NYC earthquake risk: the Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

NYC earthquake risk: Could Staten Island be heavily impacted?

By Ann Marie Barron

Updated May 16, 4:31 AM; Posted May 16, 4:00 AM

Rubble litters Main Street after an earthquake struck Sunday, Aug. 24, 2014, in Napa, Calif. A report by the U.S. Geological Survey outlines the differences between the effect of an earthquake in the West vs. one in the East. (AP Photo/Ben Margot)

STATEN ISLAND, N.Y. – While scientists say it’s impossible to predict when or if an earthquake will occur in New York City, they say that smaller structures — like Staten Island’s bounty of single-family homes — will suffer more than skyscrapers if it does happen.

„Earthquakes in the East tend to cause higher-frequency shaking — faster back-and-forth motion — compared to similar events in the West,“ according to a report by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), published on its website recently „Shorter structures are more susceptible to damage during fast shaking, whereas taller structures are more susceptible during slow shaking.“

DIFFERENCES IN INTENSITY

The report, „East vs West Coast Earthquakes,“ explains how USGS scientists are researching factors that influence regional differences in the intensity and effects of earthquakes, and notes that earthquakes in the East are often felt at more than twice the distance of earthquakes in the West.

Predicting when they will occur is more difficult, said Thomas Pratt, a research geophysicist and the central and Eastern U.S. coordinator for the USGS Earthquake Hazards Program in Reston, Va.

„One of the problems in the East Coast is that we don’t have a history to study,“ he said. „In order to get an idea, we have to have had several cycles of these things. The way we know about them in California is we dig around in the mud and we see evidence of past earthquakes.“

Yet Pratt wouldn’t rule out the possibility of a high-magnitude event taking place in New York, which sits in the middle the North American Tectonic Plate, considered by experts to be quite stable.

„We never know,“ he said. „One could come tomorrow. On the other hand, it could be another 300 years. We don’t understand why earthquakes happen (here) at all.“

Though the city’s last observable earthquake occurred on Oct. 27, 2001, and caused no real damage, New York has been hit by two Magnitude 5 earthquakes in its history – in 1738 and in 1884 — prompting many to say it is „due“ for another.

While earthquakes generally have to be Magnitude 6 or higher to be considered „large,“ by experts, „a Magnitude 5, directly under New York City, would shake it quite strongly,“ Pratt said.

The reason has to do with the rock beneath our feet, the USGS report says.

OLDER ROCKS

In the East, we have older rocks, some of which formed „hundreds of millions of years before those in the West,“ the report says. Since the faults in the rocks have had so much time to heal, the seismic waves travel more efficiently through them when an earthquake occurs.

„Rocks in the East are like a granite countertop and rocks in the West are much softer,“ Pratt said. „Take a granite countertop and hit it and it’ll transmit energy well. In the West, it’s like a sponge. The  energy gets absorbed.“

If a large, Magnitude 7 earthquake does occur, smaller structures, and older structures in Manhattan would be most vulnerable, Pratt said. „In the 1920s, ’30s and late 1800s, they were not built with earthquake resistance,“ he said, noting that newer skyscrapers were built to survive hurricanes, so would be more resistant.

When discussing earthquake prediction and probability, Pratt uses the analogy of a baseball player who averages a home run every 10 times at bat and hasn’t hit one in the past nine games: „When he’s up at bat, will he hit a home run? You just don’t know.“

And though it would probably take a magnitude of 7 to topple buildings in the city, smaller earthquakes are still quite dangerous, he said.

„Bookshelves could fall down and hit you,“ he said. „People could be killed.“ A lot of stone work and heavy objects fell from buildings when a quake of 5.8 magnitude struck central Virginia in 2011, he noted, but, fortunately, no one was injured.

To be safe, Pratt encourages New Yorkers to keep a few days‘ worth of drinking water and other supplies on hand. He, himself, avoids putting heavy things up high.

„It always gets me nervous when I go into a restaurant that has heavy objects high on shelves,“ he said. „It’s unlikely you’ll get an earthquake. But, we just don’t know.“

Pakistan’s Clash With India Worsen Further (Revelation 8)

Tensions erupt in Kashmir after eight left dead (Image: GETTY)

Pakistan-India CRISIS: Tensions erupt after eight left dead in horrifying Kashmir clashes

PAKISTAN and India tensions erupted once again after eight people were left dead in violent clashes over the controversial area of Kashmir.

