If the past is any indication, New York can be hit by an earthquake, claims John Armbruster, a seismologist at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.Based on historical precedent, Armbruster says the New York City metro area is susceptible to an earthquake of at least a magnitude of 5.0 once a century.According to the New York Daily News, Lynn Skyes, lead author of a recent study by seismologists at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory adds that a magnitude-6 quake hits the area about every 670 years, and magnitude-7 every 3,400 years.A 5.2-magnitude quake shook New York City in 1737 and another of the same severity hit in 1884.Tremors were felt from Maine to Virginia.There are several fault lines in the metro area, including one along Manhattan’s 125th St.– which may have generated two small tremors in 1981 and may have been the source of the major 1737 earthquake, says Armbruster.There’s another fault line on Dyckman St. and one in Dobbs Ferry in nearby Westchester County.“The problem here comes from many subtle faults,” explained Skyes after the study was published.He adds: “We now see there is earthquake activity on them. Each one is small, but when you add them up, they are probably more dangerous than we thought.”“Considering population density and the condition of the region’s infrastructure and building stock, it is clear that even a moderate earthquake would have considerable consequences in terms of public safety and economic impact,” says the New York City Area Consortium for Earthquake Loss Mitigation on its website.Armbruster says a 5.0-magnitude earthquake today likely would result in casualties and hundreds of millions of dollars in damage.“I would expect some people to be killed,” he notes.The scope and scale of damage would multiply exponentially with each additional tick on the Richter scale. (ANI)
By Gene Norman and Allison Chinchar, CNN Meteorologists
Updated 4:19 PM EDT, Sat September 26, 2020
(CNN) — The National Weather Service office in Anchorage issued a rare Hurricane Force Wind Warning for the Northern Gulf of Alaska on Saturday.
Parts of the Gulf could experience hurricane force winds and waves as high as a three-story building on Sunday into early Monday, the NWS said. The warning extends up to 100 nautical miles out, including Kodiak Island and Cook Inlet.
“Models are in fairly good agreement with the storm/hurricane force low (pressure system) moving into the Gulf over the weekend so confidence is high with this system,” said the NWS office in Anchorage.
A deepening area of low pressure in the Gulf will approach the coast beginning late Saturday night. By then, winds will begin to approach 60 mph with seas building from 6 to 16 feet.
The system will rapidly intensify through Sunday, with peak winds approaching hurricane force (75 mph) in the afternoon. By late Sunday, seas could build to 27 feet, NWS said.
The biggest impact to the coast will be felt just northwest of Juneau.
In addition to the wind and waves, heavy rainfall is expected along the coast, with some places seeing between 4 to 6 inches.
Hurricane Force Wind Warnings mean sustained winds of at least 64 knots (73 mph). These warnings are not common in the Gulf of Alaska and are more typical in farther west locations, such as the Bering Sea and along the Aleutian Islands.
One category down from that is the Storm Force Wind Warning, which is more common in the Gulf. These have winds of at least 48 knots (55 mph), and occur 1 to 2 times per year, on average.
Saad Naveed*September 26, 2020
An Indian Air Force (IAF) Rafale jet. Photo Credit: Indian Air Force
Under a nationalistic and aggressive regime in New Delhi, India is aggressively pursuing the development and acquisition of refined and high-end defense technologies that can alter the nuclear balance in the subcontinent region. The Indian efforts to modernize its military pose a credible threat to the strategic stability of South Asia. This drive also takes its motivation as India considers itself on the march to becoming a great power in the evolving global order. Having two rival nuclear states i.e. Pakistan and China on its border. New Delhi is facing a security tri-lemma that could undermine its geopolitical ambitions. From India’s entry into export control cartels, New Delhi is seeking to acquire encrypted defense technologies from its major defense partners. Great powers are favoring India to achieve modernized capabilities contrary to the norms of nuclear non-proliferation given the emerging geopolitical environment.
In South Asian region, the development of nukes and the arms race between India and Pakistan together with the continuing issue of Kashmir has brought them to a nuclear flashpoint, which has augmented the possibility of stimulating stability-instability paradox. Indian military is constantly revolutionizing through doctrinal transformation and massively purchasing military hardware. India is supporting its quest with massive military development in terms of purchasing new arsenal, revolutionizing Indian military through technological development and also binding itself within strategic and military agreements like Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA). India is ambitious to develop and enhance its warfare capabilities in the domain of hybrid, conventional/sub-conventional, and surgical strike capabilities. The aggressive strategic posturing by India has led Pakistan to reciprocate with the operationalization of full-spectrum deterrence while relying on its tactical nuclear weapons. India’s strategic outlook has taken a drastic transformation that has altered the power equation in South Asia, which has created security predicaments for Pakistan.
