Why Germany is about to go Nuclear

EU warns Trump of nuclear arms race risk after INF withdrawal move

Some European leaders oppose US withdrawal as John Bolton visits Moscow to discuss treaty

Julian Borger in Washington and Andrew Roth in Moscow

Mon 22 Oct 2018 14.09 EDT

Last modified on Mon 22 Oct 2018 15.11 EDT

The EU has warned Donald Trump about the risk of a new nuclear arms race after the US president announced that he was pulling out of a Reagan-era arms control treaty.

John Bolton, Trump’s hawkish national security adviser who has lobbied for US withdrawal from the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty, is in Moscow to discuss the treaty, which the US accuses Russia of violating with the development of a new ground-launched missile.

Trump says US will withdraw from nuclear arms treaty with Russia

Bolton on Monday first met with Nikolai Patrushev, the head of Russia’s security council and a close ally of Putin, and foreign minister Sergei Lavrov. Lavrov said before the meeting that Russia had not yet received confirmation that the United States was exiting the treaty, but warned that such a decision would trigger a response from Russia to achieve “parity”.

European leaders have supported the US in calling for the Russian government to be more transparent about its new missile and its capabilities, but have been overwhelmingly opposed to US withdrawal from the INF, which has kept nuclear missiles out of Europe for three decades.

“The INF contributed to the end of the cold war and constitutes a pillar of European security architecture since it entered into force 30 years ago,” a spokeswoman for the EU foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini, said in a statement.

“Thanks to the INF treaty, almost 3,000 missiles with nuclear and conventional warheads have been removed and verifiably destroyed,” the statement said. “The world doesn’t need a new arms race that would benefit no one and on the contrary would bring even more instability.”

The French president, Emmanuel Macron, raised the issue with Trump in a phone call on Sunday, a day after Trump had declared his intention to withdraw from the INF at a political rally in Nevada.

“The president of the republic underlined the importance of this treaty, especially with regards to European security,” the French foreign ministry said. “France attributes great importance to conventional and nuclear arms control instruments … We call on all the parties to avoid any hasty unilateral decisions, which would be regrettable.”

Gavin Williamson, the UK’s defence secretary, issued a statement in support of the administration, expressing a preference for the treaty to survive but putting the blame on Russia.

“We of course want to see this treaty continue to stand but it does require two parties to be committed to it and at the moment you have one party that is ignoring it. It is Russia that is in breach and it is Russia that needs to get its house in order,” Williamson said in a statement.

Oliver Meier, the deputy head of the international security division at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, said: “Trump’s sudden decision to terminate INF puts Germans in a difficult spot. Most see Russia as being responsible for the INF crisis but do not understand what Trump hopes to achieve by withdrawing from the treaty.

“There is a fear that in a post-INF world, discussions among Nato allies about appropriate military responses to Russia’s actions would become more difficult,” Meier said. “There is little faith that deployment of additional ground-launched cruise missiles would convince Russia to come back to the table. All of this would play into Putin’s hand.”

The decision to withdraw from the INF has been widely criticised as a mistake by US nuclear experts, who say it will benefit Russia more than the US, arguing that Russia will now be unshackled in its development of short- and medium-range ground-launched nuclear missiles, while the US is unlikely to find allies willing to host such missiles on their soil.

They say the same goes for the Pacific, where China’s development of medium-range missiles has been cited as one justification for freeing the US from the INF’s constraints.

Thirty-five years ago, the United Kingdom, West Germany, the Netherlands, Italy and Belgium agreed to deploy 572 nuclear-armed U.S. ‘Euro-missiles.’ None of them appear willing to accept them now,” Michael Krepon, co-founder of the Stimson Centre thinktank and a veteran writer on nuclear weapons issues, wrote on the ArmsControlWonk blog.

“Nor is there likely to be enthusiasm among Washington’s friends or allies in Asia about hosting nuclear-armed, land-based missiles. Japan, South Korea, the Philippines and Vietnam all seem unlikely to host these missiles.”

Russia Tries to Stop Trump’s Nuclear Blunder

ELKO, Nevada (AP) — President Donald Trump says his intention to scrap a landmark arms control agreement Russia follows years of violations by Moscow in developing prohibited weapons, and “we’re not going to be the only one to adhere to it.” The Kremlin said the pullout “would be a very dangerous step.”

Britain said it stood “absolutely resolute” with the U.S., while Germany called Trump’s move “regrettable.”

