A Closer Look At The Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

A Look at the Tri-State’s Active Fault Line

Monday, March 14, 2011

The Ramapo Fault is the longest fault in the Northeast that occasionally makes local headlines when minor tremors cause rock the Tri-State region. It begins in Pennsylvania, crosses the Delaware River and continues through Hunterdon, Somerset, Morris, Passaic and Bergen counties before crossing the Hudson River near Indian Point nuclear facility.

In the past, it has generated occasional activity that generated a 2.6 magnitude quake in New Jersey’s Peakpack/Gladstone area and 3.0 magnitude quake in Mendham.

“There is occasional seismic activity in New Jersey,” said Robinson. “There have been a few quakes locally that have been felt and done a little bit of damage over the time since colonial settlement — some chimneys knocked down in Manhattan with a quake back in the 18th century, but nothing of a significant magnitude.”

Robinson said the Ramapo has on occasion registered a measurable quake but has not caused damage: “The Ramapo fault is associated with geological activities back 200 million years ago, but it’s still a little creaky now and again,” he said.

“More recently, in the 1970s and early 1980s, earthquake risk along the Ramapo Fault received attention because of its proximity to Indian Point,” according to the New Jersey Geological Survey website.

Historically, critics of the Indian Point Nuclear facility in Westchester County, New York, did cite its proximity to the Ramapo fault line as a significant risk.

“Subsequent investigations have shown the 1884 Earthquake epicenter was actually located in Brooklyn, New York, at least 25 miles from the Ramapo Fault,” according to the New Jersey Geological Survey website.

Starvation Outside the Temple Walls (Revelation 11)

Palestinian children play in the Jabaliya refugee camp on World Refugee Day in northern Gaza Strip, June 20, 2020. (AP Photo)

On World Refugee Day, 1.4 million Palestinians try to scrape by in Gaza

BY REUTERS

JUN 20, 2020 8:13 PM

On the United Nations’ World Refugee Day on Saturday, Marwan Kuwaik, a 70-year-old Palestinian in Gaza, will be focused on trying to eke out a living by selling snack food on the street.

The June 20 event this year is aimed at reminding the world that everyone, including refugees, can contribute to society, the U.N. said on its website.

In Gaza, Kuwaik earns about 30 shekels ($8.50) a day selling lupin beans from his bicycle. He is among 1.4 million Palestinians U.N.-registered refugees in the impoverished and crowded enclave, whose economy has suffered from years of Israeli and Egyptian blockades.

“I support my family, 15 people. I have never stopped my work for 40 years, even during wars, curfews and closures, except when I am sick,” Kuwaik said.

Kuwaik’s parents were among the hundreds of thousands of Palestinians who fled or were forced to leave their homes in what is now Israel during the fighting that surrounded its founding in 1948.

He was born two years later in Gaza and lives in the outskirts of its Beach refugee camp. The U.N. registers as refugees the descendants of those Palestinians displaced more than 70 years ago.

Kuwaik said his family once owned farmland in Lod, a city in Israel. He visited Lod twice in early 1980s and found a new house of concrete had been built next to his father’s old shelter.

The new Israeli owners continued to grow olive trees on the farmland as his family long had, he said.

“We will return,” Kuwaik vowed in his house as he filled small plastic bags with lupin beans. “If we die our sons will rise, and if they die then our grandchildren will do it.”

Asked about World Refugee Day, he said: “We remain without a solution… the situation is miserable but we still have hopes.”

The Destruction of the First Nuclear War (Revelation 8 )

The total nuclear arsenal between India and China can destroy the world many times over

  • Pakistan has 160 or torpedoes. That, and India’s nuclear stockpile, accounts for a little over 2% of the world’s nuclear arsenal. 
  • The US and Russia, however, possess over 90% of the global nuclear warheads.

The brewing tension between the Asian nuclear superpowers — India and China is likely to make the whole world nervous. 

China is the second largest military spender in the world, followed by India. Over the last one year, both the countries have increased their nuclear weapon stockpile but India is still far behind China in terms of the total nuclear warheads. 

China has 320 warheads — more than India and Pakistan combined 

According to the recent data by the Swedish think tank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), China has more than double the number of nuclear weapons compared to India. As of January 2020, India owns nearly 150 warheads while China has a nuclear inventory of 320 weapons. 