Since the partition of the subcontinent into India and Pakistan in 1947, the security environment of South Asia is in a state of flux where both states are still rivals and have disputes over several pressing issues. The porous border between India and Pakistan is one of the most volatile and dangerous borders across the globe. The historical rivalry together with unresolved issues of the partition has the potential to trigger an armed conflict or may lead to a total war between India and Pakistan where one cannot rule out the possibility of nuclear exchange.
Even though both India and Pakistan possess nuclear weapons, conventional deterrence is a prerequisite for strategic stability in South Asia. However, it is widely speculated that India’s defense modernization will trouble the delicate balance of conventional military power between India and Pakistan and will have worrisome implications for the strategic stability of South Asia. To keep up with the pace of modernization and to operationalize its military might be including the development of Network Centric Warfare and Electronic Warfare capabilities. India has recently increased its defense budget manifold. During the fiscal year 2016 – 2017, the defense budget of India have reached up to US$52.2 billion and it is anticipated that the number will increase further. India is the fastest-growing economy and its intention to become a regional hegemon as well as a global superpower is evident from its military modernization. Based on Indian strategic thinking, it is generally believed that the military modernization of India is specifically against Pakistan. India’s military modernization is a defining feature of Indian quest for regional hegemony and India is able to maximize and enhance its military capability through economic development that the country has achieved so far.
Furthermore, India has also developed strategic partnership with different countries including Russia, America, Israel, and France. The prime purpose of Indian military modernization is to develop combat capabilities to achieve strategic benefits and to secure its territorial integrity. India is seeking to become powerful enough to alleviate any element of surprise attack and to maintain credible deterrence against its adversaries. Military modernizations help India to enhance its defensive as well as offensive capabilities. It also grabs India to implement its hybrid warfare strategies and enlarge its political and strategic power regionally as well as globally. India is seeking strategic inconsistency as compare to its neighboring rivals most specifically for Pakistan both at conventional and non-conventional level. Although India justifies its military modernization as a response to an imminent threat from China and Pakistan.
However, its offensive posture and deployments of troops suggests that the arms buildup is purely Pakistan centric, which will significantly change the dimensions of Indo-Pak security environment. India is heavily investing in purchasing, Airborne Early warning system (AWACS) and Rafael jetsfrom Israel and France respectively. Furthermore, India is also spending on its nuclear submarines, satellites, artillery guns, and intelligence equipment’s.Indian military modernization is accredited to several factors. The primary motivation behind India’s military modernization is its power tussle with China. Territorial disputes such as Kashmir dispute and Dokhlam issue and a race for regional dominance has always triggered India to adopt a China-centric approach. With its rising economic and military might, China is a significant threat for Indian hegemonic designs.
On other hand, China’s support to Pakistan to strengthen its economic and defense machinery is another added factor instigating India to view China as their biggest rival. Indo-US strategic alliance that has emerged as a containment of China policy by India and the US is another important factor to be looked into while discussing this matter. The alleged String of Pearl’s policy of China to counter its Malacca Strait dilemma is viewed as a major threat to Indian maritime dominance in the Indian Ocean region. The aggressive mindset of policymakers in India has intensified this power struggle between India and China which has a crippling impact on the strategic stability of South Asia. Here appears a triangular domino effect, where the strategic competition between India and China has compelled India to modernize its military and attain lethal weapons.
Thus, the current India’s military posture put Pakistan’s defence credibility in danger as well as creating a challenging situation for the regional peace of South-Asia.
*Saad Naveed, Department of Defense and Strategic studies Quaid e Azam University
09/25/2020 12:00 PM EDT
By ARIANA GIC, HANNA HOPKO and ROMAN SOHN
09/25/2020 12:00 PM EDT
The following open letter was signed by 179 political leaders, experts and intellectuals from Ukraine and the Ukrainian diaspora, whose names and affiliations appear below.
