Friday, 7 September, 2018 – 19:15 –
The protesters shouted anti-Iranian slogans outside the consulate, including “Iran, out, out!” before they stormed it and set a fire inside. Protesters also burned an Iranian flag.
A spokesman for the consulate said that all diplomats and employees were evacuated from the building before the protesters attacked, and that none of them were hurt.
Many residents of the city accuse Iranian-backed political parties of interfering with Iraqi politics and some hold them responsible for mismanagement and the poor services in the city.
Later Friday, angry protesters marched to the city’s presidential palaces compound, where Shiite paramilitary troops are stationed, and tried to breach it. One person was killed and four wounded in ensuing scuffles with security forces, according to a health official who spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to media.
Elsewhere in the city, protesters tried to attack the headquarters of Assaib Ahl Al-Haq militia and the guards stationed there opened fire. It was not immediately clear if there were casualties.
Other protesters set tires on fire on main streets and highways, ignoring the curfew imposed by the authorities.
Unidentified attackers also fired shells into Baghdad’s fortified Green Zone in a rare attack on an area housing parliament, government offices and the US embassy. There were no casualties.
The country’s newly-elected parliament called for an emergency session to address the unrest.
The protesters have been rallying against poor services in Basra for weeks.
The city has seen a surge in protests since Tuesday, with demonstrators torching government buildings as well as political party and militia offices, as anger boils over after the hospitalization of 30,000 people who had drunk polluted water.
At least nine demonstrators have been killed since then in clashes with security forces, Mehdi al-Tamimi, head of Basra’s human rights council, has said.
The wave of protests first broke out in July in oil-rich Basra province before spreading to other parts of the country, with demonstrators also condemning corruption among Iraqi officials and demanding jobs.
“We’re thirsty, we’re hungry, we are sick and abandoned,” protester Ali Hussein told AFP Friday after another night of violence.
“Demonstrating is a sacred duty and all honest people ought to join.”
Parliament said that lawmakers and ministers, including Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi, will meet on Saturday to discuss the water contamination crisis, the latest breakdown in public services to infuriate residents.
The meeting was demanded by Shiite cleric Moqtada Sadr, whose political bloc won the largest number of seats in May parliamentary elections although a new government has yet to be formed.
Sadr, whose supporters held protests inside the Green Zone in 2016 to condemn corruption among Iraqi officials, called for “demonstrations of peaceful anger” in Basra after the main weekly prayers on Friday.
And the representative of Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani, spiritual leader of Iraq’s Shiite majority, in his Friday sermon denounced “the bad behavior of senior officials” and called for the next government to be “different from its predecessors”.
At least 24 people have been killed in the demonstrations since they erupted in Basra on July 8.
Human rights activists have accused the security forces of opening fire on the demonstrators.
But the government has blamed provocateurs in the crowds and said troops have been ordered not to use live rounds.
Amnesty International on Friday denounced “the use of excessive force by security forces” and called for an investigation into the deaths.
The anger on Basra streets was “in response to the government’s intentional policy of neglect” of the oil-rich region, the head of the region’s human rights council Tamimi said.
Abadi has scrambled to defuse the anger and authorities have already pledged a multi-billion dollar emergency plan to revive infrastructure and services in southern Iraq.
But Iraqis remain deeply skeptical as the country remains in a state of political limbo.
Sadr on Thursday called for politicians to present “radical and immediate” solutions at the emergency meeting of parliament or step down if they fail to do so.