History Warns New York Is The Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

New York Earthquake 1884

Friday, 18 March 2011 – 9:23pm IST | Place: NEW YORK | Agency: ANI

If the past is any indication, New York can be hit by an earthquake, claims John Armbruster, a seismologist at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.

If the past is any indication, New York can be hit by an earthquake, claims John Armbruster, a seismologist at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.Based on historical precedent, Armbruster says the New York City metro area is susceptible to an earthquake of at least a magnitude of 5.0 once a century.According to the New York Daily News, Lynn Skyes, lead author of a recent study by seismologists at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory adds that a magnitude-6 quake hits the area about every 670 years, and magnitude-7 every 3,400 years.A 5.2-magnitude quake shook New York City in 1737 and another of the same severity hit in 1884.

Tremors were felt from Maine to Virginia.

There are several fault lines in the metro area, including one along Manhattan’s 125th St. – which may have generated two small tremors in 1981 and may have been the source of the major 1737 earthquake, says Armbruster.

There’s another fault line on Dyckman St and one in Dobbs Ferry in nearby Westchester County.

“The problem here comes from many subtle faults,” explained Skyes after the study was published.

He adds: “We now see there is earthquake activity on them. Each one is small, but when you add them up, they are probably more dangerous than we thought.”

“Considering population density and the condition of the region’s infrastructure and building stock, it is clear that even a moderate earthquake would have considerable consequences in terms of public safety and economic impact,” says the New York City Area Consortium for Earthquake Loss Mitigation on its website.

Armbruster says a 5.0-magnitude earthquake today likely would result in casualties and hundreds of millions of dollars in damage.

“I would expect some people to be killed,” he notes.

The scope and scale of damage would multiply exponentially with each additional tick on the Richter scale.

Trump About to Capitalize on Martial Law (Revelation 18:10)

Nick Berry: You’d think things would be looking bad for Trump. No so fast. | COMMENTARY

By NICK BERRY

CAPITAL GAZETTE

SEP 01, 2020 AT 4:00 PM

You would think with Trump’s re-election would be in peril, with his botched management of the pandemic, the tanking economy, neglect of increasing climate-change-induced disasters, and the spate of police shootings of Black men and the resulting turmoil. The polls, even in key swing states, indicate as much.

Not so fast.

Trump is a master at fighting and winning. We know that he purposely makes enemies, creates conflict and then uses his advantage in power to crush the enemies he has created. In business his power was money and suing; in government, it is his control of the Congress and administration, his dominance over the legal system, his partnership with Fox News, the skillful use of the echo strategy, and his devoted, obedient, political base which he uses to intimidate members of the Republican party.

He “governs” by purposely neglecting public and foreign policy — nothing on health care, climate change, infrastructure redevelopment, race relations, environment, or energy. Tackling these would take teamwork with an increased reliance on professional bureaucrats, and so dilute his absolute power over government.

Instead, Trump’s singular rule relies on “principles,” especially anti-abortion and anti-immigration, public patriotism, racism, devotion to Israel, guns, tax cuts, and deregulation, and now (No. 1) law and order. These principles guide Trump’s pursuit of desirable enemies producing conflict and please and energize Trump’s political base.

His provoking of violence and conflict in Democratic cities has been masterful. He has used federal troops and his armed militias as provocateurs, knowing that they are superb at generating violent-conflict reaction and thus the need for law and order. Martial law is now in Trump’s tool kit.

Only recently has the public become aware of the most ominous recent political development. The proliferation and size of radical-right armed militias who take their cues from the Trump campaign. They are no friends of democracy. They are available to corrupt urban and minority voting in league with Republican-controlled states doing the same.

Other signs threatening the Constitution and the democratic process are also becoming evident. Take Trump’s partisan use of the White House — “We’re here and they’re not” — in concluding the Republican Convention. Or consider the supreme leader’s habitual disregard of facts and the truth when he speaks or tweets. Or note the employment of the secretary of state and attorney general, among other department heads, in his re-election campaign, or his assault on the U.S. Postal Service to hinder its ability to manage mail-in ballots.

Attempts by Trump’s opponents to counter these missteps have proven difficult. No one has dealt with a president like Trump before, one who thrives on fights, conflicts, victory as the sole measure of governing, and one who seeks power for its own sake to achieve celebrity and popularity.

