The Ramapo: The Sixth Seal Fault Line (Revelation 6:12)

Image result for ramapo fault lineThe Ramapo fault and other New York City area faults 

 Map depicting the extent of the Ramapo Fault System in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania

The Ramapo Fault, which marks the western boundary of the Newark rift basin, has been argued to be a major seismically active feature of this region, but it is difficult to discern the extent to which the Ramapo fault (or any other specific mapped fault in the area) might be any more of a source of future earthquakes than any other parts of the region. The Ramapo Fault zone spans more than 185 miles (300 kilometers) in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. It is a system of faults between the northern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont areas to the east. This fault is perhaps the best known fault zone in the Mid-Atlantic region, and some small earthquakes have been known to occur in its vicinity. Recently, public knowledge about the fault has increased – especially after the 1970s, when the fault’s proximity to the Indian Point nuclear plant in New York was noticed.

There is insufficient evidence to unequivocally demonstrate any strong correlation of earthquakes in the New York City area with specific faults or other geologic structures in this region. The damaging earthquake affecting New York City in 1884 was probably not associated with the Ramapo fault because the strongest shaking from that earthquake occurred on Long Island (quite far from the trace of the Ramapo fault). The relationship between faults and earthquakes in the New York City area is currently understood to be more complex than any simple association of a specific earthquake with a specific mapped fault.

A 2008 study argued that a magnitude 6 or 7 earthquake might originate from the Ramapo fault zone, which would almost definitely spawn hundreds or even thousands of fatalities and billions of dollars in damage. Studying around 400 earthquakes over the past 300 years, the study also argued that there was an additional fault zone extending from the Ramapo Fault zone into southwestern Connecticut. As can be seen in the above figure of seismicity, earthquakes are scattered throughout this region, with no particular concentration of activity along the Ramapo fault, or along the hypothesized fault zone extending into southwestern Connecticut.

Just off the northern terminus of the Ramapo fault is the Indian Point Nuclear Power Plant, built between 1956 and 1960 by Consolidated Edison Company. The plant began operating in 1963, and it has been the subject of a controversy over concerns that an earthquake from the Ramapo fault will affect the power plant. Whether or not the Ramapo fault actually does pose a threat to this nuclear power plant remains an open question.

The Great Woes of Prophecy (Revelation 9)

The Ring of Fire around the Pacific Ocean has experienced eight earthquakes that were magnitude 6.5 or greater over a period of three weeks. Original Image

Credit: USGS

Tons of Major Quakes Have Rattled the World Recently. Does That Mean Anything?

by Kimberly Hickok, Reference Editor | August 23, 2018 10:41am ET

This August is shaping up to be a pretty shaky month, thanks to several large earthquakes across the globe. These earthquakes have spurred reports that California is more likely to experience a catastrophic earthquake, colloquially known as “the big one,” very soon. But experts say that’s not how earthquakes work.

In the past three weeks, there have been eight earthquakes that were magnitude 6.5 or greater. That’s 40 percent of the major quakes that have happened so far this year, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Yesterday morning (Aug. 22), a magnitude-6.2 earthquake occurred about 170 miles (273 kilometers) off the coast of Oregon, along the Blanco Fractal Zone (separate from the San Andreas Fault in California), USGS reported.

But don’t worry — the occurence of these earthquakes doesn’t suggest that there’s a higher chance now, compared with any other time, that California will experience a major earthquake.

“I have not heard of any seismologists who fear that California is about to experience ‘the big one,'” said Jascha Polet, a seismologist at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. “In the past few days, there have been more large earthquakes (globally) than on average, but that will happen in any random distribution,” Polet told Live Science in an email.

Seven of this month’s eight monster shakers occurred around the Ring of Fire, or the Circum-Pacific Belt. This region is the horseshoe-shaped border of the Pacific Ocean where about 90 percent of the world’s earthquakes occur, according to the USGS. California is included on the eastern side of the ring, and so far, the state has been spared significant earthquake activity in the past few months. In the past 30 days, the largest quake was a magnitude 4.5, which occurred July 25, 65 miles (105 km) off the coast of northern California.

Although there are regions, such as the Ring of Fire that are more prone to seismic activity than others, earthquakes are discreet events that occur randomly and independently of one another over time. The recent increase in seismic activity after an apparent lull is exactly what seismologists expect. “In a random distribution, there will be periods of low and high activity,” Polet said.

