Russia Playing Nuclear Chicken (Daniel 7:7)

Russia conducted nuclear submarine exercises beneath the North Pole
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JEREMY BENDER FEB. 9, 2015, 10:50 AM 3,171 4

Russian nuclear units carried out Arctic exercises in international waters beneath the North Pole over the weekend, Damien Sharkov reports for Newsweek.

The exercise featured the presence of several Borei-class ballistic missile submarines. These subs are among the most technologically advanced and capable of Russia’s current ballistic missile submarine fleet, and they function as a nuclear deterrent.

The timing of the exercise is thought to be a response to NATO’s decisions on Feb. 5 to reinforce its eastern military position along the Russian border.

However, Russia has said that the exercise was instead simply part of the country’s shift towards reinforcing its position within the Arctic.

“In particular we focused on hazard and threat detection, but also on missile launching and navigation manoeuvres, ice reconnaissance, submerging and emerging from ice, using torpedoes to undermine ice and many other issues,” Vadim Serga, captain of Russia’s North Fleet, said in a translation provided by Newsweek.

The increasing integration of nuclear forces into Russian military drills have led Britain’s defense minister on Feb. 6 to voice concern over how Moscow how “lowered the threshold” for the use of nuclear weapons. Russia’s military doctrine allows for the use of nuclear weapons in response to a conventional attack that threatens the state’s existence.

British Defense Secretary Michael Fallon told Reuters that “[t]here is three-fold concern, first that they (the Russians) may have lowered the threshold for use of nuclear. Secondly, they seem to be integrating nuclear with conventional forces in a rather threatening way and … at a time of fiscal pressure they are keeping up their expenditure on modernizing their nuclear forces.”

On Dec. 26 of last year, Putin signed off on a new military doctrine for Russia that emphasized three strategic locations — the Crimean peninsula, Kaliningrad, and the Arctic. This doctrine, which sees NATO as Moscow’s main existential threat, calls for further militarization and modernization of troops based in these three regions.

Russia’s claims to the Arctic are increasingly contentious as countries within the Arctic Council all have rival claims to the Arctic sea bed. The US estimates that upwards of 15% of the earth’s remaining oil, 30% of its natural gas, and 20% of its liquefied natural gas are stored in the sea floor beneath the Arctic.

Russia’s submarine exercises beneath the Arctic come on the heels of a construction blitz across the region. Moscow is constructing ten Arctic search-and-rescue stations, 16 deepwater ports, 13 airfields, and ten air-defense radar stations across its Arctic coast.

In November 2014, Russia announced plans to construct a military reconnaissance drone base only 420 miles away from the Alaska mainland. Moscow has also begun the construction of an Arctic military base of operations 30 miles away from the Finnish border.

South Korea To Become One Of Ten Nuclear Horns(Daniel 7:7)

Uranium Enrichment Clause to be Included in Amended Korea-US Atomic Energy Agreement

South Korea's Nuclear Program

South Korea’s Nuclear Program

9 FEBRUARY 2015
Cho Jin-young

Negotiations to amend the Agreement for Cooperation between the Korean and U.S. Governments concerning the Civil Use of Atomic Energy are about to be wrapped up in four years and five months. Secretary of State John Kerry and Foreign Affairs Minister Yoon Byeong-se had a meeting in Munich, Germany on Feb. 7 (local time) to promise to finish the talks within weeks.

However, the Korean government is unlikely to win comprehensive prior consent regarding the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, which is a key part of the agreement, due to Washington’s non-proliferation policy. In contrast, Japan can conduct the reprocessing on its own determination, and is currently running facilities for the purpose.

The new agreement is expected to include stipulations regarding uranium enrichment. This means the matter is to be handled during the negotiations to be regulated by Washington. Still, it is said that the Korean government has succeeded in winning the rights to carry out R&D with regard to spent nuclear fuel storage and the like on the condition that concerns over proliferation are absent. In this case, basic research activities as to the transport and storage of spent nuclear fuel and those for steps prior to the pyro processing stage can be carried out independently.

In addition, the new agreement is expected to cover guarantees for the stable supply of nuclear fuel even in the event of emergency, establishment of bilateral cooperation channels for greater nuclear power plant exports, and improvement of transfer of sensitive atomic power station facilities.

The current agreement expires in March next year and the talks for the new agreement are expected to wrap up next month ahead of the ratification by the U.S. Congress. The new agreement is slated to be valid for 30 years, according to U.S. custom.

– See more at: http://www.businesskorea.co.kr/article/8964/non-proliferation-uranium-enrichment-included-amended-korea-us-atomic-energy-agreement#sthash.NiwAnWH9.dpuf

China Confirms Nuclear Cooperation With Pakistan (Daniel 8)

Chinese Official Confirms Controversial Nuclear Project For Pakistan
khushab_reactor_04
By Leo Timm, Epoch Times | February 9, 2015

 Last Updated: February 9, 2015 9:08 pm

Image of Pakistan’s Khushab nuclear site located in Khushab District, Punjab, showing the heavy water reactor. On Feb. 7, a Chinese official confirmed at a press conference in Beijing that China’s state-run nuclear industry is cooperating with Pakistan to build at least six nuclear power stations. (Google Maps)

China’s state-run nuclear industry is cooperating with Pakistan to build at least six nuclear power stations, a Chinese official confirmed at a press conference in Beijing on Feb. 7. The announcement comes amid a long-standing controversy between China and the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), an international atomic energy agency.

According to Chinese state media, Wang Xiaotao, vice minister of China’s National Development and Reform Commission, confirmed the expansion of nuclear exports to Pakistan.

Wang said that China “has assisted in building six nuclear reactors in Pakistan with a total installed capacity of 3.4 million kilowatts.”

Under NSG guidelines, member states should not export nuclear technology to countries that are not signatory states of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

China has had a history of cooperation with Pakistan in the atomic energy sector. Several years ago, when China had just entered the NSG, two Pakistani reactors, Chashma-1 and Chashma-2, were commissioned with Chinese assistance.

Under NSG guidelines, member states should not export nuclear technology to countries that are not signatory states of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Pakistan has not signed the treaty.

In 2009, construction began on two more Pakistani reactors, Chashma-3 and -4, again with Chinese assistance. In debates held at the NSG, Chinese representatives argued that the new reactors were part of the deal for the original Chasma series, which was signed before China had joined the NSG. In addition, it was argued that the construction took place within International Atomic Energy standards.

As reported by India Today, China and Pakistan announced a new deal last year for two more reactors in Karachi. Pakistani media reported that the Chinese would provide $6.5 billion to finance the project.

Beijing did not confirm the reports.

The India Today report notes that while India, which has not signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty either, has made its own nuclear deals with the United States, those deals were made only after India agreed to certain commitments, upon which the NSG granted the world’s largest democracy a waiver.

In recent years, China has been pushing the nuclear industry at home and abroad. On Feb. 4, China signed a nuclear deal with Argentina for exporting heavy-water reactors.

The Chinese regime, which has recently made huge investments on domestic nuclear power production, is now looking to sell nuclear fuel abroad.

According to a report by Daily News Hungary, a representative from the state-owned China National Nuclear Corporation told Russian news agency TASS that the firm was looking not just to satisfy domestic energy demand but to export to countries in Eastern Europe, particularly Hungary, Romania, and Ukraine.