To mimic Trump’s game plan is anathema to everyone who plays by the spirit and process of the Constitution. Does the opposition, here Biden and his supporters, calmly put forward policies to manage the country’s growing problems, hoping to attract voters? But compared to the salience, media focus, and attention-grabbing of Trump’s generated conflicts, they only appear on newspapers’ page 12 and social media/TV if at all. Trump, as he intends, dominates the news. Trump, Trump, Trump blots out the contrary.

But maybe Trump’s game is wearing thin.

Maybe neglected policy issues now raised by Biden have gained a dominant popular focus. Maybe past political sins, such as Trump’s clear collusion with Putin and the Russians in the 2016 election have become beyond doubt. Maybe his disparagement of women, people of color, and immigrants has finally tainted his macho image.

We seem to be getting tired of this flashy but incompetent president.

Now Four Winds of God’s Wrath (Jeremiah 23)

Hurricane center watches 4 tropical disturbances, 2 with high odds of development

By PAOLA PÉREZ

ORLANDO SENTINEL

SEP 06, 2020 AT 8:08 AM

What was once Tropical Depression Omar weakened to a remnant low Saturday, but the National Hurricane Center continues to monitor several tropical disturbances throughout a busy Atlantic Ocean on Sunday morning.

The NHC issued its final advisory on Post-Tropical Cyclone Omar overnight. The low is expected to merge with a cold front on Sunday and dissipate Sunday night.

Meanwhile, four tropical disturbances are being tracked with various development chances in the Atlantic, according to the NHC’s 8 a.m. advisory.

First, the center continues to follow an area of low pressure located about midway between the west coast of Africa and the Leeward Islands. NHC forecaster John Cangialosi said it’s gradually growing more defined, although associated showers and thunderstorms remain disorganized. It’s expected to develop into a tropical storm as it moves westward across the central tropical Atlantic, with a 90% chance to form within the next two to five days.

The second disturbance is a tropical wave just off the coast of western Africa with more organized showers and thunderstorms. With gradual development expected, its chances range from medium to high, with 50% in the next two days and 80% in the next five days.

“Interests in the Cabo Verde Islands should monitor the progress of this system as gusty winds and locally heavy rainfall is possible there on Monday and Tuesday,” Cangialosi said.

Third, another tropical wave over the central Caribbean Sea, just southwest of Hispaniola, continues to produce disorganized showers, and any development would happen slowly as it moves westward across the sea. It’s expected to run into unfavorable upper-level winds, so its chances of formation over the next five days remain low at 10%.

A fourth disturbance, a trough of low pressure, is located several hundred miles southeast of Bermuda with somewhat favorable conditions for development. It’s producing disorganized cloudiness and showers as it moves west-northwestward, and its chances remain low at 10% over the next two days, and 20% over the next five days.

Iran’s Weak Nuclear Hand

Iran Desperately Plays Its Latest Atomic Cards

Editor01September 6, 2020

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

By Jubin Katiraie

The Iranian government conducted a maneuver to counter the United States activation of the trigger mechanism (snapback), allowing access to two suspected sites, then convening a joint meeting of the JCPOA Commission to counter the US, but these maneuvers failed when credible international media on Friday, September 4, reported that the IAEA revealed that the Iranian government was still violating the JCPOA agreement.

While the Iranian government is under the pressure of the United States over its nuclear case, it has agreed to allow International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors to visit two suspected nuclear sites. But the evidence shows that the government is still in gross violation of the JCPOA and is on the verge of acquiring a nuclear weapon.

After the resolution on the extension of the Iranian government’s arms embargo submitted by the US to the UN Security Council was blocked by other countries, the US announced that it would activate the trigger mechanism (snapback) at the end of September due to the Iranian government’s gross violation of the JCPOA and reiterates all the Security Council’s sanctions included in the six previous resolutions before the JCPOA imposed on this government.

Following this explicit determination on the part of the US, the regime, which sought to shift the balance in favor of itself and the of appeasement advocates such as China, Russia, and the European troika, cooperated with the IAEA in a formal agreement to investigate the two suspected sites, which it has so far opposed the access to IAEA inspectors.

The agreement was announced in a joint statement on Wednesday, August 26.