The report comes on the backdrop of the ongoing standoff between India and China at the Galwan Valley in Ladakh, along the Line of Actual Control. 

One megaton of a nuclear weapon yields 1 million tons of TNT, which is enough to destroy 80 square miles. TNT is the amount of energy that is produced during an explosion. 
Even a single nuclear weapon holds the power to destroy a city. That’s because these weapons generate ionizing radiations that can kill people or lead to a long term disease like cancer and other genetic damages. 

As many as 240 warheads or weapons have been dedicated to China’s land and sea-based missiles and aircraft. “China is in the middle of a significant modernization of its nuclear arsenal. It is developing a so-called nuclear triad for the first time, made up of new land and sea-based missiles and nuclear-capable aircraft,” the report stated. 

India’s nuclear warheads 

As per the estimates, India assigned 48 nuclear bombs to its aircraft. “While India is expanding the size of its nuclear weapon stockpile as well as its infrastructure for producing nuclear warheads,” added the SIPRI report. 

On the other hand, the country has four kinds of land-based nuclear missiles — Prithvi I, Agni I, Agni II, Agni III — which constitute nearly 60 warheads. Agni II, the medium-range ballistic missile, is capable of sending a nuclear warhead approximately over 2,000 kilometers away. While Agni IV, which is known to be under development, would be able to deliver a single nuclear warhead up to 3,500 kilometers away, as published in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. 

While 16 warheads are used in the sea-based ballistic missiles including Dhanush, K15 and K4. 

US and Russia possess over 90% of the global nuclear warheads 

Meanwhile, Pakistan also has 160 nuclear weapons or torpedoes. That, and India’s nuclear stockpile, accounts for a little over 2% of the world’s nuclear arsenal. Come 2025, India is anticipated to have 250 warheads, according to a researchpublished on the nuclear arsenals in India and Pakistan. 

The US and Russia, however, possess over 90% of the global nuclear warheads. But there has been a drop in the overall inventory of the world’s nuclear weapons. That is largely because of the retired weapons that are no longer in the stockpile. 
India and Pakistan never signed the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) that internationally recognised countries as nuclear weapon states , but possess nuclear arsenals. While China is a part of the Nuclear Weapon States recognised by the NPT. 

Of Course Chinese and Russian Nuclear Weapons Can Reach America

Yes, Chinese and Russian Nuclear Weapons Can Reach America

Key Point: ICBMs can reach America, but U.S. nukes can reach Russia and China too. This is the essence of mutually-assured destruction.

U.S. missile defense has focused so much on stopping ballistic missiles from hitting the American homeland, that it has neglected another pressing threat.

Massed salvos of cruise missiles and armed drones could devastate U.S. overseas bases, those vital bastions, such as Guam, that provide airfields, ports and supply bases. While the United States has fretted over the possibility of a few North Korean ballistic missiles hitting the West Coast, China and Russia have amassed huge stockpiles of guided weapons that endanger American bases.

“For most of the post–Cold War era, DoD (Department of Defense) focused its missile defense priorities on fielding ground-based and sea-based kinetic weapons to intercept ballistic threats,” says a new study by the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments in Washington, DC. “With the exception of the Navy, no other Service has fielded major new capabilities to counter cruise missile salvos.”

Titled “Air and Missile Defense At a Crossroads: New Concepts and Technologies to Defend America’s Overseas Bases,” the study describes the vast array of threats to American installations. China has more than 1,500 ballistic missiles, including some intermediate-range DF-26 rockets that can reach 2,000 miles deep into the Western Pacific, within range of U.S. bases on Guam. It also has thousands of air-launched cruise missiles, including the CJ-20 with a thousand-mile range. Russia’s land-based Iskander ballistic missile, as well as the air-launched Khinzal hypersonic (Mach 5-plus) weapon, are short-range missiles that could U.S. bases in Europe. Both China and Russia are developing armed drones that can strike distant targets.

While the U.S. Missile Defense Agency is tasked with stopping strategic ballistic missiles, “it is unlikely that the MDA will have the expertise and funding to develop a far more robust system-of-systems with the capacity needed to defend critical infrastructure in the United States and at U.S. military installations overseas against large salvo attacks in the near term,” CSBA says.

