The Sixth Seal Is Long Overdue (Revelation 6:12)

ON THE MAP; Exploring the Fault Where the Next Big One May Be Waiting

By MARGO NASH

Published: March 25, 2001

Alexander Gates, a geology professor at Rutgers-Newark, is co-author of ”The Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes,” which will be published by Facts on File in July. He has been leading a four-year effort to remap an area known as the Sloatsburg Quadrangle, a 5-by-7-mile tract near Mahwah that crosses into New York State. The Ramapo Fault, which runs through it, was responsible for a big earthquake in 1884, and Dr. Gates warns that a recurrence is overdue. He recently talked about his findings.

Q. What have you found?

A. We’re basically looking at a lot more rock, and we’re looking at the fracturing and jointing in the bedrock and putting it on the maps. Any break in the rock is a fracture. If it has movement, then it’s a fault. There are a lot of faults that are offshoots of the Ramapo. Basically when there are faults, it means you had an earthquake that made it. So there was a lot of earthquake activity to produce these features. We are basically not in a period of earthquake activity along the Ramapo Fault now, but we can see that about six or seven times in history, about 250 million years ago, it had major earthquake activity. And because it’s such a fundamental zone of weakness, anytime anything happens, the Ramapo Fault goes.

Q. Where is the Ramapo Fault?

 A. The fault line is in western New Jersey and goes through a good chunk of the state, all the way down to Flemington. It goes right along where they put in the new 287. It continues northeast across the Hudson River right under the Indian Point power plant up into Westchester County. There are a lot of earthquakes rumbling around it every year, but not a big one for a while.

Q. Did you find anything that surprised you?

A. I found a lot of faults, splays that offshoot from the Ramapo that go 5 to 10 miles away from the fault. I have looked at the Ramapo Fault in other places too. I have seen splays 5 to 10 miles up into the Hudson Highlands. And you can see them right along the roadsides on 287. There’s been a lot of damage to those rocks, and obviously it was produced by fault activities. All of these faults have earthquake potential.

Q. Describe the 1884 earthquake.

A. It was in the northern part of the state near the Sloatsburg area. They didn’t have precise ways of describing the location then. There was lots of damage. Chimneys toppled over. But in 1884, it was a farming community, and there were not many people to be injured. Nobody appears to have written an account of the numbers who were injured.

Q. What lessons we can learn from previous earthquakes?

A. In 1960, the city of Agadir in Morocco had a 6.2 earthquake that killed 12,000 people, a third of the population, and injured a third more. I think it was because the city was unprepared.There had been an earthquake in the area 200 years before. But people discounted the possibility of a recurrence. Here in New Jersey, we should not make the same mistake. We should not forget that we had a 5.4 earthquake 117 years ago. The recurrence interval for an earthquake of that magnitude is every 50 years, and we are overdue. The Agadir was a 6.2, and a 5.4 to a 6.2 isn’t that big a jump.

Q. What are the dangers of a quake that size?

A. When you’re in a flat area in a wooden house it’s obviously not as dangerous, although it could cut off a gas line that could explode. There’s a real problem with infrastructure that is crumbling, like the bridges with crumbling cement.There’s a real danger we could wind up with our water supplies and electricity cut off if a sizable earthquake goes off. The best thing is to have regular upkeep and keep up new building codes. The new buildings will be O.K. But there is a sense of complacency.

MARGO NASH

Babylon versus the China Nuclear Horn

South China Sea war: Donald Trump warned US ‘must counter Beijing missile threat’ | World | News | Express.co.uk

Now both countries are testing missiles systems which would have previously been banned under the 1987 agreement.

But Russia isn’t the only country with which the US has clashed with, as tensions in the South China Sea grow between Washington and Beijing.

South China Sea bases mapped (Image: getty)

After President Trump withdrew from the accord, his then defence secretary Mark Esper told reporters that he wanted to counter China’s massive missile inventory “sooner rather than later.”

China has built up a significant military presence in the South China Sea as the country controversially tries to gain control in the region.

Described by many as “island fortresses“, China has engulfed the South China Sea with man-made island bases and has been accused of forming them specifically for military purposes.

The moving of its aircraft carriers, airstrips and weapons into the region has earned the cluster of bases the nickname: “The Great Wall of Sand.”

Photographs published by the Philippine Daily Inquirer showed cargo ships and supply vessels, which appeared to be delivering construction materials to the China-controlled islands.

Others show runways, hangars, control towers, helipads and radomes as well as a series of multistorey buildings that China has built on reefs.

South China Sea: Spratly Island base (Image: getty)

South China Sea mapped (Image: getty)

South China Sea: Spratly Island base (Image: getty)

Fears remain focussed at China’s recent aggression with its weaponry in the region sparking fears of conflict.

