Brace Yourselves, New Yorkers, You’re Due for a Major QuakeA couple of hundred thousand years ago, an M 7.2 earthquake shook what is now New Hampshire. Just a few thousand years ago, an M 7.5 quake ruptured just off the coast of Massachusetts. And then there’s New York.Since the first western settlers arrived there, the state has witnessed 200 quakes of magnitude 2.0 or greater, making it the third most seismically active state east of the Mississippi (Tennessee and South Carolina are ranked numbers one and two, respectively). About once a century, New York has also experienced an M 5.0 quake capable of doing real damage.The most recent one near New York City occurred in August of 1884. Centered off Long Island’s Rockaway Beach, it was felt over 70,000 square miles. It also opened enormous crevices near the Brooklyn reservoir and knocked down chimneys and cracked walls in Pennsylvania and Connecticut. Police on the Brooklyn Bridge said it swayed “as if struck by a hurricane” and worried the bridge’s towers would collapse. Meanwhile, residents throughout New York and New Jersey reported sounds that varied from explosions to loud rumblings, sometimes to comic effect. At the funeral of Lewis Ingler, a small group of mourners were watching as the priest began to pray. The quake cracked an enormous mirror behind the casket and knocked off a display of flowers that had been resting on top of it. When it began to shake the casket’s silver handles, the mourners decided the unholy return of Lewis Ingler was more than they could take and began flinging themselves out windows and doors.Not all stories were so light. Two people died during the quake, both allegedly of fright. Out at sea, the captain of the brig Alice felt a heavy lurch that threw him and his crew, followed by a shaking that lasted nearly a minute. He was certain he had hit a wreck and was taking on water.A day after the quake, the editors of The New York Times sought to allay readers’ fear. The quake, they said, was an unexpected fluke never to be repeated and not worth anyone’s attention: “History and the researches of scientific men indicate that great seismic disturbances occur only within geographical limits that are now well defined,” they wrote in an editorial. “The northeastern portion of the United States . . . is not within those limits.” The editors then went on to scoff at the histrionics displayed by New York residents when confronted by the quake: “They do not stop to reason or to recall the fact that earthquakes here are harmless phenomena. They only know that the solid earth, to whose immovability they have always turned with confidence when everything else seemed transitory, uncertain, and deceptive, is trembling and in motion, and the tremor ceases long before their disturbed minds become tranquil.”That’s the kind of thing that drives Columbia’s Heather Savage nuts.New York, she says, is positively vivisected by faults. Most of them fall into two groups—those running northeast and those running northwest. Combined they create a brittle grid underlying much of Manhattan.Across town, Charles Merguerian has been studying these faults the old‐fashioned way: by getting down and dirty underground. He’s spent the past forty years sloshing through some of the city’s muckiest places: basements and foundations, sewers and tunnels, sometimes as deep as 750 feet belowground. His tools down there consist primarily of a pair of muck boots, a bright blue hard hat, and a pickax. In public presentations, he claims he is also ably abetted by an assistant hamster named Hammie, who maintains his own website, which includes, among other things, photos of the rodent taking down Godzilla.That’s just one example why, if you were going to cast a sitcom starring two geophysicists, you’d want Savage and Merguerian to play the leading roles. Merguerian is as eccentric and flamboyant as Savage is earnest and understated. In his press materials, the former promises to arrive at lectures “fully clothed.” Photos of his “lab” depict a dingy porta‐john in an abandoned subway tunnel. He actively maintains an archive of vintage Chinese fireworks labels at least as extensive as his list of publications, and his professional website includes a discography of blues tunes particularly suitable for earthquakes. He calls female science writers “sweetheart” and somehow manages to do so in a way that kind of makes them like it (although they remain nevertheless somewhat embarrassed to admit it).It’s Merguerian’s boots‐on‐the‐ground approach that has provided much of the information we need to understand just what’s going on underneath Gotham. By his count, Merguerian has walked the entire island of Manhattan: every street, every alley. He’s been in most of the tunnels there, too. His favorite one by far is the newest water tunnel in western Queens. Over the course of 150 days, Merguerian mapped all five miles of it. And that mapping has done much to inform what we know about seismicity in New York.Most importantly, he says, it provided the first definitive proof of just how many faults really lie below the surface there. And as the city continues to excavate its subterranean limits, Merguerian is