New York Earthquake: City of the Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

New York earthquake: City at risk of ‚dangerous shaking from far away‘

Joshua Nevett

Published 30th April 2018

SOME of New York City’s tallest skyscrapers are at risk of being shaken by seismic waves triggered by powerful earthquakes from miles outside the city, a natural disaster expert has warned.

Researchers believe that a powerful earthquake, magnitude 5 or greater, could cause significant damage to large swathes of NYC, a densely populated area dominated by tall buildings.

A series of large fault lines that run underneath NYC’s five boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, The Bronx and Staten Island, are capable of triggering large earthquakes.

Some experts have suggested that NYC is susceptible to at least a magnitude 5 earthquake once every 100 years.

The last major earthquake measuring over magnitude 5.0 struck NYC in 1884 – meaning another one of equal size is “overdue” by 34 years, according their prediction model.

Natural disaster researcher Simon Day, of University College London, agrees with the conclusion that NYC may be more at risk from earthquakes than is usually thought.

EARTHQUAKE RISK: New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from far-away tremors

But the idea of NYC being “overdue” for an earthquake is “invalid”, not least because the “very large number of faults” in the city have individually low rates of activity, he said.

The model that predicts strong earthquakes based on timescale and stress build-up on a given fault has been “discredited”, he said.

What scientists should be focusing on, he said, is the threat of large and potentially destructive earthquakes from “much greater distances”.

The dangerous effects of powerful earthquakes from further away should be an “important feature” of any seismic risk assessment of NYC, Dr Day said.

GETTY

THE BIG APPLE: An aerial view of Lower Manhattan at dusk in New York City

USGS

RISK: A seismic hazard map of New York produced by USGS

“New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from earthquakes at much greater distances” Dr Simon Day, natural disaster researcher

This is because the bedrock underneath parts of NYC, including Long Island and Staten Island, cannot effectively absorb the seismic waves produced by earthquakes.

“An important feature of the central and eastern United States is, because the crust there is old and cold, and contains few recent fractures that can absorb seismic waves, the rate of seismic reduction is low.

Central regions of NYC, including Manhattan, are built upon solid granite bedrock; therefore the amplification of seismic waves that can shake buildings is low.

But more peripheral areas, such as Staten Island and Long Island, are formed by weak sediments, meaning seismic hazard in these areas is “very likely to be higher”, Dr Day said.

“Thus, like other cities in the eastern US, New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from earthquakes at much greater distances than is the case for cities on plate boundaries such as Tokyo or San Francisco, where the crustal rocks are more fractured and absorb seismic waves more efficiently over long distances,” Dr Day said.

In the event of a large earthquake, dozens of skyscrapers, including Chrysler Building, the Woolworth Building and 40 Wall Street, could be at risk of shaking.

“The felt shaking in New York from the Virginia earthquake in 2011 is one example,” Dr Day said.

On that occasion, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered 340 miles south of New York sent thousands of people running out of swaying office buildings.

USGS

FISSURES: Fault lines in New York City have low rates of activity, Dr Day said

NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg said the city was “lucky to avoid any major harm” as a result of the quake, whose epicenter was near Louisa, Virginia, about 40 miles from Richmond.

“But an even more impressive one is the felt shaking from the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes in the central Mississippi valley, which was felt in many places across a region, including cities as far apart as Detroit, Washington DC and New Orleans, and in a few places even further afield including,” Dr Day added.

“So, if one was to attempt to do a proper seismic hazard assessment for NYC, one would have to include potential earthquake sources over a wide region, including at least the Appalachian mountains to the southwest and the St Lawrence valley to the north and east.”

The U.K. Horn Remains Allied With US (Daniel 7)

File photo – Britain’s Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab.

UK Rejects Tanker Swap With Iran

July 29, 2019

Radio Farda

UK Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab has dismissed the idea of a tanker swap with Iran in a Monday morning interview with BBC World Service.

