The Rising of the Pakistani Nuclear Horn (Daniel 8:8)

5 reasons why Pakistan has the potential to be one of the most powerful countries of the world – Daily Times

Geographical Perfection

Pakistan’s unique location makes it as one of the more essential paths to many key areas of the globe.

This includes Central Asia, the Middle East, South Asia and China. This geographical importance leads to Pakistan being recognised by the top most nations of the world which does and can in the future too, lead to healthy relations with said nations if cooperation prevails.

Nuclear Power

Not only is Pakistan the only Muslim Country with nuclear power but also the world’s 7th largest source of it.

Its competence levels reach the point where it is capable of launching nuclear missiles on a short notice of just 10 minutes.

Diversity of weather and landscapes

Pakistan is one of the very few countries in the world, which due to its geographical location, experiences all 4 weathers throughout the year.

Not only that, but it also consists of a wide variety of topographies. Ranging from the seaside in Karachi, to the city life throughout Punjab, it goes all the way to the varied landscapes of the mountainous areas in the North.

World’s largest salt mine

Pakistan’s salt mine is not only breathtaking in the way it has been naturally structured, it is also the largest in the world.

It consists of 300 million tons of reserves, which will not be exhausted even if mined and consumed for over hundreds of years, consistently.

Agriculture

Pakistan is an agricultural country. If it puts its resources to use efficiently, it is not only self-sufficient in agricultural products like cotton, wheat and all sorts of vegetables but can also produce huge amounts of surplus for export with ease.

Russia Threatens US “Space Force”

Russia Claims to Be Developing New Aircraft that Can Disable U.S. Satellites

by Michael Peck

If Russia can in fact disable the electronics on American satellites, and the NPR does reflect U.S. policy, then turning off a satellite could be construed as an act of war sufficient to justify a nuclear response. Whether a U.S. president would in fact risk thermonuclear war over a disabled satellite is another matter. Nonetheless, Russia’s new toy could have dangerous implications.

Russia says it is developing a new aircraft that can disable the electronics on U.S. satellites.

Could this new development trigger a nuclear war?

The electronic warfare aircraft “will be capable of turning off the electronics installed on military satellites,” according to Russia’s Sputnik News . The conceptual work has been completed and design and development will begin soon.

The work is currently underway to develop an aircraft equipped with jamming systems that will replace Il-22PP Porubshchik [electronic warfare aircraft], which are currently being delivered to the Russian Aerospace Forces,” an unnamed Russian defense industry source told Sputnik News. “This machine will receive a fundamentally new on-board equipment, which will allow to conduct electronic suppression of any targets—ground, air, sea—and disable enemy satellites that provide navigation and radio communication on the ground.”

Russia currently operates three electronic warfare aircraft based on the Ilyushin Il-22, according to Sputnik News. The Il-22PP versions are variants of the Il-22 (NATO code name Coot B) airborne command post, which is itself derived from the Il-18 airliner, which first flew in the 1950s.

The Il-22PP was first flown publicly in 2016. The aircraft, described as an “escort jammer” to support other aircraft, was intended to disrupt radars, surface-to-air and cruise-missile guidance systems, and tactical data networks such as Link 16.

“The problem of Porubshchik 1 is in the aircraft platform itself, as Russia has about 10 Il-22 planes and this machine cannot be reproduced,” the defense industry source told Sputnik News.

“The new aircraft will be named Porubshchik 2, but most likely, this machine will join the Aerospace Forces under a different name,” the source added. “There definitely will be a new air-frame. There is a possibility of developing such an aircraft on the basis of Tu-214 or Il-76 plane.”

None of this is particularly noteworthy. Electronic-warfare aircraft, such as the EA-18G, have become a fixture of aerial warfare since World War II. Jamming radars, missile-guidance systems and communications networks has become par for the course. For that matter, the Pentagon worries about Russian and Chinese capabilities to jam or spoof GPS links that are key to accurate navigation and targeting.

But disabling the electronics on satellites? This would seem to be a different challenge, and how Russia plans to tackle it is unclear. For example, what does it mean to “turn off” a military satellite? Convince the satellite to shut down its systems, perhaps by spoofing a command signal from ground control? Or does it mean hitting the satellite with some kind of powerful beam that fries its electronics or disrupt its systems? And how powerful a system could be mounted on what is essentially a medium-sized airliner?

