USGS Evidence Shows Power of the Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

New Evidence Shows Power of East Coast Earthquakes
Virginia Earthquake Triggered Landslides at Great Distances

Released: 11/6/2012 8:30:00 AM USGS.gov

Earthquake shaking in the eastern United States can travel much farther and cause damage over larger areas than previously thought.

“We used landslides as an example and direct physical evidence to see how far-reaching shaking from east coast earthquakes could be,” said Randall Jibson, USGS scientist and lead author of this study. “Not every earthquake will trigger landslides, but we can use landslide distributions to estimate characteristics of earthquake energy and how far regional ground shaking could occur.”

“Scientists are confirming with empirical data what more than 50 million people in the eastern U.S. experienced firsthand: this was one powerful earthquake,” said USGS Director Marcia McNutt. “Calibrating the distance over which landslides occur may also help us reach back into the geologic record to look for evidence of past history of major earthquakes from the Virginia seismic zone.”

This study will help inform earthquake hazard and risk assessments as well as emergency preparedness, whether for landslides or other earthquake effects.

The research is being presented today at the Geological Society of America conference, and will be published in the December 2012 issue of the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.

The USGS found that the farthest landslide from the 2011 Virginia earthquake was 245 km (150 miles) from the epicenter. This is by far the greatest landslide distance recorded from any other earthquake of similar magnitude. Previous studies of worldwide earthquakes indicated that landslides occurred no farther than 60 km (36 miles) from the epicenter of a magnitude 5.8 earthquake.

“What makes this new study so unique is that it provides direct observational evidence from the largest earthquake to occur in more than 100 years in the eastern U.S,” said Jibson. “Now that we know more about the power of East Coast earthquakes, equations that predict ground shaking might need to be revised.”

It is estimated that approximately one-third of the U.S. population could have felt last year’s earthquake in Virginia, more than any earthquake in U.S. history. About 148,000 people reported their ground-shaking experiences caused by the earthquake on the USGS “Did You Feel It?” website. Shaking reports came from southeastern Canada to Florida and as far west as Texas.

In addition to the great landslide distances recorded, the landslides from the 2011 Virginia earthquake occurred in an area 20 times larger than expected from studies of worldwide earthquakes. Scientists plotted the landslide locations that were farthest out and then calculated the area enclosed by those landslides. The observed landslides from last year’s Virginia earthquake enclose an area of about 33,400 km2, while previous studies indicated an expected area of about 1,500 km2from an earthquake of similar magnitude.

“The landslide distances from last year’s Virginia earthquake are remarkable compared to historical landslides across the world and represent the largest distance limit ever recorded,” said Edwin Harp, USGS scientist and co-author of this study. “There are limitations to our research, but the bottom line is that we now have a better understanding of the power of East Coast earthquakes and potential damage scenarios.”

Learn more about the 2011 central Virginia earthquake.

PMF Units Have Green Light to Attack Israel

Shi'ite Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) advance towards the city of Al-Qaim, Iraq November 3, 2017

Shi’ite Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) advance towards the city of Al-Qaim, Iraq November 3, 2017. (photo credit: REUTERS/STRINGER)

Iraqi militia commander claims ‘green light’ to retaliate against Israel

Tzvi Joffre
Iraqi prime minister’s claim that Israel was behind recent attacks on PMF positions was a “green light to retaliate against Israel,” the commander said.

October 3, 2019 02:40

 

Iraqi Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi’s claim that Israel was behind recent attacks on PMF positions was a “green light to retaliate against Israel,” according to a commander of a group within the Iranian-backed Shi’ite Popular Mobilization Forces militia.

Iranian Press TV reported that Abu Ala al-Walai, commander of the Kata’ib Sayyid al-Shuhada group within the PMF, tweeted the statement after Abdul-Mahdi told Al Jazeera that “investigations into the targeting of some Popular Mobilization Forces positions indicate that Israel carried it out.”

 

Ahmed al-Maksousi, second in command of the group, told al-Arabu al-Jadeed news that he called on the Iraqi government to go through diplomatic channels by submitting complaints to the United Nations, adding that different factions will meet in the next few days in Baghdad.