A day earlier on Sunday, Kamal Kahrrazi, Chairman of Iran’s Foreign Relations Strategic Council, a body that operates under the aegis of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei’s office, suggested that Tehran will consider hastening “judiciary procedures” about a British-flagged oil tanker it has detained, if Iran’s Grace 1 oil tanker which remains under detention in Gibraltar is released.

“There is no quid pro quo, this is not about some kind of barter. This is about the international law and the rules of the international legal system being upheld and that is what we will insist on,” Dominic Raab said.

Meanwhile, Iran’s ambassador to London, Hamid Baeidinejad attempted to steal the show in a Monday July 29 tweet: “Impossible to advance a quid pro quo or barter exchange of detained UK and Iranian ships as some British media suggest. UK has illegally detained the ship carrying Iranian oil while the British ship is detained for violating some key safety/security regulations in Hormoz Strait.”

In another interview on Monday, Raab told Sky News that Iran should act in compliance with international regulations if it wishes to become a responsible member of the world community.

Raab had said earlier that he is not in a hurry to decide about the fate of the British-flagged oil tanker detained in Iran.

Iran’s President Rouhani had also said on Boris Johnson’s first day as British Prime Minister that if Europeans stop what they have been doing in Gibraltar, they will receive an appropriate response from Iran.

He was referring to the detention of Iranian oil tanker Grace 1 at Gibraltar for violating EU sanctions against Syria on July 4, which was followed by Iranian threats of retaliation and eventually the seizure of a British vessel.

The UK has accused Iran of piracy in the waters of Oman by seizing its tanker on 19 July and has called for forming a European coalition to protect Europe’s fleets in the Persian Gulf region.

Tensions between Iran and the United Kingdom reached an unprecedented level after Iran’s revolutionary guards, IRGC, detained British-Flagged oil tanker Stena Impero.

After the standoff ensued the United Kingdom tasked its fleet in the Persian Gulf to escort UK-flagged ships sailing through the Strait of Hormuz at the mouth of the Persian Gulf.

The UK is also trying to arrange a group of European warships to protect the security of navigation in the region.

In one of the latest developments, a South Korean warship has also been deployed


to the Persian Gulf to help boost the safety of navigation in the region.

Russia Fires Another ICBM Nuke (Daniel 7)

Russia’s Strategic Rocket Forces Test Fire Nuclear-Capable Topol ICBMRussia’s Strategic Rocket Forces Test Fire Nuclear-Capable Topol ICBM

Russia’s Strategic Rocket Forces have test fired a road-mobile Topol intercontinental-range ballistic missile (ICBM) from the Kapustin Yar practice range in the Astrakhan Region in south Russia on July 26, the Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) said in a statement.

“On July 26, 2019, a combat unit of the strategic missile forces conducted a test launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile of the Topol mobile ground-based missile system from the Kapustin Yar state central practice range in the Astrakhan region,” the MoD said.

The Topol ICBM reportedly hit its target in Sary-Shagan, located near Lake Balkhash in Kazakhstan, about 1,600 kilometers from the Kapustin Yar ballistic missile test site. All test objectives were met, according to the MoD.

The Topol variant test launched on July 26 was reportedly a RT-2PM Topol (NATO reporting name: SS-25 Sickle). The Russian MoD in the past has also identified the missiles used in these experimental test launches as Topol-E, “an experimental missile for conducting the trials of new types of ICBM,” according to TASS news agency. The RT-2PM Topol first entered service in 1985. The ICBM is expected to be phased out in the coming years and will be replaced by an upgraded Topol variant.

The last test of a Topol ICBM, the Topol MR (aka RS-24 Yars/NATO reporting name: SS-27 Mod2 or SS-29),  took place in February 2019. Notably, the stated aim of the February 2019 test launch was “to check, tactical, technical and flight characteristics of the prospective missile system,” according to the MoD, which could refer to the development of a new maneuverable reentry vehicle (MaRV), decoys or other penetration aids. There have also been reports of a new independent post-boost vehicle (IPBV).