That leaves the U.S. Army, which is responsible for providing land-based defenses against theater ballistic missiles and cruise missiles. The Army has 50 Patriot air and missile defense batteries with 480 launchers and more than 1,200 interceptor missiles. However, “they are expensive and their combined capacity would be insufficient to protect airbases and other military infrastructure that U.S. and allied forces would depend on during a major conflict with a great power,” says CSBA.

The Army has just seven batteries, with 42 launchers and 500 interceptors, of Terminal High Altitude Air Defense (THAAD) systems. The Army wants two more batteries, but the $7.5 billion price tag may be too steep. Compounding the problem is a lack of an integrated battle management system for base defense, to coordinate various defensive sensors and weapons.

CSBA advocates a salvo defense system to protect overseas bases. One possibility is a dual outer and inner defensive ring. The outer ring would consist of satellites and drones equipped with sensors. An integrated battle command system would connect the sensors to manned aircraft and UAVs armed with interceptors to shoot down ballistic missiles during the boost phase, when they are most vulnerable, as well as downing enemy aircraft before they could launch cruise missiles.

The inner layer would be similar, with the addition of drones and ground batteries armed with high-energy lasers, land-based high power microwave weapons whose beams would fry missile electronics, and even Army howitzers firing high velocity projectiles (HVP). “Future artillery may be able to launch HVPs at velocities needed to defeat very fast-moving targets such as supersonic cruise missiles and HGVs [hypersonic glide vehicles].”

This would require developing the requisite drones, lasers, interceptor missiles and microwave weapons. But CSBA argues that base defense should be a priority. “The first step toward achieving this objective is to frame the challenge as a salvo competition between adversaries that each have mature capabilities to attack with hundreds and possibly thousands of guided weapons instead of a small number of ballistic missiles,” CSBA says. “Investing in non-kinetic and kinetic systems effective against the growing threat of cruise missile and UAV attacks would create more robust defenses for the theater bases that DoD continues to rely on for its operations.”

Michael Peck is a contributing writer for the National Interest. He can be found on Twitter and Facebook.

This first appeared in 2018 and is being reposted due to reader interest.

Image: Reuters.

The China Nuclear Horn Refuses to Negotiate (Daniel 7)

US-Russia nuclear disarmament talks to begin, but no sign of China joining in | Nuclear weapons | The Guardian

US-Russia nuclear disarmament talks to begin, but no sign of China joining in

Uncertainty surrounds talks slated to begin in Vienna on Monday, with US desperate to get China to the table

Julian Borger in Washington

Sun 21 Jun 2020 04.37 EDT

The US and Russia will restart talks about their nuclear arsenals on Monday after a break of more than a year and uncertainty over whether Donald Trump is interested in salvaging arms control in the last four months before elections.

Trump’s new US arms control envoy, Marshall Billingslea will lead a delegation to meet the Russian deputy foreign minister, Sergei Ryabkov in Vienna, and has also asked for Beijing to send a representative.

“The United States has extended an open invitation to the People’s Republic of China to join these discussions, and has made clear the need for all three countries to pursue arms control negotiations in good faith,” the state department said.

Trump has been insistent that China join what has for decades been bilateral dialogue, but the Chinese government has refused. Its stockpile, currently estimated by the Federation of American Scientists at 320 warheads, is less than a twentieth the size of the US or Russian arsenal.

“The time is not yet ripe for China to participate in nuclear disarmament negotiations,” China’s foreign ministry spokesman said earlier this month.

Billingslea replied in a tweet: “China … should reconsider. Achieving Great Power status requires behaving with Great Power responsibility. No more Great Wall of Secrecy on its nuclear buildup. Seat waiting for China in Vienna.”

On the table at the expected two days of talks in the Austrian capital is the 2010 New Start treaty, which limits the number of US and Russian deployed strategic warheads (those mounted on long-range delivery systems) to 1,550 each. The treaty will expire next February but it can easily be extended for a further five years. Vladimir Putin has said he is ready to extend, but the Trump administration has yet to make a final decision.

US officials have said they want a wider agreement covering non-strategic weapons and even more stringent verification, as well as Chinese participation. Any such changes would require months, if not years to achieve.

If New Start is allowed to expire there will be no remaining agreed limits on the proliferation of nuclear weapons for the first time in nearly half a century.