Last month, Politico Magazine published an open letter calling for a rethinking of U.S. foreign policy toward Russia, and the letter inspired multiple responses. The relationship between the United States and Russia has direct consequences for countries dealing daily with Moscow’s threat to their national interests, including Ukraine—the one country that currently has to defend itself against Moscow’s armed aggression, and stands on the front lines of international efforts to halt the Russian menace.
OPINION | WASHINGTON AND THE WORLD
It’s Time to Rethink Our Russia Policy
This is why our group of political leaders, experts and intellectuals from Ukraine and the diaspora feels compelled to contribute to the revived debate over U.S. policy toward Moscow. Our position is that the world simply cannot afford another American “reset” with Russia. On the contrary, the United States needs a more robust policy to address Moscow’s hostile actions to undermine the global security order.
The original letter’s proposal to engage Russia in a “serious and sustained strategic dialogue” legitimizes Moscow’s claims that it deserves special treatment as a world superpower. This is a drastic departure from the way the United States approaches other nations threatening world peace: by isolating them, depriving them of resources for hostile actions and even repressing their aggression with military might. Instead, the authors of the letter suggest Moscow be given special consideration, proposing that America strike a balance between “competition and cooperation.”
It must be said: Modern Russia is an authoritarian, imperialist, corrupt regime that should not enjoy a privileged standing in world affairs. Not only do we believe that Vladimir Putin’s Russia meets America’s own criteria to be designated a rogue state and state sponsor of terrorism; it also poses a far greater threat than other countries the U.S. treats as outlaw states.
We believe Russia violates international law with behavior that undermines global peace, including wars of aggression against its neighbors; apparent war crimes in Ukraine and Syria; nuclear threats against Ukraine and suspected nuclear proliferation in Russia-occupied Crimea; persecution of ethnic minorities and other human rights violations; using mercenaries in countries including Syria and Libya; and committing acts of terror abroad, including cyberattacks, political assassination attempts using chemical warfare agents and more. The scale of attack on the world order is massive, with liberal democracies as the prime targets. The Kremlin also has waged successful disinformation attacks on American, Ukrainian and other political systems, and backs extremist political movements with Russia-friendly agendas.
Putin is fixated on undermining Washington in particular because a weakened America will cripple the current international legal order, which traditionally has restrained Russia’s aggressive ambitions. Moscow is also determined to submit Kyiv to its influence because a free Ukraine is a driver of democratic change in formerly Soviet-occupied nations, threatening Putin’s power projection in the region and beyond.
The open letter authors urge the American government to “deal with Russia as it is” and “put the relationship [with Russia] on a more constructive path.” But this move—taken before Moscow ceases its hostile actions—sounds like nothing other than a dressed-up strategy of appeasement. And history tells us that dictatorial regimes cannot be appeased. The more concessions such regimes extort, the more emboldened they feel. Despite being given every incentive to reverse its destructive course, Russia has continued to escalate its aggression.
NATO’s 2008 rejection of Ukraine’s and Georgia’s applications for the Membership Action Plan, a program for aspiring NATO nations, set the stage for Russia’s armed aggression against Georgia later that year. The 2009 U.S. “reset” with Moscow primed Russia for its unprovoked aggression against Ukraine in 2014. A feeble response to Russia’s initial occupation of Crimea emboldened Putin to illegally annex the Ukrainian peninsula, where the Kremlin also reportedly has revived nuclear weapons infrastructure. An insistence on political dialogue with Putin when support for Ukraine’s military defense was needed and American inaction on its obligations under the 1994 Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances paved the way for Moscow’s military invasion and occupation of parts of Ukraine’s Donbas region.
We can only imagine what will follow should Moscow be granted a new reset today.
While it is for America to determine its own policies, we ask that the U.S. government remember that a new “reset” will serve to reward Russia unjustly for committing violations of key tenets of international law and condemn millions to live in fear for their lives and liberty. Instead of letting Russia benefit from its own transgressions, the United States should help bring the Russian government to account.
How can Washington do that? Here are our recommendations:
• Support oppressed national groups, pro-democracy movements and human rights organizations in Russia.
Go after dirty Russian money, Russian oligarchs and organizations acting as extensions of the Russian government, as well as accomplices of the Kremlin in the West.
• Recognize Russia as a state sponsor of terrorism, in solidarity with Ukraine’s charges against Russia in the International Court of Justice. In particular, the “Wagner Group”—a Kremlin-linked Russian mercenary organization said to be operating in multiple countries, including Ukraine—should be recognized as a terrorist organization.