As I explained at the time, IPBVs allow “for more complex and flexible targeting by maneuvering to position and then releasing multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs) midcourse outside the earth’s atmosphere.” Furthermore: “IPBVs can release MIRVs sooner than conventional ICBMs, which consequently allow the individual warheads to chart a course that is much more independent of the ICBMs main trajectory.”

Prior to that, the last test launch of a RS-24 Yars ICBM occurred in June 2018.

The RS-24 Yars ICBM reportedly entered service in 2010. The RS-24 Yars is a three-stage solid fueled ICBM, with an estimated range of over 10,000 kilometers, and can deploy active and passive decoys. The RS-24 Yars can reportedly carry three to six MIRVs with each warhead having a yield of 150 to 250 kilotons. The missile reportedly takes seven minutes to launch.

The Strategic Rocket Forces have approximately 60 mobile and 10 silo-based SR-24 Yars ICBMs deployed.

The Topol-M (aka RS12M2/NATO reporting name: SS-27) also is a three-stage solid fueled ICBM with a reported maximum range of around 11,000 kilometers. The missile carries a single 550-kiloton nuclear-tipped warhead. In October 2017, the Strategic Rocket Forces fired four Topol-M ICBMs as part of a routine exercise.

Russia currently deploys around 20 road-mobile and 60 silo-based Topol-Ms.

Notably, last year’s annual readiness exercise of the Strategic Rocket Forces did not involve ICBM launches.

All remaining RT-2PM Topol ICBMs are expected to be replaced by Topol-M and Topol-MR systems by the middle of the 2020s.

Iran Already has Enriched 24 Tons of Uranium

Iran has enriched 24 tons of uranium, official claims

Posted: July 28, 2019 – 10:40 AM Adam Taylor, The Washington Post

Vahid Salemi / AP

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates – Iran has enriched 24 metric tons of uranium since the 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, the head of Iran’s nuclear agency was reported to have told lawmakers on Sunday. The claim, if confirmed, would suggest that Iran has produced far more enriched uranium than was previously known and that it has exceeded the deal’s limit many times over.

Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization’s Ali Akbar Salehi also said that Iran was moving to restart activity at the heavy water nuclear reactor at the Arak facility, according to multiple accounts.

Salehi made the claims during a meeting with independent members of Iran’s parliament about the deal. The remarks were subsequently reported widely in Iran’s state-run and semiofficial media, which cited conservative lawmakers present.

It was unclear from the reports over what period the enrichment may have happened.

Iran’s uranium enrichment capabilities and its heavy water nuclear reactor were both placed under restrictions by the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, for fear that they could be used by Iran to pursue a nuclear weapons program.

Salehi’s remarks came ahead of a meeting between Iran and the other remaining parties to the JCPOA – Britain, France, Germany, China and Russia – in Geneva. The Trump administration pulled the United States of the deal last year and reimposed sanctions upon Iran.

The remaining parties have struggled to keep to the deal. Over the past month, Iran has complained that it is not seeing the economic benefits it was promised from the agreement and threatened to restart prohibited parts of its nuclear program.

Uranium must be enriched to high levels to be useful in nuclear weapons. The JCPOA placed a limit on both the amount of enriched uranium Iran could possess and the level to which enriched uranium could be produced.

Iran said in early July that it exceeded the 300-kilogram limit of enriched uranium, which was subsequently confirmed by the International Atomic Energy Agency. But in Iranian media on Sunday, Salehi was reported to have said it went much further than this.

“After the JCPOA, Iran enriched 24 tons of uranium, not 300-kilograms,” Gholamali Jafarzadeh, a member of parliament, quoted Salehi as saying, according to Mehr News.

Twenty-four metric tons is 24,000-kilograms.