By Joel Day 01:55, Fri, Aug 16, 2019 | UPDATED: 02:25, Fri, Aug 16, 2019

Pakistan’s army has said at least three Pakistani and five Indian soldiers have been killed after an exchange of gunfire took place near the Kashmir border. India’s army had allegedly opened fire over the fortified line of control, killing three soldiers, before Pakistan returned fire killing five. Delhi has, however, disputed the claim, denying it took place. Writing on Twitter, Major General Asif Ghafoor, spokesman of Pakistan armed forces, said: In efforts to divert attention from precarious situation in IOJ&K, Indian Army increases firing along LOC.

“Three Pakistani soldiers embraced shahadat. Pakistan Army responded effectively.

“Five Indian soldiers killed, many injured, bunkers damaged. Intermittent exchange of fire continues.”

The showdown came as Pakistan held a symbolic “black day” of protest to coincide with India’s independence day on Thursday.

The day was initially set to ease tensions in the region following an imposing curfew set by the Indian government, where Kashmiri’s experienced a total media shutdown – being without access to landlines, mobiles, or internet.

A Kashmiri woman seen walking past Indian troops (Image: GETTY)

Talking to Al Jazeera, Mr Ghafoor claimed that three civilians had also been caught up and killed in the border war on the Pakistani side.

An Indian army spokesperson was soon to counter the claims, assuring that there were “No casualties. This assertion is wrong”.

The skirmishes come during a period of mounting tensions between Pakistan and India after New Delhi revoked Kashmir’s special status last week.

Advancing on this, India mobilised thousands of troops and arrested high-profile political figures in Kashmir.

READ MORE: India-Pakistan tensions to ‘explode’ as Khan ready to deploy Jihadis

New Delhi has denied Pakistan’s claims (Image: GETTY)

India Independence Day: Police confiscate protestor’s dagger

One of whom, Omar Abdullah, was a descendant of a prominent political Kashmiri family and former chief minister of state.

Both Pakistan and India are nuclear-armed, leading global powers to fear things could get out of hand.

The bad-blood goes back to 1947, when India and Pakistan won independence from Britain, but Kashmir gained special independent status.

Ever since, the two nations have battled over ownership of the region, resulting in decades of political and religious tension.

Why India is not a Nuclear Horn of Prophecy (Daniel)

India says committed to ‘no first use’ of nuclear weapons for now

NEW DELHI (Reuters) – India has stuck to its commitment of ‘no first use’ of nuclear weapons but future policy will depend on the situation, the defense minister said on Friday, which analysts said introduced a level of ambiguity in a core national security doctrine.

India’s Defence Minister Rajnath Singh leaves after a meeting at the house of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s house in New Delhi, India, August 5, 2019. REUTERS/Adnan Abidi

India declared itself a nuclear weapons power after conducting underground tests in 1998 and long-time rival Pakistan responded with its own tests shortly afterwards. Since then, nuclear experts say the rivals have been developing nuclear weapons and the missiles to deliver them.

In a visit to Pokhran in western India, the site of the nuclear tests, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh paid tribute to late former prime minister and revered leader of the ruling Hindu nationalists, Atal Behari Vajpayee, for making India into a nuclear power.

“Pokhran is the area which witnessed Atal Ji’s firm resolve to make India a nuclear power and yet remain firmly committed to the doctrine of ‘No First Use’.

India has strictly adhered to this doctrine. What happens in future depends on the circumstances.”

At the time of the tests, India said it needed a deterrent against nuclear-armed China but it has also long been concerned about Pakistan’s nuclear capabilities.

COMMENTS AIMED AT PAKISTAN?

Shekhar Gupta, a political commentator and defense expert, said the government appeared to have an open mind on the issue of ‘no first use’ of nuclear arms and the comments could be aimed at Pakistan, which has said previously it needed to develop small nuclear weapons to deter a sudden attack by India.

“Rajnath Singh is measured and not given to loose talk or bluster. He isn’t signaling a shift, but an open mind on the NFU (No First Use) inherited from Vajpayee’s Nuclear Doctrine,” he said on Twitter.

Tensions between the two countries have increased following India’s move to revoke autonomy in the disputed region of Kashmir, the cause of two of their three wars. In February, Indian and Pakistani fighter jets clashed over the territory.

Vipin Narang, a nuclear affairs expert at MIT in the United States, said that Singh’s comments were a sign the policy on ‘no first use’ could change in the future.

