NYC earthquake risk: the Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

NYC earthquake risk: Could Staten Island be heavily impacted?

By Ann Marie Barron

Updated May 16, 4:31 AM; Posted May 16, 4:00 AM

Rubble litters Main Street after an earthquake struck Sunday, Aug. 24, 2014, in Napa, Calif. A report by the U.S. Geological Survey outlines the differences between the effect of an earthquake in the West vs. one in the East. (AP Photo/Ben Margot)

STATEN ISLAND, N.Y. – While scientists say it’s impossible to predict when or if an earthquake will occur in New York City, they say that smaller structures — like Staten Island’s bounty of single-family homes — will suffer more than skyscrapers if it does happen.

„Earthquakes in the East tend to cause higher-frequency shaking — faster back-and-forth motion — compared to similar events in the West,“ according to a report by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), published on its website recently „Shorter structures are more susceptible to damage during fast shaking, whereas taller structures are more susceptible during slow shaking.“

DIFFERENCES IN INTENSITY

The report, „East vs West Coast Earthquakes,“ explains how USGS scientists are researching factors that influence regional differences in the intensity and effects of earthquakes, and notes that earthquakes in the East are often felt at more than twice the distance of earthquakes in the West.

Predicting when they will occur is more difficult, said Thomas Pratt, a research geophysicist and the central and Eastern U.S. coordinator for the USGS Earthquake Hazards Program in Reston, Va.

„One of the problems in the East Coast is that we don’t have a history to study,“ he said. „In order to get an idea, we have to have had several cycles of these things. The way we know about them in California is we dig around in the mud and we see evidence of past earthquakes.“

Yet Pratt wouldn’t rule out the possibility of a high-magnitude event taking place in New York, which sits in the middle the North American Tectonic Plate, considered by experts to be quite stable.

„We never know,“ he said. „One could come tomorrow. On the other hand, it could be another 300 years. We don’t understand why earthquakes happen (here) at all.“

Though the city’s last observable earthquake occurred on Oct. 27, 2001, and caused no real damage, New York has been hit by two Magnitude 5 earthquakes in its history – in 1738 and in 1884 — prompting many to say it is „due“ for another.

While earthquakes generally have to be Magnitude 6 or higher to be considered „large,“ by experts, „a Magnitude 5, directly under New York City, would shake it quite strongly,“ Pratt said.

The reason has to do with the rock beneath our feet, the USGS report says.

OLDER ROCKS

In the East, we have older rocks, some of which formed „hundreds of millions of years before those in the West,“ the report says. Since the faults in the rocks have had so much time to heal, the seismic waves travel more efficiently through them when an earthquake occurs.

„Rocks in the East are like a granite countertop and rocks in the West are much softer,“ Pratt said. „Take a granite countertop and hit it and it’ll transmit energy well. In the West, it’s like a sponge. The  energy gets absorbed.“

If a large, Magnitude 7 earthquake does occur, smaller structures, and older structures in Manhattan would be most vulnerable, Pratt said. „In the 1920s, ’30s and late 1800s, they were not built with earthquake resistance,“ he said, noting that newer skyscrapers were built to survive hurricanes, so would be more resistant.

When discussing earthquake prediction and probability, Pratt uses the analogy of a baseball player who averages a home run every 10 times at bat and hasn’t hit one in the past nine games: „When he’s up at bat, will he hit a home run? You just don’t know.“

And though it would probably take a magnitude of 7 to topple buildings in the city, smaller earthquakes are still quite dangerous, he said.

„Bookshelves could fall down and hit you,“ he said. „People could be killed.“ A lot of stone work and heavy objects fell from buildings when a quake of 5.8 magnitude struck central Virginia in 2011, he noted, but, fortunately, no one was injured.

To be safe, Pratt encourages New Yorkers to keep a few days‘ worth of drinking water and other supplies on hand. He, himself, avoids putting heavy things up high.

