New York Earthquake: City of the Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

New York earthquake: City at risk of ‚dangerous shaking from far away‘

Joshua Nevett

Published 30th April 2018

SOME of New York City’s tallest skyscrapers are at risk of being shaken by seismic waves triggered by powerful earthquakes from miles outside the city, a natural disaster expert has warned.

Researchers believe that a powerful earthquake, magnitude 5 or greater, could cause significant damage to large swathes of NYC, a densely populated area dominated by tall buildings.

A series of large fault lines that run underneath NYC’s five boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, The Bronx and Staten Island, are capable of triggering large earthquakes.

Some experts have suggested that NYC is susceptible to at least a magnitude 5 earthquake once every 100 years.

The last major earthquake measuring over magnitude 5.0 struck NYC in 1884 – meaning another one of equal size is “overdue” by 34 years, according their prediction model.

Natural disaster researcher Simon Day, of University College London, agrees with the conclusion that NYC may be more at risk from earthquakes than is usually thought.

EARTHQUAKE RISK: New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from far-away tremors

But the idea of NYC being “overdue” for an earthquake is “invalid”, not least because the “very large number of faults” in the city have individually low rates of activity, he said.

The model that predicts strong earthquakes based on timescale and stress build-up on a given fault has been “discredited”, he said.

What scientists should be focusing on, he said, is the threat of large and potentially destructive earthquakes from “much greater distances”.

The dangerous effects of powerful earthquakes from further away should be an “important feature” of any seismic risk assessment of NYC, Dr Day said.

GETTY

THE BIG APPLE: An aerial view of Lower Manhattan at dusk in New York City

USGS

RISK: A seismic hazard map of New York produced by USGS

“New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from earthquakes at much greater distances” Dr Simon Day, natural disaster researcher

This is because the bedrock underneath parts of NYC, including Long Island and Staten Island, cannot effectively absorb the seismic waves produced by earthquakes.

“An important feature of the central and eastern United States is, because the crust there is old and cold, and contains few recent fractures that can absorb seismic waves, the rate of seismic reduction is low.

Central regions of NYC, including Manhattan, are built upon solid granite bedrock; therefore the amplification of seismic waves that can shake buildings is low.

But more peripheral areas, such as Staten Island and Long Island, are formed by weak sediments, meaning seismic hazard in these areas is “very likely to be higher”, Dr Day said.

“Thus, like other cities in the eastern US, New York is susceptible to seismic shaking from earthquakes at much greater distances than is the case for cities on plate boundaries such as Tokyo or San Francisco, where the crustal rocks are more fractured and absorb seismic waves more efficiently over long distances,” Dr Day said.

In the event of a large earthquake, dozens of skyscrapers, including Chrysler Building, the Woolworth Building and 40 Wall Street, could be at risk of shaking.

“The felt shaking in New York from the Virginia earthquake in 2011 is one example,” Dr Day said.

On that occasion, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered 340 miles south of New York sent thousands of people running out of swaying office buildings.

USGS

FISSURES: Fault lines in New York City have low rates of activity, Dr Day said

NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg said the city was “lucky to avoid any major harm” as a result of the quake, whose epicenter was near Louisa, Virginia, about 40 miles from Richmond.

“But an even more impressive one is the felt shaking from the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes in the central Mississippi valley, which was felt in many places across a region, including cities as far apart as Detroit, Washington DC and New Orleans, and in a few places even further afield including,” Dr Day added.

“So, if one was to attempt to do a proper seismic hazard assessment for NYC, one would have to include potential earthquake sources over a wide region, including at least the Appalachian mountains to the southwest and the St Lawrence valley to the north and east.”

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Earthquake Felt Before the Sixth Seal (Revelation 6)

Earthquake Off Long Island Felt In New Jersey, Pennsylvania, And Delaware

NEW YORK (CBS/AP) — A minor earthquake off the South Shore of Long Island was felt in parts of New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware. The U.S. Geological Survey said the tremor, with a magnitude of 3.0, happened at 7:22 a.m. Tuesday.

The epicenter was about 33 miles southeast of Southampton.

(credit: USGS)

According to the USGS, people felt it in Wood Ridge, Matawan and Trenton, New Jersey; Smyrna and Frederica, Delaware; and Bensalem, Pennsylvania.

Newsday says Suffolk County and Southampton police received no calls reporting the quake.

(© Copyright 2019 CBS Broadcasting Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Associated Press contributed to this report.)

Israel Tries to Defend Trampling Outside the Temple Walls (Rev 11:2)

A neo-conservative pro-Israel lobby group attempted to justify Israel’s use of lethal force during the 2018 “Great March of Return” which led to the death of 189 people including 35 children, paramedics and journalists.

In an event organised by the Friends of Israel Initiative (FoII) at the UK parliament last week, the right-wing group labelled Palestinian protestors “combatants” and endorsed Israel’s use of maximum force against unarmed protestors. Entitled: “The situation in Gaza: Hamas, the UNHRC, and what’s at Stake for the UK”, the event saw speakers making a number of claims to justify Israel’s actions, which have been denounced by the UN as possible war crimes.