“Make no mistake: this is by far the highest official statement—from the Raksha Mantri’s (Defence Minister) mouth directly—that India may not be forever bound by No First Use,” Narang said on Twitter.

Additional reporting by Devjyot Ghoshal; Editing by Neil Fullick

More B Team Nuclear Claims

Russia Stole U.S. Hypersonic Missile Tech to Make Nuclear Advances – Bolton

Gage Skidmore / Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Russia has stolen hypersonic cruise missile technology from the United States, U.S. President Donald Trump’s top national security aide John Bolton said while discussing last week’s deadly explosion at a military test site in Russia’s north.

The mysterious explosion that killed five Russian nuclear engineers and caused a radiation spike last Thursday has spawned conflicting theories over its cause. Amid high secrecy and the absence of thorough explanations from Russian authorities, outside observers have concluded that the explosion occurred during testing of a nuclear-powered cruise missile.

“Something obviously has gone badly wrong here,” Bolton told the U.S.-funded Voice of America (VOA) news outlet in an interview published early Thursday, referring to the Russian explosion.

He called the accident in the White Sea “an example of Russia trying to make technological advances in their ability to deliver nuclear weapons.”

“Although Russia’s economy is roughly the size of the Netherlands’, it’s still spending enough on defense to not only modernize their nuclear arsenal, [but] to build new kinds of delivery vehicles, hypersonic glide vehicles, hypersonic cruise missiles largely stolen from the American technology,” Bolton said.

U.S.-based experts and unnamed intelligence officials have speculated that the Aug. 8 explosion involved Burevestnik, or SSC-X-9-Skyfall, a cruise missile powered by a lightweight nuclear reactor. Russian President Vladimir Putin said last year that Burevestnik had unlimited range and the ability to avoid U.S. missile defenses.

“Dealing with this capability and the possibility that other countries would get it too remains a real challenge for the United States,” Bolton said in the VOA interview.

Trump claimed this week that Skyfall was involved in the explosion, saying that the U.S. was “learning much” from the accident and boasting that the country has “similar, though more advanced, technology” than Russia.

Babylon the Great Prepares for Iranian Regime Change

Regime change group scores meetings with Trump’s Iran team

A lobbyist for the Iranian opposition met with the State Department’s Iran policy chief as well as top National Security Council and defense officials earlier this year. The latest disclosure form from former US special envoy for nuclear nonproliferation Robert Joseph shows the Paris-based National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) paid him $90,000 to push the group’s regime-change agenda in the six months since he was hired in January. Joseph disclosed two meetings with US Special Representative for IranBrian Hook in March and May and a June meeting with Under Secretary of Defense for Policy John Rood, Joseph’s successor in President George W. Bush’s State Department. Joseph also met with Richard Goldberg, a former staffer for ex-Sen. Mark Kirk, R-Ill., in January soon after Goldberg joined the National Security Council from his perch at the hawkishFoundation for Defense of Democracies. Goldberg has been one of the mainadvocates for ending US waivers for purchases of Iranian oil. Joseph also held three meetings with “think tank representatives” in April and May, but did not identify them or their employer.

Joseph attended the NCRI’s mass gathering last month in Ashraf, Albania, along with other former US officials, but did not disclose any free travel there. Ashraf is home to some 3,000 members of the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq, the main faction under the NCRI umbrella, who were relocated from Iraqafter the US invasion. Tehran considers them terrorists. The meetings come as the Donald Trump administration continues to send mixed signals about its Iran policy, with the president insisting that he’s “not looking for regime change” even as his Treasury Department last month slapped sanctions on Iran’s chief diplomat,Mohammad Javad Zarif

Separately, former Sen. Robert Torricelli, D-N.J., and his Rosemont Associates firm disclosed getting paid $60,000 for NCRI lobbying in the second quarter of 2019. Torricelli notably lobbied the State Department regarding the MEK’s resettlement in Albania.

Rockets Fired From Outside the Temple Walls (Revelation 11)

Iron Dome intercepts rocket fired from Gaza

Sirens sounded in Sderot and nearby Israeli communities. Iron Dome intercepts one rocket.

The terrorists, who attempted to cross into Israel from near Khan Yunis in southern Gaza, were spotted as they approached the border fence.

The terrorists were armed with Kalashnikov rifles, hand grenades, and launcher for rocket-propelled grenades (RPG).