committed to following closely behind. It’s a messy business.Down below the city, Merguerian encounters muck of every flavor and variety. He power‐washes what he can and relies upon a diver’s halogen flashlight and a digital camera with a very, very good flash to make up the difference. And through this process, Merguerian has found thousands of faults, some of which were big enough to alter the course of the Bronx River after the last ice age.His is a tricky kind of detective work. The center of a fault is primarily pulverized rock. For these New York faults, that gouge was the very first thing to be swept away by passing glaciers. To do his work, then, he’s primarily looking for what geologists call “offsets”—places where the types of rock don’t line up with one another. That kind of irregularity shows signs of movement over time—clear evidence of a fault.Merguerian has found a lot of them underneath New York City.These faults, he says, do a lot to explain the geological history of Manhattan and the surrounding area. They were created millions of years ago, when what is now the East Coast was the site of a violent subduction zone not unlike those present now in the Pacific’s Ring of Fire.Each time that occurred, the land currently known as the Mid‐Atlantic underwent an accordion effect as it was violently folded into itself again and again. The process created immense mountains that have eroded over time and been further scoured by glaciers. What remains is a hodgepodge of geological conditions ranging from solid bedrock to glacial till to brittle rock still bearing the cracks of the collision. And, says Merguerian, any one of them could cause an earthquake.You don’t have to follow him belowground to find these fractures. Even with all the development in our most built‐up metropolis, evidence of these faults can be found everywhere—from 42nd Street to Greenwich Village. But if you want the starkest example of all, hop the 1 train at Times Square and head uptown to Harlem. Not far from where the Columbia University bus collects people for the trip to the Lamont‐Doherty Earth Observatory, the subway tracks seem to pop out of the ground onto a trestle bridge before dropping back down to earth. That, however, is just an illusion. What actually happens there is that the ground drops out below the train at the site of one of New York’s largest faults. It’s known by geologists in the region as the Manhattanville or 125th Street Fault, and it runs all the way across the top of Central Park and, eventually, underneath Long Island City. Geologists have known about the fault since 1939, when the city undertook a massive subway mapping project, but it wasn’t until recently that they confirmed its potential for a significant quake.In our lifetimes, a series of small earthquakes have been recorded on the Manhattanville Fault including, most recently, one on October 27, 2001. Its epicenter was located around 55th and 8th—directly beneath the original Original Soupman restaurant, owned by restaurateur Ali Yeganeh, the inspiration for Seinfeld’s Soup Nazi. That fact delighted sitcom fans across the country, though few Manhattanites were in any mood to appreciate it.The October 2001 quake itself was small—about M 2.6—but the effect on residents there was significant. Just six weeks prior, the city had been rocked by the 9/11 terrorist attacks that brought down the World Trade Center towers. The team at Lamont‐Doherty has maintained a seismic network in the region since the ’70s. They registered the collapse of the first tower at M 2.1. Half an hour later, the second tower crumbled with even more force and registered M 2.3. In a city still shocked by that catastrophe, the early‐morning October quake—several times greater than the collapse of either tower—jolted millions of residents awake with both reminders of the tragedy and fear of yet another attack. 9‐1‐1 calls overwhelmed dispatchers and first responders with reports of shaking buildings and questions about safety in the city. For seismologists, though, that little quake was less about foreign threats to our soil and more about the possibility of larger tremors to come.Remember: The Big Apple has experienced an M 5.0 quake about every hundred years. The last one was that 1884 event. And that, says Merguerian, means the city is overdue. Just how overdue?“Gee whiz!” He laughs when I pose this question. “That’s the holy grail of seismicity, isn’t it?”He says all we can do to answer that question is “take the pulse of what’s gone on in recorded history.” To really have an answer, we’d need to have about ten times as much data as we do today. But from what he’s seen, the faults below New York are very much alive.“These guys are loaded,” he tells me.He says he is also concerned about new studies of a previously unknown fault zone known as the Ramapo that runs not far from the city. Savage shares his concerns. They both think it’s capable of an M 6.0 quake or even higher—maybe even a 7.0. If and when, though, is really anybody’s guess.