New York Earthquake: City of the Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

New York earthquake: City at risk of ‚dangerous shaking from far away‘ 

Joshua Nevett

Published 30th April 2018

SOME of New York City’s tallest skyscrapers are at risk of being shaken by seismic waves triggered by powerful earthquakes from miles outside the city, a natural disaster expert has warned.

Researchers believe that a powerful earthquake, magnitude 5 or greater, could cause significant damage to large swathes of NYC, a densely populated area dominated by tall buildings.

A series of large fault lines that run underneath NYC’s five boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, The Bronx and Staten Island, are capable of triggering large earthquakes.

Some experts have suggested that NYC is susceptible to at least a magnitude 5 earthquake once every 100 years.

The last major earthquake measuring over magnitude 5.0 struck NYC in 1884 – meaning another one of equal size is “overdue” by 34 years, according their prediction model.

Natural disaster researcher Simon Day, of University College London, agrees with the conclusion that NYC may be more at risk from earthquakes than is usually thought.

EARTHQUAKE RISK: New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from far-away tremors

But the idea of NYC being “overdue” for an earthquake is “invalid”, not least because the “very large number of faults” in the city have individually low rates of activity, he said.

The model that predicts strong earthquakes based on timescale and stress build-up on a given fault has been “discredited”, he said.

What scientists should be focusing on, he said, is the threat of large and potentially destructive earthquakes from “much greater distances”.

The dangerous effects of powerful earthquakes from further away should be an “important feature” of any seismic risk assessment of NYC, Dr Day said.

GETTY

THE BIG APPLE: An aerial view of Lower Manhattan at dusk in New York City

USGS

RISK: A seismic hazard map of New York produced by USGS

“New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from earthquakes at much greater distances” Dr Simon Day, natural disaster researcher

This is because the bedrock underneath parts of NYC, including Long Island and Staten Island, cannot effectively absorb the seismic waves produced by earthquakes.

“An important feature of the central and eastern United States is, because the crust there is old and cold, and contains few recent fractures that can absorb seismic waves, the rate of seismic reduction is low.

Central regions of NYC, including Manhattan, are built upon solid granite bedrock; therefore the amplification of seismic waves that can shake buildings is low.

But more peripheral areas, such as Staten Island and Long Island, are formed by weak sediments, meaning seismic hazard in these areas is “very likely to be higher”, Dr Day said.

“Thus, like other cities in the eastern US, New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from earthquakes at much greater distances than is the case for cities on plate boundaries such as Tokyo or San Francisco, where the crustal rocks are more fractured and absorb seismic waves more efficiently over long distances,” Dr Day said.

In the event of a large earthquake, dozens of skyscrapers, including Chrysler Building, the Woolworth Building and 40 Wall Street, could be at risk of shaking.

“The felt shaking in New York from the Virginia earthquake in 2011 is one example,” Dr Day said.

On that occasion, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered 340 miles south of New York sent thousands of people running out of swaying office buildings.

USGS

FISSURES: Fault lines in New York City have low rates of activity, Dr Day said

NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg said the city was “lucky to avoid any major harm” as a result of the quake, whose epicenter was near Louisa, Virginia, about 40 miles from Richmond.

“But an even more impressive one is the felt shaking from the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes in the central Mississippi valley, which was felt in many places across a region, including cities as far apart as Detroit, Washington DC and New Orleans, and in a few places even further afield including,” Dr Day added.

“So, if one was to attempt to do a proper seismic hazard assessment for NYC, one would have to include potential earthquake sources over a wide region, including at least the Appalachian mountains to the southwest and the St Lawrence valley to the north and east.”

Netanyahu Plans to Trample Outside the Temple Walls (Revelation 11)

Image result for netanyahuNetanyahu: Israel preparing for wide-scale campaign in Gaza

By HERB KEINON

Israel wants to restore calm to the South, but at the same time is preparing for a wide-scale military campaign inside the Gaza Strip, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Wednesday.