However, the most interesting question isn’t about aircraft or satellites. It’s about who is willing to risk nuclear war. The Trump administration’s draft Nuclear Posture Review , released in January, suggests that America could respond with nuclear weapons to a kinetic or cyberattack on U.S. satellites. “The President will have an expanding range of limited and graduated options to credibly deter Russian nuclear or non-nuclear strategic attacks, which could now include attacks against U.S. NC3 [nuclear command, control and communications], in space and cyber space,” states the NPR.

If Russia can in fact disable the electronics on American satellites, and the NPR does reflect U.S. policy, then turning off a satellite could be construed as an act of war sufficient to justify a nuclear response. Whether a U.S. president would in fact risk thermonuclear war over a disabled satellite is another matter. Nonetheless, Russia’s new toy could have dangerous implications.

Michael Peck is a contributing writer for the National Interest. He can be found on Twitter and Facebook .

Iran Increases Her Nukes (Daniel 8:4)

(Photo: Graphic Stock)

Iran Responds to Trump Sanctions by Importing Uranium

By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz August 12, 2018 , 3:33 pm

“Of David. A psalm. Hashem said to my lord, “Sit at My right hand while I make your enemies your footstool.” Psalms 110:1 (The Israel Bible™)

Just a few days after President Trump signed an executive order reinstating economic sanctions, Iran announced they will bring back the second batch of uranium that was transferred to Russia as part of the nuclear deal.

Under the nuclear deal signed in 2015, also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), Iran agreed to export its medium-enriched uranium and all but 660 pounds of its almost nine-ton stockpile of low-enriched uranium. In addition to being used to generate electricity, low-enriched uranium can be further enriched for use in nuclear weapons.

“When we were inking the nuclear deal, we stopped production of 20% fuel and deposited the excessive fuel in Russia in nearly 10 batches. We received the first batch nearly seven months ago and the second batch is about to be transferred back to Iran. Any of these batches can be used for nearly one year and therefore, we have 20% fuel for Tehran Reactor for at least 7 to 8 years,” a spokesman for the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI), Behrouz Kamalvandi said in the semi-official Fars news agency on Saturday.

President Trump pulled out of the JCPOA in May and reinstated some sanctions last Tuesday. More sanctions will be reinstated in November.

Last month, Britain, France, and Germany presented a series of economic guarantees to Iran in an effort to save the JCPOA but it was rejected.

In response to the U.S. reinstating sanctions, Iran has threatened to restart its centrifuges for enriching uranium for a weapons program and last month, they reopened a nuclear power plant that had been idle for nine years.

It was announced last Friday that Iran test-fired a ballistic missile last week. At the same time, Iran ran a large-scale naval exercise in the Gulf of Hormuz. It is believed these two moves were intended as a message to the U.S.

The Ramapo: The Sixth Seal Fault Line (Revelation 6:12)

Image result for ramapo fault lineThe Ramapo fault and other New York City area faults 

 Map depicting the extent of the Ramapo Fault System in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania

The Ramapo Fault, which marks the western boundary of the Newark rift basin, has been argued to be a major seismically active feature of this region, but it is difficult to discern the extent to which the Ramapo fault (or any other specific mapped fault in the area) might be any more of a source of future earthquakes than any other parts of the region. The Ramapo Fault zone spans more than 185 miles (300 kilometers) in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. It is a system of faults between the northern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont areas to the east. This fault is perhaps the best known fault zone in the Mid-Atlantic region, and some small earthquakes have been known to occur in its vicinity. Recently, public knowledge about the fault has increased – especially after the 1970s, when the fault’s proximity to the Indian Point nuclear plant in New York was noticed.

There is insufficient evidence to unequivocally demonstrate any strong correlation of earthquakes in the New York City area with specific faults or other geologic structures in this region. The damaging earthquake affecting New York City in 1884 was probably not associated with the Ramapo fault because the strongest shaking from that earthquake occurred on Long Island (quite far from the trace of the Ramapo fault). The relationship between faults and earthquakes in the New York City area is currently understood to be more complex than any simple association of a specific earthquake with a specific mapped fault.

A 2008 study argued that a magnitude 6 or 7 earthquake might originate from the Ramapo fault zone, which would almost definitely spawn hundreds or even thousands of fatalities and billions of dollars in damage. Studying around 400 earthquakes over the past 300 years, the study also argued that there was an additional fault zone extending from the Ramapo Fault zone into southwestern Connecticut. As can be seen in the above figure of seismicity, earthquakes are scattered throughout this region, with no particular concentration of activity along the Ramapo fault, or along the hypothesized fault zone extending into southwestern Connecticut.