On 26 August, the New York Times quoted the State Department as saying, “Access is only the first step,” the department said in a statement. “Iran must provide nothing short of full cooperation, and the I.A.E.A. needs answers to its questions about potential undeclared nuclear material and activities in Iran.”

After Iran’s government give permission to inspect the two suspected sites, the Iranian government registered another maneuver.

The regime convened members of the Joint Commission of the JCPOA in a meeting in Vienna on Tuesday, September 1 to emphasize its full maintenance and implementation of the JCPOA and to urge other members of the JCPOA to line up and assist in their confrontation with the United States.

But these maneuvers did not open the door for this regime. Within a few days, reports of a gross and major breach of the JCPOA by the Iranian government were reported by the IAEA, and thereinafter international media covered it widely.

The IAEA reported:

• Iran’s low enriched uranium (LEU) stock now exceeds by ten-fold the limit set in the JCPOA. As of Aug 25, 2020, Iran has a stockpile of about 3114.5 kilograms (kg) of LEU (hexafluoride mass), all enriched below 5 percent, or the equivalent of 2105.4 kg (uranium mass).

• Of the 2105.4 kg LEU (U mass), 638.8 kg are enriched to up to 2 percent. 215.1 kg LEU enriched up to 3.67 percent are in a stock enriched before July 8, 2019. The remainder is 1890 kg of LEU enriched to more than 2 percent but less than 4.5 percent.

• Overall monthly LEU production has decreased slightly, from 181.5 kg per month in the previous reporting period (Feb 2020 – May 2020) to 165.1 kg per month during this reporting period (May 2020 – August 2020). This decrease only affected the below 2 percent uranium production. The monthly average production of 2 to 4.5 percent LEU increased slightly.

Iran’s estimated breakout time as of late September 2020 is as short as 3.5 months. A new development is that Iran may have enough low enriched uranium to produce enough weapons-grade uranium for a second nuclear weapon, where the second one could be produced more quickly than the first, requiring in total as little as 5.5 months to produce enough weapons-grade uranium for two nuclear weapons.

Now the world waits to see which direction the compass needle will show at the end of September. Will the trigger be pulled? A trigger that, if pulled, would also lead to the collapse of the Iranian regime.

Menace of utilizing NUKES grows larger underneath Trump (Revelation 18:10)

Menace of utilizing NUKES grows larger underneath Trump & renewing milestone START treaty could also be ‘too late’ – Noam Chomsky tells RT – Editorials 360

Whereas the Democrats’ document on arms management doesn’t look good in any respect, it’s no match for that of Donald Trump who’s amplifying the danger of nuclear weapons being put to make use of, world-renowned mental Noam Chomsky opined on RT.

Chomsky, one of the cited political thinkers of our time, made the exceptional level whereas talking to RT’s Going Underground program. The US President “is racing in direction of maximizing the specter of nuclear weapons,” he proclaimed, invoking the Doomsday Clock which metaphorically measures time till a worldwide catastrophe.

“That’s why the well-known Doomsday Clock has been moved nearer to midnight yearly Trump has been in workplace,” Chomsky stated to again up the declare. The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, a bunch of scientists and lecturers managing the clock, has “deserted minutes [and] moved to seconds – 100 seconds to midnight” this January, the mental stated.

A vocal critic of US interventionism and traditionally not a fan of Trump, Chomsky insisted that the President – who isn’t shy of bragging about America’s nuclear deterrent – “has continued his assaults on arms management regime which has considerably restricted the big risk of nuclear destruction.”

Chomsky continued by itemizing the milestone treaties deserted – or endangered – by the Trump administration. Amongst them was the 1987 US-Soviet Intermediate-Vary Nuclear Forces (INF) which banned a whole class of weapons programs, in addition to the 2002 Open Skies Treaty (OST) which allowed, as a trust-building measure, for unarmed surveillance flights over your entire territory of 35 contributors.

Whereas brushing apart current restraints, Trump’s US is “transferring in direction of creating new and way more threatening weapons of destruction in opposition to which there isn’t a doable technique of protection,” Chomsky stated, apparently referring to the Pentagon’s newest technological advances in constructing hypersonic weapons.

Additional unloading on Trump, Chomsky talked about the final main arms management settlement standing. “He’s now delayed, on frivolous grounds, renewal of the New START treaty,” he stated.