“We literally have no idea what’s happening in our backyard,” says Savage.What we do know is that these quakes have the potential to do more damage than similar ones out West, mostly because they are occurring on far harder rock capable of propagating waves much farther. And because these quakes occur in places with higher population densities, these eastern events can affect a lot more people. Take the 2011 Virginia quake: Although it was only a moderate one, more Americans felt it than any other one in our nation’s history.That’s the thing about the East Coast: Its earthquake hazard may be lower than that of the West Coast, but the total effect of any given quake is much higher. Disaster specialists talk about this in terms of risk, and they make sense of it with an equation that multiplies the potential hazard of an event by the cost of damage and the number of people harmed. When you take all of those factors into account, the earthquake risk in New York is much greater than, say, that in Alaska or Hawaii or even a lot of the area around the San Andreas Fault.Merguerian has been sounding the alarm about earthquake risk in the city since the ’90s. He admits he hasn’t gotten much of a response. He says that when he first proposed the idea of seismic risk in New York City, his fellow scientists “booed and threw vegetables” at him. He volunteered his services to the city’s Office of Emergency Management but says his original offer also fell on deaf ears.“So I backed away gently and went back to academia.”Today, he says, the city isn’t much more responsive, but he’s getting a much better response from his peers.He’s glad for that, he says, but it’s not enough. If anything, the events of 9/11, along with the devastation caused in 2012 by Superstorm Sandy, should tell us just how bad it could be there.He and Savage agree that what makes the risk most troubling is just how little we know about it. When it comes right down to it, intraplate faults are the least understood. Some scientists think they might be caused by mantle flow deep below the earth’s crust. Others think they might be related to gravitational energy. Still others think quakes occurring there might be caused by the force of the Atlantic ridge as it pushes outward. Then again, it could be because the land is springing back after being compressed thousands of years ago by glaciers (a phenomenon geologists refer to as seismic rebound).“We just have no consciousness towards earthquakes in the eastern United States,” says Merguerian. “And that’s a big mistake.”Adapted from Quakeland: On the Road to America’s Next Devastating Earthquake by Kathryn Miles, published by Dutton, an imprint of Penguin Publishing Group, a division of Penguin Random House, LLC. Copyright © 2017 by Kathryn Miles. Thanks
Minor earthquake in New Jersey – Felt in New York City and Philadelphia – September 9, 2020
A Magnitude 3.1, centered near Freehold, New Jersey, shook parts of the New York City and Philadelphia area on Wednesday morning. The quake was felt weakly in parts of Manhattan, Brooklyn and southern and western parts of NYC. Due to the rather large felt area and high intensity, which is typical for East Coast quakes, this event was felt stronger and wider than other quakes of the same size, for example in California. However, no damage from this quake is expected but minor aftershocks around Magnitude 2 are possible. These could affect places within 10 km of the epicenter.
The depth of the quake, currently given as 5 km by USGS, has not been manually located yet. So the quake parameters might change as soon as more manual data revision has been done.
Although New York City and nearby areas rarely feel any earthquake, the states on the East Coast including NY and NJ have experience several small and even large quakes in the past, resulting from very old fault lines that strike across the area. Small quakes like today are a good reminder that even larger damaging quakes happen now and then, although they can’t tell us anything about the time of future events.
By Kevin Liptak, CNN
Updated 8:55 PM EDT, Wed October 07, 2020
Washington(CNN)President Donald Trump said his coronavirus infection was a “blessing from God” because it educated him about potential drugs to treat the disease in a video meant to demonstrate his return to work after several days in the hospital.
The appearance, his first since returning from Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, was taped Wednesday afternoon in the Rose Garden by White House staff. Trump seemed upbeat, but his voice still sounded breathless at points and he appeared to be wearing make-up.
Parts of the video looked edited. In it, Trump framed his ongoing bout with the virus as a net positive
“I think this was a blessing from God that I caught it. It was a blessing in disguise,” he said, citing his first-hand experience with the experimental combination of drugs he was administered at Walter Reed.
He singled out in particular the high dose of an experimental antibody cocktail from Regeneron, saying he requested it from his doctors and attributing his recovery to its effects.
Calling the drug a “cure,” Trump said he would work to make it available at no cost to other Americans.
“I want everybody to be given the same treatment as your President,” Trump said, adding: “It was, like, unbelievable.”