Just off the northern terminus of the Ramapo fault is the Indian Point Nuclear Power Plant, built between 1956 and 1960 by Consolidated Edison Company. The plant began operating in 1963, and it has been the subject of a controversy over concerns that an earthquake from the Ramapo fault will affect the power plant. Whether or not the Ramapo fault actually does pose a threat to this nuclear power plant remains an open question.

Turkmen Fail to Stop the Antichrist

Protests won’t change Iraq vote results: Turkmen leaderProtests won’t change Iraq vote results: Turkmen leader

Head of the Iraqi Turkmen Front, Arshad Salihi

By Ali Jawad

BAGHDAD

Protests against results of the manual recount of the May 12 parliamentary polls will lead to nothing, the head of the Iraqi Turkmen Front said Monday.

“Any objection to the results of the manual recount would not make any change,” Arshad Salihi told Anadolu Agency.

Last week, Iraq’s Independent High Electoral Commission said the manual recount of the May 12 parliamentary election results is compatible with the electronic count.

According to the results, Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr’s Sairoon Coalition won 54 parliamentary seats, followed by a Hashd al-Shaabi-led coalition (48 seats) and Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi’s Victory Bloc (42 seats).

On Sunday, the electoral commission began to receive complaints from political parties against the poll results.

“Commission judges were subject to pressure, that’s why the results in Kirkuk were kept as it is,” Salihi said.

He claimed that votes were manipulated in around 1,140 polling stations in Kirkuk.

“Judges, however, recounted votes in 190 polling stations only and wrapped up their work in Kirkuk before the set time,” he said.

Salihi said he will file a complaint against the results of the manual recount. “But we don’t pin high hopes on changing the vote results because we know that there are pressures being piled on the commission,” he said.

“We have no choice but to resort to international organizations to follow up on the issue,” he said.

Once Iraq’s Federal Court approves the results of the manual recount, incoming MPs will hold a first session to elect a new assembly speaker.

Within 30 days of the first parliamentary session, the assembly will elect — by a two-thirds majority — the country’s next president.

The president will then task the largest bloc in parliament with drawing up a government, which must be referred back to parliament for approval.

Iran Builds Up Her Nuclear Arsenal (Daniel 8:4)

Iran taking back enriched uranium it sent out to Russia under nuke deal

Energy official says re-imposed US sanctions forcing Islamic Republic to return to nuclear fuel sources for domestic power needs

By TOI staff

11 Aug 2018, 11:26 pm

Iran on Saturday announced it was taking back another portion of the 20 percent enriched uranium stockpile it handed over to Russia as part of the nuclear deal signed in 2015 with world powers in exchange for sanctions relief.

Spokesman and vice-president of Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization Behrouz Kamalvandi said the re-imposition of US sanctions following President Donald Trump’s exit in May from the accord necessitated returning the uranium for domestic needs.

“If the fuel is sold to us, we do not need to produce it by ourselves,” Kamalvandi said, according to the semi-official Fars news agency.

“If the nuclear deal remains alive, the other sides should sell us the fuel and if the nuclear deal dies, then we would feel unimpeded to produce the 20% fuel ourselves,” he added.

Kamalvandi said Iran stopped producing 20% enriched uranium and transferred its stockpile to Russia in ten batches as per the 2015 deal. He said Russia had already returned one batch of the fuel earlier this year at Tehran’s request, and a second would be returned soon.

The multi-national accord brokered by the Obama administration stipulated that Iran ship out all but 300 kilograms (over 660 pounds) of its almost nine-ton stockpile of low-enriched uranium. Low-enriched uranium is suited to generate electricity but can be further enriched to arm nuclear warheads.

Illustrative: An unidentified International Atomic Energy Agency inspector cuts the connections between the twin cascades for 20 percent uranium enrichment at the Natanz facility, some 200 miles (322 kilometers) south of the capital Tehran, Iran, Monday, January 20, 2014. (AP/IRNA, Kazem Ghane)

In May, the US announced it was abandoning the 2015 agreement and reimposing nuclear-related sanctions, threatening global companies with heavy penalties if they continue to operate in Iran.

In a bid to salvage the accord, the EU and European parties to the deal — Britain, France, and Germany — presented a series of economic “guarantees” to Iran last month, but they were deemed “insufficient” by Tehran.

In recent weeks, Iran has prominently displayed its centrifuges and threatened to resume enriching uranium at higher rates. At one point, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani renewed a long-standing Iranian threat to close off the Strait of Hormuz, through which a third of all oil traded by sea passes.