Netanyahu’s comments came after he convened a security cabinet meeting at the IDF Gaza Division headquarters to discuss the situation in the Strip, followed by a meeting with local and regional council heads, some of whom left the meeting in protest.

“Our policy is clear: we want to restore the calm, but at the same time we are preparing for a large-scale military operation, if such an action is required,” Netanyahu said. “Those are my instructions to the army.”

A few local council heads most affected by the violence who were invited to the meeting did not attend, with Gadi Yarkoni and Ofir Liebstein, heads of the Eshkol and Sha’ar Hanegev regional councils, walking out when they saw that there were a number of other local and regional heads from the South in attendance.

“The prime minister had no intention of holding a special meeting on the Gaza envelope area as expected and as requested today,” they said. “We respect the heads of the local authorities in the South who are also dealing with difficult situations, but we are convinced beyond any doubt that the challenges, needs and realities in the Gaza vicinity are completely different from the other authorities.”

Sderot Mayor Alon Davidi also did not attend, citing a previous commitment and saying beforehand that he would be unable to attend, and Sdot Negev Regional Council head Tamar Idan was out of the country.

Regarding the local council heads who left the meeting, Netanyahu said that he was sorry that “some of the mayors who always say that they are not being listened to” left the meeting.

Sources in the Prime Minister’s Office said that those who left did so for “political reasons.”

“It is odd that they say they are not being heard, but then when we come to hear them, they leave,” the sources said.

Antichrist Blames Government for Weak Anti-Corruption Steps

Muqtada Al-Sadr, cleric who wants to replace the Government (photo: Malhotra((CC BY-SA 3.0))

Iraqi Clerics Blame Government for Weak Anti-Corruption Steps

Iraqi Shiite cleric Muqtada Al-Sadr may opt for demonstrations instead for prayers in a bid to replace the country’s senior government officials whom he blames for inadequate response to growing corruption.

“He also wants to dismantle the mafia of financial and administrative corruption that controls the ministries and loots public money,” a high official of Al-Sadr’s party told Arab News while insisting on anonymity.

“We can say that Al-Sadr is leading a peaceful and slow coup to correct the government,” he added.

The influential cleric, according to the paper, would like to see independent professionals fill top government’s seats and hopes to be able to improve services and fight corruption.

Another prominent Sadrist member, however, said that Al-Sadr “has ruled out demonstrations to pressure Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi into accepting the changes”.

Al-Sadr is not alone in demanding changes. Another Iraqi’s Shiite cleric and one of the country’s top religious leaders, marja Ali al-Sistani, spoke about the necessary changes in the country at his Friday sermon last month, saying that “corruption still remains rampant within institutions and the state has not met that with clear practical steps to limit it and hold those involved accountable.”

He also stressed that complicated bureaucracy, lack of employment opportunities, and an acute shortage of essential services cause people to suffer.

Failure to address these issues, as he warned, “could lead to the resurgence of the Islamic State group (ISIS).”

A major Shiite block in the Iraqi Parliament last month also strongly criticized Abdul-Mahdi’s leadership, especially his failure to “fill top posts in his cabinet, tackle corruption and improve public services.”

One of the main problems in the country, according to media reports, is the fact that the political factions are struggling for control of top government jobs, the majority of which was, so far, controlled by the Islamic Dawa Party since the US-led invasion in 2003.

Although Prime Minister Abdul-Mahdi promised he would fight corruption and established the Supreme Anti-Corruption Council in January this year, the country’s largest parliamentary block, led by al-Sadr, seems to be determined to change the government.

According to Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index, Iraq is among the most corrupt countries in the world.

The Iran Nuclear Horn Remains Defiant (Daniel 8:4)

(Newser) – Iran announced an “unwelcome milestone” this week: It has 660 pounds of low-enriched uranium stockpiled, a violation of the 2015 nuclear deal the US pulled out of last year. The Washington Post notes that reserve on its own doesn’t bring the country much closer to being able to craft nuclear weapons, as that requires high-enriched uranium, but Iran’s newest warning threatens to expedite that process. “Our enrichment rate is not going to be 3.67% anymore,” President Hassan Rouhani said Wednesday. “It’s going to be as much as we want it to be.” The figure Rouhani cites is a reference to the cap on the enrichment allowed by the nuclear deal, which Iran says it shouldn’t have to adhere to anymore since the US removed itself and reimposed sanctions.