He also seemed downbeat at the prospects of a vaccine before Election Day, saying political maneuvering had stymied progress.
“I think we should have it before the election and, frankly, the politics get involved,” he said.
The video was the first time Trump had been seen since returned from Walter Reed on Monday evening. While he taped a video on Tuesday from the White House residence, it was never released.
The White House said earlier in the day he was being briefed on a looming hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico and stimulus talks in the Oval Office, though Trump himself scrapped talks on additional aid a day earlier.
Oval Office return
Unsatisfied with the temporary office space erected for him in the White House residence, where he was isolating after returning from three days in the hospital, Trump had been itching to return to the Oval Office since Tuesday but aides convinced him to stay put.
Few seemed to believe, however, that Trump would last much longer isolating in his private quarters.
In a new memo released midday Wednesday, Trump’s doctor relayed the President saying “I feel great!” and reported he had been symptom-free for 24 hours. But the memo declined again to provide critical information such as when Trump last tested negative, what his lung scans show and whether he is still on the steroid dexamethasone or any other medications that could be masking his symptoms.
Trump’s “schedule right now is fluid, we’re looking at his prognosis,” chief of staff Mark Meadows told reporters earlier at the White House. “If he decides to go to the Oval, we’ve got safety protocols there.”
Indeed, preparations had been made for Trump’s eventual return to the Oval Office, including positioning a so-called “isolation cart” stocked with yellow medical gowns, respirator masks and plastic goggles required for visitors just outside the office doors near where Trump’s assistants sit.
When he did return, Trump avoided other areas of the Wing Wing, entering the Oval Office directly from outside. Meadows and social media adviser Dan Scavino joined him there dressed in the protective gear. It wasn’t clear who else he might have encountered along the way.
Trump made phone calls and spoke with aides mostly from his third-floor quarters on Tuesday and a taped a video — never released — from downstairs where offices were set up for him next to the medical suite.
What we do know about his health
All except Trump’s senior-most aides are mostly in the dark about his health status beyond what his doctor released publicly. While he seemed short of breath at times on Monday night, people said he seemed somewhat better on Tuesday, though few actually saw him in person.
In his memo on Wednesday, White House physician Dr. Sean Conley wrote Trump “has not needed nor received any supplemental oxygen since initial hospitalization” and said he has been “fever-free for more than 4 days,” but did not say whether Trump was currently receiving any medications which could lower a fever.
Regeneron, the company that makes the experimental antibody treatment given to Trump on Friday, said the test likely showed evidence of the treatment, not Trump’s own immune response.
Over the weekend, Trump’s physician said days seven to 10 after Trump’s diagnosis could be the most critical, a window that seemed to open on Wednesday. The White House continued to refuse to disclose when Trump last tested negative for coronavirus, throwing into doubt the extensive testing regimen they had long pointed to as their main protection against the virus.
It also wasn’t clear which drugs the President continues to take. He was due to receive his final dose of remdesivir on Tuesday night at the White House but it wasn’t known if he remains on a steroid, which some inside the building have openly speculated could be altering his mood.
Any aide who comes near Trump is required to don protective garb, according to a person familiar with the matter. It has given the White House residence the feeling of a sci-fi movie, one person said, as aides, staff and Secret Service personnel who need to come near Trump suit up to protect themselves.
Trump had raised on Tuesday the possibility of working from the Oval Office instead of the rooms that have been arranged for him on the lower level of the executive mansion, saying he feels ready to go back. Aides convinced him to remain isolated at least for a day.
The hallways and offices in the West Wing have taken on a very different feel from when he left for the hospital on Friday. The President’s staff has largely moved to working from home because so many of them have tested positive for coronavirus.
More than 15 members of Trump’s staff or inner-circle have tested positive in recent days, including his wife, senior adviser, press secretary, campaign manager, former counselor, personal assistant, four press aides, three Republican senators and a member of the military who directly serves the President.
Stephen Miller, Trump’s immigration adviser and speechwriter, said he tested positive Tuesday and was entering isolation. He is one of several people who had helped Trump prepare for last week’s presidential debate who have now tested positive, including former New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie.
It was unclear when the White House or the President would release the video remarks he taped on Tuesday, whose themes were similar to those in the video Trump recorded Monday night, a person familiar with the taping told CNN.