Major earthquakes can shift the underlying stress on that particular fault, which, in turn, may change the likelihood of later quakes in the area around the fault. For instance, large earthquakes typically result in aftershocks, or smaller earthquakes in the same area of the main earthquake. “These aftershocks will decrease in size and frequency as time goes by and the fault settles in,” said Kasey Aderhold, a seismologist with the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology, a nonprofit research organization. “The larger the earthquake, the longer it takes to settle back down to the usual background seismic activity,” she said. Aderhold also explained that the largest earthquakes, like the magnitude-9.1 Tohoku earthquake off the coast of Japan will have aftershocks for years to come.

California has a history of experiencing large earthquakes, such as the magnitude-7.8 earthquake that rocked San Francisco in 1906 and the magnitude-6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989 that caused 63 deaths and thousands of injuries, according to the USGS. Because many years have passed without a major California quake, some news outlets have speculated that the chance of a devastating quake occurring in California is higher now, considering the recent increase in earthquake events around the Ring of Fire.

“We have had other large earthquakes that did not trigger the ‘big one,'” Aderhold told Live Science in an email. For example, she said, “the 2004 [magnitude] 9.2 Sumatra earthquake made everywhere on Earth move by at least 1 centimeter [2.5 inches],” but there was no West Coast “big one.” Aderhold also pointed to the 2011 magnitude-9.1 Tohoku earthquake off the coast of Japan and the 2017 magnitude-8.2 Chiapas, Mexico, earthquake, neither of which spurred a large earthquake in California.

According to the USGS, the southern California area experiences about 10,000 earthquakes every year, although most are so small that people don’t even feel them. But this doesn’t mean Californians shouldn’t be prepared for more destructive earthquakes.

The USGS predicts that, within the next 30 years, the probability of at least one magnitude-6.7 or higher earthquake is 60 percent in the Los Angeles area and 72 percent in the San Francisco Bay area.

“The bottom line is that a large and potentially damaging earthquake will occur in California and other locations in the world, and communities should continue to review and improve their preparations and plans,” Aderhold said. “Big earthquakes elsewhere are a good reminder.”

The USGS recommends setting aside emergency supplies such as a first-aid kit, medications and a fire extinguisher. You can find the full list of items, and other helpful tips for earthquake preparedness, on the USGS website.

Original article on Live Science.

Israel Continues to Trample Outside the Temple Walls (Revelation 11:2)

Palestinians in Gaza wait to fill containers after Israel stopped the transfer of fuel and cooking gas into the enclave in July ( Reuters )

UN urges Israel not to withhold aid from Gaza, as crisis deepens

A top United Nations official warns the besieged Gaza Strip is running out of fuel and medical supplies

Bel Trew Jerusalem

The UN’s top official has called on Israel to urgently allow the delivery of humanitarian supplies into Gaza, and called on all parties not hold aid supplies “hostage to political and security developments”.

Rosemary DiCarlo, the United Nations political chief, revealed the woeful humanitarian situation in the besieged enclave to the organisation’s security council this week, warning fuel and medical supplies were running “dangerously” low. Ms DiCarlo said funding for the UN’s emergency fuel support programme in Gaza had run out, a situation which could see hundreds of key facilities, including hospitals and water plants, close.

Gaza is already suffering under a decade long blockade imposed by Israel after the Hamas militant group violently swept to power in the Palestinian territory in 2007. This summer the humanitarian situation reached crisis point amid a flare-up in violence between the two sides which “threatened to plunge Gaza into war”, Ms DiCarlo said.

“The humanitarian situation in Gaza had also deteriorated further, due in part to additional restrictions that Israel imposed on the movement of goods,” Ms DiCarlo said.

“As we work towards the full lifting of the closing [of] Gaza … I call on all parties to ensure that urgently needed humanitarian supplies reach the strip. These should not be held hostage to political and security developments,” she added.

The top official also appealed to the UN security council for $4.5 million [£3.5 million] to urgently plug a funding shortfall needed for fuel support.

Iran is Prepared to Fight Babylon the Great

Iranian Ayatollah Ahmad Khatami | AFP

Iran says it will attack United States and its main ally Israel if it is harmed

Senior Iranian cleric Ahmad Khatami said that the price of a war with Iran would be very high for the US.

by  Scroll Staff Published Aug 22, 2018 · 11:07 pm

Iran on Wednesday said that it would hit American and Israeli targets if the United States was to commence an attack, Reuters reported. Senior Iranian cleric Ahmad Khatami warned that the price of a war with Iran would be very high for the US. Khatami is seen as close to Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

“They know if they harm this country and this state in the slightest way the United States and its main ally in the region, the Zionist regime [Israel], would be targeted,” Khatami said.