• Demand that Moscow unconditionally adhere to the United Nations Charter. Sanctions against Russia should be proportional to Moscow’s violations of international law and steadily increased until it changes course.
• Help hold Russia accountable and usher in a just peace in Ukraine by formally recognizing Russia as the aggressor state responsible for waging unlawful interstate war against Ukraine.
• Honor America’s clear obligation under the Budapest Memorandum “to seek immediate United Nations Security Council action to provide assistance to Ukraine” should Ukraine become a victim of an act of aggression.
• Take action to repress Putin’s aggression at the U.N. Security Council. The obstacle of Russia’s Security Council veto power can be overcome using the U.N.’s “Uniting for Peace” resolution, which provides the General Assembly power to act should the Security Council fail to exercise its responsibility to maintain international peace. Washington should also initiate the suspension of Russia’s vote in the U.N. using the South African precedent from 1974, when that country’s delegation was suspended from participation in the General Assembly for the crimes of apartheid.
• Contribute to strengthening the nuclear nonproliferation regime by reassuring other nations they have support if attacked by a nuclear state.
• Support Ukraine’s aspirations to join NATO. A free and democratic Ukraine is one of America’s partners. A Ukraine subverted and subsumed by Moscow cannot be.
Moscow today is the world’s main exporter of various threats and instability. Putin has been able to extend Russia’s destructive influence because his aggressive actions have not faced a formidable deterrent. We encourage the American government to learn from its own past dealings with Russia and regain its will to build such deterrents. Assertive and principled international action under bold U.S leadership can bring an end to Russia’s destructive ambitions, and make our countries and the world safer from Putin’s threat.
News Code : 1073414
Imam Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution, issued a message on the occasion of Sacred Defense Week and the Day of Honoring Martyrs and Veterans. The following is the full text of his message.
AhlulBayt News Agency (ABNA): Imam Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution, issued a message on the occasion of Sacred Defense Week and the Day of Honoring Martyrs and Veterans. The following is the full text of his message.
In the Name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
The passage of time has not been able and will never be able to erase the honorable memory of the dear martyrs from the memory of the Iranian nation.
This shining honor will always be decorated with the title of martyrdom and the memory of the martyrs.
This historical reserve will always give our future generations hope, ambition and courage to take strong, firm steps toward lofty goals and not be afraid of the enmity of the slinking devils of the world.
The alliance of justice and truth will gain major victories with this divine power and array, God willing.
Sayyid Ali Khamenei
September 24, 2020
September 25, 2020
On September 13, 2020, Al-Jazeera Network (Qatar) aired a documentary about the Hamas missile manufacturing industry. The reporter explained how Hamas’ Al-Qassam Brigades have been reclaiming unexploded Israeli munitions from 2014’s Operation Protective Edge, metal water pipes left behind by Israel when it withdrew from the Gaza Strip in 2005, and cannon shells from the wrecks of British warships that sank near Gaza during World War I. The documentary featured interviews with the commanders of the Al-Qassam Brigades’ Military Production Units, Engineering Corps, Artillery Corps, and Frogmen Unit, who described the process of reclaiming these munitions and turning them into functional missiles.
The report also showed exclusive footage of this process, including footage of divers retrieving underwater shells, of metals being processed, of explosives being prepared, and of missiles being tested. Furthermore, the reporter and the interviewees explained that Iran has been shipping Kornet anti-tank missiles and Fajr missiles to Gaza by land and by sea. Abu Ibrahim, the Commander of the Military Productions Unit, said that Hamas has hundreds of warheads, dozens of tons of explosives and propellants, and enough metal water pipes to produce thousands of rockets.
“Various Types Of Weapons Have Arrived To Gaza From Iran… Other Countries, like Syria And Sudan, Have Also Played A Role In Arming The Resistance”
Narrator: “In this footage, which is being shown for the first time, members of the Al-Qassam Brigades can be seen reassembling the parts of a Fajr missile that arrived in a new shipment of long range Iranian missiles. The resistance in Gaza [received] them despite the tightening of the siege. In these exclusive images, Kornet anti-tank missiles can be seen.”
Abu Ibrahim, Commander from the Military Production Unit of the Al-Qassam Brigades: “The weapons came to us, by land and by sea, from hundreds and thousands of kilometers away.