The binding doc, signed by then-Presidents Barack Obama and Dmitry Medvedev ten years in the past, known as for halving the variety of strategic nuclear missile launchers in use by either side and set limits for deployed nuclear warheads.

New START is about to run out in February 2021, however hopes for prolonging it are fading away. Russia has constantly stated it’s keen to increase the pact with out preconditions for one more 5 years – nevertheless, not “at any price.” The US has made the renewal conditional on China being included in a brand new trilateral arms management deal.

To Chomsky, the second of doing so is already previous us. “It might be too late to resume it,” he urged.

IAEA: Iranian Horn continues to expand stockpile of enriched uranium (Daniel 8:4)

IAEA: Iran continues to expand stockpile of enriched uranium

FILE – In this Wednesday, Aug. 26, 2020 file photo, Director General of International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA, Rafael Mariano Grossi from Argentina, speaks to the media after returning from Iran at the Vienna International Airport. Representatives of Iran and the world powers working to save the nuclear deal with Tehran agreed Tuesday, Sept. 1, 2020, in Vienna to do everything possible to preserve the landmark 2015 agreement in their first meeting since the United States announced a bid to restore United Nations sanctions against the Islamic Republic. (AP Photo/Ronald Zak, File)

VIENNA (AP) — Iran continues to increase its stockpile of enriched uranium in violation of limitations set in a landmark deal with world powers, but has begun providing access to sites where it was suspected of having stored or used undeclared nuclear material and possibly conducted nuclear-related activities, the U.N.’s atomic watchdog agency said Friday.

The International Atomic Energy Agency reported in a confidential document distributed to member countries and seen by The Associated Press that Iran as of Aug. 25 had stockpiled 2,105.4 kilograms (2.32 tons) of low-enriched uranium, up from 1,571.6 kilograms (1.73 tons) last reported on May 20.

Iran signed the nuclear deal in 2015 with the United States, Germany, France, Britain, China and Russia. Known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA, it allows Iran only to keep a stockpile of 202.8 kilograms (447 pounds).

The IAEA reported that Iran has also been continuing to enrich uranium to a purity of up to 4.5%, higher than the 3.67% allowed under the JCPOA. It said Iran’s stockpile of heavy water — which helps cool nuclear reactors — had decreased, however, and is now back within the JCPOA limits.

The nuclear deal promised Iran economic incentives in return for the curbs on its nuclear program. President Donald Trump pulled the U.S. out of the deal unilaterally in 2018, saying it needed to be renegotiated.

Since then, Iran has slowly violated the restrictions to try and pressure the remaining nations to increase the incentives to offset new, economy-crippling U.S. sanctions.

Those countries maintain that even though Iran has been violating many of the pact’s restrictions, it is important to keep the deal alive because the country has continued providing the IAEA with critical access to inspect its nuclear facilities.

The agency had been at a months-long impasse over two locations thought to be from the early 2000s, however, which Iran had argued inspectors had no right to visit because they dated to before the deal.

But after IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi personally visited Tehran in late August for meetings with top officials, he said Iran had agreed to provide inspectors access.

In its report, the IAEA said inspectors had already visited one site and would visit the other this month.

It didn’t detail their findings.

The ultimate goal of the JCPOA is to prevent Iran from developing a nuclear bomb, which Iran insists it does not want to do.

Still, since the the U.S. withdrawal, it has stockpiled enough enriched uranium to produce a weapon.

According to the Washington-based Arms Control Association, Iran would need roughly 1,050 kilograms (1.16 tons) of low-enriched uranium — under 5% purity — in gas form and would then need to enrich it further to weapons-grade, or more than 90% purity, to make a nuclear weapon.”

Before agreeing to the nuclear deal, however, Iran enriched its uranium up to 20% purity, which is just a short technical step away from the weapons-grade level of 90%. In 2013, Iran’s stockpile of enriched uranium was already more than 7,000 kilograms (7.72 tons) with higher enrichment, but it didn’t pursue a bomb.

_____

David Rising reported from Berlin.