“Clearly the administration is trying to find any way they can to put pressure on the Chinese to show up and engage. And the Chinese are clearly feeling no pressure to do this, nor do the Russians really want to play along,” said a US congressional aide. “So that part is going nowhere.”

America’s allies are lobbying the Trump administration to agree to an extension while encouraging China to join broader arms control negotiations. When Billingslea laid out his approach in a video conference presentation to a meeting of member state ambassadors at the North Atlantic Council (NAC), in May, there was little enthusiasm for the US approach

“He was very clear that President Trump was prioritizing trilateral arms control, and that he felt he had a mandate to go out and get this done,” a western diplomat said. “The allies very much want the administration to extend New Start, sooner rather than later. They’re worried that the administration is going to get overly focused on China, and not use this time to extend New Start.

“Those concerns were raised in a respectful way, and Billingslea was very clear that there had not been any decisions made yet on New Start,” the diplomat said.

The NAC meeting came the day after Trump had announced his attention to withdraw from another arms control agreement, the Open Skies Treaty, which allows Russia, the US and 32 other countries to make surveillance flights over each territory, with the aim of building conference and transparency. Trump pulled out on the grounds that Russia was violating the agreement by putting limits on overflights. European allies argued such infringements could be addressed and were not worth jeopardising the security benefits of the agreement.

“I think allies, really committed to doing what they could to bring you know to bring Russia back into compliance, so that the US would be able to consider walking back their decision,” the western diplomat said.

Iran, Khamenei, and the Prophecy

Reopening an open letter by Ayatollah Khamenei

TEHRAN – Richard Falk, a professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University, says letters by Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Khamenei to the youth in the West five years ago suggest “prophetic character” in view of daily protests in the West led by youth against racial injustice and state violence.

In an exclusive interview with the Tehran Times, Richard Falk, who also served as UN Special Rapporteur on Palestinian human rights, says “the unusual focus on the role of youth” in Ayatollah Khamenei’s letters “is particularly striking and instructive”.

The Leader’s addresses to the youth are known as “Letter 4 You” or “Letter for You”.

Following is the text of the interview with Professor Falk.

1: In his letter to the youth in Europe and North America on January 21, 2015, Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said “I find that the sense of quest for truth is more vigorous and attentive in your hearts”. What was or is the importance of the letter?

Answer: It needs to be understood that as far as I can tell the January 21, 2015 letter to the youth of Europe and North America is not all known in the West. This is unfortunate as the letter is a very special communication by a leader who combines political and religious authority in an important country that directs his appeal to ‘youth’ as distinct the ‘people.’ The reasoning behind this focus is made clear, expressive of the idea that it is the youth that have the power and responsibility to overcome mistakes of the past and present. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei seems to base his attitude of hopefulness on faith that the youth of these societies will seek a better understanding of Islam and Muslims. The current world scene of daily protests in the West led by youth against racial injustice, solidarity with Palestine, and state violence suggests the prophetic character of Ayatollah Khamenei’s two letters written five years ago.

“The reasoning behind this focus is made clear, expressive of the idea that it is the youth that have the power and responsibility to overcome mistakes of the past and present.”

It is also important to contextualize the letter in events that were occurring in Europe in 2015, particularly the terrorist attack, two weeks earlier than the date of the first letter, upon the editorial offices in Paris of the satiric magazine, Charlie Hebdo, killing 12 persons, including its main editor. The Algerian-born perpetrators were brothers, resident in France, and were self-proclaimed jihadists killed in the incident. The attack, provoked by the ironic and irreverent treatment of the prophet Mohammed in the magazine, undoubtedly abetted by the Islamophobic atmosphere in France and elsewhere, was interpreted by governments in the West as an attack by Islamic terrorism on fundamental Western values, particularly the right of free expression, an occasion for mass protests led by leaders of European states. A French court had previously rejected formal allegations that such mockery of Islam by the magazine should be prohibited and punished as hate speech, declaring that these insults were directed not at Islam as such but at its fundamentalist excesses, and thus what appeared in the magazine was permissible speech.