„It always gets me nervous when I go into a restaurant that has heavy objects high on shelves,“ he said. „It’s unlikely you’ll get an earthquake. But, we just don’t know.“

Pakistan Prepares for Nuclear War

Pakistan tested a ballistic missile amid ongoing tensions with India

By Carly Walsh and Emily Dixon, CNN Aug 29, 2019 Updated 15 hrs ago

Pakistan’s Armed Forces announced the test launch on Twitter Thursday,

Reuters

Pakistan announced Thursday that it had successfully tested a surface-to-surface missile with the capacity of carrying various types of warheads over distances up to 290 kilometers (180 miles).

The official Twitter account of the Pakistan Armed Forces shared a video of the training launch of the Ghaznavi missile, adding: “President & PM conveyed appreciation to team & congrats to the nation.”

In a weekly media briefing Thursday, Indian foreign ministry spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said: “We were aware of the test. As per the established CBM, we were informed about the test by Pakistan.” He was referring to the confidence building measures agreed between the nuclear-armed neighbors.

Pakistan’s last surface-to-surface missile test occurred in May, during vote counting in India’s national election.

The latest show of force comes amid ongoing tensions between Pakistan and India over the disputed region of Kashmir, over which they have repeatedly clashed since partition in 1947. In February, the countries’ militaries became locked in a standoff after India blamed Pakistan for a suicide bombing in Kashmir that killed over 40 Indian troops.

In April, both countries accused each other of unprovoked fire across Kashmir’s Line of Control, which separates the Indian and Pakistani-controlled sides of the region and where a bilateral ceasefire has been in place since 2003. Three Pakistani soldiers were killed, while a five-year-old girl and a paramilitary soldier were died on the Indian side of the de facto border.

Earlier this month, the government of Narendra Modi revoked the special status of Jammu and Kashmir state — the Indian-controlled area also claimed by Pakistan — bringing it under central rule.

India then imposed a communications blackout in Kashmir, travel curfews and roadblocks on the region.

In response, Pakistan announced it would downgrade diplomatic relations and suspend bilateral trade with India.

Both countries accused each other of violating the Line of Control ceasefire again in a clash that began on August 15. Pakistan’s military spokesperson said three Pakistani soldiers and five Indian soldiers were killed, while the Indian army called the claims “fictitious,” accusing Pakistan of commencing fire.

In a televised address to the nation Monday, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan said that the conflict over Kashmir could result in a nuclear “disaster,” the responsibility for which “will lie in the hands of the superpowers of the world.”

Sophia Saifi contributed to this report.

Iran seriously damages the oil (Revelation 6:6)

Drone strikes knock out half of Saudi oil capacity, 5 million barrels a day

By John Defterios and Victoria Cavaliere, CNN Business

Updated 5:14 PM EDT, Sat September 14, 2019

Abu Dhabi (CNN Business) Drone strikes on crucial Saudi Arabian oil facilities have disrupted about half of the kingdom’s oil capacity, or 5% of the daily global oil supply, people with knowledge of Saudi’s oil operations told CNN Business.

Yemen’s Houthi rebels on Saturday took responsibility for the attacks, saying 10 drones targeted state-owned Saudi Aramco oil facilities in Abqaiq and Khurais, according to the Houthi-run Al-Masirah news agency.

Five million barrels per day of crude production have been impacted after fires raged at the sites, one of them the world’s largest oil production facility, people with knowledge of the kingdom’s operations said. The latest OPEC figures from August 2019 put the total Saudi production at 9.8 million barrels per day.

A source told CNN Business that Aramco “hopes to have that capacity restored within days.”

The Saudi interior ministry confirmed the drone attacks caused fires at the two facilities. In a statement posted on Twitter, the ministry said the fires were under control and that authorities were investigating.

Abqaiq is perhaps the most critical facility in the world for oil supply. Oil prices will jump on this attack,” Jason Bordoff, founding director of the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University, said in a statement.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo pinned the attack directly on Iran, which backs the Houthi rebels. “Iran has now launched an unprecedented attack on the world’s energy supply. There is no evidence the attacks came from Yemen,” he said on Twitter.