The Saudi and Pakistani Horns Divide

Saudi-Pak ties on a cold turn

As the India-Saudi Arabia friendship begins to blossom, the all-weather bond between Pakistan and Saudi Arabia is becoming bitter

TelanganaToday

By   |  Dhananjay Tripathi  |Published: 6th Sep 2020  12:03 amUpdated: 5th Sep 2020  11:29 pm

Pakistan and Saudi Arabia were regarded as close friends. After 1947, Pakistan approached Saudi Arabia, the oil-rich country, for help in rebuilding the country. Thereafter, whenever Pakistan faced any economic difficulties, it received generous help from Saudi Arabia.

To take a recent example, Pakistan’s economy has been under stress from the last few years and it knocked on the door of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In 2019, the IMF approved a $6-billion bailout package for the revival of the debt-ridden Pakistani economy. The IMF in its official communique said that the bailout was intended to “put Pakistan’s economy on the path of sustainable and balanced growth and increase per capita income”.

International political economy observers are aware that none of the IMF bailout packages come without a condition. For debt-ridden countries like Pakistan, the IMF always favours stringent regulations. Many in Pakistan criticised the IMF loan and termed it as a compromise with national sovereignty. Pakistan’s economy started sliding from 2017 and, importantly, more than the IMF, it relied on Saudi Arabia for recovery. The Saudi economic assistance to Pakistan was mostly on lenient terms.

Bailing out Pakistan

Even before the IMF intervention, it was Saudi Arabia that came to the rescue of Pakistan. In October 2018, Saudi Arabia announced a $6.2-billion economic package to Pakistan. Of this, half of the amount was in terms of foreign currency support ($3 billion) and another half ($3.2 billion) was in deferred payments for oil imports.

In early 2019 when Pakistan’s economy was left with only $8 billion of foreign reserves, Saudi Arabia sealed an investment deal of $20 billion, thereby, giving it a necessary and timely boost. Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) signed the deal during his visit to Pakistan. Speaking on the occasion, the Crown Prince had said, “we are creating a great future for Saudi Arabia and Pakistan”.

In the past too, Saudi Arabia gave money to Pakistan for supporting the Madrassa education system and extended help when the international community imposed sanctions on Pakistan after the nuclear test. In 2014, the Pakistani economy faced a similar crisis as its currency crashed. Then too Saudi Arabia had given $1.5 billion to Pakistan. Along with these direct help, Pakistan gets remittance from Saudi Arabia. As per a report in July 2020, Pakistan received $821 million in remittance from Saudi Arabia. This is due to the fact that approximately 1.06 million Pakistanis are employed in Saudi Arabia.

Beyond Economics

But it’s not just that Pakistan-Saudi Arabia relation only has an economic dimension. Four years after the formation of Pakistan, it signed a friendship treaty with Saudi Arabia. The relationship matured over the years, and both are strategically close to each other.

Saudi Arabia was one of the strongest supporters of Pakistan during its war with India in 1965 and 1971. Pakistan lost both these wars, but in 1971 it suffered massive economic loss as well as credibility. Saudi Arabia at that critical juncture economically supported Pakistan. There are Pakistani army regulars who are deployed in Saudi Arabia.

In 1982, both the countries signed a bilateral security cooperation agreement. As a part of this agreement, the Pakistani army took the responsibility to train Saudi army personnel and also started working towards joint production of military equipment. During the Gulf War-I, almost 15,000 Pakistani troops were stationed in Saudi Arabia. The present number of Pakistani soldiers in Saudi Arabia is comparatively less; nonetheless, they are still an important support base of the Saudi army.

Changing World

International relations are complex, and it keeps altering its course. The world was bipolar during the Cold War. It became unipolar after the disintegration of the Soviet Union (1991), and we, in all likelihood, are heading towards a multipolar world order. These changes also influence the foreign policy of a country.

India was not much open to the West during the Cold War but at present has a strategic partnership with both the United States and the European Union. Bilateral ties also change, but there are a few exceptions. In the case of Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, it was an all-weather friendship; thus, the contemporary downslide needs to be looked into. Let us see some of the important factors responsible for the present bitterness in Pakistan-Saudi relations.

India-Saudi Intimacy

Things started changing from 2019. Notably, after his visit to Pakistan, Crown Prince MBS also came to India. During this high-profile visit, the Crown Prince announced an investment of “worth in excess of $100 billion” in India in “areas of energy, refining, petrochemicals, infrastructure, agriculture, minerals and mining”.

