| UPDATED: 15:00, Tue, Aug 7, 2018
NINE countries across the globe possess a total of 14,525 nuclear weapons. The United States and Russia account for 92 percent of them, but these are the countries which own the nukes globally.
The last time a nuclear weapon was used to attack people was on August 9, 1945 in Nagasaki, Japan.
Only a few days prior, a bomb was dropped over the Japanese city of Hiroshima, causing an explosion which killed tens of thousands of civilians and made thousands sick in the weeks after the attack.
The two bombings remain the only use of nuclear weapons in the history of warfare – but countries continue to stockpile and hard the deadly devices.
Between nine countries, the most current estimate suggest they possess 14,525 nuclear weapons – including those deployed, stockpile and retired.
Whichcountries have nuclear weapons – and how many do they have?
• Russia – 6,850
• USA – 6,450
• France – 300
• China – 280
• UK – 215
• Pakistan – 150
• India – 140
• Israel 0- 80
• North Korea – 60
Russia, the US and North Korea have detonated thousands of nuclear devices in test explosions in recent years.
According to the Federation of American Scientists (FAS), more than 70,000 useable nuclear weapons had been stockpiled by the end of the Cold War in the late 1980s.
The FAS monitors the number of nuclear weapons in operation and releases updated weapon counts.
The global collection of nuclear weapons may be a lot lower, but is still surprising in its numbers.
Weapons experts Hans Kristensen and Robert Norris said: “Comparing today’s inventory with that of the 1950s is like comparing apples and oranges; today’s forces are vastly more capable.
“The pace of reduction has slowed significantly. Instead of planning for nuclear disarmament, the nuclear-armed states appear to plan to retain large arsenals for the indefinite future.”
The map above shows the estimates of the nine countries with nuclear weapons and how many they have in their arsenal.
World War 3 nuclear weapons MAPPED: Russia and America has the highest number of nuclear weapons (Image: Getty )
With certain expectation, the tally above counts viable, deliverable warheads.
However, the numbers do not include roughly 20,000 plutonium pits or vital cores of atomic bombs, which are stored at Pantext Plant – a US government facility in Texas which assembles, maintains and dismantles nuclear weapons.
North Korea is understood to have built as many as 60 nuclear weapons, has a miniaturised thermonuclear warhead, and long-range missiles capable of reaching distances as far as the US.
President Donald Trump’s administration has worked to “denuclearise” North Korea but the country appears to be continuing its weapons development programme.
Who has Nuclear Weapons?
Wed, January 3, 2018
These countries are in the world’s nuclear weapons club.
However there are many across who are focused on ridding the world of the dangerous arms technology.
In 2017, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)
They won the prize for their “work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons” and their “ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons.”
The Norwegian Nobel Committee said in its decision that ICAN “works vigorously to achieve nuclear disarmament” and noted the organisation’s process to get 122 UNN member states to sign the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.