(Arutz Sheva’s North American desk is keeping you updated until the start of Shabbat in New York. The time posted automatically on all Arutz Sheva articles, however, is Israeli time.)

Gibraltar Does not Harm the Oil and the Wine (Revelation 6:6)

CreditCreditJon Nazca/Reuters

LONDON — The authorities in Gibraltar on Thursday released an Iranian oil tanker they impounded six weeks ago, defying a United States request hours earlier to seize the ship. They also released the ship’s crew from detention.

Iran gave no immediate signal on whether it would soon release a British tanker that it had seized in retaliation, but Iranian officials have previously hinted at the possibility of such a trade. An oil trader in Iran who had been briefed on the dispute said that the British ship would be released once the Iranian tanker had reached Greece.

The moves were the latest sign that officials in Gibraltar, a semiautonomous British territory, Tehran and London, in negotiations over the past few weeks, were trying to step back from an escalating confrontation between Iran and the West, particularly the United States.

The Gibraltar government revealed on Thursday morning that the United States had applied to seize the Iranian vessel, Grace 1. The American action was the latest in a series of back-and-forth jabs that the United States and Iran have traded recently, raising fears of escalation into an all-out conflict in the Persian Gulf.

 

 

The chief minister of Gibraltar, Fabian Picardo, said in a statement on Thursday that he had “received written assurance” from Iran the previous day that “if released, the destination of Grace 1 would not be an entity that is subject to European Union sanctions.”

“In light of the assurances we have received,” he added, “there are no longer any reasonable grounds for the continued legal detention of the Grace 1.”

When asked later in a CNN interview where the ship was headed, Mr. Picardo said, “That is not an issue for the authorities in Gibraltar.”

The oil trader in Iran said the tanker would sail to Greece and then to Italy, though it remained unclear who would buy Iranian oil in defiance of American sanctions. Iranian officials have insisted that the oil was always bound for Europe, not Syria.

The Iranian government said earlier this week that a deal for the release of the ship was near, which officials in Gibraltar and London would neither confirm nor deny at the time. British officials insisted that it was a matter for the Gibraltar authorities.

A court in Gibraltar ruled last month that the Iranian vessel could be held for an additional 30 days, a period that would have expired on Sunday. A follow-up hearing was set for Thursday morning, in which the territory’s government was not expected to ask the court to extend the detention.

But when the court met, Gibraltar officials revealed the United States’ request, and the hearing was adjourned until later in the day.

“The U.S. Department of Justice has applied to seize the Grace 1 on a number of allegations which are now being considered,” the Gibraltar government said in a brief statement.

The Justice Department declined to comment.

Mr. Picardo said at the time that the Gibraltar authorities would “make an objective, legal determination of that request,” though the point would appear to be moot once the ship sets sail. It was not clear when that would be.

The legal basis for the American request was not immediately clear, but the United States has recently imposed sanctions designed to cut off Iran’s ability to sell oil. Other countries have not signed on to those sanctions, but could face serious economic penalties for defying them.

Iran’s foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, who is himself subject to new American sanctions, described the United States’ request as a “piracy attempt,” writing on Twitter that “the U.S. attempted to abuse the legal system to steal our property on the high seas.”

ADVERTISEMENT

Iranian officials have insisted that Britain and Gibraltar’s seizure of Grace 1 was illegal and was carried out at the behest of the United States.

About 20 percent of the world’s oil supply is carried by tankers through the Strait of Hormuz to destinations around the world.

The area has become a site of contention as tensions have risen between the United States and Iran since President Trump withdrew from a landmark 2015 nuclear deal and imposed sanctions that have hurt Iran’s economy.

American officials have blamed Iran for attacks in May and June that damaged several tankers in the region. In addition to the Stena Impero, Iran also seized a tanker registered in Panama last month — a vessel chartered by a company in the United Arab Emirates — and later said it had apprehended an Iraqi tanker.

Britain said this month that it would join an American-led mission to protect ships moving through the strait.

On Tuesday, the government of Gibraltar said it was seeking to “de-escalate issues arising since the lawful detention of Grace 1” but provided no details about what, if any, steps had been taken.

While Iran had hinted at an exchange, Dominic Raab, Britain’s new foreign secretary, recently ruled out that possibility, saying that a swap would legitimize the Iranian seizure.

“We are not going to barter a ship that was detained legally with a ship that was detained illegally,” Mr. Raab told Sky News during a summit meeting in Thailand. “That’s not the way that Iran will come in from the cold.”