Participants said that the two speakers at the event offered a false and misleading narrative by portraying unarmed Palestinians as legitimate targets – a view that is completely at odds with UN reports – to justify the use of lethal force by Israeli occupation forces. UN investigators concluded that Israeli soldiers intentionally fired on civilians and may have committed war crimes in their lethal response to Palestinian demonstrations in Gaza.

The independent Commission of Inquiry, set up last year by the UN’s Human Rights Council, found that Israeli forces killed 189 people and shot more than 6,100 others with live ammunition. The report said that 35 of those killed were children, three were clearly identifiable paramedics and two were clearly marked journalists. By the end of 2018, 1,022 of these people had to undergo amputations (including 20 children).

A separate report published by the World Health Organisation on 31 March found that since the start of the demonstrations in Gaza in 2018, a total of 277 people had been killed (52 children) and 31,214 injured. Some 6,846 people suffered from gunshot wounds, of which 6,196 (91 per cent) presented wounds in their limbs.

However, speakers at the pro-Israeli event dismissed these findings. One of the speakers, Colonel Richard Kemp, a retired British Army officer is reported to have made the claim that the actions of the Israeli army had in fact saved the lives of innocent civilians on the Gaza fence. He said Hamas was responsible for the deaths alleging that it is the only group in history that has used a strategy intended to have their own population killed.

Kemp, who is a key member of the FoII, recently congratulated Donald Trump, describing the US President’s decision to recognise Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights as “brave”. With a long career in the British military, his credentials are regularly used to justify Israel’s brutal actions. In his response to the UN report which concluded that Israel committed war crimes, Kemp wrote an article for FoII accusing the UN Commission of “acting as an instrument of Hamas terrorism”.

In his speech at the Parliament, Kemp explained Israel’s killing of Palestinians saying that in order to prevent the breach of the border fence and the massacre of Israelis by thousands of armed Hamas affiliates and operatives, Israeli soldiers had to use lethal force. He praised Israel, claiming that it had taken considerable steps to avoid killing Palestinians and insisted that “the only solution will be found when the wall will be built with Gaza”.

Natasha Hausdorff of UK Lawyers for Israel claimed that the UN report was flawed because of what she said was the report’s failure to accurately frame the protest as a conflict between Hamas and Israel. She insisted that the Palestinians in the Great March of Return were not civilian as is claimed by the UN report but members of a group seeking to destroy Israel. In her condemnation of the UN, Hausdorff added: “The report is the most recent example of the UNHRC’s institutionalised discrimination against Israel and allows Hamas to cause Palestinian casualties in the process of trying to kill Israelis.”

The event has attracted strong criticism. FoII was accused of spreading misinformation and of trying to manipulate the reality of the Great March of Return, a movement described in the UN report as a “large-scale civilian protest”. Denouncing the FoII, Zaher Birawi, chairman of EuroPal Forum – who compiled a report on the event – said: We regard the present misrepresentation of the Great March of Return protests as an instance of military combat undertaken by Palestinian combatants as an attempt to justify the IDF’s brutal and strategic use of violence.”

Expressing concerns over what it called “the pervasive crisis of Israeli accountability”, the pro-Palestinian advocacy group mentioned that Israel had refused to cooperate with the UN investigations, rejected all conclusions of the independent UN enquiry, and has stated that the actions of the Israeli army were taken in self-defence.

Iran’s Nuclear Horn Promises to Teach US a Hard Lesson

The Trump administration on Monday designated Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) as a foreign terrorist organization. (AFP/ File Photo)

Iran’s Revolutionary Guards Promise to Teach US Hard Lesson

Iran’s Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) has warned that it will firmly reciprocate the United States’ blacklisting of the elite force and teach the Islamic Republic’s enemies an “unforgettable lesson.”

In a statement on Wednesday, the IRGC said Washington’s “illegal, unusual and unprecedented” move indicated the US’ “deep grudge and wrath” towards the IRGC.

US President Donald Trump on Monday released a statement, designating the IRGC as “a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) under Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act.”

The IRGC statement said the US blacklisting of the force was the latest in a series of the White House’s back-to-back failures in the Middle East, and added that the US decision made the IRGC more determined to improve its defense and offensive capabilities.

This unprecedented measure will make the IRGC more determined to speed up the promotion of its defense and offensive systems and capabilities as well as its regional growing power,” it added.

It said it would use powerful tit-for-tat approaches against the enemy to defend the achievements of the Islamic Revolution and safeguard national security under the supervision of Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei.

‘US’ IRGC blacklisting proves Iran’s power’

Meanwhile, General Hassan Firouzabadi, a senior military adviser to Ayatollah Khamenei, said on Wednesday that the US move to blacklist the IRGC as a terrorist group proved Washington’s powerlessness in the face of the Iranian nation.

“The US measure against the IRGC was the declaration of their powerlessness in the face of the Iranian nation’s power and resistance,” Firouzabadi told IRNA.

Asked about Iran’s possible move against the blacklisting, the commander said, “Time will determine our reciprocal move. We have not named all American forces terrorist. The issue was raised at the Supreme National Security Council and we designated the US Central Command in the region, known as CENTCOM, terrorist. This measure against CENTCOM was a tit-for-tat act against the IRGC [blacklisting].”