US sanctions that had been eased by the Obama administration under the deal took effect again Tuesday, targeting US dollar financial transactions, Iran’s automotive sector, and the purchase of commercial planes and metals, including gold. Even stronger sanctions targeting Iran’s oil sector and central bank are to be re-imposed in early November.

Trump has offered talks on a “more comprehensive deal” but Iran has balked at negotiating under the pressure of sanctions and has instead leaned on its increasingly close ties with fellow US sanctions targets Turkey and Russia.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif told the conservative Tasnim news agency on Saturday there are no plans to meet with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo or other US officials on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York next month, which both Rouhani and Trump are due to attend.

European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, from left, wait for the start of a bilateral meeting, as part of the closed-door nuclear talks with Iran at a hotel in Vienna, Austria, Friday, July 6, 2018. (AP Photo/Ronald Zak)

“On Trump’s recent proposal [of talks], our official stance was announced by the president and by us. Americans are not honest and their addiction to sanctions does not allow any negotiation to take place,” Zarif told Tasnim.

It was Iran’s most explicit rejection of renewed nuclear talks to date, after much speculation that economic pressure would force its leaders back to the table with Washington or at least to engage in backroom discussions in New York.

Building the Australian Nuclear Horn (Daniel 7)

Trump stance on Iran heralds new reality for Australia

13 August 2018 — 12:00am

The Trump administration is reimposing a series of sanctions on Iran, targeting Iranian trade in aircraft, automobiles, pistachios and gold.  In November, an additional round of sanctions will target exports.

These trade moves follow Donald Trump’s withdrawal in May of the United States from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action nuclear deal. This new reality means that Australia should urgently clarify its stance towards Iran.

We know that Foreign Minister Julie Bishop and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo discussed Iran at the July AUSMIN summit. While Bishop, commendably and appropriately, has been recently criticising Iran’s regional military aggression and ongoing missile development, Australian diplomats are actively reaching out to Tehran’s commercial class, with the embassy there recently announcing “Australian companies are keen on doing business with Iran” and signalling a “wait and see” approach to the discredited nuclear deal.

Australia needs a clear and consistent position which should be based on Australia’s national interest in robustly addressing the threat posed by a belligerent, expansionist and irresponsible Iran.

Smuggled intelligence documents revealed by Israel have shown both that Iran’s nuclear program was further advanced than anyone thought and that, since the signing of the 2015 agreement, Iran has continued to conceal its nuclear capabilities and ambitions.

This means that Iran has not, as often claimed, complied with the terms of the nuclear deal, reached between Iran, the US, Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany. That deal required Iran to co-operate with the International Atomic Energy Agency to account for and document its past nuclear efforts, but the smuggled archive shows Iran has done the opposite, actively hiding them from inspectors.

Julie Bishop, Australia’s foreign minister, left, and Mike Pompeo, US secretary of state, stand for photographs during a bilateral meeting at the Australia-US Ministerial (AUSMIN) consultations at Stanford University.

Photo: Bloomberg

The agreement not only failed to do more than temporarily postpone a nuclear Iran but has effectively empowered Iran to step up its other menacing activities.

Much to the disgust of long-suffering Iranians, funds released under that deal were used primarily to save the despotic Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad and to aid the rebels in the murderous war in Yemen, to fund and direct terrorists and to destablise most of Iran’s other neighbours – all developments definitely not in Australia’s national interest.

Furthermore, Iran’s ballistic missile program is continuing – in contravention of United Nations resolutions.

Meanwhile, even before US sanctions were restored, the economic pressure on the Iranian regime has been intensifying rapidly. Iran’s rial is in free fall, inflation is estimated at 220 per cent, multinational investors are fleeing in droves and street protests against the dire economic situation have become increasingly frequent and nationally widespread.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.

Photo: AP

Some oppose outside pressure on the regime, claiming it only weakens “moderate” actors in Iran, such as President Hassan Rouhani, and strengthens hardliners, such as the Revolutionary Guard Corps.

Such claims rest on a fundamental misreading of Iranian politics. Rouhani is no moderate. He has been intimately tied to Iran’s nuclear program for two decades and boasted in 2015 about using negotiations as cover to advance Iran’s nuclear efforts. He also lacks direct control over foreign or defence policy – which is determined by hardline Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Iran signed the nuclear deal because Khamenei decided it was in Iran’s interests, to ease external economic pressure, and because the Obama administration, desperate for a deal, made concessions which essentially allowed Iran to build nuclear weapons after 2025.