Heiko Maas said in a statement Sunday that the three-decades-old Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty is “an important pillar of our European security architecture” and Trump’s announcement “raises difficult questions for us and Europe.”

The 1987 pact prohibits the United States and Russia from possessing, producing or test-flying a ground-launched cruise missile with a range of 300 miles to 3,400 miles.

Maas says Germany has repeatedly urged Moscow to “clear up the serious allegations of breaching the INF treaty, which Russia has so far not done.”

He says Germany is urging Washington to “consider the possible consequences” of its decision, including for a US-Russian nuclear disarmament treaty beyond 2021.

The 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty helps protect the security of the U.S. and its allies in Europe and the Far East. It bars the United States and Russia from possessing, producing or test-flying a ground-launched cruise missile with a range of 300 miles to 3,400 miles.

“Russia has violated the agreement. They have been violating it for many years,” Trump said Saturday after a rally in Elko, Nevada. “And we’re not going to let them violate a nuclear agreement and go out and do weapons and we’re not allowed to.”

The agreement has constrained the U.S. from developing new weapons, but America will begin developing them unless Russia and China agree not to possess or develop the weapons, Trump said. China is not a party to the pact.

“We’ll have to develop those weapons, unless Russia comes to us and China comes to us and they all come to us and say let’s really get smart and let’s none of us develop those weapons, but if Russia’s doing it and if China’s doing it, and we’re adhering to the agreement, that’s unacceptable,” he said.

Trump is sending his national security adviser, John Bolton, to Moscow for meetings with Russian leaders, including Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev, and was expected to relay the news about Trump’s decision.

This would be a very dangerous step,” Russia’s deputy foreign minister, Sergei Ryabkov, was quoted as telling state news agency Tass on Sunday. He said a U.S. withdrawal “will cause the most serious condemnation from all members of the international community who are committed to security and stability.”

Germany’s foreign minister, Heiko Maas, said Trump’s move was “regrettable,” the treaty was “an important pillar of our European security architecture” and a pullout “raises difficult questions for us and Europe.” Maas also said Germany has repeatedly urged Moscow to “clear up the serious allegations of breaching the INF treaty, which Russia has so far not done.”

But Britain’s defense secretary, Gavin Williamson, said his country stands “absolutely resolute” with the United States on the treaty dispute. Williamson blamed Russia for endangering the arms control pact and he called on the Kremlin to “get its house in order.”

Williamson told the Financial Times on Sunday that Moscow had made a “mockery” of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.

U.S.-Russia relations already are strained as a result of the Ukrainian crisis, the war in Syria and allegations of Russian meddling in the 2016 presidential race and upcoming U.S. midterm elections.

Trump did not provide details about violations. But in 2017, White House national security officials said Russia had deployed a cruise missile in violation of the treaty. Earlier, the Obama administration accused the Russians of violating the pact by developing and testing a prohibited cruise missile.

Russia has repeatedly denied that it has violated the treaty and has accused the United States of not being in compliance.

Defense Secretary James Mattis has previously suggested that a Trump administration proposal to add a sea-launched cruise missile to America’s nuclear arsenal could provide the U.S. with leverage to try to persuade Russia to come back in line on the arms treaty.

Russia’s Foreign Ministry said in February that the country would only consider using nuclear weapons in response to an attack involving nuclear or other weapons of mass destruction, or in response to a non-nuclear assault that endangered the survival of the Russian nation.

An independent Russian political analyst, Dmitry Oreshkin, said, “We are slowly slipping back to the situation of cold war as it was at the end of the Soviet Union, with quite similar consequences, but now it could be worse because (Russian President Vladimir) Putin belongs to a generation that had no war under its belt.”

Trump’s decision could prove controversial with European allies and others who see value in the treaty, said Steven Pifer, a former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine and now a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution who focuses on nuclear arms control.

“Once the United States withdraws from the treaty, there is no reason for Russia to even pretend it is observing the limits,” he wrote in a post on the organization’s website. “Moscow will be free to deploy the 9M729 cruise missile, and an intermediate-range ballistic missile if it wants, without any restraint.”

U.S. officials have previously alleged that Russia violated the treaty by deliberately deploying a land-based cruise missile in order to pose a threat to NATO. Russia has claimed that U.S. missile defenses violate the pact.

In the past, the Obama administration worked to convince Moscow to respect the INF treaty but made little progress.

“If they get smart and if others get smart and they say let’s not develop these horrible nuclear weapons, I would be extremely happy with that, but as long as somebody’s violating the agreement, we’re not going to be the only ones to adhere to it,” Trump said.

