Russia’s Newest Nuclear Missile


Russia claims to have successfully tested a NUCLEAR-POWERED cruise missile that can fly forever, has an unlimited range and is impossible to shoot down

  • The Burevestnik is a nuclear-powered missile which can evade detection
  • It is claimed the missile possesses an ‘unlimited range’ and is extremely agile 
  • Russia has said it can fly up to ten-times further than any other cruise missile 

By Will Stewart In Moscow for MailOnline

Published: 07:10 EST, 18 February 2019 | Updated: 10:45 EST, 18 February 2019

Russia claims to have successfully tested a nuclear-powered cruise missile – supposedly capable of flying for days on end as it probes weaknesses in Western defence systems.

The Russian state news agency on Friday released a video claiming to show a test of the Burevestnik missile which the Kremlin says is designed to strike over ‘unlimited’ range and with with unprecedented ability to manoeuvre.

In theory, the Burevestnik could fly forever because it has a nuclear power source, potentially circling the globe until remotely ordered to approach a target and hit it with a nuclear warhead.

Scientists claim to have developed a nuclear power plant small enough to fit inside the missile and power a turbojet engine – but these claims have been met with scepticism in the West.

The missile is designed to use a conventional engine for takeoff, switching to a nuclear powered power source for flight – hence its theoretical ability to be in the air for days.

The Russian state news agency on Friday released a video claiming to show a test of the Burevestnik missile which the Kremlin says is designed to strike over ‘unlimited’ range and with with unprecedented ability to manoeuvre.

The missile is designed to use a conventional engine for takeoff, switching to a nuclear powered power source for flight – hence its theoretical ability to be in the air for days.

If the Burevestnik actually works, the heat from the nuclear reaction inside the small reactor would be used to heat the air inside a jet engine, replacing the need for fuel.

In March last year, Vladimir Putin spoke about the weapon. He said: ‘One of them is a small-scale, heavy-duty nuclear energy unit that can be installed in a missile like our latest X-101 air-launched missile or the American Tomahawk missile—a similar type but with a range dozens of times longer, dozens—basically an unlimited range.

‘It is a low-flying stealth missile carrying a nuclear warhead, with almost an unlimited range, unpredictable trajectory and ability to bypass interception boundaries. It is invincible against all existing and prospective missile defense and counter-air defense systems.’

Now the Russian state news agency TASS claims the missile has been successfully tested.

A source in the missile program told the agency: ‘A major stage of trials of the cruise missile of the Burevestnik complex – tests of the nuclear power unit – have been successfully completed at one of facilities in January.’

The trials ‘sustained stated specifications of the reactor ensuring the missile’s unlimited range’, claimed the source.

No further details were given about the top secret trials.

The Russian defence ministry has not commented on the report.

A video shows an undated launch, and images from inside the secret defence plant where it is manufactured.

The production assembly line of the missile. The Burevestnik is seen by the Kremlin as a low-flying ‘stealth’ cruise missile incapable of interception

The missile us designed to use a conventional engine for takeoff, switching to a nuclear powered power source for flight. Pictured: An engineer working on the missile at Russia’s top secret facility

The weapon is seen as a vital update in Vladimir Putin’s vast nuclear arsenal.

Western experts had identified Burevestnik tests last month at Russia’s Kapustin Yar weapon-testing ground.

Yet analysts in the West claimed that until the start of this year of 13 test flights only two were partially successful, portraying the missile system as jinxed.

Moscow denied earlier missile test failures.

A CNBC report in August citing US intelligence claimed Russia was seeking to recover a nuclear-powered Burevestnik test missile that had crash landed in the Barents Sea north of Norway and Russia.

The new Russian weaponry threatens nuclear contamination, according to reports.

Two engineers cover one of the missiles after it has been assembled at the Russian munitions plant

 

‘It goes without saying that if you fire a missile with a nuclear engine or energy source, that nuclear material will end up wherever that missile ends up,’ said Hans Kristensen, director of the Nuclear Information Project at the Federation of American Scientists.

‘If this missile was lost at sea and recovered in full, then you might hypothetically be able to do it without pollution, I would have my doubts about that because it’s a very forceful impact when the missile crashes. I would suspect you would have leaks from it.’

The missile is designed to use a conventional engine for takeoff, switching to a nuclear powered power source for flight – hence its theoretical ability to be in the air for days.

Vladimir Putin boasted in a state of the national; speech in March that the missile was capable of delivering a warhead to any point in the world.

The new Russian weaponry threatens nuclear contamination, according to reports as it is simply left wherever it lands after testing

How would a nuclear-powered missile work?

Modern cruise missiles use turbojet or turbofan engines and typically have ranges of 1,000 miles or so, a limit that is dictated by their fuel supply.

A nuclear-powered cruise missile could fly for much longer, perhaps staying aloft for days and flying intricate routes to exploit holes in enemy air defenses.

If Burevestnik becomes operational, Russia will be able to program its missiles to travel around the globe using any possible route – not just the shortest to save on fuel.

Most applications of nuclear energy simply swap a nuclear reaction out for whatever they previously used as a source of thermal energy.

In nuclear power plants and shipboard nuclear propulsion, for example, fission took the place of coal and oil burned to turn water into the steam used to spin turbines.

The same principle, in theory, works for multiple types of aircraft propulsion, but getting past the weight-to-thrust ratio required for flight would require making reactors lighter and more compact.

But many scientists believe Russia is bluffing about having created a nuclear reactor small enough to fit inside a missile

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