Renewed pressure on Iran is the key to both changing these unacceptable arrangements on the nuclear issue and to making new agreements to address the Iranian regime’s other rogue activities.

Thus the Australian government’s more critical stance of late must be backed up by our diplomats. Iran poses a serious threat for our allies and for international and regional order and Australia has a useful role to play in supporting Washington’s initiative to deter, counter and contain that threat.

Dr Colin Rubenstein is executive director of the Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council. Previously, he taught Middle East politics at Monash University.

Manual Recount Ratifies Antichrist’s Victory

Manual Recount Ratifies Sadr Movement Triumph in Iraq

Baghdad, Aug 11 (Prensa Latina) A recount of the votes in the Iraqi parliamentary elections ratified the triumph of the coalition led by the Shiite Muslim cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, after the results were released today.

Sadr’s bloc, Sairoon, retained 54 of the 329 seats in dispute, according to the Independent Elections Commission of Iraq.

The review of the ballots covered 13 of the 18 provinces of this country due to allegations of fraud, which is why the Parliament ordered a recount of the votes.

Meanwhile, al-Fatih alliance, headed by Hadi al-Amiri, gained an additional seat and went from 47 to 48, and Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi’s al-Nasr bloc remained in third place with 42.

The winning parties of the consultation remain involved in negotiations to form the next government, without any sign of an imminent conclusion.

That uncertainty creates more tensions in the population that aspires to an improvement of basic services, of job offers and to accelerate the reconstruction of the country destroyed by a three-year war with the terrorist group Islamic State.

The Sairoon movement threatened Friday to remain in the opposition, instead of supporting the formation of the government, in case the other parties do not support 40 demands demanded by the cleric Sadr.

Claims include the rejection of sectarian quotas, the handing over of ministries to previous holders, the installation of deputies of dual citizenship and the expulsion of corrupt officials.

Popular anger over the prevailing situation is reflected in frequent protests in the southern provinces, in which predominantly Shiite Muslim confession, which is supported by the main leader of that religious variant, Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani.

sus/tgj / arc

The History Of New York Earthquakes: Before The Sixth Seal (Rev 6:12)

Historic Earthquakes

Near New York City, New York

1884 08 10 19:07 UTC

Magnitude 5.5

Intensity VII

USGS.gov

This severe earthquake affected an area roughly extending along the Atlantic Coast from southern Maine to central Virginia and westward to Cleveland, Ohio. Chimneys were knocked down and walls were cracked in several States, including Connecticut, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. Many towns from Hartford, Connecticut, to West Chester,Pennsylvania.

Property damage was severe at Amityville and Jamaica, New York, where several chimneys were “overturned” and large cracks formed in walls. Two chimneys were thrown down and bricks were shaken from other chimneys at Stratford (Fairfield County), Conn.; water in the Housatonic River was agitated violently. At Bloomfield, N.J., and Chester, Pa., several chimneys were downed and crockery was broken. Chimneys also were damaged at Mount Vernon, N.Y., and Allentown, Easton, and Philadelphia, Pa. Three shocks occurred, the second of which was most violent. This earthquake also was reported felt in Vermont, Virginia, and Washington, D.C. Several slight aftershocks were reported on August 11.

The Threat of Pakistani Nuclear Terror (Daniel 8:4)

Pakistan’s constantly-moving missiles and hidden launches revealed

Col. Vinayak Bhat (retd)11 August, 2018

There is undeniable evidence on Google Earth satellite imagery exposing Pakistan’s unknown, secretive missile launches.

Pakistan keeps moving its missiles and launchers from place to place to conceal their whereabouts, according to evidence analysed by ThePrint.

For years now, Pakistan has sought to overcome its disproportionately smaller conventional military capability against India by amassing scores of nuclear weapons and delivery systems. In 1965, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the country’s foreign minister at the time, had said: “We will eat grass and leaves, even go hungry, but we will get one of our own (nuclear bomb).”

Later, as prime minister, Bhutto established the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) to fulfil his dream mission of possessing a missile programme.

Pakistan also created the Kahuta Research Laboratories (now known as Khan Research Laboratories) soon after its defeat in the 1971 war. The efforts to gain nuclear technology by illegal means increased after India’s Pokhran blast in 1974.

But Islamabad also resorts to bluff and bluster on its nuclear weapons programme. In January 2017, this author had exposed Pakistan when it used Photoshop and special effects to fake the launch of its Babur missile.