The development comes as Saudi Aramco takes steps to go public in what could be the world’s biggest IPO. Aramco attracted huge interest with its debut international bond sale in April. It commissioned an independent audit of the kingdom’s oil reserves and has started publishing earnings. Over the past two weeks, the kingdom has replaced its energy minister and the chairman of Aramco.

Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest oil exporter, has cut back on production of crude and other energy products as part of an OPEC effort to boost prices. Saudi Arabia produces approximately 10% of the total global supply of 100 million barrels per day.

The International Energy Agency said on Saturday it was monitoring the situation in Saudi Arabia. “We are in contact with Saudi authorities as well as major producer and consumer nations. For now, markets are well supplied with ample commercial stocks,” it said on Twitter.

If the disruption in Saudi Arabia is prolonged, “sanctioned Iran supplies are another source of potential additional oil,” Bordoff said. “But [US President Donald] Trump has already shown he is willing to pursue a maximum pressure campaign even when oil prices spike. If anything, the risk of tit-for-tat regional escalation that pushes oil prices even higher has gone up significantly.”

Oil prices fell on Friday, with Brent crude, the global price benchmark slipping 0.3% to close at $60.22 per barrel.

More Riots Outside the Temple Walls (Revelation 11)

A demonstration on the Israel-Gaza Strip border, March 30, 2019. Photo: Reuters / Mohammed Salem.

Amid Ongoing Gaza Tensions, 5,000 Palestinians Riot on Border With Israel

by Algemeiner Staff and Agencies

Around 5,000 Palestinians rioted at three locations on the Israel-Gaza Strip border on Friday, the IDF said.

The rioters threw improvised explosive devices, firebombs and rocks at Israeli troops and damaged the border fence in several spots.

IDF troops responded with riot-dispersal means. Health officials in Hamas-ruled Gaza said 55 demonstrators were injured, including 29 by live fire.

Border violence has been a near-weekly occurrence since the Hamas-orchestrated “Great March of Return” protests began in March 2018.

When asked on Thursday about continued sporadic rocket fire from Gaza, including several such incidents this past week, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu — who is facing a stiff challenge from ex-IDF Chief of Staff Benny Gantz, leader of the centrist Blue and White alliance, in the Knesset elections that will take place on Tuesday — said, “We will probably be forced, there’ll be no choice, to enter into a campaign, a war, in Gaza.”

He added, however, that he would not risk soldiers’ and civilians’ lives “just to get applause,” and he was vague about when any such operation might start.

Trump’s Futile Warning to Iran

‘If they are thinking about enrichment, they can forget about it’

Trump warns Iran against further uranium enrichment

US President says he doesn’t rule out lifting sanctions on Iran which he says are getting tougher.

Thursday 12/09/2019

WASHINGTON – President Donald Trump on Wednesday warned Iran against further uranium enrichment but left open the possibility the US could lift sanctions to pave the way to a meeting with President Hassan Rouhani.

Asked if he would ease crippling sanctions to help bring about a meeting with the Iranian leader, Trump replied “we will see what happens,” while warning it would be “very, very dangerous” for Iran to boost its enriched uranium stockpiles.

Trump said he believes Iran would like to make a deal because “they have tremendous financial difficulty, and the sanctions are getting tougher and tougher.”

“We cannot let Iran have a nuclear weapon, and they never will have a nuclear weapon,” he said.

If they are thinking about enrichment, they can forget about it. Because it’s going to be very dangerous for them to enrich. Very, very dangerous, okay?”

Rouhani has dismissed meeting with Trump, insisting that Washington must lift the sanctions it has imposed on Iran.

“The Americans must understand that bellicosity and warmongering don’t work in their favour. Both… must be abandoned,” Rouhani told his cabinet earlier Wednesday.

“The enemy imposed ‘maximum pressure’ on us. Our response is to resist and confront this,” he said, referring to the US sanctions.

Trump has used sanctions to step up pressure on Tehran since he pulled the United States out of a 2015 deal under which Iran agreed to curbs on its nuclear program in return for a lifting of sanctions.

