The Sixth Seal Long Overdue (Revelation 6:12)

ON THE MAP; Exploring the Fault Where the Next Big One May Be Waiting


Published: March 25, 2001

Alexander Gates, a geology professor at Rutgers-Newark, is co-author of ”The Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes,” which will be published by Facts on File in July. He has been leading a four-year effort to remap an area known as the Sloatsburg Quadrangle, a 5-by-7-mile tract near Mahwah that crosses into New York State. The Ramapo Fault, which runs through it, was responsible for a big earthquake in 1884, and Dr. Gates warns that a recurrence is overdue. He recently talked about his findings.

Q. What have you found?

A. We’re basically looking at a lot more rock, and we’re looking at the fracturing and jointing in the bedrock and putting it on the maps. Any break in the rock is a fracture. If it has movement, then it’s a fault. There are a lot of faults that are offshoots of the Ramapo. Basically when there are faults, it means you had an earthquake that made it. So there was a lot of earthquake activity to produce these features. We are basically not in a period of earthquake activity along the Ramapo Fault now, but we can see that about six or seven times in history, about 250 million years ago, it had major earthquake activity. And because it’s such a fundamental zone of weakness, anytime anything happens, the Ramapo Fault goes.

Q. Where is the Ramapo Fault?

A. The fault line is in western New Jersey and goes through a good chunk of the state, all the way down to Flemington. It goes right along where they put in the new 287. It continues northeast across the Hudson River right under the Indian Point power plant up into Westchester County. There are a lot of earthquakes rumbling around it every year, but not a big one for a while.

Q. Did you find anything that surprised you?

A. I found a lot of faults, splays that offshoot from the Ramapo that go 5 to 10 miles away from the fault. I have looked at the Ramapo Fault in other places too. I have seen splays 5 to 10 miles up into the Hudson Highlands. And you can see them right along the roadsides on 287. There’s been a lot of damage to those rocks, and obviously it was produced by fault activities. All of these faults have earthquake potential.

Q. Describe the 1884 earthquake.

A. It was in the northern part of the state near the Sloatsburg area. They didn’t have precise ways of describing the location then. There was lots of damage. Chimneys toppled over. But in 1884, it was a farming community, and there were not many people to be injured. Nobody appears to have written an account of the numbers who were injured.

Q. What lessons we can learn from previous earthquakes?

A. In 1960, the city of Agadir in Morocco had a 6.2 earthquake that killed 12,000 people, a third of the population, and injured a third more. I think it was because the city was unprepared.There had been an earthquake in the area 200 years before. But people discounted the possibility of a recurrence. Here in New Jersey, we should not make the same mistake. We should not forget that we had a 5.4 earthquake 117 years ago. The recurrence interval for an earthquake of that magnitude is every 50 years, and we are overdue. The Agadir was a 6.2, and a 5.4 to a 6.2 isn’t that big a jump.

Q. What are the dangers of a quake that size?

A. When you’re in a flat area in a wooden house it’s obviously not as dangerous, although it could cut off a gas line that could explode. There’s a real problem with infrastructure that is crumbling, like the bridges with crumbling cement. There’s a real danger we could wind up with our water supplies and electricity cut off if a sizable earthquake goes off. The best thing is to have regular upkeep and keep up new building codes. The new buildings will be O.K. But there is a sense of complacency.


Photo: Alexander Gates, a Rutgers geologist, is mapping a part of the Ramapo Fault, site of previous earthquakes. (John W. Wheeler for The New York Times)

Iran to Expand Its Nuclear Horn (Revelation 8:4)

Nuclear Chief Says Iran Exploring New Uranium Enrichment

January 13, 2019 4:44 PM

Associated Press

Iran’s Head of the Atomic Energy Organization Ali Akbar Salehi says, Jan. 13, 2018, the Islamic Republic has begun “preliminary activities for designing” a modern process for 20-percent uranium enrichment for its 50-year-old research reactor in Tehran.

The head of Iran’s nuclear program said the Islamic Republic has begun “preliminary activities for designing” a modern process for 20-percent uranium enrichment for its 50-year-old research reactor in Tehran, signaling new danger for the nuclear deal.

The comment on state television Sunday from Ali Akbar Salehi increases the pressure on the international community as 20-percent enrichment would mean Iran has abandoned the terms of the 2015 atomic accord.

President Donald Trump already pulled America out of the accord in May and resumed sanctions on Tehran. So far, United Nations inspectors say Iran continues to comply with the deal’s terms, which limits enrichment to 3.5 percent.

Salehi said “we are at the verge” of being ready, without elaborating in his remarks.

The U.S. donated the reactor to Iran in 1967.

Thousands of Palestinians Protest Outside the Temple Walls (Revelation 11:2)

A Palestinian girl seen with a flag during protests on …

Gaza, Ramallah – Asharq Al-Awsat

Thousands of Palestinians Protest in Gaza, Ramallah Demanding End of Division

Sunday, 13 January, 2019 – 10:00

Thousands of Palestinians staged protests in Gaza and Ramallah on Saturday to demand an end to the 11-year Palestinian internal division and a halt to growing internal tension.