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Balsamo reported from Washington. Associated Press writers Deb Riechmann in Washington and Tanya Titova and James Heintz in Moscow contributed to this report.

Copyright 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Arabs Trample Outside the Temple Wall (Revelation 11:2)

Gaza border riots10,000 Arabs take part in weekly Gaza riots

IDF says Hamas acted toward restraint in weekly Gaza border riots, stresses that “it is expected that terrorism will stop.”

Elad Benari, Canada, 19/10/18 20:15

Some 10,000 Arabs took part in violent riots along the Gaza border fence on Friday, the IDF Spokesperson’s Unit said.

Unlike previous weeks, most of the rioters remained in Gazan territory and did not try to reach the fence, said the statement, adding that Hamas acted toward restraint.

“There were still several incidents of explosive devices, grenades, crossover attempts and various terrorist attempts. IDF forces acted to thwart them.”

“This is not a situation we are prepared to accept, it is expected that terrorism will stop,” the IDF statement said.

Earlier on Friday afternoon, IDF aircraft attacked a terrorist squad that launched incendiary balloons into Israeli territory in southern Gaza.

Last Friday, approximately 15,000 Palestinian Arabs participated in riots along the Gaza border. The rioters hurled pipe bombs, rocks, and grenades, sabotaged security infrastructure, and burned tires.

In one incident, a number of rioters hurled explosive devices at the security fence and breached a hole in it. The IDF opened fire, eliminating several terrorists.

(Arutz Sheva’s North American desk is keeping you updated until the start of Shabbat in New York. The time posted automatically on all Arutz Sheva articles, however, is Israeli time.)

China Helps the Pakistani Nuclear Horn

The nuclear plants in Karachi are part of Pakistan’s plans to tap nuclear power (Image: GETTY – @rajfortyseven)

REVEALED: Photos show China HELPING with Pakistan nuclear programme amid WW3 concern

CHINA is extending its influence into Pakistan as it rushes to help the nation’s nuclear programme by building two power stations, satellite images have revealed.

By Matt Drake 14:08, Sat, Oct 20, 2018 | UPDATED: 15:05, Sat, Oct 20, 2018

The nuclear plants in Karachi are part of Pakistan’s plans to tap nuclear power to address its energy crisis.

Its energy crisis has made headlines for years with power cuts a common phenomenon in the country.

Its close ally China stepped in five years ago in 2013 just as President Xi Jinping’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) began.

The project is often described as a 21st-century silk road, made up of a “belt” of overland corridors and a “road” of shipping lanes.

Beijing offered Islamabad two power reactors named Hualong-1, a Chinese pressurised water nuclear reactor developed by the China General Nuclear Power Group (CGNPG).

Pakistan is planning on building another Hualong-1 reactor for the Chashma Nuclear Power Plant-5.

Under the deal, 86 percent of the construction cost was borne by the vendor, but options to recover this loan amount to nearly $10billion, The Print reports.

According to satellite images of the plant, the construction appears to extend into the ground which suggests the possibility almost the entire facility may go underground after construction.

Beijing offered Islamabad two power reactors named Hualong-1 (Image: @rajfortyseven)

Pakistan is planning on building another Hualong-1 reactor (Image: @rajfortyseven)

The idea to build underground nuclear plants is to limit the damage in the event of disasters.

But the plants have been set up in an area that is extremely prone to seismic shifts as Karachi is on the cusp of three tectonic plates – the Arabia plate, the Eurasia plate and the India plate.

During an earthquake or tsunami, buried structures bear the brunt of tremors and such a disaster could put the safety of the entire city and surrounding areas at risk.

The project has also been called a Chinese Marshall Plan, a state-backed campaign for global dominance.

The plants have been set up in an area that is extremely prone to seismic shifts (Image: @rajfortyseven)

People fear China is pursuing a form of economic imperialism which gives it too much leverage over other, poorer countries.

Associate professor at Australian National University, Jane Golley, said: “They’ve presented this very grand initiative which has frightened people.

“Rather than using their economic power to make friends, they’ve drummed up more fear that it will be about influence.”

Over the five years since President Xi announced the Chinese Marshall Plan to connect Asia, Africa and Europe, the initiative has been used to describe almost all aspects of Chinese engagement abroad.

Chinese companies have secured more than $340billion in construction contracts.

But China’s dominance comes at the expense of local contractors in partner countries.