But speaking the day after he fired John Bolton, an architect of the “maximum pressure” strategy, Trump said his administration was dealing with both Iran and North Korea “at a very high level.”

“I think Iran has a tremendous potential. They are incredible people. We are not looking for regime change. We hope that we can make a deal. If we can’t make a deal, that’s fine, too.”

Controversy in Iraq after the Antichrist Joins Khamenei, Soleimani at Iran Ceremony

Sadr flanked by Khamenei and Soleimani. Photo: Website …

Baghdad – Fadhel al-Nashmi

Controversy in Iraq after Sadr Joins Khamenei, Soleimani at Iran Ceremon

Thursday, 12 September, 2019 – 06:15 –

The appearance of Iraqi cleric Moqtada Sadr next to Iran’s supreme leader Ali Khamenei Khamenei and the commander of the Quds Force of the Revolutionary Guard Corps, Major General Qasem Soleimani, has stirred controversy in Iraq.

The Iranian Fars news agency published on Tuesday a photo showing Sadr, who has been critical of pro-Iran groups in Iraq, joining Iran’s supreme leader during a rare visit to Tehran to mark the Shiite holy day of Ashura.

Websites linked to the Sadrist Movement also released photos of Sadr distributing food in the Iranian city of Qom, adding that the visit had a personal and not a political motive.

However, Sadr’s trip to Iran sparked controversy with some analysts supporting the visit, and saying Sadr was acting as a national leader who protects the interests of Iraq. Others criticized his visit and said they believe the Iraqi cleric has become pro-Iran, similar to other Iraqi political leaders.

Sadr’s office did not comment on the cleric’s visit. However, Iraqi Shiite lawmaker and member of the Sadrist Movement Hakem al-Zameli said on Wednesday that Sadr was attending a ceremony in Tehran, which coincided with the presence of Khamenei and Soleimani.

Sadr holds good relations with all neighboring countries,” the MP told reporters, adding that all parties respect his national honorable stands towards Iraq and the current regional crises.

Member of the Sairoon Alliance deputy Riyad al-Massoudi also commented on Sadr’s appearance in Iran, saying that Iraq’s relationship with regional countries is built on the respect of sovereignty and good neighborliness.

However, former Sadrist Movement activist Ghaith al-Tamimi, who is known for his public criticism of Iran, criticized Sadr, saying he can no longer be regarded as a national leader.

Head of the Iraqi Center for Political Thought Ihsan al-Shammari told Asharq Al-Awsat that Sadr’s appearance in Iraq was a shock for his followers and his political allies because he is known for disagreeing with the Iranian policies in Iraq.

“Sadr’s visit to Iran holds several messages, mainly his aim to create a balance, after accusations for being close to Arab and Gulf states,” Shammari said.

Billions Will Die in the Tribulation (Revelation 14)

A Top Expert Just Told Us 5 Ways a Nuclear War Could Start (Think Billions Dead)

September 11, 2019, 5:25 AM MDT

Key Point: A small regional war, awful as it would be, would not destroy the United States nor threaten the end of the human race. A nuclear conflict of any serious size in the Northern Hemisphere, however, would effectively mean the end of the modern era.

Nuclear war, the exchange of nuclear weapons between two or more states in open conflict. It’s unthinkable. It can’t happen.

Right?

Wrong.

Of course, nuclear war is extremely unlikely. Although the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists has placed the hands of its famous clock at five minutes to midnight, that doesn’t mean very much and never has. The fact of the matter is that world nuclear inventories, led by reductions in the United States and Russia, have never been lower, and none of the major powers expects a nuclear conflict in the way they did during the Cold War. To crib a line from Captain Jack Sparrow, however, nuclear war is not impossible, it’s improbable, and a nuclear war could take place in more ways than you might think, sparked by any number of occurrences from a pure accident to an intentional strike.