Maksousi stressed that “all options are open, especially since we reserve the right to respond – and the Zionist entity is not far from the range of fire.”

Hamid al-Jazairi, deputy secretary-general of the Khorasani Brigades, stated that they would have a position on the matter, and pointed out that the “resistance factions” aren’t just present in Iran but also in Syria and Lebanon. He added that “the response to Israel doesn’t have to be from Iraqi territory.”

Jazairi stated that there will be an “appropriate” response by the factions to the bombings “very soon,” adding that it will be announced in “a timely manner.”

During a cabinet meeting in August, Abdul-Mahdi talked about the “high readiness” of the Iraqi armed forces to defend Iraq and its citizens, stressing Iraq’s readiness to respond firmly and with all means available to any aggression.

Ahmed al-Asadi, a Popular Mobilization Forces official, said in August that the targeting of PMF headquarters at two Iraqi bases that month and the entrance of Israel into Iraqi territory is a “declaration of war against Iraq, its people and its sovereignty,” according to Al-Sumaria.

“Israel’s entry into our national sphere declares war against Iraq, its people, sovereignty and capabilities… silence on aggression is not a rational position, but rationality and political realism require the exhaustion of diplomatic options with the UN Security Council so that Iraq, its army and its people are in a situation of military deterrence against aggression and drones,” he said.

Multiple air strikes have hit bases held by Iranian-backed Shi’ite militias in Iraq since the beginning of July. Recent attacks have hit positions near the Syria-Iraq border.

The Large Horn Helps the Small Horn (Daniel 8 )

Iran Offers More Support for Iraq As It Officially Opens Border with Syria

By Tom O’Connor On 10/1/19 at 4:16 PM EDT

Iran has pledged to further support Iraq’s reconstruction as the neighboring nation announced the official reopening of the border with Syria, which has also been ravaged by conflict and is a mutual ally of Tehran and Baghdad.

At a ceremony remembering those who were killed in Iraq’s war against the Islamic State militant group (ISIS), Iranian ambassador Iraj Masjidi reiterated that his country “has always supported and will support Iraq’s national sovereignty and territorial integrity.” The U.S. and its regional allies have accused the Islamic Republic of exerting undue influence over fellow majority-Shiite Muslim Iraq, something Tehran has denied as it faced off with Washington’s “maximum pressure” campaign of economic restrictions and political isolation.

Iran rushed to the aid of its Iraqi brothers in the most difficult conditions of Iraq’s war against ISIS, and today insists that it will be with the Iraqi government and nation at the time of rebuilding and reconstruction,” Masjidi told the gathering in the city of Hillah of the Babylon governorate, as reported by the state-run Islamic Republic News Agency.

Masjidi accused President Donald Trump and Israel, with which the U.S. leader has closely aligned himself, of trying to force Iran into submission, “but our people, with their resistance under the leadership of Ayatollah Khamenei, thwarted those pressures, and today the U.S. is begging for negotiations with Iran.”

Syrian security personnel gather at the border-crossing between Al-Bukamal in Syria and Al-Qaim in Iraq, on the Syrian side in the eastern region of Deir Ezzor, September 30. A sign adorned with posters of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and the national flags of Syria and Iraq reads “The Syrian Arab Republic welcomes you to the Al-Bukamal-Al-Qaim Border Crossing.” AFP/Getty Images

Since leaving the 2015 nuclear deal that granted Iran sanctions relief in exchange for curbing its nuclear activities, Trump has sought to sever Tehran’s international ties in hopes of forcing it to end its alleged support for militant groups and its missile development, among other things. Iran has signaled a willingness to enter into talks with the U.S. only if it re-entered its nuclear accord commitments, something Trump has so far said he would not do.

Even with these tight restrictions in place, Iran has seen some success in building regional relations, especially with its former foe Iraq. Tehran made inroads with the new Baghdad government that followed the U.S.-led overthrow of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and, despite their ongoing rivalry, both Washington and Tehran devoted efforts to battling Iraq’s subsequent Sunni Islamist insurgency led first by Al-Qaeda and later by ISIS.