The demonstrations were held simultaneously in Gaza and Ramallah and were called by the Palestinian Democratic Rally, which was recently launched by a coalition of five left-wing factions, including the Popular and Democratic Fronts for the Liberation of Palestine.

Participants in Gaza demonstration raised Palestinian flags and banners condemning the division, calling for reconciliation and restoration of national unity.

Leaders of the five factions carried a giant banner reading “Yes to form a government of national unity prepared for presidential and legislative elections and a national council.”

“The Palestinian division has catastrophic consequences, and its negative projections have affected people’s lives and internal relations,” said Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine politburo member Jamil Mezher during the Gaza protest.

He pointed to the need to rearrange the internal Palestinian situation along national lines, which requires urgent action to end chaos in order to fortify the internal front against any attempts to threaten civil peace.

Mezher also stressed the need to stop media campaigns and incitement between the Fatah and Hamas movements.

He said both parties should use the language of reason and dialogue to manage of internal differences and halt escalatory measures that widen the divide.

He called for the suspension of political arrests in the West Bank and Gaza and the immediate release of any political detainees.

Demonstrators in Ramallah called on Fatah and Hamas to immediately end the division and unite to confront Israeli agendas, which include Judaizing Jerusalem and confiscating lands, and lift the siege on Gaza Strip.

Last week, five main factions of the PLO announced the formation of the Palestinian Democratic Rally within the Organization, including the Popular and Democratic Front, the People’s Party, the Palestinian Democratic Union (Fida) and the Palestinian Initiative Movement.

They said it is “a coalition formula operating within the framework of the PLO and at the popular level in order to build a growing popular movement that contributes to the activation of popular resistance against the occupation.”

“It seeks to work for the democratic renewal of the institutions of the Organization through free elections according to the system of full proportional representation with the participation of all Palestinian forces,” the Palestinian Democratic Rally said in a statement.

The group seeks “to escalate political and popular pressure to end the division” and to commit itself to calling for general elections to be held within six months under a government of national unity that provides for free and fair conditions in the West Bank and Gaza.

Related News

Sunday, 13 January, 2019 – 10:00 –

Iraq President Intervenes in Hikma, Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq Spat

Iraqi President Barham Salih. (Reuters)

Baghdad – Hamza Mustafa

Iraqi President Barham Salih has succeeded in easing tensions between the National Wisdom Movement (Hikma) led by Ammar al-Hakim and Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq (AAH) headed by Sheikh Qais al-Khazali, an official source in the presidency told Asharq Al-Awsat Sunday.

The dispute had erupted earlier this week after a report broadcast by the Hikma-linked Al Forat satellite television network on the involvement of an AAH member in the assassination of Imad Jabar, the owner of the Laymounah restaurant, in the city of Sadr, east of Baghdad.

The source said that the two sides were receptive to Salih’s initiative that called for stopping media campaigns against each other. He also proposed postponing rallies that the Hikma movement had planned to stage.

Salih took the initiative in order to avoid dragging political powers in side disputes at a time when the government lineup was still incomplete, months after parliamentary elections were held.

Hikma official Baleegh Abou Kalal confirmed that the demonstrations were postponed at the president’s request.

AAH MP Naim al-Aboudi told Asharq Al-Awsat that the movement has formed a committee to follow up on the implementation of Salih’s initiative and uncover the truth behind the Jabar’s assassination.

Another committee was formed to address the situation at the Baiji refinery.

Hikma media outlets had accused the AAH of robbing equipment at the facility.

Aboudi explained that the committee would be tasked with communicating with the ministries of defense and interior to reveal the truth in the case. He said that the equipment has been handed over to the oil ministry.

Islamic Jihad From Iran

Ayatollah Khamenei Calls on Iranian Students Abroad for ‘Scientific Jihad’Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei (Twitter)

Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei has called on Iranian students across the globe to contribute to the country’s independence from foreigners.

In a message to the 53rd meeting of the Union of University Students Islamic Associations in Europe on Saturday, Ayatollah Khamenei encouraged the Iranian youth studying abroad to engage in scientific jihad (endeavor for the sake of God) aimed at boosting the nation’s self-reliance.

“We all know that you, the university students, are the best hopes for the future of our country. What everyone needs to know is that today – by the grace of God – numerous students of yesterday are engaged in great tasks and deeply feel the joy and satisfaction of contributing to the advancement of knowledge and technology in their homeland,” the message read.

“Our university students today – in any corner of the world – have the opportunity to join these faithful and devout groups and make the country fully independent from foreigners,” the message said.

“This action, when undertaken with sincerity and for the sake of God, is jihad in the path of God. You, the youths in the Islamic Associations, can be the frontrunners and leaders of this jihad. I ask God to bestow increased success on you,” it added.