I’m going to focus here on a war that could involve the United States and its allies on one side, and Russia or China on the other. Nuclear conflict between India and Pakistan, or between a future nuclear-armed Iran and Israel, is unlikely but far easier to imagine than a global nuclear conflict. Indeed, this is one reason Americans don’t think about nuclear war very much anymore: they think it will happen somewhere else. (If a regional limited war takes place, however, you’ll know it: even a small exchange of nuclear weapons will create a global environmental catastrophe that will dwarf Chernobyl or Fukushima.)

Bolton’s Irreversible Path to Destruction (Revelation 16)

John Bolton is finally gone. But can his path of destruction be reversed?

Ben Armbruster

Washington DC’s most famous warmonger might have lost his job, but this probably won’t be the last we hear of Bolton

Wed 11 Sep 2019 09.12 EDT

Our long international nightmare of John Bolton is over. For now.

Did Bolton resign? Was he fired? It doesn’t matter. John Bolton is now no longer in charge of US national security policy and thus, we can all breathe a little easier.

Trump wants to build a legacy, Bolton to break things – something had to give

Indeed, Bolton’s top priority has always been to go to war with Iran. One of the biggest concerns among those of us who understand that going to war with Iran is a bad idea was that Bolton, an experienced bureaucrat, would take advantage of a naive commander-in-chief and use innocuous enough policy decisions to slow-walk Donald Trump into a corner where war was the only way out.

Bolton – who has made a career of scuttling arms control agreements – also had his sights on cancelling the Obama-era New Start Treaty, an agreement between the US and Russia that placed limits on the number of deployed nuclear warheads, missiles, bombers and launchers.

Bolton has spent the better part of his tenure in the Trump administration disparaging the treaty, repeatedly signaling that the US wouldn’t put much effort toward renewing it before it expires in February 2021.

But while our collective outlook going forward is promising without Bolton anywhere near the levers of power, the trail of flames he has left behind will have lasting damage.

Yes he wasn’t successful in convincing Trump to attack Iran, but Bolton helped create the conditions for war by pushing Trump to finally withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal mere weeks after assuming the top national security job. As predicted (even by the CIA), that policy has turned out to be a complete disaster, with the US isolated from its European allies, Iran’s nuclear program less constrained, and the Trump administration failing miserably in its quest to rein in Iran’s nefarious regional behavior or to spark internal strife toward the regime.

And even though Bolton’s departure gives New Start a new lease on life, he convinced Trump to ditch diplomatic efforts at saving the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty with Russia and instead shepherded a US withdrawal, which officially went into effect last month. Experts are already citing the move as the catalyst for a renewed cold war-esque arms race.

Mere months before joining the Trump administration, Bolton attempted to make a legal argument for an unprovoked first strike on North Korea, and he made sure to preserve that option by standing in the way of Trump’s diplomatic efforts to reduce tensions (Trump himself created) with Kim Jong-un. Bolton’s efforts became so intrusive that Trump apparently banished him to Mongolia when he decided to pay a visit to Kim at the demilitarized zone between North and South Korea.

It’s unclear whether we will be able to reverse Bolton’s path of destruction, as it probably also depends on whether Trump wins the presidential election again.

But the tragic subplot to the Trump-era Bolton debacle is the persistence of the constant revolving door of failure in Washington that is fueled by deep pockets and an insider media environment that is incapable of holding anyone to account.

Bolton’s disastrous ideas have been thoroughly discredited and his political and policy career should have been cast aside long ago, perhaps even after the Senate declined to bless his nomination as US ambassador to the United Nations back in 2005 because of his extremist views.

But instead, his post-Bush administration career flourished, presiding over a grotesquely anti-Muslim “thinktank”; landing a lucrative gig as a Fox News contributor; regularly calling for war on the op-ed pages of, for example, the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times; generally hanging around Washington undeterred from, as Media Matters put it, establishing “a record of warmongering, bigotry and pushing conspiracy theories”; and then ultimately becoming one of the most powerful national security officials in the US government.

It’s likely then that we have not heard the last of John Bolton. He will probably return to Fox News or the rightwing machine will give him piles of cash to continue his quest to kill American diplomacy, and perhaps even run for president.

Ben Armbruster is the communications director for Win Without War and previously served as national security editor at ThinkProgress