A source close to the Chinese military said last month that an “aircraft-carrier killer” and one other missile were launched into the South China Sea as a warning to the US.

One of the missiles, a DF-26B, was launched from the northwestern province of Qinghai, while the other, a DF-21D, lifted off from Zhejiang, a province in the east of the country.

The move represents a drastic escalation in an already fragile standoff between two of the world’s biggest nuclear powers.

Both missiles targeted areas between Hainan province and the Paracel Islands according to Beijing’s forces, areas contested by smaller nations such as Vietnam and Taiwan.

The threat of a Russian nuclear strike: Daniel 7

Russia’s Skyfall missile could launch nuke strike at ANY moment as it circles globe for years, Brit spy chief warns

The Diplomat website quoted anonymous sources inside the US government with knowledge of the state-of-the art weapons programme.

They have described the recent test fire as “moderately successful.”

If ‘Skyfall’ becomes operational, Russia could launch the missiles, prime them to cross the Pacific, go around South America and then penetrate US airspace from the Gulf of Mexico.

Experts say this would force the US to upgrade its air defence network, which currently assumes an air attack would come from the north, west, or east, but not the south.

Vladimir Putin described the missile as ‘a radically new type of weaponry’Credit: AP:Associated Press

A video is said to show the laboratory where the missile was manufacturedCredit: East2west News

Lt Gen Jim Hockenhull was briefing the member of the Five Eyes alliance

New Orleans to receive the winds of God‘s wrath Jeremiah 23

Tropical Storm Sally expected to make landfall as a hurricane near New Orleans – CNN

(CNN) — Tropical Storm Sally could be a Category 2 hurricane when it reaches the United States near New Orleans on Tuesday morning.

Hurricane warnings have now been issued from Morgan City, Louisiana, east to Ocean Springs, Mississippi, including New Orleans, Lake Pontchartrain and Lake Maurepas. Sally continues to strengthen across the Gulf of Mexico with sustained winds of 60 mph.

Storm surges of up to 7 to 11 feet are possible near the center of the storm and just east of where landfall is expected. Along with storm surge, extreme rainfall amounts of over a foot are expected in some locations between southeast Louisiana and the western Florida panhandle.

Tropical Storm Sally is the 18th named storm of the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season, the earliest 18th-named storm on record. On Saturday, the storm brought heavy rain and gusty winds to south Florida as it moved into the Gulf of Mexico.

Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards declared a state of emergency Saturday evening ahead of Sally’s arrival, and on Sunday, he said he had spoken with President Donald Trump and will submit a pre-landfall federal declaration request.

“While we ultimately don’t know where Sally will make landfall, much of Southeast Louisiana is in the storm’s cone and the risk of tropical storm force or hurricane strength winds continues to increase. This storm has the potential to be very serious,” Edwards said in a news release.

We “have every reason to believe that this storm represents a very significant threat to the people of Southeast Louisiana,” Edwards said at a press conference Sunday.

Mississippi Gov. Tate Reeves signed a preliminary state of emergency for the state, he said Sunday, and has also sent a request to the President “to provide the necessary guidance” for pre-landfall activity, saying he expected to the storm to “persist over most portions of the state for basically 48 hours.”

In New Orleans, Mayor LaToya Cantrell issued a mandatory evacuation order for residents outside of the city’s levee protection system. The evacuation will begin Sunday at 6 p.m. for the areas of Venetian Isles, Irish Bayou and Lake Catherine.

Cantrell said Sunday that sandbags were available throughout the city and that water pumps are in place and operational.

In coastal Louisiana, Grand Isle and St. Charles Parish are under mandatory evacuation declarations, and a recommended evacuation notice went out to the community of Port Fourchon.

“We want residents to heed our warnings and make preparations to leave now,” St. Charles Parish President Matthew Jewell said on the official Facebook page of St. Charles Parish.

Three jails with 1,200 inmates in total have been evacuated, Edwards said Sunday, and at least one nursing home is evacuating.

Gulf Coast expecting 6 to 12 inches of rain

Flash flood watches are in effect along the Gulf Coast across much of southern Louisiana, east to the Florida Panhandle, and along the western Florida peninsula. These watches include the city of New Orleans, Biloxi, Mississippi, Mobile, Alabama, and Panama City and Tampa, Florida.

Sally is expected to slow in speed as it approaches the Gulf Coast which will result in significant flash flooding across the region. Widespread rainfall totals of 6 to 12 inches is expected along the Gulf Coast through Wednesday, but isolated rainfall of up to 20 inches is not out of the question.