“Various types of weapons have arrived to Gaza from Iran. The resistance fighters in Gaza were in dire need of these weapons, such as the Kornet and Fajr missiles, and many other types of modern weapons, which are still very much in use on the battlefield.
“Other countries, like Syria and Sudan, have also played a role in arming the resistance.”
“Under This Rubble, There Are Unexploded Israeli Missiles And Shells[;] They Have Become A New Source For The Weapons Of The Resistance”
Narrator: “Under this rubble, there are unexploded Israeli missiles and shells. They have become a new source for the weapons of the resistance. The Al-Qassam Brigades are revealing a multi-phase project to transform the remnants of the Israeli war into modern missiles.”
Abu Ibrahim: “At the beginning, we decided to collect those munitions from the ruined houses and fields, because they constituted a direct threat to the lives of the inhabitants and the farmers. During the process of removing [these duds], large and diverse quantities of munitions were accumulated by our brothers in the Engineering Corps.”
Abu Salman, Commander of the Engineering Corps of the Al-Qassam Brigades: “After the 2014 war, the Engineering Corps dealt with many munitions throughout the Gaza Strip: bombs, mines, explosive devices and 155mm Howitzer shells. There were also hundreds of MK 84 bombs, each of which contains 470 kilograms of tritonal, a highly explosive material that is more powerful than TNT.
“We started by surveying all the unexploded munitions. We established a committee of specialized engineers. Our strategy was to recycle these munitions and make optimal use of all their parts. Our idea was to turn this crisis into an opportunity.”
“We Dug Into The Ground And Pulled Out The Pipes, So That They Could Be Used In Our Military Industries”
Narrator: “The reclamation of the unexploded Israeli shells was not an easy task. There were several martyrs in this complicated production project. One of the pioneers and supervisors of this project, Ibrahim Abu Al-Naja, was one of the most prominent martyrs. While the plan to reuse the explosives in the Israeli shells was moving ahead, long water pipelines were found buried in the areas of the settlements from which Israel withdrew in 2005.
“This discovery turned out to be a qualitative leap. These pipes, which stretched from the liberated settlements in the west across the Israeli border to the east, had been hidden from the eye. For years, they served Israel in its theft of Palestinian water.”
Abu Ibrahim: “In the belly of the Earth, we found large quantities of thick metal pipes. It was part of a network that had been used to steal Gaza’s groundwater and pump it into the occupied lands. We discovered the plans for that network, and then we dug into the ground and pulled out the pipes, so that they could be used in our military industries.”
Narrator: “In this documentary, we obtained exclusive footage from one of the workshops producing the long range Qassam missiles. These missiles have made distinct developments in their range, precision, and destructive power. These images show modern missiles being produced by recycling the unexploded Israeli shells, as well as the explosives they contained and the water pipes that were found.”
Abu Ibrahim: “We managed to use these caches to double our missile force despite the siege. This enabled us to maintain continuous fire in keeping with the needs of the battle.”
Narrator: “The Al-Qassam Brigades reveal for the first time that this cluster of missiles that were launched toward Israeli targets in the round of escalation witnessed by Gaza in May 2019, had been missiles produced from the remnants of Israeli shells from the 2014 war.
Abu Saad: “The most salient usage of these missiles was in the May 2019 missile strike against the occupation’s security and military posts that were in and around the city of Ashkelon.”
“Al-Qassam Brigades’s Frogmen Unit Found The Wrecks Of Two [British] Warships That Sank In The Sea Of Gaza [During WWI)… They Found Large Quantities Of Sunken Shells”
Narrator: “The sea concealed in its depths what the resistance called ‘a precious military treasure.’ In an unexpected place, men from the Al-Qassam Brigades’ frogmen unit found the wrecks of two [British] warships that sank in the sea of Gaza [during WWI). It took a lot of effort, but they managed to get inside, where they found large quantities of sunken shells.”
Abu Musa: “We found a large metal structure with several types of cannons attached to it. It turned out these were the wrecks of a military ship. A professional committee was formed to investigate the matter and unearth the secrets around this discovery. We decided to expand the search perimeter around that ship. That is when we found another, smaller, ship approximately 800 meters away. On these two ships, we found rooms filled with cannon shells. In keeping with the instructions of our brothers, we began to extract those shells. The shells were secured and had no detonators. This made it easier for us to extract them from the wrecked ships. But since there were so many shells and they weighed so much, extracting them took us a lot of time and required a lot of effort.”