The comments came after United States National Security Adviser John Bolton, during a visit to Israel on Wednesday, said that US sanctions are having a strong effect on Iran’s economy and popular opinion.

“Let me be clear, the reimposition of the sanctions, we think, is already having a significant effect on Iran’s economy and on, really, popular opinion inside Iran,” Bolton told Reuters. “There should not be any doubt that the US wants this resolved peacefully, but we are fully prepared for any contingency that Iran creates.”

Earlier this month, US President Donald Trump reimposed economic sanctions against Iran, calling them the “most biting sanctions ever”. Trump had announced in May that he was pulling the US out of a Barack Obama-era nuclear agreement with Iran, calling it “decaying and rotten”.

Iran’s Revolutionary Guards said it would increase the country’s defensive capabilities and not give in to US pressure to do away with the ballistic missile programme, according to Reuters. If Iran is threatened, it could also strike Israeli cities with missiles, said the elite corps.

Last week, Khamenei had said that Iran would neither go to war nor hold negotiations with the US. “Recently, US officials have been talking blatantly about us,” he tweeted. “Besides sanctions, they are talking about war and negotiations. In this regard, let me say a few words to the people: There will be no war, nor will we negotiate with the US.”

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Political Enemies Still Trying to Unseat the Antichrist

Former Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri Al Maliki. Reuters

Iraq’s Maliki seeks long-shot political comeback by courting Kurds

The former prime minister is appealing to the same minority he once marginalised

Mina Aldroubi

Former Iraqi leader Nouri Al Maliki is attempting a comeback, four years after leaving office in disgrace, by seeking a Kurdish alliance.

The former prime minister was ousted from his position in 2014 following the fall of Mosul to ISIS. Mr Al Maliki, who is Shia, was widely criticised for alienating Sunnis and Kurds by excluding them from key positions and undermining power-sharing in Iraq. He came to power in 2006 with the blessing of both the United States and Iran.

More than three months after Iraq’s general election, and as negotiations to form a coalition government continue, Mr Al Maliki is trying to strike a deal with the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. It is a move that smacks of desperation, some observers say.

May’s parliamentary elections saw electoral lists led by nationalist cleric Moqtada Al Sadr and Iranian-backed militia chief Hadi Al Amiri win the largest number of seats out of the 329 seat house.

Mr Al Sadr, who is leading a quartet of major parties with 136 seats, needs to secure 28 more to form a parliamentary majority.

But Kurdish parties, which collectively secured over 40 seats, have signaled their willingness to join Mr Al Maliki’s State of Law bloc, which won 26 seats, along with Mr Al Amiri’s Fateh bloc which won 47 seats. There is no word though on how close to an agreement the parties are.

The two proposed coalitions account for around 249 seats between them, meaning that 80 seats held by smaller parties and individuals would hold the balance of power.

Mr Al Maliki is a small player in the Iraqi parliament, with three or four seats out of his bloc who are loyal to him, said Michael Knights, a senior fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

“However, he’s a natural politician, so he can bring people together and make deals, and this is why you talk to him,” Mr Knights said, adding that he would have a limited role if Mr Al Sadr formed a government.

Mr Al Maliki and the Kurds have every reason to be talking, said Andrew Parasiliti, director of global policy think tank RAND Corporation.

“The question is whether Maliki could – or would – deliver on his expansive offer to the Kurds, which, if enacted, would allow a reset in Baghdad-Erbil relations,” Mr Parasailiti said

The Kurdish parties have approached negotiations in an open fashion, talking with all parties in hopes of maximising their leverage.

They seek to “develop relationships no-matter who becomes the centre of the new government in Baghdad,” Mr Knights said. “It’s a smart move, even if their preference is not to work with Maliki, due to historic grievances.”

Iraq’s Kurds have displayed a capacity to act together to represent their interests in Baghdad, even as they compete for influence over the Kurdish north. They’ve also displayed a capacity for pragmatism in working with erstwhile rivals.

“They had problems with Haider Al Abadi as well, and yet they speak with him,” noted Joost Hiltermann, regional programme director for conflict monitoring organisation International Crisis Group. “They don’t want to lose out in government formation, and therefore will speak with anyone, and align themselves with the eventual winner.”

But even courting the Kurds, Mr Al Maliki, whose only current formal role in government is as one of three largely ceremonial vice-presidents, remains a long-shot and will likely remain a supporting actor in any new government, Mr Knights said.