The atmosphere inside the White House was described by one official as “chaotic,” largely because many people were working remotely and the President was calling the shots.
This story has been updated to reflect the news Trump worked from the Oval Office on Wednesday.
At a Glance
Hurricane Delta is over the Gulf of Mexico and has strengthened into a Category 2.
Delta is expected to landfall along the northern U.S. Gulf Coast on Friday.
Hurricane warnings are in effect from the extreme upper Texas coast to parts of Louisiana.
Storm surge, destructive winds and flooding rain are all expected.
This includes areas ravaged by Hurricane Laura in late August.
Hurricane Delta is strengthening in the Gulf of Mexico as it heads for a Friday landfall with life-threatening storm surge, damaging winds and rainfall flooding from Louisiana and east Texas to Mississippi. This includes some of the same areas that were ravaged by Hurricane Laura more than a month ago.
Current Watches and Warnings
A hurricane warning is in effect from High Island, Texas, to Morgan City, Louisiana, including Lake Charles and Lafayette, Louisiana, and Port Arthur, Texas. This means hurricane conditions are expected within 36 hours.
Watches and Warnings
(A watch is issued when tropical storm or hurricane conditions are possible within 48 hours. A warning is issued when those conditions are expected within 36 hours. )
A storm surge warning is also in effect from High Island, Texas, to Ocean Springs, Mississippi, including Calcasieu Lake, Vermilion Bay, Lake Pontchartrain, Lake Maurepas and Lake Borgne. This means a life-threatening storm surge is expected within 36 hours.
Residents near the immediate coast and adjacent bays should rush preparations to completion on Thursday and follow any evacuation orders from local emergency managers.
Tropical storm warnings are in effect from San Luis Pass to west of High Island, Texas, and from east of Morgan City, Louisiana, to the mouth of the Pearl River, including New Orleans. This means tropical storm-force winds are expected within the next 36 hours.
A tropical storm watch extends east of the mouth of the Pearl River to Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. This means tropical storm-force winds are possible.
Forecast Timing, Intensity
Delta has become better organized and is now a Category 2 with maximum sustained winds of 105 mph. The hurricane is moving northwestward at 10 to 15 mph.
Recent satellite imagery shows an eye appearing near the center of the hurricane, which is an indication of strengthening.
With a bubble of somewhat warmer Gulf of Mexico water and lower wind shear in its path, Delta is expected to continue strengthening through Thursday night. Delta could regain major hurricane strength later Thursday or early Friday, which is a Category 3 or higher on the Saffir-Simpon Hurricane Wind Scale.
Delta will also turn more northward and then northeast toward the U.S. Gulf Coast through Friday.
As it draws nearer to the Gulf Coast, Delta’s wind intensity could diminish somewhat due to increasingly unfavorable upper-level winds and cooler Gulf water.
Despite this possible weakening on approach, Delta is still forecast to be a formidable hurricane at landfall, most likely along the Louisiana or the extreme upper Texas coast later Friday.
Delta will then move inland over the lower Mississippi Valley this weekend as it weakens into a remnant area of low pressure.
(The red-shaded area denotes the potential path of the center of the tropical cyclone. It’s important to note that impacts (particularly heavy rain, high surf, coastal flooding, winds) with any tropical cyclone usually spread beyond its forecast path.)
Storm Surge, Waves
Swells generated by Delta should begin to arrive along the Gulf Coast, from South Texas to the Florida Panhandle and even western Florida Thursday.
These swells are likely to generate dangerous rip currents at beaches and could lead to some coastal flooding at high tide in some low-lying areas Thursday, particularly in southern Louisiana.
Delta’s storm surge will be dangerous and life-threatening regardless of any weakening of its winds up until landfall.
The highest storm surge is expected in parts of south-central Louisiana, not just near the immediate Gulf Coast, but also in bays, inlets and to some degree inland along rivers and bayous. Inundation could reach 7 to 11 feet above ground in these areas.
A dangerous storm surge is also expected in areas that were ravaged by Hurricane Laura in late August. Any potential shift westward in the forecast track could bring higher storm surge to these areas than what is currently forecast.
At least some storm surge flooding is also expected in southeast Louisiana, including along Lake Pontchartrain, and along the Mississippi and Alabama coasts, including areas affected by Hurricane Sally last month.