Narrator: “This footage, which is being revealed for the first time, shows part of the operation to reach the two ships and the efforts to extract the shells safely and bring them to shore. All the steps of this complex security and military operation in the sea of Gaza were completed successfully.”
Abu Salman, Commander of the Engineering Corps of the Al-Qassam Brigades: “The British ships were equipped with several types of cannons. The biggest one was a 233 mm cannon. It had steel shells that weighed 138 kilograms. These cannons were used to shell targets on the shore. Each shell was 60 mm thick and made of iron. These shells were made in Britain to be shot from cannons, and they are unique in that they have steel casings. Because of the siege, it is impossible to find steel in Gaza.”
Narrator: “In this workshop, the men of the engineering and production unit of the Al-Qassam Brigades worked to prepare the British shells to be used in new missiles. There were hundreds of such missiles. The discovery of the British shells was a great achievement in light of Israel’s ban that prevents iron and steel from entering Gaza.”
Abu Salman, Commander of the Engineering Corps of the Al-Qassam Brigades: “We tested their ability to penetrate and destroy the enemy’s reinforced concrete fortifications. We made an experiment on a 40-cm-thick concrete roof that had been left behind by the enemy when it withdrew from Gaza in 2005. The target was completely destroyed. The shells from the British destroyed were transformed into warheads for the Sejjil-40 and the Sejjil-50 missiles.”
Abu Ibrahim: “As a result of the ceaseless search efforts at land and at sea, we have accumulated hundreds of munitions and warheads, and dozens of tons of explosives and propellants. We have enough pipes to produce thousands of rocket engines.”
Members of the Hashed al-Shaabi, or Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF) in the Iraqi capital Baghdad on October 26, 2019. [AHMAD AL-RUBAYE/AFP via Getty Images]
September 25, 2020 at 5:13 am
The Iraqi Fatah Alliance condemned on Thursday the missile attacks launched by unknown parties on the headquarters of “diplomatic missions and official institutions”, expressing that these attacks weaken the state and will lead to “dangerous results”.
The Fatah Alliance led by Hadi Al-Amiri includes the political branches of the Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF), comprising those who receive support and funding from Iran. The alliance holds 48 seats in parliament out of 329.
The Fatah Alliance announced in a statement: “We declare our rejection and condemnation of any attack targeting diplomatic missions and official institutions.”
The statement stressed that: “These actions weaken the state and undermine its prestige, which is unacceptable and leads to dangerous results.”
In the past few weeks, Iraq witnessed the escalation of attacks taking place almost daily, targeting Washington’s embassy in Baghdad, the US troops and the forces and interests of other countries participating in the Global Coalition against Daesh.
Washington accused Iran-backed factions of targeting its embassy and military bases where its soldiers are deployed.
The statement called on the judiciary and the security forces to: “Stand firmly and work to end the series of kidnappings, assassinations and violence which terrorised the population,” confirming that “unrighteous parties are attempting to stir up chaos and create a state of confusion in the country.”
Since October 2019, Iraq has witnessed popular protests against the ruling political class, which the protesters accuse of corruption and subordination to foreign parties.
Activists who participated in the protests are being frequently assassinated and kidnapped by unknown gunmen. The most recent incident was the abduction of activist Sajjad Al-Iraqi in Dhi Qar Governorate on Saturday, who still remains missing.
The Fatah Alliance also called on the PMF to avoid tarnishing “the image of this holy entity”.
The statement asserted that: “Everyone must be careful not to make hasty accusations, because terrorism, the remnants of the former regime (of late President Saddam Hussein), deviant groups and the enemies of Iraq are always trying to stir up chaos in the country.”
Leader of the Sadrist movement Muqtada Al-Sadr alleged on Wednesday in statement that the PMF factions were behind the repeated missile attacks, kidnappings and assassinations, calling on the PMF leaders to stop these acts of violence.
The Iraqi Shia armed factions, including the pro-Iran Hezbollah Brigades, threatened to target US military bases, in case the US soldiers do not adhere to the Iraqi parliament’s resolution and vacate the country.
On 5 January, Iraqi parliament voted by a majority in favour of ending the foreign military presence in the country, three days after the Iranian Quds Force Commander Qasem Soleimani and the Deputy Head of the PMF Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis were killed in a US raid near Baghdad International Airport.