As ISIS spread to Syria, however, the U.S. and Iran found themselves on opposite sides of an ongoing civil war in which the CIA had backed rebels against a government supported by Iranian forces and allied regional militias. The Pentagon later realigned itself with a more neutral, mostly Kurdish group known as the Syrian Democratic Forces as Russia intervened on behalf of the Syrian government, but the Trump administration has still struggled to rout Iranian influence from the nation.

Even as Washington continued to call for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s departure, Baghdad expanded its cooperation with Damascus and the two sides—also former adversaries—came together Monday to reopen the border between Syria’s Al-Bukamal and Iraq’s Al-Qaim, two cities formerly held by ISIS. Syrian Interior Minister Mohammad Khaled al-Rahmoun said the event represented “the victories of our two peoples against the armed terrorist groups over different names, but most of all the terrorist ISIS organization.”

The following day, the official Iraqi government Twitter account issued its own message, writing: “As part of the @IraqiGovt policy to strengthen links with all neighbouring countries, Iraq officially reopens its Al-Qaim land border-crossing with Syria after five years of closure, restoring an important transport hub for passengers and goods.” Iraq has also called for Syria’s return to the Arab League following its 2011 suspension over alleged human rights abuses, a petition supported by several other members, but not yet accepted amid pressure from the U.S.

Syria has, however, managed to rebuild diplomatic ties with several regional states and reopen border crossings with Jordan and at disputed Golan Heights, where international and Russian security forces have been deployed to deter conflict with Israel. Israeli forces have conducted hundreds of strikes against suspected Iran-associated targets in Syria and have allegedly broadened this semi-secret campaign into Lebanon and Iraq.

Such forces have been accused of setting up forward bases supplied via land routes through allied territory stretching across the Middle East, including along the crossing near Al-Bukamal and Al-Qaim, where members of Iraqi Shiite Muslim militias have been killed in yet unclaimed air raids on both sides of the border.

Members of the Iraq’s Hezbollah Brigades, also called Kataeb Hezbollah and part of the state-sponsored Popular Mobilization Forces, carry flags during a ceremony in Baghdad on June 21, 2018, commemorating fellow members who were killed in air raids 4 days earlier near the border with Syria. The U.S.-led coalition battling ISIS has denied involvement in such attacks, giving rise to growing speculation that Israel had extended its campaign against groups suspected of being under Iranian command across the Middle East. AHMAD AL-RUBAYE/AFP/Getty Images

With the U.S. military increasing its regional presence, tensions across Iraq and the Persian Gulf have been especially high in recent months. Washington and a number of its allies have blamed Tehran for unclaimed attacks on oil tankers as well as the recent targeting of Saudi oil facilities in an operation claimed by Yemen’s Zaidi Shiite Muslim Ansar Allah, or Houthi, movement, which is accused of receiving Iranian backing.

Masjidi repeated his nation’s denials Tuesday, telling the crowd that “Saudi Arabia has also been astonished by the recent developments, and especially by the blow that Yemen’s resistance has inflicted, including against Aramco, and has come to the conclusion that pressure and sanctions are not an option and should move towards understanding.”

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, a vocal critic of Iran, told CBS News last week that “if the world does not take a strong and firm action to deter Iran, we will see further escalations that will threaten world interests,” but expressed hope that there would be no conflict as “oil supplies will be disrupted and oil prices will jump to unimaginably high numbers that we haven’t seen in our lifetimes.” Iranian Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani welcomed the remarks Tuesday in an interview with Al Jazeera.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has invited both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, along with other regional nations near the Strait of Hormuz to join a so-called “Coalition for HOPE,” officially called the Hormuz Peace Endeavor, said to be a means of de-escalating frictions and enhancing cooperation among neighbors.

Iran Pushes the Nuclear Envelope (Daniel 8:4)

Khamenei: We’ll further breach nuke deal until we get ‘desired results’

Iranian supreme leader doesn’t specify what additional steps Tehran may take to violate accord, says US ‘maximum pressure’ campaign has failed

By TOI staff and AgenciesToday, 2:57 pm

Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on Wednesday threatened that Iran would further breach the international accord that set limits on its nuclear program until it obtains the “desired results.”

