrose.

The military and arms experts agreed the embargo’s ending will not fuel an arms build-up by Iran’s non-state clients, like Hezbollah, but said they expect an increase in Iranian weapons purchases and sales with countries like Syria, Iraq and Yemen, impacting regional security concerns.

“Hezbollah would not be following UN Security Resolutions in any chance,” said Ali Alfoneh. “The biggest impact would not be on the non-state clients of Iran like Hezbollah.”

The lifting of the embargo would open the door to regional governments like Iraq and Syria possibly purchasing weapons from Iran to bolster their arsenals.

The Iranians have smuggled many embargoed items to their affiliates in the region. But with the embargo being lifted, it makes that volume and that flow much more significant,” Fontenrose said.

“The failure of the JCPOA was a huge shock to the political leadership in Iran,” Alfoneh said.

“The future is very insecure. Even if that administration changes, I am not entirely convinced that presidential candidate Joe Biden would go back to a JCPOA as it was before. It is very likely there will be some changes made to the JCPOA.”

Fontenrose anticipates that regardless of who wins the upcoming US election, she can foresee scenarios in which Israel would strike at Iran’s nuclear facilities with support from their Emirati partners, especially if Israel believes that the US is “too soft” on Iran.

“You are going to have hardliners in Tehran who slow-roll a nuclear deal and either have no deal with the Trump administration … or you will have Iran at the table but agreeing to very little with the Biden administration,” Fontenrose said.

“What you see is Israel saying we need to do something about this nuclear program if Iran continues to escalate it. If it stays in place it is a different story. But if Iran continues to ramp up its withdrawal from the JCPOA or ramp up its production, I can see Israel undertaking strikes again against their facilities. And at this point, will we see the UAE involved in the planning, not execution, of those strikes?”

Iranian activists claim regime has hidden nuclear facility

Preparing for the sixth seal: Revelation 6:12

Ready to quake on Oct. 15?

Colleton County will participate in this year’s international earthquake drill, ShakeOut Day, on Oct. 15 at 10:15 a.m.

“This is a great time to practice what to do during an earthquake. You can ShakeOut wherever you are, whether that’s at home, work, school or perhaps through a video conference with others working or while taking classes from home,” said Meagan Utsey, Colleton County administrative services director.

The goal of ShakeOut is to encourage people and organizations to be prepared to survive and to recover quickly when the next big earthquake happens. Many areas around the globe are prone to earthquakes. You can be anywhere when an earthquake strikes — at home, at work, at school, at church or even on vacation.

South Carolina averages 10-15 earthquakes a year that are at or below a 3.0 magnitude

In 1886, Charleston experienced the largest earthquake to ever hit the eastern United States at a 7.3 magnitude. That earthquake was felt along the eastern seaboard from Cuba to New York, and Bermuda to the Mississippi River. Damage extended several hundreds of miles to cities in Alabama, Ohio and Kentucky.

Today, there is still no reliable method for predicting the time, place or size of an earthquake. Several places in South Carolina regularly experience earthquakes, including two in Colleton County.

So, what can you do if the ground moves? Drop down to the floor. Take cover under a sturdy desk, table or other furniture. If that is not possible, cover against an interior wall and protect your head and neck with your arms. If you take cover under a sturdy piece of furniture, hold on to it and be prepared to move with it. If you have disabilities or functional needs, stay in bed and protect your head with a pillow. Do not try to get to a safer place or go outside.

Organizations, businesses or schools that would like more information or would like to participate in the ShakeOut, can register at This is a free event. Once registered, participants will receive free information and updates on how to plan a drill. However, no one needs to register to participate.

“We strongly encourage you to prepare your home or business and participate in the drill for your own safety,” Utsey said.