After almost 18 months, now there is undeniable evidence on Google Earth satellite imagery exposing Pakistan’s unknown, secretive missile launches.

China’s assistance

Pakistan’s closest ally has been China, with whom it shares an inseparable friendship. Since the 1980s, Pakistan has made strong efforts to acquire an indigenous capability in missile production, assisted by China and North Korea with their technological and other assistance.

China’s role in the sale of M-11 missiles to Pakistan, along with the blueprints of the U235 nuclear implosion device has been documented earlier. In the 1990s, many Chinese and North Korean vessels were raided to find and confiscate tons of ammonium perchlorate bound for SUPARCO.

China has also been providing transporter erector launchers or TELs for Pakistan’s missile programmes. The Wanshan Special Vehicles Factory has been providing its WS51200 vehicles for the Shaheen-III missiles to be made more mobile.

More recently, China has provided powerful and high performance tracking system for Pakistan’s missile development programme.

These are highly accurate spatial measurement systems known as cinetheodolites. They use high-speed cameras and laser tracking, enabling collection of trajectory and performance data obtained during testing to assist the missile development programmes.

As per the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a set of four systems has been provided with training and guidance of Chinese engineers and technicians.

Transport security

Pakistan is paranoid that Indian armed forces will know exactly where its missiles and weapons are located. So, it adopts a system of keeping the nuclear weapons and missiles moving so that no one ever knows their exact location.

This brings in the crucially important aspect of transport security, especially from an internal threat. The so-called “jihadists” or “good terrorists” may get to know how and when Pakistan moves its missiles and nuclear weapons from one location to another.

Pakistan has assembled at least 10 special trucks for transporting possibly weapons and missiles from KRL in Kahuta and the National Defence Complex, Fatehjang, to various locations, especially to Winder, near Karachi.

The civilian truck, which US commentators call a “1-800-FLOWERS” truck, has been observed at Fatehjang, Hyderabad (Sindh) and Winder.

These trucks have been seen on highways near Hyderabad and Karachi with seemingly no security cover.

Shaheen-III

The Shaheen-III missile was developed by Pakistan in response to the so-called threat posed by India’s Agni-III. The first service test was carried out in December 2017.

Since then, Pakistan’s former Strategic Plans Division chief Lt Gen. Khalid Kidwai has been boasting about capability to hit India as far away as the Andaman and Nicobar Islands with nuclear weapons.

The satellite images of 1 December, 2017, cover the launch site of Pakistan’s premier facilities at Winder.

The images clearly display a missile horizontally placed on some kind of stand. The size and shape of the missile suggest that it is a Shaheen-III missile.

The launch pad has a tractor erector system for the missile to be raised to vertical firing position.

The movable shed has been shifted, possibly to place the missile on the erector system.

A large number of vehicles is observed near the command and control centre. They are possibly special instrumentation vehicles.

Ababeel

Indian scientists successfully tested the Agni-V missile in January 2018. The Indian missile has range of 5,000 km, which covers nearly all of Pakistan from any part of India. But the Agni-V is not a Pakistan-specific missile.

Pakistan is equally involved in the missile race. Its India-centric missile programme was readied for a repeat test of its of Ababeel missile.

Satellite images of Winder launch site show a white missile in erected position with a number of support vehicles around it. The movable shed has been moved to its end.

The size and shape of this missile suggests it is an Ababeel. Its position suggests it is ready to be fired and countdown has begun.

The presence of army tents in huge numbers along with the VIP tent suggests that this Ababeel launch was probably user trials for the Pakistan Army.

The MIRV (multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicle) technology of the Ababeel missile reportedly uses the Chinese cinetheodolite tracking system to track multiple targets to develop a perfect multiple re-entry for its weapons.

The introduction of MIRV technology in South Asia is likely to have a cascading effect on the regional security environment.

NOTAMs

NOTAMs — international warning notifications that are issued before testing flying objects — for Pakistan’s December launch could not be traced. They were possible issued a long time ago, and expired on the day of launch.

The NOTAMs issued by Pakistan for the 28 January 2018 launch cover a distance of 2,900 km into the Arabian Sea.

The distance is almost 700 km greater than the earlier-claimed 2,200 km by the director-general of Inter-Services Public Relations, the media wing of the military, after the first test on 24 January 2017.

The range indicated in the NOTAMs suggests very strongly that this particular Ababeel could be a variant with longer range.

In its zest to keep up with India, the new government, with Imran Khan as its leader, is unlikely to bring in any positive change to Pakistan’s military and nuclear establishments.