Since May, Iran has taken a number of steps in violation of the 2015 agreement, including stockpiling uranium above the permitted limit and installing advanced centrifuges for uranium enrichment.

Iran says the moves ae in protest over a lack of economic relief from the deal’s European signatories since US President Donald Trump pulled out of the accord last year and reimposed sanctions on Tehran.

“Regarding the nuclear issue, we will seriously pursue reduction of our commitments. The Government should precisely, thoroughly pursue that until we reach the desired results—and we will certainly by the Grace of God achieve the desired outcomes,” Khamenei wrote on his Twitter account.

He did not specify what additional steps Iran may take in breach of the pact.

Regarding the nuclear issue, we will seriously pursue reduction of our commitments. The Government should precisely, thoroughly pursue that until we reach the desired results—and we will certainly by the Grace of God achieve the desired outcomes.

— Khamenei.ir (@khamenei_ir) October 2, 2019

The Iranian leader also declared that the Trump administration’s “maximum pressure” campaigned, aimed at forcing Iran to negotiate a more stringent agreement curbing its nuclear program, had failed.

“Recently and through their European friends, they also begged to force our president to meet (Trump) to make a symbolic status for making Iran surrender,” state TV quoted Khamenei as saying during a meeting with elite Revolutionary Guard members. “They eventually did not succeed and the policy will definitely fail until the end.”

Khamenei, who has final say on all state matters, has repeatedly expressed pessimism about Europe’s intentions for saving the nuclear deal, which aimed at preventing Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons in return for lifting sanctions. Iran has routinely denied seeking a nuclear weapon.

Earlier Wednesday, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said Iran supports a plan by European countries to bolster the nuclear deal.

Rouhani said the plan included preventing Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons, securing its support for regional peace, lifting US sanctions and the immediate resumption of Iranian oil exports.

Speaking during a weekly cabinet meeting, Rouhani said: “We agree with the general framework by the Europeans.” France, Britain and Germany had urged Tehran to enter talks about a new arrangement on the nuclear deal.

Rouhani’s comments come amid heightened tension between Tehran and Washington following Trump’s decision to unilaterally pull out of the nuclear deal. The US has imposed sanctions that have kept Iran from selling its oil abroad and have crippled its economy.

Rouhani said the plan could have been discussed during his New York visit last week to attend the UN General Assembly but that Trump scuppered chances by openly threatening to impose more sanctions.

He said Trump in a private message had told the Europeans he was ready but later told media outlets he wanted to intensify sanctions. Rouhani expressed gratitude for efforts by French President Emmanuel Macron regarding the plan.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif told state TV later Wednesday that even though Macron’s four-point plan did not include Iran’s views, “it is necessary that negotiations continue in an accurate way. We will continue the communications.”

On Tuesday, Politico reported that Trump and Rouhani agreed to a four-point plan drafted by Macron that would have seen the two leaders meet and declare a resumption of negotiations. However, the diplomatic effort fell through when Rouhani backed out, over what other reports characterized as his deep mistrust of the US administration.

US President Donald Trump speaks during the 74th Session of the United Nations General Assembly at UN Headquarters in New York, September 24, 2019. (Johannes Eisele/AFP)

Tuesday’s report followed a New Yorker report on Sunday that said Macron was close to brokering a phone call between Trump and Rouhani during the UN gathering, but the French president’s secretive effort fell apart because of the Iranian leader’s lack of trust in the US president.

Speculation was abuzz last month that the leaders could meet on the sidelines of the General Assembly.

But Rouhani said he would only hold talks with the US if Trump lifted economic sanctions on Tehran.

Israel Closes the Temple Walls (Revelation 11)

Israel is building n marine barrier with the Gaza Strip- (Photo: via Twitter)

Israel Completes 70% of Underground Barrier around Gaza

October 1, 2019

About 70 percent of construction works has been completed to the underground Israeli barrier along the east of the Gaza Strip, the Shehab News Agency reported yesterday.

Reporting the Israeli TV Channel 12, Shehab said that 1,400 Israeli and foreign workers had completed 43 of the 60 kilometers of the underground barrier.