The combination of extreme rainfall and the high storm surge will bring widespread flooding to much of the Gulf Coast beginning on Monday and lasting at least through Wednesday.

Most forecast models have Sally moving toward the northern Gulf Coast and likely making landfall somewhere between New Orleans and Panama City by late Monday or Tuesday. However, if the track shifts farther west or slows down, landfall may hold off until Wednesday.

“The cyclone will likely become a hurricane in 2 to 3 days, although an increase in vertical shear could slow the rate of intensification over the northern Gulf of Mexico,” according to the National Hurricane Center.

Once it reaches that area of the Gulf Coast the steering patterns break down and the system meanders near the coast.

Whether the meandering is offshore prior to a landfall or onshore will not make much of a difference in terms of rainfall. In either case, because of the slow forward movement along the Gulf Coast significant flooding is possible.

Active hurricane season stays busy

Another system, Tropical Depression Twenty, formed in the central tropical Atlantic on Saturday, according to the NHC. Twenty has sustained winds of 35 mph.

Twenty is expected to strengthen to a tropical storm by Sunday evening and a hurricane by Tuesday, and if so, will be named Teddy. The previous record for the earliest 19th named storm is October 4, 2005.

Tropical Storm Sally forms in the Gulf of Mexico

So far this season, there have been 18 named storms. The average for an entire season is 12. Early in the season, forecasters called for a very active season.

Many storms broke records for being the earliest named to date. All but three named storms (Arthur, Bertha and Dolly) set records for being the earliest named storm for their respective letter. After Sally, there are only three names left on this year’s official list: Teddy, Vicky, and Wilfred. After that, the NHC will move on to using the Greek alphabet.

Sally is just one of several systems in the Atlantic. The NHC is currently watching seven areas: one hurricane, one tropical storm, two tropical depressions and three tropical disturbances. Thursday marked the peak of the Atlantic hurricane season.

Hurricane Paulette is forecast to track toward Bermuda and potentially make landfall early Monday morning as a category 2 storm. A hurricane warning is in effect for Bermuda and hurricane conditions are expected tonight.

On Thursday, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration announced they are issuing a La Niña Advisory, meaning La Niña conditions are present in the central and eastern Pacific Ocean.

In a typical El Niño phase, much of the Pacific Ocean is characterized by warmer waters, whereas La Niña features a cooling of those same Pacific waters. In the case of hurricanes, La Niña weakens high atmospheric winds, which allows warm air pockets to grow vertically and develop into hurricanes.

Indian Hostilities With China And Pakistan Over Kashmir WILL Lead To A Nuclear Catastrophe

Indian Hostilities With China & Pakistan Over Kashmir Could Lead To A Nuclear Catastrophe

By AASeptember 12, 2020

Published

India’s Ambassador to the United Nations T. S. Tirumurti has asked the United Nations Security Council to take off the “outdated agenda item” of the “India-Pakistan question,” from the Council.

Five Arunachal Youths ‘Kidnapped’ By PLA Troops Are Indian Spies – China

Pakistan’s Ambassador to the United Nations Munir Akram responded, “Indian representatives are either deluding themselves or deluding their public, by asserting that they will remove Kashmir from the Security Council’s agenda.”

“Indian indulgence into coercive diplomacy has no future. It cannot override the express commitments of permanent and non-permanent members of UN Security Council,” said Dr. Syed Nazir Gilani, head of the Jammu and Kashmir Council for Human Rights.

Summary statement by UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres of matters of which the Security Council is seized was issued Jan. 2. Fifty-six items have been considered by the Council at a formal meeting during the period from Jan. 1, 2017 to  Dec. 31, 2019, while 13 were not.

However, all 69 agenda items were identified “as matters of which Security Council was currently seized,” including “The India-Pakistan Question.”

It is worth mentioning here that an item can be removed from the agenda only in accordance with the basic rules of procedure governing the function of the Security Council.

The removal can take place if the conflict has been resolved or there is a consensus among all 15 members of the Council to remove a particular agenda item.

In the case of Kashmir, none of these conditions apply. As we know the presence of the United Nations Military Observer Group for India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) in Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir, affirms that the Kashmir dispute is a matter seized by the Council.

India calls the Kashmir dispute an “outdated agenda item.” Much is being made of the fact that seven decades have passed since the principled solution for Kashmir was formulated by the UN with almost universal support.

Mere passage of time or the flight from realities cannot alter the fact that these resolutions remain unimplemented until today. UN resolutions can never become outdated or obsolete, or overtaken by events or changed circumstances.

The passage of time cannot invalidate an enduring and irreplaceable principle: The right of self-determination of the people of Kashmir. If passage of time were allowed to extinguish solemn international agreements, then the United Nations Charter should suffer the same fate as the resolutions on Kashmir.