Enrichment levels below that 3.67% mark can fuel nuclear power plants but can’t fuel weapons (that requires a 90% enrichment). Pushing beyond that 3.67% threshold, however, can cut down on the “break out” time needed to acquire high-enriched uranium. If Iran breaches that level, the nations still in the deal with Iran might be forced to impose their own sanctions, which could shutter the deal entirely. “Our advice to Europe and the United States is to go back to logic and to the negotiating table,” Rouhani said, adding Iran could start upping enrichment as soon as Sunday, per Fox News. President Trump weighed in early Wednesday, tweeting, “Iran was violating the 150 Billion Dollar (plus 1.8 Billion Dollar in CASH) Nuclear Deal with the United States, and others who paid NOTHING, long before I became President – and they have now breached their stockpile limit. Not good!”

The Antichrist Reigns in the Iran Horn

Iraq’s prime minister orders Iran-allied militias to be reined in

Adel Abdul Mahdi’s politically risky move appears to be aimed at placating Washington following attacks on US interests

Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi sought on Monday to curb the powers of influential Iranian-backed militias, a politically risky move apparently aimed at placating the United States.

Two weeks after the first of several unclaimed attacks on bases in Iraq hosting US forces and on a site used by a US energy firm, Abdul Mahdi issued a decree ordering militias to integrate more closely into the formal armed forces.

Local officials blamed the militias for one of the incidents, but Iran has not commented.

At a time of sharply heightened tensions between Washington and Tehran, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had told Iraqi leaders during a surprise visit to Baghdad in May that if they failed to keep the militias in check, the US would respond with force.

The militias, which helped Iraqi and US-led international coalition forces drive out Islamic State under an umbrella grouping known as the Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF), have broad influence in Iraqi politics.

“In the interest of the public good and as per the powers granted to us by the constitution… the following is decreed: all Popular Mobilisation Forces are to operate as an indivisible part of the armed forces and be subject to the same regulations,” the decree said.

Sadr backs move

An electoral alliance made up of militia leaders and fighters came second in a 2018 parliamentary election and went on alongside influential cleric Moqtada al-Sadr – whose political group came first – to jointly nominate Abdul Mahdi as premier.

Iraqi president: Keep us out of any US-Iran war

Abdul Mahdi is an independent who does not belong to any political group and has no personal allies in parliament.

Sadr, who presents himself as a nationalist opposing both Washington and Tehran’s influence, was quick to declare his support for Abdul Mahdi’s decree and announce the severing of ties with his own militia, which he urged to integrate into the armed forces.

“What came from the prime minister on the PMF is an important thing and a correct first step towards building a strong state,” Sadr said in a statement.

Qais al-Khazali, a prominent militia leader, also welcomed the move.

‘American pressure’

Tensions between Washington and its Gulf Arab allies on one side, and Tehran and its proxies in the region on the other, have been flaring for months, but Iran’s Iraqi allies have publicly spoken against the prospect of war.

The PMF already reports to the prime minister, who is the commander-in-chief of Iraq’s armed forces, but Abdul Mahdi’s decree forces groups that make up the PMF to choose between political and paramilitary activity.

Unknown group claims Baghdad rocket attack as retaliation for Trump soldier pardon

The main difference between Abdul Mahdi’s decree and a similar one issued by his predecessor Haider al-Abadi that was largely unenforced was timing, said Hisham al-Hashimi, a Baghdad-based security expert who advises the Iraqi government.

“The conflict between the United States and Iran has made it so there are factions more inclined to rebel against the Iraqi state and the PMF law,” he said.

Being formally part of Iraq’s security apparatus means attacks against the militias count as attacks on Iraq, and therefore dissuading such attacks against them, Hashimi added.