Storm Surge Forecast
(From the National Hurricane Center, these are peak inundations above ground level if the storm surge from Delta arrives at high tide. Subtle changes in the track forecast may lead to changes in this surge forecast.)
Tropical storm-force winds will arrive in the hurricane warning area along the northern Gulf Coast as soon as early Friday. Hurricane conditions (winds 74 mph or greater) are expected in this area by Friday afternoon and evening.
Tropical-storm-force Wind Arrival Times
(This is when winds of 40 mph may arrive and when it is too late to finish preparations. )
The strongest winds with Delta will be near the southwest and south-central Louisiana and extreme upper Texas coasts at landfall as the eyewall moves ashore. This is where structural damage, power outages and downed trees will be most widespread.
Southwest Louisiana is particularly vulnerable to strong winds because of the damage Laura already caused there in August.
As with most hurricanes, strong winds capable of downing trees and power outages will also extend inland as Delta gains some forward speed near and after landfall, into much of Louisiana, extreme eastern Texas, Mississippi and southern Arkansas late Friday into Saturday.
A faster forward speed than what we saw with Hurricane Sally last month will lessen Delta’s extreme rainfall potential, though heavy rainfall is still expected, particularly along and to the east of its path.
This heavy rainfall combined with storm surge could worsen and prolong flooding for a time along the northern Gulf Coast.
According to the National Hurricane Center, 5 to 10 inches, with isolated 15-inch amounts are expected with Delta in southwest and south-central Louisiana. This rainfall could cause flash flooding and minor to locally moderate river flooding.
Rainfall totals of 3 to 6 inches, with isolatedd 10-inch amounts are forecast in parts of extreme eastern Texas, southern Arkansas and western Mississippi.
Some locally heavy rainfall will also spread into the Ohio Valley, Southeast and mid-Atlantic this weekend.
(This should be interpreted as a broad outlook of where the heaviest rain may fall.)
As with most landfalling hurricanes and tropical storms, there’s also a threat of isolated tornadoes from Delta.
Southeast Louisiana and southern Mississippi have the greatest chance of seeing a few tornadoes Thursday night and Friday.
(Shaded on the map above is the likelihood of severe thunderstorms, according to NOAA’s Storm Prediction Center. Note that not all categories apply for the severe weather risk on a particular day.)
Tropical Depression Twenty-Six formed late Sunday evening to the south of Jamaica and then strengthened into Tropical Storm Delta on Monday morning, the 25th named storm of the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season.
Delta became the ninth hurricane of the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season on Monday evening.
Reconnaissance aircraft measured a drop in central pressure of 18 millibars from Monday’s 2 p.m. EDT National Hurricane Center pressure estimate to when it was found to have become a hurricane about six hours later.
Winds in Delta increased by 85 mph in the 24 hours ending 11:20 a.m. EDT Tuesday. That was more than double the criteria for the rapid intensification of a tropical cyclone, which is a wind speed increase of at least 35 mph in 24 hours or less.
Delta’s rapid intensification was due to an environment of the highest ocean heat content anywhere in the tropical Atlantic basin, low wind shear and sufficiently moist air, in a region notorious for rapid intensification in October, according to Sam Lillo, a NOAA scientist based in Boulder, Colorado.
Delta’s tiny size also helped it intensify so rapidly.
Delta made landfall Wednesday morning around 5:30 a.m. CDT near Puerto Morelos, Mexico, in the Yucatan Peninsula, with maximum sustained winds of 110 mph, making it a Category 2 hurricane.
Delta’s Landfall In Mexico
A wind gust to 75 mph was measured at Puerto Morelos, 64 mph in Cozumel and 106 mph on an elevated WeatherFlow observing site near Cancún.
(NEWS: Power Out, Trees Downed as Delta Strikes Yucatan)
Delta’s weakening prior to its Yucatan landfall appeared to be due to land interaction, some modest wind shear impinging on the hurricane from the east, inhibiting its outflow aloft, and also perhaps some dry air working into the tiny circulation.
The maximum sustained winds in Delta topped out at 145 mph Tuesday, but were down to 85 mph as of Wednesday 4 p.m. CDT soon after emerging over the Gulf of Mexico.