The barrier consists of two parts; one above ground – which is six meters high – and one underground, whose depth is kept as a secret.

Laborers are working 24 hours a day, six days a week to complete the barrier.

Since the construction started, Channel 12 reported, the Israeli occupation army claimed it had discovered 17 cross-border tunnels allegedly dug by Palestinians.

Reporting a senior Israeli military official, Channel 12 said that after the barrier is completed, infiltration or penetration of Israeli would be an “impossible mission”.

In June 2018, Channel 10 reported that the Israeli occupation army told the government that it would not be dragged into a war with Gaza before the barrier is complete.

(Middle East Monitor, PC, Social Media)

The Next Big One Will Be in New York

Washington Monument back to elevating tourists over D.C.

Closed for 3-years to repair and update the elevator and adding a security facility, The Washington Monument opens for tourists on Sept. 19, 2019.

Earthquakes in York County: What’s the potential here for a big one?

TERESA BOECKEL   | YORK DAILY RECORD Updated 6 hours ago

JACK GRUBER, USA TODAY

An earthquake that shook York County recently is one of the largest to have originated in York County, said Charles Scharnberger, professor emeritus of earth sciences at Millersville University.

Measuring 2.8 on the Richter scale, the quake struck at 9:11 p.m. Sept. 14, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. It originated just north of Route 30 in the area of Farmers in Paradise Township.

Rumbling could be felt throughout central Pennsylvania and northern Maryland. Some who reported feeling it were as far away as Carlisle, the Philadelphia suburbs, and Frederick, Md.

No damage was reported, York County spokesman Mark Walters said.

York County has experienced earthquakes in the past, including a swarm in the Dillsburg area about a decade ago. However, this was one of the larger ones to have originated in or near York County, Scharnberger said.

Here’s what you need to know about earthquakes in the area:

What’s the potential for a big earthquake in York ?

Based on the record of relatively small earthquakes in the Lancaster Seismic Zone, which would include Lancaster, York and Berks counties, it’s possible to calculate the probability of larger earthquakes occurring, Scharnberger wrote in an email.

“I have done this for a magnitude 6.0 earthquake, which is not unreasonable in light of the magnitude 5.9 earthquake in Virginia a few years ago,” he said. “I find that the probability of a 6.0 quake here is about one in 200 each year.”

In other words, a magnitude 6.0 is the “200-year earthquake” for the area, he said.

More: How big was Pennsylvania’s worst earthquake?

More: Earthquakes in Pa. aren’t new, but recent Mifflintown shake has ‘unusual’ qualities

More: What was that loud boom in northern York County Friday night?

What caused the most recent earthquake?

It’s not entirely clear.

The Lancaster Seismic Zone has a record of earthquakes dating at least to the early 19th century, Scharnberger.

“The rock of the Earth’s crust is under stress — probably arising from the movement of the North American Plate away from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge,” Scharnberger. “The crust relieves this stress by fracturing or, more likely, by slipping along a pre-existing fracture. If that fracture has slipped previously, we call it a fault.”

Two faults are known in the Farmers area, said Jeri Jones, owner of Jones Geological Services.

Where do most earthquakes happen in York County?

York County has been rather quiet in the history of earthquakes, Jones said.

One earthquake in eastern York County in 1978 registered 3.0 on the Richter scale.

The greatest number of earthquakes have been in the Dillsburg area, but they have been a magnitude 2.5 or less, Scharnberger said.

The swarm started with a 2.0 tremor on Oct. 5, 2008, and the booming and rattling occurred periodically until early 2010. The tremors were centered in an area along Old York Road and Brandon Lane in Carroll Township.

Could the area experience another one soon?

“Of course we ‘could,’ but earthquakes are notoriously unpredictable, except for long term probabilities,” Scharnberger said.

What are some things people might not know about local earthquakes?

Earthquakes are not all that rare, Scharnberger said.

Based on their depth, an earthquake can be a simple rumble with no shaking, Jones said. Fracking also causes quakes, but none of that is happening locally.