“At this time I think Abdul Mahdi was incentivised because of American pressure to put them all in one box in order to protect them, but will they comply?” said Hashimi.

“Their compliance hinges on Iran’s receptiveness to these orders, if Iran is not receptive to these orders they will be like the ones Abadi issued.”

Those who choose to integrate into the military must abandon their old names and sever ties to political groups and Tthose who choose politics will not be allowed to carry weapons, the decree said.

Headquarters, economic offices, and checkpoints manned by militias are to be shut down.

Groups have until 31 July to abide by the new regulations. Those that do not will be considered outlaws, it said.

Another Pakistan-India Conflict in Kashmir

Kashmir conflict: Pakistan accuses India of killing five soldiers in Kashmir – The Economic Times

Jul 03, 2019, 08.14 PM IST

Pakistan accuses India of killing five soldiers in Kashmir

The soldiers were killed in a blast in Barnala, just a few meters from the so-called “Line of Control.”

By AFP | Jul 03, 2019, 08.14 PM IST

MUZAFFARABAD, PAKISTAN: The Pakistani military accused India Wednesday of killing five soldiers along the de facto border in Kashmir, just months after the nuclear-armed neighbours nearly went to war over the disputed Himalayan region.

The soldiers were killed in a blast in Barnala, on the Pakistan-administered side of Kashmir, just a few meters from the so-called “Line of Control” that divides the region, the military said in a statement.

It was not immediately clear when the blast happened.
India may have a gamechanging solar plan

“The incident is evident of state sponsored terrorism by India violating bilateral ceasefire agreement and the international rules,” the statement said, though it also added that the nature of the blast is still being investigated.

The arch-rivals barely escaped a war in February when they launched cross-border air strikes at each other, sending tensions to the highest they have been since both gained nuclear weapons.

Since then they have stepped back from the brink, with Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan and his Indian rival Narendra Modi exchanging warm messages after Modi’s hawkish party won a new term in May.

Even so, Pakistan has kept large swathes of its airspace near the eastern border with India closed since the February clashes, effectively closing off or disrupting several major international flight routes.

Kashmir is ruled in part but claimed in full by both countries, who have fought two of their three wars since independence in 1947 over it.

Hamas Tramples Outside the Temple Walls (Revelation 11)

Hamas weapons test’ sends Gaza-area residents scrambling for shelter

By JNS July 3, 2019 , 1:12 pm

for the Philistines were afraid that the Hebrews would make swords or spears (Samuel 1 13:19)

Israelis sit and pray together inside a street shelter, in anticipation of the Code Red siren alerting of incoming rockets, in the Southern Israeli town of Nitzan, on the fourth day of Operation Protective Edge, July 11, 2014. As Code Red Sirens are sounded on and off throughout the southern cities, most people either stay at home, near a shelter, or leave for the North. (Photo: Hadas Parush/Flash90)

Rockets fired by Gaza terrorist groups early Wednesday morning triggered alert sirens that sent residents of Sderot and the Eshkol Regional Council running for cover.

Code Red alerts were set off around 7:20 a.m. but were soon declared false alarms by the IDF Spokesperson’s Unit, due to the rockets’ trajectory taking them away from Israeli territory.The rockets were fired from the northern Gaza Strip and landed in open waters off the Gaza coast. Some reports indicated that the launches were part of a Hamas weapons testing exercise.

On Monday, rocket sirens that sounded in the Sha’ar HaNegev and Sdot Negev regional councils near the Gaza border were also declared to be false alarms.

On Sunday, reports indicated that representatives of Israeli regional councils near the Gaza border are looking into issuing an independent appeal to the United Nations against Hamas after suffering some 100 fires sparked by incendiary balloons launched from the Gaza Strip in just one week.

Residents also expressed outrage that the Israeli government has not done more to protect and support their region.

Last month, Breaking Israel News reported that the Israeli residents of the Gaza belt communities are considering legal action against Hamas in the Hague.