The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.
Pakistan is buying warships from China and Turkey
In his farewell ceremony, Pakistan Navy Chief Admiral Zafar Mahmoud Abbasi said that over the next few years, we will include four Chinese frigates and several medium-range vessels made in Turkey between 2023 and 2025. He said that the ongoing Hangar submarine project of Chinese cooperation is proceeding according to its plan. Four submarines are being built for Pakistan and China through this project.
Admiral Zafar becomes the new Chief of Pak Navy
It was during this program that he handed over command of the Pakistani Navy to Admiral Amjad Khan Niazi. He became the 22nd Chief of the Pakistani Navy. The Pakistani Navy said in a statement that the event was held at PNS Zafar in Islamabad. Admiral Niazi was commissioned in 1985 in the Operation Branch of the Pak Navy. Niazi holds a master’s degree in underwater acoustics from Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China.
China prepares special 054AP stealth warship for Pakistan, may also dodge radars
According to a Forbes report, the Pakistani Navy is procuring a Type 039B Yuan class submarine based on Chinese design to increase its strength. This diesel electric Chinese submarine is capable of increasing Pakistan’s naval strength. Which carries anti-ship cruise missiles. This submarine produces low noise due to the Air Independent Propulsion System. Due to which it is very difficult to detect under water.
Pakistani submarine carrying out nuclear attack with Chinese Navy, attempts to surround India
Pakistan operates five Agosta-19B type submarines made in France. Of these, three have been upgraded with Air Independent Power. These submarines are the most powerful and modern in the Pakistani Navy’s arsenal. These submarines are equipped with modern combat systems and AS-39 Exocet anti-ship missiles. In addition, submarines of this class are capable of launching nuclear missile Babur-3.
China is also giving steel freegates to Pakistan
In addition, China is offering type-544A multi-purpose steel freegates to Pakistan that are capable of dodging radars. Apart from this, China is also giving many other weapons to the Pakistani Navy. For this, Pakistan had signed a $ 7 billion deal with China. Pakistan is now buying 70 percent of its weapons from China. In addition, China is preparing to build a naval base in Djibouti, Gwadar and the Maldives. Building a naval base will make it easier for China to send its military equipment anywhere. China is trying to establish its dominance over South Asia after seizing the South China Sea.
The attack comes after nearly a month of relative quiet; no casualties or damage reported • IDF: “We will protect Israeli civilians from terror.”
(October 6, 2020 / JNS) The Israeli military on Monday conducted an airstrike against a Hamas outpost in the southern Gaza Strip in response to a rocket fired into Israeli territory earlier in the day, the military said in a statement.
“We will protect Israeli civilians from terror,” the Israel Defense Forces posted on its official Twitter feed.
No Israeli casualties or damage were reported.
This was the first rocket fire from Gaza since Sept. 15, when terrorist forces in the Strip launched 15 rockets into Israel in response to the signing at the White House of the Abraham Accords peace agreements between Israel, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain.
One of the most intriguing stories of the sudden Coronavirus crisis is the role of the internet. With individuals forced into home quarantine, most are turning further online for information, education and social interaction.
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During this crisis, JNS continues working overtime. We are being relied upon to tell the story of this crisis as it affects Israel and the global Jewish community, and explain the extraordinary political developments taking place in parallel.
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Thank you for your reading and interest in the news Iraq: Sadr calls on supporters to crackdown on anti-government protests and now with details
Hind Al Soulia – Riyadh – Iraqi populist cleric Muqtada Al Sadr threatened on Wednesday to mobilise his supporters to crackdown on future protests after dozens of people clashed with security forces in the southern holy city of Karbala.
Dozens of anti-government protesters were injured during the annual Shiite pilgrimage of Arbaeen late Tuesday while carrying pictures of victims of last year’s demonstrations and chanting against the government and Iranian interference.
“Those [who protested] clearly sympathise with ISIS and the Baath regime and are against religion,” Mr Al Sadr said in a tweet.
The cleric, who had previously been an open supporter of the demonstrations, threatened protesters that he would mobilise his followers to prevent future protests from occurring.