If non-implementation were to render an agreement defunct, then the Geneva Convention in the 21st century in many countries is in no better state than these resolutions.

The UN Security Council resolutions on Kashmir are not of a routine nature. Their text was meticulously negotiated between India and Pakistan and it is after each provision was accepted by the two governments concerned that they were adopted by the Security Council. The assent of the two governments was conveyed in writing to the Council.

They thus not only embody a solemn international agreement, but have been endorsed repeatedly by the Council and by successive UN representatives.

They explicitly recognize the right of the people of Kashmir to determine the future status of their homeland. This right remains unaffected by the non-performance by either side of the provisions of the resolutions.

The idea that the dispute over the status of Jammu and Kashmir can be settled only in accordance with the will of the people, which can be ascertained through the democratic method of a free and impartial plebiscite, was the stand taken by India. It was supported without any dissent by the Security Council and prominently championed by the US, Britain and other democratic states.

India’s Ambassador to the UN Sir Gopalaswamy Ayyangar, while presenting his government’s case to the Council on Jan. 15, 1948, stated: “The question … whether she [Kashmir] should withdraw from her accession to India, and either accede to Pakistan or remain independent with a right to claim admission as a member of the United Nations – all this we have recognized to be a matter for unfettered decision by the people of Kashmir.”

Mahatma Gandhi is known for his statement that “The will of Kashmiris is the supreme law in Kashmir.”

Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, the founding prime minister of India said Nov. 2, 1947: “We have declared the fate of Kashmir is ultimately to be decided by the people. That pledge we have given not only to the people of Kashmir but to the world. We will not and cannot back out of it.”

Ambassador Warren Austin of the US stated during Security Council meeting 235 on Jan. 24, 1948: “When India accepted the accession of Kashmir, it made its act stand for a great principle by stating as a part of the acceptance, that it was conditional on fair plebiscite being held to determine the will of the people of Kashmir with respect to accession. I think an example was made in history at that point.”

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles stated Feb. 5, 1957 that, “We continue to believe that unless the parties are able to agree upon some other solution, the solution which was recommended by the Security Council should prevail, which is that there should be a plebiscite.”

India, however, was soon undeceived of its delusions about Kashmir’s political yearning. Recognizing that its people would never freely vote accession to India, it contrived excuse after excuse to frustrate a plebiscite.

When the UN proposed arbitration, a reference to the World Court, or any other method of resolving minor demilitarization quarrels, India nixed them all. After a few years, it dropped all pretense of acceding to a referendum by unilaterally proclaiming its annexation of Kashmir. And Aug. 5, 2019, in violation of all international agreements, India abrogated Article 370 and 35A. India’s proclamation has never been accepted by the UN, which continues to list Kashmir as a disputed territory and subject to the Security Council’s self-determination resolutions.

The people of Jammu and Kashmir are thankful to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres for stating the principled position that the Kashmir conflict should be resolved under the UN Charter and applicable to the UN Security Council resolutions.

He has been consistent in urging India and Pakistan to initiate a process leading to a resolution of the Kashmir problem and to avail of his assistance toward that end. Until now, India has made no constructive response to this offer, instead, India has cautioned the secretary-general not to interfere in her “internal matters.”

The secretary-general is empowered by the Charter of the United Nations to bring a matter of this nature to the attention of the Security Council. We fully realize, however, that, in the present circumstances and, given the policies and attitudes of the permanent members, this right and power of the secretary-general might advisably be held in reserve.

Short of invoking Article 99, the secretary-general could help turn the situation towards a cessation of human rights violations and beginning of a dialogue among the three parties – the people of Jammu and Kashmir, India and Pakistan – by sending a special envoy to the region to explore all possible options to settle the Kashmir dispute to the satisfaction of all parties concerned.

Such a mission could visit all parts of Jammu and Kashmir as well as the capitals of India and Pakistan, and verify the truth of allegations from either side. The matter is much too urgent to be relegated to the routine mechanism of the Human Rights Council and various bodies established to monitor various conventions.

The secretary-general should also alert the P5 – China, France, Russia, UK and US — that the existing confrontation between India and China, and constant hostilities between India and Pakistan – all nuclear powers and share borders with Kashmir – will lead the whole region to nuclear catastrophe with immense consequences for the whole world if the Kashmir conflict remains unresolved.

We trust that world powers in general, and the United Nations in particular, will bring immense moral and political influence to bear on initiating a peace process which will lead to a speedy, just and honorable settlement of the dispute and restore to the people of Kashmir their inalienable right to self-determination.

*Opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of The EurAsian Times