What other locations have the potential for earthquakes that might affect York County?

Remember the Virginia earthquake in 2011 that damaged the Washington Monument?

That 5.8 magnitude earthquake was felt in central Pennsylvania, so the Central Virginia Seismic Zone is a possible source, Scharnberger said. 

In 1881, an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.0 originated in or near New York City. That one was felt in York and Lancaster counties, but did not do any damage, Scharnberger said.

Jones pointed out that Lancaster County is on the edge of a higher seismic zone extending northeast into New Jersey. There could be a larger earthquake in the Big Apple that could be felt in York County.

Pakistan-India: Modi Threatened with the First Nuclear War (Revelation 8 )

Pakistan-India: Modi threatened with ‘nuclear armageddon’ (Image: GETTY)

India-Pakistan: Tensions escalated earlier this year (Image: GETTY)

Pakistan-India: Modi threatened with ‘nuclear armageddon’ if Kashmir conflict continues

INDIA has been warned that any further conflict could transform into “nuclear armageddon” in Kashmir.

By Bill McLoughlin 01:40, Tue, Oct 1, 2019 | UPDATED: 01:54, Tue, Oct 1, 2019

India-Pakistan is a ‘dangerous situation’ says Malloch Brown

Tensions between the two countries threatened to spill over into all-out conflict earlier this year over the disputed region of Kashmir. Such is the security risk to the region that the President of Azad Kashmir – the Pakistan administered region – Masood Khan, warned of a potentially catastrophic situation in the region.

The region has seen numerous skirmishes on both sides of the border since India decided to remove the special status afforded to India’s only majority-Muslim region.

Speaking to US publication, Newsweek, Mr Khan said: “We have beefed up security, we remain vigilant.

“India with its aggressive and aggravating steps has pushed the region to the brink of war.

“We are in a state of war right now, but the situation could escalate even further.

“Any military exchange will not remain limited, it can and we fear it would escalate to the nuclear level, that is tantamount to nuclear armageddon.”

The Kashmiri President’s remarks come soon after Pakistan’s President, Imran Khan issued a call for support during his speech at the United Nations General Assembly in New York last week.

Escalations increased earlier this year following a horrific terror attack by militants in the Kashmir region.

The terrible attack left 44 Indian paramilitary dead as a result which led to the Indian Prime Minister Modi, calling an airstrike on a camp run by militant organisation Jaish-e-Mohammed.

JUST IN: Kashmir on brink as India claims Pakistan’s militant camps reactivated

India-Pakistan: Modi and Khan have continued their war of words (Image: GETTY)

Following the infiltration of Pakistani airspace, two Indian jets were shot down.

Moreover, Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman was paraded on television before being returned to India as a “goodwill gesture”.

Modi has more recently revoked Article 370 the section of the Indian constitution which guarantees special status to Kashmir and neighbouring Jammu.

The revocation was deemed to be on the grounds of reigning in apparent terrorist threats in the region.

India-Pakistan: The Kashmir President warned of a nuclear conflict (Image: GETTY)

India-Pakistan: Trump and modi met at a recent rally (Image: GETTY)

Those claims were rubbished by Mr Khan, who said: “There’s no industry of terrorism coming out of Pakistan or Azad Kashmir, that’s an absolutely false accusation and they know it.

“We’ve been fighting terrorism and we’ve had successes.”

In order to try to calm tensions between the two states, there have been calls for US President, Donald Trump to step in to act as a mediator.

Trump recently remarked that he had hoped that the two countries “come together” to try and solve the current crisis.

India-Pakistan tensions ‘likely to explode’ says expert

Trump met Mr Khan last week at the UN General Assembly where he once again issued his desire to help cool relations between the two.

The US President said: “If I can help, I’d like to help. I want everyone to be treated well.”

India-Pakistan: Trump offered to mediate (Image: GETTY)

Modi also met the US President last week as he appeared at a packed rally in Texas where he appeared to make a thinly veiled swipe at Pakistan as he attacked “hatred towards India”.

He said: “The time has come for a decisive fight against terrorism and those who support terrorism.

“I want to stress here that President Trump is standing firmly against this.”