The big investment is a reflection of the growing India-Saudi partnership. This can also be read as the building of trust between the two sides. Interestingly, the announcement to invest in India came after the Crown Prince declared an investment of $20 billion in Pakistan. Going just by the figures, Saudi Arabia’s planned investment in India is five times more in comparison with Pakistan. Looking at this data, one may ask as to what are the reasons for this new intimacy between India and Saudi Arabia.

To get an answer, we have to see the recent diplomatic moves of New Delhi. An MoU on defence cooperation was signed between India and Saudi Arabia in 2014. This MoU was the first major move in strengthening the strategic ties of these two countries. Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Saudi Arabia in 2016. During this visit, the two sides signed an MoU on cooperation in “exchange of intelligence related to money laundering, related crimes and terrorism financing”. Again in October 2019, Modi, at an official invitation, visited Saudi Arabia.

The most noteworthy outcome of the 2019 visit was the establishment of the Strategic Partnership Council between India and Saudi Arabia. Moreover, Saudi is also interested in diversifying its economic activities and India is viewed as an appropriate destination for business.

No Support on Kashmir

Pakistan was expecting a strong response from Saudi Arabia on the revocation of Article 370. Contrary to Pakistan’s wish, Saudi Arabia asked for a peaceful settlement of the issue. Saudi Arabia was not an exception, other West Asian countries like Kuwait, Oman, and Bahrain also avoided siding with Pakistan on revocation of Article 370. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) even termed it as an internal matter of India. Islamabad had hoped that the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) will vehemently oppose the revocation and will put pressure on India.

Pakistan ignored the growing economic and strategic relation of India with West Asian countries, including with Saudi Arabia. The Saudi-led OIC is a powerful organisation of Islamic countries, and Pakistan’s intent was to use it against India on Kashmir.

Pakistan’s initial diplomatic efforts to involve the OIC in the matter of revocation of Article 370 met with little success. Unhappy with this, Pakistan indicated siding with other influential Islamic countries like Malaysia, Turkey and Iran. Interestingly, these three countries are the main challengers of Saudi’s leadership role in the Islamic world.

Frustrated with not getting a favourable resolution from the OIC, Pakistan last year accepted Malaysia’s invitation to join a summit of Islamic countries. The Malaysian attempt was seen by many as a competition with Saudi Arabia. However, Pakistan, despite accepting the invitation, skipped the summit in Malaysia under pressure from Saudi Arabia.

In short, not many in the world paid heed to Pakistan’s complaints on Kashmir. Instead, the international community keeps advising Pakistan not to support cross-border terrorism in Kashmir. This has irked the Pakistani establishment.

Last month, Pakistan’s foreign minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi again attacked the OIC. Qureshi called for a Council of Foreign Ministers (CFM) meeting of the OIC on Kashmir. He also threatened that Pakistan may opt to organise a summit of Islamic nations where it can discuss Kashmir. This rage of Qureshi was against Saudi Arabia. As the attack from the Pakistani side was sharp, Saudi Arabia retaliated and recalled its $1 billion loan. Pakistan repaid the loan with the help of China. Moreover, Saudi Arabia has also not renewed the oil credit facility to Pakistan.

Fearing long term repercussions, the Pakistani government swung into action to placate Saudi. Pakistani Army Chief General Qamar Bajwa visited Riyadh on August 17 to address the controversy. In the last week of August, Qureshi also praised the Pakistan-Saudi Arabia relations and termed Pak-Saudi ties as historical and “people-centric”. Still, it looks like Saudi Arabia is not willing to let this go so easily. General Bajwa failed to meet Crown Prince MBS during his stay in Riyadh.

China Chipping In

In the past, it is Saudi Arabia that helped Pakistan on critical occasions, more than China. But it now appears that Pakistan is tilting towards China, and the reason for this is its anti-India orientation. However, a section in Pakistan is unhappy with this development. They are not in favour of putting all the eggs in one basket and are advocating for better ties with Saudi even if it means replacing Qureshi.

Undoubtedly, there is internal pressure on the Imran Khan government. It cannot afford to lose a friend like Saudi Arabia at the time when its economy is in the doldrums. On the other hand, ties between India and Saudi Arabia in all likeliness will grow further as it is mutually beneficial for both. Let us see how soon Pakistan reconciles with this new reality.

(The author is Senior Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, South Asian University, New Delhi)