Clashes between security forces and protesters took place between two important holy shrines in the city on Tuesday. They was triggered when a group of pilgrims from other parts of southern Iraq entered the visitation area separating the Imam Hussein and Imam Abbas shrines. They held banners with pictures of protesters killed in mass demonstrations last year and chanted anti-government slogans.
The Shiite pilgrimage marks the end of 40 days of mourning for Imam Hussein, Prophet Mohammed’s grandson.
Armed groups with ties to Iraq’s top Shiite Cleric Ayatollah Ali Al Sistani, who are in charge of guarding the shrines, attempted to keep the group from intermingling with other pilgrims.
Protesters were beaten with sticks after police were dispatched to the area. Among the injured were 30 demonstrators and less than a dozen pilgrims, including women. Some of the militiamen guarding the shrines were also injured.
“The attacks that occurred are a clear violation of human rights, those protesting should have not been harmed, they are only protesting for their basic rights,” Hassan Ahmed, an activist from Baghdad, told The National.
An Iraqi volunteer, Sattar Al Souaidi, serves food to Shiite Muslim pilgrims as they walk to the holy city of Kerbala ahead of the ritual of Arbaeen. Reuters
Iraqi Shiite Muslim pilgrims pray and others eat at a tent set up by volunteers to provide a place for pilgrims to rest as they walk to Kerbala, ahead of the Shiite ritual of Arbaeen. Reuters
Iraqi Shiite Muslim pilgrims sits at a train in the southern city of Basra as they walk to Kerbala, ahead of the Shiite ritual of Arbaeen. AFP
Iraqi Shiite women wear masks and rest as they make their way to Kerbala ahead of the Shiite ritual of Arbaeen. Reuters
An Iraqi Shiite Muslim pilgrim, Mohammed Al Mohammedawi, prays and others eat at a tent set up by volunteers to provide a place for pilgrims to rest. Reuters
Iraqi Shiite Muslim pilgrims walk to Kerbala, ahead of the Shiite ritual of Arbaeen. Reuters
Iraqi volunteers grill chicken to be served to Shiite Muslim pilgrims as they walk to Kerbala, ahead of the Shiite ritual of Arbaeen. Reuters
Iraqi volunteers prepare food for Shiite Muslim pilgrims as they walk to Kerbala, ahead of the Shiite ritual of Arbaeen. Reuters
Security forces, government and religious authorities must do more to ensure that citizens are protected, he said.
“Authorities must be aware that the pilgrimage to Karbala this year has a different tone to it, it’s more political, which reflects different ideologies among the Iraqi youth,” Mr Ahmed said.
Security forces held “infiltrators” responsible for the attacks that occurred.
“During the pilgrimage in Karbala, a number of demonstrators from different governorates gathered yesterday afternoon in Karbala and headed towards the Qibla Gate and tried to enter through a closed road,” a statement by security forces said.
The protesters “attacked security forces with stones” which then triggered the violence, it said.
The pilgrimage is a key part of religious and social public rights of Iraqis Ali Al Bayati, a member of the Iraqi Human Rights Commission, said.
“The citizen must adhere to the instructions laid down by the authorities supervising the pilgrimage. Security officials must also understand the difficult conditions in which people are in such as fear of catching coronavirus,” Mr Al Bayati said.
It comes as Prime Minister Mustafa Al Kadhimi ordered the launch of a committee to investigate security breaches in the country.
For months US diplomats and troops across the country have been targeted in dozens of missile attacks blamed by Washington on pro-Iranian armed factions.
Several rockets landed in a residential area near Baghdad’s Green Zone overnight but did not explode early Monday raising concerns about the safety of Iraqi civilians.
A Katyusha rocket attack struck a residential home killing six people – all of them women and children – last Monday.
The committee will “obtain any information it requires from any party to carry out its investigations,” a statement by the prime minister’s office said.
“The findings of the committee will contribute to enhancing the authority of the state. Only the Iraqi state has the authority to decide on matters of war and peace,” it said.
New protests erupted on October 1 in Baghdad to mark a year since mass anti-government protests engulfed the capital and the predominately Shiite south. A year ago, tens of thousands of Iraqi youth marched to decry rampant corruption and demanded early elections, better services and jobs. More than 550 people, mostly protesters, died by gunfire from Iraqi security forces who used live ammunition and tear gas to disperse crowds.
Updated: October 7, 2020 04:20 PM
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