The letter is significant for its clear repudiation of terrorism, identifying such violence as a common enemy of Islam and the West, while calling upon the youth in these countries to study the Koran and other sacred writings to acquire a truer understanding of Islam as anti-terrorist, without ever mentioning the Charlie Hebdo incident or voicing specific criticism of the behavior of particular states. The letter combines a rejection of terrorism with a plea to avoid an acceptance of Islamophobic attacks on the religion of Islam and its adherents while declaring common cause between Iran and the West with regard to anti-terrorism. Ayatollah Khamenei’s second letter was released on November 30, 2015, again directed at youth in the West, that more pointedly repeated the central message of the earlier letter but indicting state terrorism and anti-Islamic behavior of particular states in the West, and calling more urgently for a vigorous reaction by young people.    ,

2: The Leader said he was writing to the youth because politicians and statesmen in the West “have consciously separated the route of politics from the path of righteousness and truth”. How do you analyze this statement?

Answer: This expression of the motivation for the letter is an accurate recognition of the degree to which the politics and diplomacy of the West have adopted positions that are driven by greed and ambition rather than moral standards that draw careful distinctions between good and evil. The Trump presidency underscores the illuminating assessments contained in Ayatollah Khamenei’s letters. Donald Trump does not distinguish between opposition to terrorism of various kinds from broad traditions of religious faith and civilizational identity. His attempts to ban entry of Muslims to the United States implies that the religion itself is tainted, and encourages a kind of religious racism directed at Islam. Not all Western leaders are nearly as blunt in their assessments, but most subtly endorse this conflation of religion and criminal violence in the form of terrorism by extremists who falsely invoke Islam.

Present policies and practices exhibit the persistent virus of racism that continues to be present to varying degrees throughout the West.”

We can observe the analogous problems of racial stereotyping and abuse in the current protests against police brutality that has been victimizing African Americans for centuries. The sustained outcry against the police murder of George Floyd on May 25th seems a world-shaking event that is in some respects similar to the Charlie Hebdo incident, and in other ways quite opposite. The police terrorism in Minneapolis derives from the structures of government, while in Paris the terrorism was the work of political extremists, but in the one case it was reacting to Islamophobia and in the other, the violence was itself the expression of American racism that remains an ugly legacy of slavery. 

The Leader by choosing to address youth, and youth alone, rather than the governing authorities nor even the general citizenry, implied a confidence, or was it a hope? that youth needed to play a strategic role in shaping a more humane future for the societies in the West. And it is worth observing, that it is indeed youth that have dominated the protest movements sparked by the death of George Floyd, although the leading media voices of African American outrage are often drawn from older known black opponents of racism.

3: In his letter at the time, Leader said the histories of the U.S. and Europe “are ashamed of slavery…. and chagrined at the oppression of ‘people of color’.”  This approach that people of color are treated badly is demonstrated in the behavior of some supremacists. What do you think the West or the youth, in general, should do to end such discriminations?

Answer: The dominant surface beliefs in the West do exhibit feelings of shame about the past abuses of people of color through slavery and colonialism, but present policies and practices exhibit the persistent virus of racism that continues to be present to varying degrees throughout the West. The anti-immigration backlash to neoliberal globalization and the failure to address the ongoing Palestinian ordeal and struggle for justice have given political support from the older governing elites to renewed supremacist policies that have caused so much past suffering.

This expression of the motivation for the letter is an accurate recognition of the degree to which the politics and diplomacy of the West has adopted positions that are driven by greed and ambition rather than moral standards that draw careful distinctions between good and evil.

There is no assured path to justice and an end to racism and Islamophobia, but youth more than other sectors of society are disillusioned by conventional politics based on parties, elections, and top-down reforms.  To address these challenges to human decency it is necessary to rely on movement politics that creates a mandate for change from below, which was of course the path followed by revolutionary challenge mounted against the Pahlavi dynasty over 40 years ago. Such political movements are by their nature threatening to the established order, but it is often only effective way to address underlying conditions that give rise to injustice implanted deeply in a society’s past and present. In my view, even a comprehensive repudiation of racism and discrimination in the West is insufficient, especially, given the roles played by the U.S. and NATO outside the West, as well as the gross inequalities stemming from economic globalization. Overcoming injustice in our world makes it essential to oppose militarism and predatory capitalism if we want the diverse peoples throughout the planet to coexist in ways that respect their individual and collective identities.

4: Don’t you think that the Leader had predicted such rifts and racism would open wounds in the Western societies in the years to come?