This article has been adapted from its original source.

Nuclear Armageddon Looms Near (Revelation 16)

Cold War statesmen warn threat of nuclear Armageddon still looms

by Zachary Halaschak  | April 10, 2019 10:46 PM

A group of Cold War-era policy veterans have sounded the alarm about the potential for nuclear war with Russia.

Former Secretary of State George Schulz, 98, former Defense Secretary William Perry, 91, and former Sen. Sam Nunn, D-Ga., 80, penned a joint op-ed in the Wall Street Journal Wednesday warning that the U.S. is caught in a “policy paralysis” with Russia that could lead to military confrontation or the use of nuclear weapons.

“A bold policy shift is needed to support a strategic re-engagement with Russia and walk back from this perilous precipice. Otherwise, our nations may soon be entrenched in a nuclear standoff more precarious, disorienting and economically costly than the Cold War,” the men write.

The three contend that because both countries’ foreign policies are so intertwined, the risk of potential confrontation and disaster is heightened.

“Since the crises broke out in Ukraine and Syria in the past few years, U.S. and Russian forces have again been operating in proximity, increasing the risk that an act of aggression, followed by an accident or miscalculation, will lead to catastrophe,” they write.

The statesmen list three main goals as comprising a comprehensive approach to decreasing the risk of conflict between the two nuclear powers. First, they contend the U.S. must address its own “dysfunctional Russia policy” by bringing together a bipartisan group of leaders to work on renewing dialogue with Russia.

Secondly, they say that President Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin should announce a joint declaration reaffirming the dangers of nuclear war and the need for it never to be fought.

Finally, they argue the two nations “must discuss a broad framework for strategic stability — including increasing decision time for leaders — in a period of global destabilization and emerging military technologies.”

Schulz, Perry, and Nunn argue that without renewed engagement between the U.S. and Russia, risk for nuclear war could reach levels that surpass that of the Cold War.

“It is essential that we re-engage with Russia in areas of common fundamental interest to both nations, including reducing reliance on nuclear weapons, keeping them out of unstable hands, preventing their use and ultimately ending them as a threat to the world,” they write.

Schultz served under President Ronald Reagan as secretary of state from 1982 to 1989, Perry ran the Defense Department under President Bill Clinton from 1994 to 1997, and Nunn served as the chairman of the Armed Services Committee from 1987 to 1995.

Pakistan Warns of Nuclear War (Revelation 8)

India Pakistan CONFLICT: Imran Khan issues India nuclear WARNING – ‘no one can predict’

PAKISTAN’S Prime Minister Imran Khan issued a dire warning to his neighbouring country as he branded India’s attack on his “nuclear-armed” country as “irresponsible” and warned Pakistan “would have no choice” but to strike back in the future.

By Alessandra Scotto di Santolo 10:32, Wed, Apr 10, 2019 | UPDATED: 10:33, Wed, Apr 10, 2019

India Pakistan: Kashmir issue cannot keep boiling says PM Khan

Speaking to the BBC, Imran Khan called on his Indian counterpart to come to a peaceful dialogue over the “oppression of Kashmir” and claimed the number one priority for the two nations should be tackling poverty. He said: “Surely the number one task of the two governments should be: how are we going to reduce poverty? And the way we reduce poverty is by settling our differences through dialogue.

“And there is only one difference, which is Kashmir. It has to be settled.

“The Kashmir issue cannot keep on boiling like it is because anything happening in Kashmir – through a reaction to the oppression which is taking place in Kashmir – it would be palmed off n Pakistan.

“We would be blamed and tensions would rise as they have risen in the past.

“So if we can settle Kashmir, the benefits of peace are tremendous in the subcontinent.”

But speaking about the dangers of confrontation escalating between the two countries, Mr Khan warned: “Once you respond, no-one can predict where it can go from there.”

If India had “come back and then again attacked Pakistan, Pakistan would have no choice but to respond,” he added.

“So in that situation, two nuclear-armed countries, I just felt it was very irresponsible.”

The two nations remain at loggerheads following a terror attack in Kashmir which sparked a series of airstrikes.

Last week, Pakistani authorities claimed India is about to launch a new attack.

India launched a series of airstrikes on Pakistan-occupied Kashmir on February 17, in a bid to flush out terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed.

The military action came after a suicide bombing in Indian-administered Kashmir on February 14 left 46 soldiers dead.

India Pakistan: Crossfire breaks out in Poonch district

Pakistan retaliated by shooting down planes responsible for the air raids and capturing Indian Wing Commander pilot Abhinandan Varthaman.

After his release, a fragile ceasefire resumed between the countries, but things could soon change according to claims made by Pakistani officials.

Pakistan has come forward with claims of “reliable intelligence” showing Indian authorities are planning another attack on Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.

Shah Mahmood Qureshi, Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs in Pakistan’s government, made the announcement on Sunday.

Talking in an official statement from his hometown of Multan, he said: “We have reliable intelligence that India is planning a new attack on Pakistan.

“As per our information, this could take place between April 16 and 20.”