The International Atomic Energy Agency did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Experts had deemed Arak’s heavy water reactor a risk for proliferation as it could potentially allow Iran to produce weapons-grade plutonium. The nuclear deal required Iran to pour concrete into the pipes of the reactor’s calandria, or core, as part of a redesign.

Salehi had said earlier during the week that the redesign of the heavy-water reactor, which was being taken in partnership with China and Britain, was making progress. Britain replaced the United States in the project after the Trump administration pulled out of the nuclear deal.

In his meeting with lawmakers on Sunday, Salehi was reported to have said that the developments were not designed for the production of nuclear weapons. “We do not intend to produce nuclear weapons because of religious reasons,” Iranian member of parliament Mehrdad Lahouti quoted Salehi as saying, according to the Iranian Students’ News Agency.

During an meeting with cabinet officials this week, Iranian president Hassan Rohani had said that the steps Iran had taken were “reversible” and that it remains open to a new deal.

However, Rouhani suggested that if the powers remaining in the nuclear agreement did not make concessions to Iran in 60 days, Iran would continue to make more substantial breaches.

Israel Prepares for War Outside The Temple Walls (Revelation 11)

IDF launches drill to bolster preparedness for war in Gaza

Army says 4-day training in and around southern city of Ashkelon will include exercises for ground troops and aerial maneuvers

By TOI staff28 Jul 2019, 7:32 pm

A military exercise began Sunday afternoon in the southern city of Ashkelon and in the area adjacent to the restive Gaza Strip, the Israel Defense Forces said in a statement.

The army said the four-day drill for its Gaza Division forces included ground troops, combat helicopters, and other aircraft.

The army said the drill that is scheduled to end Wednesday morning was “another significant step in improving the IDF’s operational preparedness in the Gaza Strip.”

The IDF made the announcement on Saturday night, though it said Chief of the General Staff, Lt. Gen. Aviv Kohavi, ordered that the exercise be added to the 2019 training schedule, when he took office in January.

Kochavi made the decision amid growing concerns in the IDF about its operational preparedness after former military ombudsman Maj. Gen. (res.) Yitzhak Brick claimed that the army, especially its ground troops, were not prepared for a large-scale war.

Soldiers of the Gaza border division take part in a drill on March 22, 2015. The purpose of the drill was to reenact scenarios following lessons learned from last summer’s Operation Protective Edge. (Israel Defense Forces/File)

The beginning of 2019 saw dramatic increase in the level of violence along the Gaza border, with near nightly riots and airborne arson attacks, but the violence has waned in recent weeks, due to a de facto ceasefire agreement between Israel and the Gaza-ruling Hamas terror group.

Last month, the Air Force held its first-ever exercise with new American F-35 stealth fighter jets, which simulated simultaneous fighting in the Gaza Strip, Syria and Lebanon.

Iran Rebuilds Her Nuclear Horn (Daniel 8:4)

Iran vows to restart activities at Arak heavy water facility

Tehran’s atomic agency chief briefs lawmakers on unraveling nuclear deal, as remaining signatories after US pullout set to meet in Vienna

By Stuart Winer and Agencies

28 Jul 2019, 1:05 pm

The head of Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization on Sunday told Iranian lawmakers that the country will restart activities at the Arak heavy water facility, the semi-official ISNA news agency reported, citing a lawmaker who was at the meeting.

Ali Akbar Salehi attended a parliamentary session to discuss recent developments in the 2015 nuclear deal, which the US pulled out of last year before reapplying harsh sanctions on Iran, prompting it to gradually reduce its own commitments to the pact.

The industrial complex at Arak in western Iran was a key topic in negotiations due to its nuclear reactor and heavy-water production facility, which were still under construction at the time.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani in July warned European countries that if they are not able to provide enough economic incentives despite the US sanctions then Iran will restart construction of the Arak facility and bring it to the condition that “according to you, is dangerous and can produce plutonium.”