Answer: Yes, I think that the analysis and critique in these two letters of the Leader written five years ago do anticipate the kind of opening of wounds that is now sweeping across Western societies, and most of all, America. The unusual focus on the role of youth is particularly striking and instructive. Perhaps, also, the emphasis on youth is an acknowledgement that these societal evils are legacies from the past, as carried into the present. Ayatollah Khamenei clearly recognizes that youth has a greater freedom to overcome injustice, being less tainted by legacies of past injustice than are older generations and, especially, the political class.

5: And how the West, especially the youth should heal the wounds of division and racism in their societies?

Answer: If the moral and political dimensions of the challenges have been exposed, it offers youth a particular opportunity to step forward and seek transformative change that overcomes racism, Islamophobia, militarism, and predatory capitalism. And maybe this is beginning to happen against the background of the pandemic that makes all aware of the precariousness of life itself. The accompanying economic and social dislocations and uprisings following the Floyd murder were the spark that set the fire.

As suggested earlier, a movement of sustained protest dedicated to fundamental change is needed to challenge the complicity and complacency of systems in being.

The history of the Islamic Republic of Iran exemplifies the transformative potential of such a movement.

6: What is your suggestion about the Leader’s advice that the youth in the West should fight disinformation campaigns by certain media outlets against Islam?

Answer: Youth, and of course others, should follow the advice of the Leader to study Islam in a sincere and authentic manner, and on this basis shape a critical understanding of the tensions between the West and Islamic countries. With such an understanding it would become possible to form strategies and tactics that reject both terrorism and Islamophobia. It would then also become possible to adopt appropriate policy adjustments in the West, starting with military disengagement from the Middle East and restoration of the 2015 nuclear program agreement with Iran. (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action-JCPOA). Yet this is not enough. Youth need address common human problems, as dramatized by the COVID-19 experience, in a globally cooperative spirit, and extend its vital concerns to climate change, global migration, poverty, international law, the UN, and world peace.

“Overcoming injustice in our world makes it essential to oppose militarism and predatory capitalism if we want the diverse peoples throughout the planet to coexist in ways that respect their individual and collective identities.”

To advance a positive program for change with justice it is also imperative to clear away the obstructive effects of Islamophobia and other forms of disinformation by seeking to contest mainstream distortions of social and religious realities and by developing media outlets that disseminate reliable accounts and understandings of violent crimes. Both of these developments are starting to happen, thanks the protests and the disorienting impacts of the pandemic, but whether the effects will be temporary or more transformative remains uncertain at this stage.

7: Injustice against the people of color is not in no way comparable to the degree of brutality against the Palestinians at the hands of occupiers. In his second letter to the Western youth on Nov. 29, 2015, Ayatollah Khamenei said, “This (brutality) is done without even giving them (Palestinians) time to gather their belongings or agricultural products.” In your view, what the youth in the West are expected to do in regard to the sufferings of the Palestinians?

Answer: I do not think it is helpful to evaluate the suffering endured by people of color with the apartheid conditions of subjugation and exploitation endured for so many decades by the Palestinian people. In both instances, the brutality and suffering are intolerable, to be opposed, and ended by forces of good will. We do not need to decide which is worse.

While not developed with a specific plan, the implication of Ayatollah Khamenei’s message is that the youth of Europe and North America have an obligation to expose the nature of Israel’s criminal domination of the Palestinians and seek justice based on the equality of Arabs and Jews. The youth of America have a particular obligation as it is the U.S. Government that has lent its geopolitical muscle to Israel’s defiance of international law and morality, and continues to subsidize Israel’s behavior with large annual economic subsidies. The denial of fundamental Palestinian rights in their own country epitomizes the colonial past of the West’s relations with the Middle East and also is the defining injustice of the imperial present in which indigenous rights of a native people have been cast aside by terroristic methods to uphold structures. These wrongs must be rectified if a sustainable peace is to be achieved.

These letters of Ayatollah Khamenei deserve reflection and response, and not only from youth in the West but from the entire population of each country that is being indirectly challenged. If this is done in a sincere manner it would be the beginning of the end of both terrorism and Islamophobia and would allow countries to coexist with respect for their civilizational and religious differences once correctly interpreted and acted upon.

https://www.leader.ir/en/content/12798/To-the-Youth-in-Europe-and-North-America