Heavy water is used as a coolant in nuclear reactors that produce plutonium, which when enriched can be used for nuclear weapons.

Iran’s nuclear chief Ali Akbar Salehi speaks in an interview with The Associated Press at the headquarters of Iran’s atomic energy agency, in Tehran, Iran, Tuesday, Sept. 11, 2018. (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi)

Under the terms of the so-called Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, Iran agreed to scale back its nuclear program in return for sanctions relief.

In January Salehi told Iranian television that during the JCPOA negotiations Iran quietly purchased replacement parts for the Arak reactor because it knew that under the terms of the deal it would be required to destroy the original components. They kept that fact hidden during the JCPOA negotiations, he made clear, and also hid it from other Iranian officials.

Tensions between Tehran and Washington have escalated since last year when US President Donald Trump pulled out of the accord and imposed the punishing sanctions. Washington says the JCPOA does not go far enough in preventing Iran from producing nuclear weapons and also does not address Iran’s missile development program.

In retaliation, Iran said in May it would disregard certain curbs the deal set on its nuclear program and threatened to take further measures if remaining parties to the pact, especially European nations, did not help it circumvent the US sanctions.

An Iranian Shahab-3 missile launched during military exercises outside the city of Qom, Iran, in June 2011. (AP/ISNA/Ruhollah Vahdati)

Iran last week conducted a medium-range ballistic missile test in violation of Security Council resolutions, The New York Times reported, citing an unnamed US military official.

Nuclear experts are concerned that the recent measures taken by Iran, breaking an enriched uranium stockpile limit and enriching uranium beyond an agreed purity, will shorten the current year-long window the country would need to produce enough nuclear of the material needed for a weapon.

The remaining signatories to the Iran nuclear deal were to meet in Vienna on Sunday to try again to find a way of saving the accord amid mounting tensions between Tehran and Washington.

Envoys from Britain, France, Germany, China, Russia and Iran will take part in the meeting, which comes a month after a similar gathering failed to achieve a breakthrough.

Efforts by European powers, notably France’s President Emmanuel Macron, to salvage the nuclear deal have so far come to nothing.

Another Palestinian Killed Outside the Temple Walls (Revelation 11)

Protesters flee from incoming tear gas canisters fired by Israeli forces during clashes following a demonstration along the Israel-Gaza border, east of Gaza City in the central Gaza Strip on September 7, 2018. –AFP photo

Palestinian killed by Israeli fire in Gaza border clashes: Gaza ministry

July 27, 2019

GAZA CITY, PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES – A Palestinian was killed by Israeli army fire during clashes on the Gaza border, the health ministry in the Hamas-run enclave said Saturday.

The ministry said Ahmed Qura, 23, died “as a result of wounds sustained (from) the Israeli occupation forces’ fire” on Friday.

He had been hit in the stomach during demonstrations along the border fence east of Khan Yunis in southern Gaza.

The Israeli army said troops resorted to live fire against violent protesters after first using “riot dispersal means”.

Approximately 5,500 rioters and demonstrators gathered at the Gaza Strip security fence,” a spokeswoman told AFP, saying that some threw explosive devices and grenades and tried to approach the fence.

“Troops responded with riot dispersal means and (live) fire in accordance with standard operating procedures.”

She was unable to confirm if any Palestinians were hit but said no soldiers were injured.

Since March 2018, Palestinians in Gaza have been holding often violent demonstrations along the heavily guarded Israeli border.

Israeli forces often fire on the demonstrators, saying they are seeking to prevent the border being infiltrated.

At least 296 Palestinians have been killed in Gaza by Israeli fire since then, the majority during the border demonstrations.

Seven Israelis have been killed.

The protests have declined in intensity in recent months and Qura’s was the first death in weeks.

Another 38 Palestinians were hit and wounded with live ammunition on Friday, the health ministry said in a separate statement. -AFP